Southwest

The southwest region, one of the areas of Chinese geography, east south central area, north of the northwest. Include , The Tibet Autonomous Region , Chongqing Municipality directly under the Central Government Five provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities). The terrain structure of Southwest complex, mainly in the plateau, the main mountain, the Chengdu Chongqing region is the region's most dense And the traffic convenient And the economy To develop Area.
Southwest
Southwest provinces area number The number "5" at the beginning. Southwest has repeatedly adjusted until 1955 to form a stable pattern: Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and Tibet four are collectively referred to as the "Southwest four provinces (regions)"; 1997 to restore the establishment of Chongqing municipality directly under the central government, provinces division pattern area part of the adjustment, after Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and Tibet are collectively referred to as the "five provinces of Southwest China (area, city)". Natural division under the concept of the southwest region, including Sichuan Basin, Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, the southern Tibetan Plateau, western Guangdong and Guangxi hilly terrain units, including Chongqing, Sichuan, are Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet.

Southwest Geographical division

Southwest administrative division

 The concept of administrative division of the southwest region The concept of administrative division of the southwest region
" Southwest "In the concept of natural zoning concept and administrative divisions, covering different regions.
The concept of administrative divisions in China's southwest region, also known as the southwest five provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government), a total area of 2 million 500 thousand square kilometers.

Southwest Natural zoning

 Natural division under the concept of Southwest Region Natural division under the concept of Southwest Region

Natural zoning The concept, generally refers to Chinese Southern Region (excluding The Qinghai Tibet Plateau The western region, mainly including) of Sichuan basin, Yunnan Guizhou Plateau , mountainous region Other geomorphic units. The corresponding administrative division generally includes all of Chongqing, Eastern Sichuan, southern Shaanxi, Yunnan, Guizhou, all western Hubei, Western Hunan, southeastern Gansu.

Southwest Meteorological Division

The National Meteorological geographical division released in China meteorological department, "southwest" is one of the 11 regional level. This classification method is the natural division and the division of comprehensive classification method, and mainly to the division.
1, the National Meteorological regionalization:
 Geographic Map Geographic Map

Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou.
2, two national meteorological regionalization:
Into the West Sichuan Plateau and northwest Yunnan area, northern Yunnan, and southwestern Sichuan and other places in southern and Eastern Sichuan and Guizhou.

Southwest provincial area

Southwest Sichuan Province

Sichuan, referred to as "Sichuan" or" Shu "Capital Chengdu Located. Chinese Mainland Southwest hinterland, East Paralleled ridge valley of East Sichuan and In the hills of Sichuan In the middle. Sichuan Basin and chengdu plain In the west, The Western Sichuan Plateau And, Shaanxi , Guizhou , Yunnan , Tibet , Qinghai , Gansu , Chongqing The provinces and cities at the junction, is a national treasure Panda Hometown.
Sichuan is the "China western integrated transport hub", "China economic development in the West highlands and economy for many years ranked first in the western region.
Sichuan is China important economic, industrial, military, agriculture, tourism, cultural province. The capital of Chengdu in 1993 was identified as the southwest region of the State Council China science and technology , Trade , Finance Center and traffic , Signal communication Hub. Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport Is the fourth largest airport in Chinese.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army The five war zone One of the West War zone Authorities in Sichuan city of Chengdu province.
Sichuan Province, a total of over 1 Deputy provincial city , 17 Prefecture level city , 3 autonomous prefecture Including, 51 City area , 16 County-level city , 112 county , 4 autonomous county . As of the end of 2015, Sichuan Province registered population of 91 million 326 thousand people, the resident population of 82 million 40 thousand people.
Sichuan now has proven reserves of 132 kinds of mineral resources, resources accounted for 70% of the total species, large resources and energy province in china. Sichuan oil field has proven Natural gas Reserves of more than 3 trillion and 800 billion cubic meters, ranking first in the country, is Sichuan East Gas Transmission The starting point. Because of the abundant, rich resources, known as" The land of abundance ".
 Sichuan Sichuan

Chinese: Sichuan
Abbreviation: Sichuan , Shu
English Name: Sichuan Province
Alias: The land of abundance
Administrative categories: province
Area: Chinese
Under the jurisdiction of the area: 18 city &3 Autonomous Prefecture
Government resident: Chengdu City Jinjiang District Du Street No. 30
Phone number: (+86) 028 081X, 082X, 083X.
Post encoding: 61XXXX
Location: Southwest, the upper reaches of the Yangtze River China
Capital: Sichuan Chengdu
Area: 486 thousand square kilometers
Population: 82 million 40 thousand (by the end of 2015, the resident population)
Gross National Product Gross domestic product : 3 trillion and 10 billion 310 million yuan (2015)
Dialect: Southwestern Mandarin - Sichuan dialect , Hakka - Tu-gong-dung-va , Tibetan , Yi , The Qiang language
Climatic conditions: Subtropical monsoon climate
Famous scenic spot: Huanglong , Jiuzhaigou , Dujiang Dam , Mount Qingcheng , Mount Emei , Leshan Giant Buddha , Inaki Ading , Bamboo Sea etc.
Airport: Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport Sichuan Jiuzhaihuanglong Airport, Luzhou Airport, Mianyang Airport, etc.
Train station: chengdu , Chengdu East Railway Station , MianYang Railway Station , PanZhiHua Railway Station , Dazhou Railway Station , GuangYuan Railway Station Etc..
License Code: Sichuan Sichuan A- Z
An important city: Mianyang , Deyang , Luzhou , Nao , Yibin , Leshan , Zigong , Dazhou
The main rivers: The Yangtze River , Minjiang River , Tuojiang River , The Jialing River , Yalong River , Qujiang , The Dadu River
Air base: Chinese International Airlines , Sichuan Airlines , Chengdu Airlines etc.
Secretary of the provincial Party committee: Mr Wang
Governor: Yin Li
Famous universities: Sichuan University , Dianzaikeda , Southwest Jiao Tong University , Southwestern University of Finance and Economics etc.
Historical celebrities: Deng Xiaoping , a Red Army founder and leading general , Wu Zetian , Su Shi , Li etc.

Southwest Yunnan Province

Yunnan Province, the provincial administrative units Chinese, located in the southwest of Chinese Border The capital of Kunming. Yunnan is referred to as the "cloud" or" Yunnan "That is one of the important birthplaces of human civilization. Live in Yunnan 1 million 700 thousand years ago The people of Yuanmou As of 2013, is now the China and the first Asian man.
During the Warring States period, here is the habitat of the Yunnan tribe. Yunnan" Yunnan "The" colorful Yunnan ", the other is named because of the" South Yunling ". An area of 390 thousand square kilometers, accounting for 4.11% of national area, the provincial-level administrative region in the country area ranked eighth. The total population of 45 million 960 thousand (2010), accounting for 3.35% of the population, the population ranked twelfth. Under the jurisdiction of 8 cities and 8 ethnic minority autonomous prefecture.
Yunnan province and adjacent provinces Sichuan , Guizhou , Guangxi , Tibet . Yunnan The 3 neighbors of Burma, Laos And vietnam. The Tropic of Cancer From across the south of the province.
The main attractions: Old Town of Lijiang , Shuhe old town , Lugu Lake , Lashihai , Dali Old City , Heshun , Yulong Snowmountain , Dianchi Lake , Lake ISO, Longhu lake, etc..
 Yunnan Yunnan

Chinese Name: Yunnan
English Name: Yunnan Province
Alias: cloud, Yunnan
Administrative categories: Province
Area: Chinese southwest, The upper reaches of the Yangtze River
Under the jurisdiction of the area: Kunming Dali, Qujing , Yuxi Lijiang, etc.
Government resident: Kunming City
Phone number: 0871
Postal Code: 650000 to 674600
Location: Chinese the South west, The Tropic of Cancer Go through
Area: 390 thousand square kilometers
Population: 45966239 (2010)
Dialect: Southwestern Mandarin etc.
Climatic conditions: plateau monsoon climate, humid subtropical monsoon climate, Tropical rain forest
Famous scenic spot: Stone Forest , The Western Grand Canyon Hot Springs The tropical rain forest, Dali Old City , Yulong Snowmountain , Dianchi Lake
Airport: Kunming Changshui International Airport
Train station: Kunming , QuJing Railway Station , DaLi Railway Station , XuanWei Railway Station etc.
License Code: cloud
GDP: 1 trillion and 30 billion 980 million yuan (2012)
The human development index: 0.675 (in 2008)
Key university: Yunnan University , kunming university of science and technology
Governor: Moses Chan
An important city: Kunming , Qujing , Lijiang , Yuxi , Dali , Lincang etc.

Southwest Guizhou Province

Guizhou, referred to as the "Guizhou" or "expensive", located in the southeast of Southwest Chinese, the capital of Guiyang. The east border of Hunan, south of Guangxi, west of Yunnan, North Chongqing, Sichuan. Under the jurisdiction of Guiyang city, Zunyi City , liupanshui city , Anshun City , Tongren , Bijie City Six cities, Guizhou Buyi Miao Autonomous Prefecture ( Xingyi City), Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture (Kaili city) and Qiannan (Tuyun city) three ethnic autonomous prefecture and city Huai Ren hua, weining map Two provincial governing county units.
Guizhou landform belongs to the southwest of Chinese plateau The territory of mountains, low-lying West High East, from the central North, East, South three tilt, with an average altitude of 1100 meters, the landscape can be broadly divided into: Plateau and mountain, hill Four basic types of basin and mountain plateau, are known as "eight mountains of water a sub field" that is not the only support the plain provinces.
Guizhou has a subtropical humid monsoon climate, four seasons, spring, warm air and rainfall, Rain heat over the same period . Is one of the most typical areas of karst landforms in the world, there are bright and colorful. Karst Scenery。
Guizhou province is man from late Paleolithic age One of birthplace, as early as 240 thousand years ago, human living activities, early Paleolithic "Qianxi cave culture", late Homo erectus" The people of Tongzi ", Early Homo sapiens The "water city" and "Panxian big hole", homo sapiens sapiens The" Xingyi People, Puding" Chuandong people ", Tongzi "Saddle mountain", "white rock foot hole" and "Anlong Guanyin cave people".
 Guizhou Guizhou

Chinese Name: Guizhou
English Name: Guizhou Province
Alias: Guizhou, Guizhou
Administrative categories: province
Area: Southwest, the upper reaches of the Yangtze River Chinese
Under the jurisdiction of the area: 6 cities, 3 autonomous prefecture
Government resident: No. 242 Zhonghua Road of Guiyang
Phone number: 0851 ~ 0859
Location: East Yunnan Guizhou Plateau, Sichuan Basin Southeast
Area: 176 thousand and 167 square kilometers
Population: 35 million 80 thousand and 400 (by the end of 2014, the resident population)
Dialect: Southwestern Mandarin
Climatic conditions: humid subtropical monsoon climate
Famous scenic spot: Huangguoshu Waterfall , Hundred mile Azalea Forest , Zhijin cave , Maling River Canyon , Million peak forest , mount fanjing , Site of Zunyi etc.
Airport: Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport , Zunyi Airport , Bijie Feixiong Airport , Xingyi Wanfenglin Airport etc.
Train station: GuiYang Railway Station , ZunYi Railway Station , Xingyi Railway Station , GuiYang North Railway Station etc.
Your license code:
GDP:9251.01 billion yuan (2014)
GDP:22922 yuan per person, $3701 (2013)
The human development index: 0.69 (in 2008)
The main ethnic groups: Chinese Miao, Buyi Tujia, Dong, etc.
An important city: Guiyang , Zunyi , Bijie , Xingyi , Liupanshui ,
Governor: Chenminer
Administrative code: 520000

Southwest The Tibet Autonomous Region

The Tibet autonomous region ( Tibetan :: Poi Ranggyong Jong, Tibetan pinyin, Wiley : Bod rang skyong ljongs ), called the "fan", referred to as "Tibet", the capital of Lhasa. Located in China The Qinghai Tibet Plateau Southwest is located at latitude 26 degrees 50 minutes to 36 degrees 53 minutes, between east longitude 78 degrees to 99 degrees 06 '25'. North of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, east of Sichuan Province, close to the northeast of Qinghai Province, Southeast of Yunnan connecting South and Burma, India Province, Bhutan , Nepal Adjacent to the West and other countries. Kashmir Area bordering the land border more than 4 thousand kilometers, North and South more than and 900 kilometers wide, most things up to more than 2 thousand km, is an important gateway to the southwest of China, no sea.
The whole area of 1 million 202 thousand and 230 square kilometers, accounting for about 1/8 of the total area, in the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions after Xinjiang. The average elevation of 4000 meters, known as" Roof of the world "Said. At the end of 2012, the region's resident population is 3 million 80 thousand people, under the jurisdiction of 4 cities, 3 districts, 3 districts and 72 counties.
Tibet is a part of Chinese inviolable territory, the central government has to exercise effective jurisdiction over Tibet. The Tibetan people is an important member of the big family of the Chinese nation . Tibet Tang Song The period is called" Tibet ", element Known as the Ming dynasty" The Western Tibet In Qing Dynasty, known as the "" Tangut people "," PierreToubert ". Qing Dynasty Kangxi From "Tibet" has called.
 Tibet Tibet

Chinese Name: Tibet
English Name: Tibet
Alias: Tibet, Tibet, referred to as: Tibet;
Administrative categories: Autonomous Region
Area: Southwest, the upper reaches of the Yangtze River
Under the jurisdiction of the area: 4 city &3 area
Government resident: Lhasa Kang Anglu No. 1
Phone number: (+86) 0891-0897
Zip code: 850000-860000
Location: Southwest Frontier Chinese, southwestern Tibetan Plateau
Area: 1 million 228 thousand and 400 square kilometers
Population: 3002166 (2010)
Major city: Lhasa , Shigatse , Changdu , Linzhi
Dialect: Tibetan
Climatic conditions: cold, warm and humid southeast northwest
Famous scenic spot: Potala Palace , Jokhang Temple , Ganden monastery , Mount Qomolangma , The Yarlung Zangbo River etc.
Airport: Lasa Gongga Airport Qamdo Bangda Airport, Linzhi Airport, etc.
Train station: Lhasa station, Lhasa south station, Nagqu station etc.
License Code: A- Tibet Tibet G
Chairman of the autonomous region: Lausanne Village
Historical celebrities: Song Xan Gan Bbu , Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme etc.
Construction time: September 1, 1965
At the top: Mount Qomolangma
Average altitude: 4000 meters
The cultural foundation: Katao culture
The ancient civilization of ancient civilization: Male

Southwest Chongqing municipality

Chongqing, referred to as Pakistan and Chongqing, nickname , , , Within 72 hours, transit visa, import vehicle, fruit, meat and other ports.
 Chongqing Chongqing

Chinese Name: Chongqing
Abbreviation: Pakistan, Chongqing
English Name: Chungking, Chongqing
Alias: , , Wushan Goddess Peak Airport
Train station: Chongqing Railway Station , Chongqing North Railway Station Chongqing West Railway Station, Wanzhou station North Station, Wanzhou, Fuling North Station , Yongchuan East Station , etc.
License Code: A, B, C, Chongqing, D, F, G, H
Institutions of higher learning: Chongqing University , Southwestern University Third Military Medical University, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, etc.
GDP: 1 trillion and 426 billion 540 million yuan (2014)
The per capita GDP: 47859 yuan (2014)
Rail traffic: 1, 2, 3, 6, Guobo line, airport line, in the construction of a multi line
Highway: Shanghai and Chongqing, Chongqing, Hunan, blue sea silver Kunming, Chongqing and Chengdu, Baomao, Wanda, etc.
Railway traffic: Chengdu Chongqing high-speed rail , Suining Chongqing Railway Chongqing, 000 high iron, Chengdu Chongqing Railway Lan Yu railway, Chongqing, Chongqing and Guizhou line line, line, line of Xiangfan Chongqing million, Wanzhou line, Yu-Huai line, Qian Zhang often line etc.
Air base: Western Airlines , Chongqing Airlines , China Express Airlines , Xiamen Airlines , Southern Airlines etc.

Southwest geographical environment

Southwest River system

Rivers
This area Great river The river is more.
The area of northern and central to The Yangtze River The valley of the river. The South and west of the Pearl River Basin belongs to, Yuanjiang ( Honghe Basin), Lancang River ( Mekong Basin), Nu River ( Sarkozy, Wenjiang Basin), The Irrawaddy Basin, Ganges Basin and India River Basin. In addition, there are many areas of northern Tibet flow continental river Into the plateau lake.
lake
This area is the main lake Plateau Lake Basically, concentrated in three areas: 1, Northern Tibet The Plateau Lakes region, including Tibet Ali , Naqu , Shigatse Part of the three regions, the main representative of lakes Namtso 2, Yunnan plateau lakes; intensive areas, including Yunnan, South to the south of the Kunming area, the main representative of lakes Dianchi Lake , Fuxian Lake 3, the plateau of the northwest of Yunnan; lake districts including Dali, north of Yunnan Province, the main representative of the lakes Erhai , Lugu Lake Etc..

Southwest climate

Corresponding with the terrain region, southwest climate is mainly divided into three categories:
Humid in Sichuan Basin North Asia The tropical monsoon climate. The climate is mild, humidity, fog, and the terrain is relatively flat, is focused on the development of agricultural area, population is relatively concentrated. The big city such as Chongqing, Sichuan and Chengdu are located in the.
The low latitude plateau of Yunnan Guizhou Plateau in the subtropical monsoon climate. Low latitude plateau is a perfect breeding ground for spring climate seasons such as spring production, on behalf of the city of Kunming, Dali four seasons climate, suitable for the development of animal husbandry in mountain forest, suitable for the development of agriculture, flowers, tobacco and other industries.
Alpine and cold climate Stereo climate Range。 Is the main area of animal husbandry.
In addition, the end is also distributed a few tropical seasonal rainforest Climate zone Wet season. On behalf of the region Xishuangbanna Prolific rubber, tropical fruits etc..

Southwest topographic features

 Southwest terrain Southwest terrain

The administrative division under the southwest region of complex terrain, but is obviously divided into three Terrain unit :
A, Sichuan Basin and its surrounding mountains. Mainly include the middle and east of Sichuan Province, Guizhou Province, North Central, northeast of Yunnan province and Chongqing municipality directly under the central government department.
Two, the Yunnan Guizhou Plateau hilly area in the mountains. The main scope includes Guizhou province and Yunnan Province in South Central and eastern.
Three, the Qinghai Tibet plateau mountain area. Including the whole territory of Tibet, northern Sichuan, West, southwest and northwest of Yunnan province.

Southwest Resources

natural resources
Southwest region of rivers, trees and grass is very rich in resources, has a large area of high mountains and meadows and perennial trees and grass, a long frost free period, is a valuable area of our country development of rubber, sugarcane, tea and other tropical crops.
Ore resources
Southwest mineral resource variety, large reserves, has found 130 kinds of minerals, non-ferrous metals accounted for about 40% of national reserves. For example, Sichuan, vanadium Titanium reserves accounted for 82% and 33% of the world total; Yunnan nonferrous metals up to 112 kinds, including lead, zinc, germanium Are the first in the country; Guizhou has 64 kinds of minerals, including mercury, coal, aluminum, phosphorus and other 30 kinds of minerals in the forefront of the country.

Southwest Economics

Southwest Sichuan Province

In 2014, the province's GDP (GDP) 2 trillion and 853 billion 670 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.5%. The first industrial added value of 353 billion 110 million yuan; second industrial added value of 1 trillion and 451 billion 940 million yuan of industrial added value of 1 trillion and 48 billion 620 million yuan; third. The per capita GDP of 35128 yuan. The local Public finance income Of which 305 billion 850 million yuan. Income tax 231 billion 170 million yuan; public expenditure 678 billion 430 million yuan. The annual total fixed asset investment 2 trillion and 357 billion 750 million yuan. Annual Per capita disposable income of urban residents 24381 yuan, the Engel coefficient of urban residents 40.1% year; The per capita net income of rural residents 8803 yuan, Engel coefficient of rural residents in 43.2%.
In 2014 the grain sown area of 6 million 467 thousand hectares; oil crops sown area of 1 million 285 thousand hectares; herbs sown area of 108 thousand hectares; the vegetable planting area of 1 million 315 thousand hectares. The total grain output of 33 million 749 thousand tons; 3 million 8 thousand tons of oil production; tobacco production 225 thousand tons; the output of 40 million 693 thousand tons of vegetables; tea production 234 thousand tons; production of 7 million 597 thousand tons of fruit gardens; Chinese herbal medicine production 423 thousand tons. The annual pig slaughter 74 million 450 thousand; cattle slaughter 2 million 787 thousand; sheep slaughter 16 million 327 thousand. The annual aquaculture area of 199 thousand and 400 hectares, 1 million 326 thousand and 300 tons of aquatic products production.
Industry
In 2014, the total industrial added value of 1 trillion and 240 billion 900 million yuan, the contribution to economic growth rate of 52.5%. With the industrial enterprises above the scale of 12974, above scale industrial enterprises the main business income of 3 trillion and 755 billion 970 million yuan, total profit and tax of 389 billion 720 million yuan, net profit of 204 billion 630 million yuan.
Construction business
In 2014, Sichuan province completed the whole society construction industry added value of 222 billion 540 million yuan. With the construction and professional general contracting construction enterprises 3545, total profit and tax of 56 billion 140 million yuan. Housing construction area of 533 million 626 thousand square meters; housing construction area of 195 million 442 thousand square meters completed.
Domestic trade
Completed in 2014 the total retail sales of social consumer goods 1 trillion and 166 billion 580 million yuan. Among them, urban retail sales 934 billion 880 million yuan; rural retail sales 231 billion 700 million yuan. The above enterprises (units) for retail sales 613 billion 710 million yuan, of which retail sales 570 billion 90 million yuan.
Foreign economic
In 2014, the actual use of foreign investment $10 billion 650 million. The new batch of foreign direct investment enterprises 280, approved a total of 10472. The actual foreign investment funds $10 billion 290 million. Located in Sichuan outside the world's top 500 enterprises 210. At the end of the year in Sichuan foreign consular institutions 12. Imports and exports totaled US $70 billion 250 million. Among them, exports of $44 billion 850 million; imports $25 billion 400 million.
Finance
As of the end of 2014 financial institutions RMB deposit balance of 5 trillion and 328 billion 200 million yuan; the loan balance of RMB 3 trillion and 388 billion 410 million yuan. A total of 76 insurance companies, the annual premium income of 106 billion 60 million yuan; the annual payment of the indemnity and payment of 37 billion 390 million yuan. A total of 4 securities companies, 3 Futures Company, securities investment consulting companies, 3 branches of securities companies, 19 fund companies 12 branch companies, securities and futures business department 336. At the end of a securities investor accounts 8 million 3 thousand, the annual total stock turnover of 6 trillion and 300 billion yuan.

Southwest Yunnan Province

In 2013, Yunnan Province GDP (GDP) reached 1 trillion and 172 billion 91 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.1%, 4.4 percentage points higher than the national. Among them, the first industrial added value of 189 billion 534 million yuan, an increase of 6.8%; second of the industrial added value of 492 billion 782 million yuan, an increase of 13.3%, third industrial added value of 489 billion 775 million yuan, up 12.4%. The three industrial structure adjustment by 16.0:42.9:41.1 last year was 16.2:42.0:41.8. The per capita GDP of Yunnan (GDP) reached 25083 yuan ($4050), growth of 11.4% over the previous year. The non-public economic value added 539 billion 748 million yuan, Yunnan accounted for 46.1% of the total GDP, 2 percentage points higher than last year.
In 2013, the total fiscal revenue reached 297 billion 568 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13.4%. Yunnan local public budget revenue 161 billion 69 million yuan, up 20.4% over the previous year; the value added tax of 14 billion 768 million yuan, down 0.2%; business tax 41 billion 858 million yuan, an increase of 22.9%; enterprise income tax 14 billion 633 million yuan, up 7.7%. Yunnan local public budget expenditure 409 billion 656 million yuan, up 14.7% over the previous year, which, for education, social security and employment, health care, forestry and water affairs and transportation expenses increased 1.7%, 15.1%, 12.5%, 3.9% and 76.9%.
Primary industry
In 2013, Yunnan total agricultural output value reached 305 billion 604 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7%. Among them, the agricultural output value of 163 billion 940 million yuan, an increase of 6.6%; the forestry output value of 29 billion 325 million yuan, an increase of 12.1%; animal husbandry output value of 96 billion 255 million yuan, an increase of 5.7%; fishery output value of 7 billion 41 million yuan, an increase of 13.7%; agricultural services industry output value of 9 billion 43 million yuan, up 9.4%.
In 2013, the total grain output reached 18 million 240 thousand tons, up 4.3% over the previous year. Oil production 607 thousand tons, down 3.4% over the previous year; yield 1 million 39 thousand tons, down 6.5%; vegetable production 16 million 254 thousand tons, an increase of 10.4%; garden fruit output of 5 million 715 thousand tons, an increase of 11.9%; tea production 302 thousand tons, an increase of 11.1%; cut flower production in 8 billion 50 million branches, 12.1% growth.
2013 swine, cattle, sheep, poultry meat production reached 3 million 574 thousand and 400 tons, up 3.4% over the previous year; milk production 545 thousand and 100 tons, an increase of 1.5%; egg production of 232 thousand and 400 tons, up 5%.
The secondary industry
In 2013, the total industrial added value of 376 billion 758 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12%; among them, the above scale [5] industrial added value of 347 billion 66 million yuan, up 12.3%. In the above scale industry, light industrial added value of 152 billion 814 million yuan, an increase of 7.4%; realize the industrial added value of 194 billion 253 million yuan of heavy industry, growth of 16.3%.
In 2013, the above scale industry, tobacco industry added value of 107 billion 653 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 3.9%; increase the power production and supply industry was 42 billion 532 million yuan, up 23.6%. Six high energy consuming industries added value of 128 billion 997 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.9%; among them, 2.6% growth in chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing, non-metallic mineral products industry grew 20.5%, electricity and heat production and supply industry grew 23.6%, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry increased by 14.6%, non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry increased 15.2%, oil the processing of coking and nuclear fuel processing industry growth of 11.6%.
In 2013, the above scale industrial 195 billion 462 million kwh, an increase of 27.4%; crude steel output 18 million 848 thousand tons, an increase of 23.5%; steel production 20 million 539 thousand and 200 tons, an increase of 28.4%; ten kinds of non-ferrous metal production 3 million 4 thousand and 200 tons, an increase of 4.9%; cement production 90 million 91 thousand and 600 tons, an increase of 15.6%; 7 million 575 thousand and 500 cases of cigarette production, down 1.4%; refined sugar production 2 million 365 thousand and 200 tons, growth of 14.9%.
In 2013, above scale industrial enterprises realized profits of 177 billion 754 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7%; among them, a profit of 54 billion 908 million yuan, up 5.5%.
The service sector; the tertiary industry
In 2013, Yunnan's total retail sales of social consumer goods 403 billion 601 million yuan, up 14% over the previous year. According to statistics management, urban retail sales of social consumer goods 324 billion 36 million yuan, an increase of 13.8%; rural retail sales of social consumer goods 79 billion 565 million yuan, up 14.5%. According to the statistics of consumption patterns, wholesale and retail sales of 49 billion 973 million yuan, an increase of 19.8%; retail sales 267 billion 902 million yuan, an increase of 14.1%; the lodging industry retail sales of 4 billion 99 million yuan, an increase of 3.7%; catering industry retail sales of 51 billion 783 million yuan, up 9.4%.
In the ceiling above the wholesale and retail sales, and retail sales growth of 34.9% over the previous year, an increase of 13.9% vehicles, petroleum and petroleum products grew by 15.3%, household goods increased by 29.5%, growth of 3.4% cultural and office supplies, cosmetics category grew 17%, gold and silver jewelry grew 22.6%, 31.9% growth in furniture, construction and decoration materials rose 47.1%, household appliances and audio-video equipment grew 8.5%. 2013 increase in transportation, storage and postal industry was 27 billion 351 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.1%.
In 2013 the total business of 40 billion 261 million yuan, an increase of 11%; by the end of 4 million 854 thousand and 100 fixed phone users; the city telephone subscribers 3 million 469 thousand and 200, rural telephone subscribers 1 million 384 thousand and 900; add 4 million 999 thousand and 800 of mobile phone users reached 33 million 957 thousand and 600 at the end of the year. (fixed) broadband users to 4 million 46 thousand and 900 households, 23 million 548 thousand and 700 households (including mobile Internet users of wireless LAN users and mobile phone users).
In 2013, the Yunnan financial industry added value of 69 billion 393 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 23.5%. At the end of the financial institutions of RMB deposits reached 2 trillion and 69 billion 155 million yuan, up 15.2% over the previous year, the savings deposits of urban and rural residents 896 billion 832 million yuan, an increase of 15.8%; at the end of the Yunnan financial institutions RMB loans amounted to 1 trillion and 578 billion 246 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14%.
In 2013, the insurance company premium income 32 billion 77 million yuan, up 18.2% over the previous year; health insurance and accident insurance business premium income of 3 billion 737 million yuan, up 18.6%. In 2013 to pay property insurance compensation of 7 billion 878 million yuan, an increase of 22.7%; life insurance payment of 2 billion 647 million yuan, an increase of 23.3%; health insurance and accident insurance claims and payment of 1 billion 681 million yuan, up 16.5%.
2013 Yunnan enterprises (listed companies) through the stock market financing 25 billion 590 million yuan, 24 billion 590 million yuan more than last year. At the end of 28 listed companies in Yunnan, the total share capital of 19 billion 20 million shares; the total market value of 206 billion 609 million yuan, 7 billion 759 million yuan more than last year.

Southwest Guizhou Province

In 2014, Guizhou province completed 925 billion 101 million yuan GDP, per capita GDP reached 26393 yuan (annual average exchange rate was $4295). The annual investment in fixed assets of 877 billion 840 million yuan; the annual total fiscal revenue reached 213 billion 216 million yuan, the general public budget revenue 136 billion 642 million yuan; the general public budget expenditure 354 billion 213 million yuan. The province's per capita disposable income of 12371.06 yuan. Among them, rural residents per capita disposable income of 6671.22 yuan; urban residents per capita disposable income of 22548.21 yuan.
Agriculture
In 2014, Guizhou province completed planting industry added value of 86 billion 707 million yuan. The main crops cultivated area to maintain growth. Among them, crop planting area of 3 million 138 thousand and 400 hectares, crops planting area of 581 thousand and 900 hectares, 373 thousand and 500 hectares of tea planting area. The annual grain output of 11 million 385 thousand tons, is the highest level in nearly five years. Rapeseed, vegetables, fruits, tea and other economic crops yield rapid growth.
Animal Husbandry
In 2014, Guizhou province animal husbandry industry added value of 33 billion 2 million yuan, the total meat output of 2 million 20 thousand tons. Among them, the output of 1 million 655 thousand and 500 tons of pork, beef production 146 thousand and 800 tons, 37 thousand and 500 tons of mutton production, poultry production 148 thousand and 400 tons, 57 thousand and 100 tons of milk yield, egg production of 162 thousand tons. At the end of 18 million 452 thousand and 700 slaughter pigs, 16 million 5 thousand and 700 live pigs.
Industry
In 2014, Guizhou Province, above scale industrial added value of 311 billion 760 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 11.3%. According to the type of economy, state-owned enterprises added value of 73 billion 796 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.1%; collective enterprises added value of 389 million yuan, down 16.5%; joint-stock enterprises added value of 191 billion 708 million yuan, an increase of 14.1%; increase of foreign and Hong Kong and Taiwan investment enterprises was 7 billion 505 million yuan, up 12.7%. The province's 19 key monitoring in the industry, 18 to maintain growth, an increase of 11 to two digits. Wine, soft drinks and refined tea industry, coal mining and dressing industry, tobacco industry, key industries of electric power, heat production and supply industry steady growth respectively over the previous year growth of 13.7%, 8.8%, 8.8% and 6.6%. Non metallic mineral products industry, computers, communications equipment and other electronic equipment manufacturing and other emerging industries showed a rapid development trend, a year-on-year increase of 23.6% and 20.7% respectively. The annual above scale industrial enterprises realized main business income of 826 billion 86 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.5%; profit. The total profit of 53 billion 940 million yuan, up 9.4%.
Construction business
In 2014, Guizhou province has qualified and professional general contracting construction enterprises 841, a year-on-year increase of 24%; the completion of the construction industry output value of 164 billion 24 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 20.2%; project settlement income 155 billion 345 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 21.4%; a total profit of 4 billion 680 million yuan, up 45.5%.
Foreign economic
In 2014, Guizhou Province Import and export amounted to $10 billion 814 million, a year-on-year increase of 30.5%. Among them, exports of $9 billion 397 million, a year-on-year increase of 36.5%; imports of $1 billion 417 million, up 0.9%. Newly approved 172 foreign-invested enterprises. The actual use of foreign investment $2 billion 65 million, a year-on-year increase of 35.4%. Foreign contracted projects completed turnover of $501 million, a year-on-year increase of 9.1%. The introduction of the province 2341 projects, the introduction of foreign capital in place of 627 billion 100 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 25%.
Tourism
In 2014, Guizhou province received a total number of tourists reached 321 million 349 thousand and 400 passengers, up 20.1% over the previous year. Among them, received 320 million 494 thousand and 400 domestic tourists, up 20.1% over the previous year; inbound tourism 855 thousand passengers, up 10.1%. The annual total tourism income of 289 billion 598 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 22.2%.
Finance
As of the end of 2014, Guizhou Province, financial institutions RMB deposit balance of 1 trillion and 526 billion 326 million yuan, an increase of 199 billion 825 million yuan over the beginning; the loan balance of RMB 1 trillion and 236 billion 830 million yuan, an increase of 224 billion 405 million yuan over the beginning. The province's total of 21 listed companies, the total market value of 400 billion 223 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 67.7%. The stock market has raised 39 billion 12 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 46.4%. The securities and futures investors total accounts 663 thousand and 800, 7.1% higher than last year; the securities and futures turnover of 1 trillion and 197 billion 159 million yuan, up 9.6%.

Southwest The Tibet Autonomous Region

In 2014, the Tibet autonomous region to achieve GDP 92 billion 500 million yuan, an increase of 12%, total investment in fixed assets of 110 billion yuan, an increase of 19.8%; total retail sales of social consumer goods 32 billion 360 million yuan, up 12.9%; Public budget revenue 12 billion 400 million yuan, an increase of 30.8%; the completion of the tax revenue 17 billion 410 million yuan, up 17.8%. The per capita net income of rural residents 7471 yuan, an increase of 14%; per capita disposable income of urban residents was 22026 yuan, up 8%. Rural residents per capita disposable income, total retail sales of consumer goods, the public budget revenue growth are in the forefront of the country.
Agriculture
The Brahmaputra Valley
The cultivated land area in Tibet is mostly distributed in rivers, tributaries of the stem Valley terrace The foothills, slope, alluvial fan and lake plain area. And the big department is composed of cultivated land Meadow soil , Subalpine steppe soil , Subalpine meadow soil To reclaim etc.. The distribution of soil types due to the different environmental conditions, there are significant differences in the texture. The content of organic matter in most farmland is low, even if there are a few land containing humic substances are also due to low temperature, microbial reproduction number, slow, slow decomposition, rarely absorbed by crops. Part of the arable land still exists uneven ground, shallow topsoil, sandy gravel, heavy, coarse texture, fertilizer leakage phenomenon. In multiple cropping area Cultivated soil The large potential fertility and high fertility, nitrogen and phosphorus supply capacity is strong. By the end of 1998, including some of the original terraces, Tibet has built terrace, garden flat about 1000000 acres of land, according to the labor force average agricultural population, per person close to an acre. In the transformation of clay soil, sand mixing, with sand sticking, planting legume crops, apply organic fertilizer, the soil texture was improved.
In 2014, the Tibet autonomous region agricultural harvest, the region's grain output reached 985 thousand tons, a record high. The promotion of "No. 2000" of new varieties of 560 thousand acres, the construction of high standard farmland of 87 thousand acres, the new modified 165 thousand cattle. Farmers' income growth accelerated markedly, accounting for 1/4 of disposable income. The vigorous development of farmers professional cooperative economic organizations, reached 2937, growth of 55%. Started the construction of 353 Township agricultural comprehensive service center.
Known as the "Tibet granary" of the trunk and tributaries of the Yarlung Zangbo River Valley, located in the Himalaya mountains and - Gangdise Nyainqentanglha mountains, West Lhatse East, SANGRI, about 500 kilometers east-west, north-south width of 200 kilometers, narrow at only 50 km. 22 counties including Lhasa, Shannan, Shigatse, three, and 5 State Farm That is the most important agricultural area and Tibet Valley Commodity grain base The political, economic, cultural and transportation center, is the autonomous region.
Industry
In 2012, the Tibet autonomous region of the total industrial added value of 5 billion 511 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.7%. Above scale industrial enterprises realized an added value of 4 billion 283 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.1%. Of which: light industrial added value of 1 billion 132 million yuan, an increase of 9.1%; the heavy industrial added value of 3 billion 151 million yuan, up 17.3%. The state-owned and state holding enterprises, the annual added value of 2 billion 150 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.8%. According to the types of registration, the state-owned enterprises added value of 1 billion 433 million yuan, an increase of 10%; collective enterprises added value of 57 million yuan, an increase of 4.9%; joint-stock enterprises added value of 2 billion 96 million yuan, an increase of 22%; foreign and Hong Kong and Macao enterprises added value of 247 million yuan, an increase of 7.6%; other types of economic enterprises added value of 449 million yuan, growth of 8.4%.
In 2014, second increase in the Tibet autonomous region industry value reached 33 billion 600 million yuan, up 13.5%. Lhasa national economic and Technological Development Zone tax paid 4 billion 600 million yuan. Navy industrial park investment projects nearly 100, 103 enterprises in the park, the output value of 1 billion 780 million yuan, is expected to become a new economic growth pole. Natural drinking water industry signed a strategic investment cooperation projects 16, a total investment of 3 billion 600 million yuan, production exceeded 300 thousand tons, has become a new economic growth point.

Southwest Chongqing municipality

Overview
2014, Chongqing To achieve GDP 1 trillion and 426 billion 540 million yuan, up 10.9% over the previous year. Based on the resident population, the per capita GDP reached 47859 yuan ($7791). The general public budget revenue 192 billion 188 million yuan. Of which 128 billion 170 million yuan of tax revenue. General public budget expenditure 330 billion 372 million yuan. The city's urban residents per capita disposable income of 25147 yuan; rural residents per capita disposable income of 9490 yuan.
Industry
Modern factories and workshops in Chongqing in 1933 415; as of 1936, Sichuan only 583 similar factories, Chongqing accounted for 71% of the total capital of Sichuan manufacturers, the number of workers, the number accounted for more than 2/3, the whole of Sichuan province in Sichuan, and the southwest, Chongqing is still the most concentrated industry, the most developed city in the leading position of business; Chongqing, Chongqing city commercial industry 27, 3058 over the same period the shop name, only more than 400 kinds of plants.
Chongqing is an important modern manufacturing base in the country, has formed the electronic information, automobile, equipment manufacturing, chemical, materials, energy and consumer goods manufacturing and other billion industry clusters. In 2014 the city's implementation Industrial added value 517 billion 580 million yuan, accounting for 36.3% of the GDP. The total industrial output value of 2 trillion and 152 billion 41 million yuan, of which the above scale industrial enterprises realized a total output value of 1 trillion and 872 billion 251 million yuan. The above scale industrial economic efficiency index reached 282.5%; total profit and tax of 211 billion 219 million yuan; profits 116 billion 987 million yuan; the contribution rate of total assets 15.2%; product sales rate of 97.9%.
Agriculture
In 2014 the city's animal husbandry and fishery added value of 106 billion 103 million yuan. The annual grain sown area of 33 million 638 thousand acres, the overall grain yield of 340.3 kg / mu. Oil planting area of 4 million 499 thousand acres; the vegetable planting area of 10 million 621 thousand acres; fruit planting area of 5 million 149 thousand acres; planting area of 1 million 704 thousand acres. The annual grain output reached 11 million 445 thousand tons, stable for 7 consecutive years in more than 11 million tons. The annual grain output of 7 million 968 thousand tons. Among them, the grain yield of 5 million 32 thousand tons; wheat yield of 270 thousand tons; 2 million 560 thousand tons of corn production.
Finance
In 2014, the city's financial industry added value of 122 billion 527 million yuan. Asset size reached 3 trillion and 800 billion yuan of financial institutions, branches and legal institutions reached 95. The foreign currency deposits of the financial institutions is 2 trillion and 516 billion 11 million yuan; financial institutions and foreign currency loans for 2 trillion and 63 billion 69 million yuan. The city's total of 1 corporate institutions of securities, securities companies, securities business department 160, 13 branch companies. Territory Listed company 40, the total share capital of 37 billion 783 million shares, the total stock market value of 445 billion 667 million yuan. The city's total of 3 insurance corporations, business insurance company 43. The total premium income of 40 billion 726 million yuan.

Southwest Nation

Southwest Han

Were distributed in the southwest region, a larger proportion of population.

Southwest Ethnic minority

Southwest existing Bai, Dai, aquarium, Wa Miao, Nu , Menbacou , Yi, Tujia nationality.
Bai
Bai is the southwest a minority. Mainly distributed in Yunnan Province, Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Lijiang, Bijiang, Baoshan, South China Yuanjiang, Kunming, and Guizhou, peace and other Bijie, Sichuan Liangshan, Hunan Sangzhi County And other places have also been distributed. The fifth national census in 2000 statistics, the population of 1858063. Use Bai Language , Tibetan language is a Tibeto Burman languages, and there are claims advocate white language (Bai language). Most native Chinese, general. The use of "Bo Wen Yuan Ming" (Bai Wen), "Chinese characters read". The use of Chinese characters writing, have their own language, literature and art rich and colorful. Good management of agriculture, saline azaleas. Three tea Yunnan Bai traditional tea when entertaining guests.
Yi
Yi is one of the China has a long history and ancient culture, mainly in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces and the northwest of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Yi nationality has a long history, rich and colorful culture in ancient times, it has a profound study on the calendar and religious beliefs, formed their own food and clothing culture in the years of development, the economic development has been. Yi also has its own independent characters, called yi.
Tujia
Tujia nationality, also known as the Bi based Bi Kika family. The North Branch of the family (Chongqing soil The southeast of Chongqing Hunan, Xiangxi province, Zhangjiajie City And Hubei Prefecture of Enshi province, Yichang City The Five peaks , Changyang Northeast Guizhou), claiming to be "Bizika, Bi, dense and so on, Kika Kika" Tujia language disappeared with Han called himself "the natives" people (NIN GA) ". The southern branch of Tujia nationality is only distributed in Hunan, Xiangxi Luxi County Several villages in the. Claiming to be "Muntz", the South Branch of the Tujia language and Northern Tujia language can not talk, not what Chinese soil mixed language, now only Luxi 900 people. Miao said Phoenix and Mayang The area of Tujia "Ka ga".
Tujia Language genus Sino Tibetan Tibeto-Burman Branch That Tujia language, some people think that in Burma Yi branch, is a very ancient unique language in Tibeto Burman languages. The vast majority of people through Chinese, now only a few communities still retains the Tujia language. Not the national language, the use of Latin words created in 1984. Common chinese. Ancestor worship, belief in god.
Miao
Miao mainly live in the southeast of Guizhou, Chongqing The southeast of Chongqing Guangxi Damiao Mountain Hainan Island, Guizhou, and Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan and other provinces of the border, population: 970000. The Miao nationality has a long history, China in ancient books, as early as more than 5 thousand years ago on the documented ancestors of the Miao, and this is from the the Yellow River basin to the south of the Yangtze River is known as the "barbarian" of the clan and tribe. No written Hmong, Hmong belongs to sinotibetan language family -- Miao Yao branch. Hmong living in the alpine zone, dominated by agriculture, crops are upland rice. Corn, buckwheat, potato and beans, crops are hemp, general is their own textile material. Miao people have a rich oral folk literature, such as the ancient songs, poems, songs and so on. Miao also good dance, the most popular Lusheng dance.
Miao people have their own language, Miao language in three major dialects: Xiangxi, Guizhou and Chongqing Guizhou Yunnan . After 1956, the design of the Latin form of the text program. Because of the long-term exchanges between Miao and Han, there are a large part of the Miao kanemichi Chinese and use Chinese language.
The Miao area dominated by agriculture, supplemented by hunting. Cross stitch, embroidery, tapestry, batik, paper cutting, jewelry making and other arts and crafts Miao colorful, famous. Among them, the Miao batik process has a history of thousands of years. Miao dress up more than one hundred and thirty kinds, with any one of the world's national costumes match. Miao is a singing and dancing, especially love songs, songs of the prestigious. Miao Lusheng is the most representative instrument.
Nu
Nu Is one of the ancient nationalities in Yunnan, the more than 270 thousand people, is one of China's population less nationalities. Except for a few living outside Bai Pumi Autonomous County of Lanping in e the township, the majority of small settlements located in the Nu River, Lisu Autonomous Prefecture in Lushui, Fugong and Gongshan County three, intermittent stretches more than and 500 kilometers, until the Tibet autonomous region Chayu County cawarong south, and Lisu, Tibetan, Bai ethnic groups.
Nu people have their own language, the language of Tibetan language is a Tibeto Burman languages. The people without their own characters, the use of Chinese after liberation. In the past the worship of totem, believe in animism. In the part of Lamaism or Catholic faith. The mainly engaged in agriculture, handicraft industry and commerce.
Aquarium
Aquarium, the existing 345993 people, mainly live in Guizhou Province, Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Sandu Autonomous County and Libo, Tuyun, Dushan, Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture of Kaili, Liping, Rongjiang, Congjiang County, a few scattered in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region west.
Dai
Dai nationality is endemic to Yunnan, mainly living in the tropical and subtropical climate, fertile fertile village - Xishuangbanna, Dehong two, Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture and Gengma, Meng Lian and other places. The ancestors of the Dai ancient Baiyue a, "Dai" means freedom loving and peaceful people. The Dai ethnic distinctive, prominent, people generally like to dance, dance, vivid and delicate feelings, actions are simulation animal form and beautification. Extremely popular "Peacock Dance", "elephant foot drum", especially the "Peacock Dance" on its graceful dance, in good taste, delicate feelings, the beautiful peacock animal this simulation vividly, and personification of the landscaping, the people into the poetic realm, the metropolis the audience and admiration for.
The Dai language belongs to Sino Tibetan, Dai branch of the Zhuang Dong group. Dai Dai people have their own characters, recorded the rich historical legends with it, religious classics and literary poetry. The Dai people not only sing and dance, but also created a splendid culture, especially in the Dai Dai medicine, and the narrative poem the most famous
Wa
Wa Mainly distributed in Yunnan Province Pu'er Tea Two, Lincang City, near the Sino Burmese border Dai and Wa Autonomous County of Gengma , Cangyuan Wa Autonomous County , Brown and Dai Autonomous County Shuangjiang Lahu, VA , Ximeng Vazu Zizhixian , Menglian Dai wa Lahu Autonomous County So, some scattered in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture territory. There are more than 35.1 people, including Ximeng, Cangyuan two Wa Autonomous County has more than 180 thousand people. Originally called "the card", 1963, approved by the State Council renamed.
The area in Lancang and Wenjiang between Sal, Nushan mountains of the southern section. The mountains overlap, Pingba rarely known as awa. Mountain climate is complex, rich in economic forest. The depths of the forest, the habitat of elephants, tigers, leopards, bears, deer, wild boar and other rare wild animal. The self proclaimed "WA", is a branch of Zhou and Qin Dynasties, "Bai Pu". The Qing Dynasty "Ga thorn" and "she" and "card WA" and other known. After the founding of new Chinese, called WA, meaning "people living in the mountains". Wa nationality has its own language, is a South Asian language - Khmer branch Meng wa. The past long-term use of wood and real notes. The text created in 1950s. Wa people engage in agriculture, like drinking, chewing areca. Areca makes many people chew teeth dyed black and red lips, as beautiful. Drinking wine with bamboo, where festivals, weddings, hospitality, procedure, according to the traditional etiquette toast, so there is no wine not a gift, "said. The singing and dancing. Common dance "dance", "Chung Pestle Dance". The circle dance not everyone, dancing hand in hand, singing and dancing, the atmosphere is very warm.
Menbacou
Monba people mainly live in Tibet County, Linzhi, Cuona county. "Mamba" means living in the corner of one door. Monba people have their own language, no text. More proficient in Tibetan, Tibetan general.
Menbacou Located in the southeast of Himalaya Range in the roof of the world, overlapping peaks, dense forests. The Pentium Brahmaputra River in Linzhi, a sharp Medog south, forming the fertile valley, mild climate, abundant rainfall, evergreen, known as the "Qinghai Tibet Plateau on the south of the Yangtze river". In the past, the mountains and rivers, the external traffic is very difficult, very difficult to get involved in the outside, people are longing for.
Menbacou folk melody, the best-known. The song "SAMA" and "Garou" the most imaginative, touching songs. The famous poetry collection "" Cangyangcuo love song for the sixth Century Darai Lama cangyangjiacuo. Menbacou mainly on agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and.
Lhoba People
Lhoba mainly distributed between Zayu, West to the corner of the door Luoyu area in Tibet East, in Milin, county, Chayu, Lhunze, Lang County, the most concentrated. Is the China least populous nation. Lhoba, is the Tibetan name for them, to the south. Living in different parts of the Lhoba, each have different claims and he said. Before liberation has domestic slavery. August 1965 officially recognized as a single nation.
Lhoba People Have their own language, without words, the Tibetan language basically, Lhoba Tibetan language is a Tibeto Burman family. Over the years, Lhoba legends handed down by the continuation of their own culture. "Gold" song is devoted to describing the Lhoba ethnic history of the old tune, widely circulated in the local. Mainly engaged in agriculture, hunting and archery.
The Lahu family
The Lahu family Yunnan is a unique nation, mainly in southern Yunnan Province, Lancang, Meng Lian, Menghai, Ximeng, Shuangjiang county. Lahu ancestors belong to the ancient Qiang people, language belongs to the Yi branch of the Sino Tibetan Tibeto burman. The term "Lahu" is a vocabulary of the national language of the "pull" tiger, "Hu" is the meaning of fragrant grilled meat. So called "national tiger hunting in the history of the Lahu family". The Lahu family belongs to the subtropical mountain area, dominated by agriculture, before 1950, Lahu and the social and economic development is not balanced. Has developed to the local economy in some areas; some preserved remnants of Tusi system; Southwest Lancang, Cangyuan, Gengma and Menglian, Xishuangbanna and other places of the Lahu family are ruled by feudal lords, the remaining primitive commune system.
The Lahu family have their own language, the Lahu family belongs to the Yi branch of the Sino Tibetan Tibeto burman. Due to the close with the Han, Dai communication, many can use Chinese and language, part of the Lahu family had used the past western missionaries created the Latin form of the text. In 1957 the creation of alphabetic writing on the basis of the original.
Lahu and faith of Mahayana Buddhism and christianity. Folk literature is also very rich, the traditional musical instrument "Lusheng" and "sanxian". The Lahu family in addition to grow food, also to the cultivation of sugar cane, tea, coffee, rubber. Founder of the iron, agricultural machinery, mining and so on, which is Lancang province's famous large enterprises.
Naxi minority
Naxi minority The main settlement in Yunnan Naxi Autonomous County of Lijiang Province, the rest distributed in Weixi, Zhongdian, Ninglang, Sichuan and Deqin, Yanbian, Muli and Yanyuan Tibet Zhi Kang county. Naxi is a branch of the ancient Qiang people in Northwest China, around third Century ad to move to Lijiang to settle down.
Naxi speak Naxi, Yi branch of Tibetan language is a Tibeto Burman languages, divided into East and west two dialects. In Jinsha River, west of about 200 thousand people, can talk to each other; the East is divided into three parts, each dialect, talk to each other is difficult.
As early as one thousand years ago, he created the ancient Naxi Dongba hieroglyphs, the original and a word Gobaven, which is still rare in the world but also folk living hieroglyphs. This text written in the books called "Dongba", China contains about 9000 copies, the rest of the world has about 11 thousand copies. In 1957 the design of phonetic program based on the Latin alphabet, since the beginning of common chinese.
The Naxi people to engage in agricultural production, planting rice, corn, potatoes, wheat, beans and cotton, hemp, etc.. On both sides of the Jinsha River is forest; ERON mountain plant species, plant known as treasure. Handicraft industry development, "Lijiang horse" in china. Now organic repair, coal mining, power generation, chemical fertilizer, motor, light medium and small enterprises. On both sides of the Jinsha River produces a wide variety of medicinal materials and products.
Hani
Hani China is one of the ancient nationalities in southwest frontier, they called Hani, and Yiannis, Biyue card, cloth, white macro, mostly distributed in the middle zone of southern Yunnan Province Red River and the Lancang river. The Ailao Mountain Yuanjiang, Mojiang, Honghe, Yuanyang, Jin Ping, Lvchun, Jiangcheng County, is the most concentrated area of Hani nationality population, accounted for more than half of the local population, accounting for 76% of the total population of the Hani nationality, the rest distributed in the boundless mountains, east of Honghe county. Hani and Yi, Lahu and other homologous in the ancient Qiang nationality, is mainly distributed in the area between Yunnan Xinping, southwest of Ailao Mountain and the town of Leshan, Mojiang, Mongolia source Yuanjiang, Honghe county.
The Hani nationality has its own language, and there are three dialects, the differences are great, not talking to each other. The past has no words, until 1957 was created based on the Latin alphabet alphabet. The village is built at an altitude of 1000 meters to 2500 meters in mountainous and semi mountainous. Housing is generally civil buildings, walls, wood, there are several flat roof with double inclined plane and four inclined plane.
The Hani nationality is mainly engaged in agriculture, but also good at tea. Hani tea cultivation has a long history of the Hani nationality, area of tea production accounted for 1/3 of production in Yunnan province. The Hani people worship many gods and ancestor worship

Southwest traffic

Southwest Railway

Principal station: Chongqing West Railway Station, Chongqing North Railway Station, Chengdu Railway Station, Guiyang station, Chengdu East Railway Station, GuiYang Railway Station, GuiYang North Railway Station, Guiyang South station.

Southwest Highway

The national highway transportation hub city: Chongqing, Yongchuan, Wanzhou, Guiyang, Zunyi, Liupanshui, Tuyun, Bijie, Lhasa, Changdu, Chengdu, Yibin, Neijiang, Nanchong, Mianyang, Luzhou, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Panzhihua, Ya'an, Kunming, Qujing, Dali, Jinghong, estuary, ruili.

Southwest Airport

Southwest Airport in Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Tibet 5 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in the form of the airport. On the foundation of existing 31 airports on the migration of Yibin, the new layout planning and Guizhou, Kangding, Tengchong River, Liupanshui and other 21 airports, airport a total of 52.
Sichuan Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Jianyang Tianfu International Airport (under construction)
Mianyang Airport
Sichuan Jiuzhaihuanglong Airport
Luzhou Airport
Yibin Wuliangye International Airport (under construction)
Dazhou DaZhou Heshi Airport
Yibin Laiba Airport
Guangyuan Panlong Airport
Xichang Qingshan Airport
Panzhihua Airport
(under construction)
Yunnan
Guizhou
  
Tongren Fenghuang Airport ( tongren daxing airport )
Liping Airport
Libo airport
Xingyi Airport
Anshun Huangguoshu Airport
Liupanshui Yuezhao Airport
Zunyi Airport
Chongqing
Jiangbei International Airport
Wanzhou five bridge airport
Qianjiang The airport
Dazu Dengyun Airport
(under construction)
Wushan Goddess Peak Airport (under construction)
Tibet
Qamdo Bangda Airport
lzy
xigaze peace airport
Naqu Airport

Yunnan
Kunming Changshui International Airport
Lijiang Sanyi International Airport
Xishuangbanna International Airport
Diqing Airport
Dali Airport
zhaotong airport
Pu'er Tea Simao Airport
Baoshan Airport
lincang airport
Wenshan Airport
Tengchong Hump Airport
Dehong Mangshi Airport
Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport
Chongqing
Jiangbei International Airport
Dazu Dengyun Airport
Tibet
Lhasa Gonggar International Airport
Ngari Gunsa Airport

Southwest Rail transit

City Operation / built in line The first lines opened time Operating mileage
Chongqing
Chongqing Metro Line 4 (under construction)
Chongqing Metro Line 5 (under construction)
Chongqing Metro Line 9 (under construction)
Chongqing Metro Line 10 (under construction)
Chongqing rail transit
Chongqing Metro Airport Line
Chongqing rail link (under construction)
November 6, 2004 202.2 kilometers
Sichuan Chengdu
Chengdu Metro Line 3
Chengdu Metro Line 4
Chengdu Metro Line 5 (under construction)
Chengdu Metro Line 7 (under construction)
Chengdu Metro Line 10 (under construction)
September 27, 2010 108 kilometers
Yunnan Kunming
Kunming Metro Line 3 (under construction)
Kunming Metro Line 4
Kunming Metro Line 5
Kunming Metro Line 9 (under construction)
June 28, 2012 60 kilometers
Guizhou Guiyang
Guiyang Metro Line 1 (under construction)
Guiyang Metro Line 2 (under construction)
/ /

Chongqing Metro Airport Line
Chongqing rail link (under construction)
Chengdu Metro Line 1
Chengdu Metro Line 2
Chengdu Metro Line 3
Chengdu Metro Line 4
Chengdu Metro Line 5 (under construction)
Chengdu Metro Line 7 (under construction)
Chengdu Metro Line 10 (under construction)
Kunming Metro Line 1
Kunming Metro Line 2
Kunming Metro Line 3 (under construction)
Kunming Metro Line 4
Kunming Metro Line 5
Kunming Metro Line 6
Kunming Metro Line 9 (under construction)
Guiyang Metro Line 1 (under construction)
Guiyang Metro Line 2 (under construction)

Southwest Tourism

Since the reform and opening up, the southwestern region of the tourism economy has made considerable progress, including Chongqing Dazu Rock Carvings , The Three Gorges of the Yangtze River , Wulong Three Natural Bridges , Fairy Hill , Jinfo Mountain , The Four Sided Mountain , Live in the ancient city Tibet, Lhasa Potala Palace Sichuan. Huanglong , Jiuzhaigou , Mount Emei , Leshan Giant Buddha , Dujiang Dam , Temple of Marquis , Bamboo Sea Yunnan. Old Town of Lijiang , Kunming Expo Park Guizhou, Anshun Huangguoshu Waterfall As a world tourist destination. Whether it is the natural landscape and human landscape, the southwest region has a number of tourist products at home and abroad, Southwest has become an important growth pole of China's tourism industry and the world famous tourist resort. In addition to the advantages of natural resources, put forward the western development strategy, the state issued a series of preferential measures to promote economic and social development of the western region, but also enjoy many advantages in Southwest China Preferential policies, the formation of the policy advantage.

Southwest Key university

Southwest Chongqing municipality

The name.
category
Level of Education
Remarks  
One
comprehensive
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
211 Project , 985 Project , 111 plan
Two
comprehensive
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
211 Project , 985 platform
Three
Politics and law
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
National key university , Ministry of University
Four
Polytechnic
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Ministry of University
Five Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications Polytechnic The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Six Medical University Of Chongqing medicine The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Seven Industrial and Commercial University Of Chongqing comprehensive The ~ ~ Shuo Bo The Midwest university infrastructure construction project , Excellent agricultural talents education and training plan
Eight
language
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Predecessor was founded in April 1950 Chinese people's Liberation Army Training Corps Russian Southwest Military and Political University
  
Nine
Normal school
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Plan of cultivating excellent teachers , Excellent agricultural talents education and training plan
Ten
Polytechnic
The ~.
Predecessor was founded in 1940, the national government Ordnance Department eleventh technical school (a pseudonym of foreign scholar following the public schools ")
Eleven
Art
The ~.
China Eight Academy
Twelve
comprehensive
The ~.
The provincial colleges and Universities
  
Thirteen
Polytechnic
book
Fourteen
comprehensive
book
Fifteen
Normal school
book
Sixteen
Normal school
book
Seventeen
judicial
book
Eighteen Chongqing Institute of Humanities Science and technology comprehensive book Private colleges and Universities
Nineteen Chongqing College of Engineering Polytechnic book
Twenty-one Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications College of mobile Polytechnic book   independent college
  
Twenty-two Industrial and Commercial University Of Chongqing School of gillespies Finance book
Twenty-three Industrial and Commercial University Of Chongqing School of wisdom Finance book
Twenty-four chongqing normal university foreign trade and business college Finance book
Twenty-five Chongqing Nanfang Translation College language book
Twenty-six Chongqing University City College of science and technology Polytechnic book

The name.
category
Level of Education
Chongqing University
comprehensive
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Southwestern University
comprehensive
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Southwest University of Political Science and Law
Politics and law
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
chongqing jiaotong university
Polytechnic
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Ministry of University , The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Sichuan International Studies University
language
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
Chongqing Normal University
Normal school
The ~ ~ Shuo Bo
chongqing university of technology
Polytechnic
The ~.
sichuan fine arts institute
Art
The ~.
Chongqing Three Gorges University
comprehensive
The ~.
Chongqing University of Science and Technology
Polytechnic
book
Chongqing Academy of Arts and Sciences
comprehensive
book
Yangtze Normal University
Normal school
book
Second Chongqing Teachers College
Normal school
book
Chongqing Police College
judicial
book
The list of Military Universities

China Third Military Medical University of PLA (project 2110)
Logistical Engineering University of PLA (project 2110)
China people's Liberation Army Chongqing Communication Institute

Southwest Sichuan Province

Serial number
The name of the school competent department School property School area
One
Sichuan University Chengdu
Two
985 project, 211 Project
Chengdu
Three
211 Project
Four
211 Project
Chengdu
Five
211 Project
Six Southwest University for Nationalities The State Ethnic Affairs Commission Central subordinate colleges
  
Chengdu
Seven Civil Aviation Flight University The Ministry of transport Guanghan
Eight Chengdu
Nine
Sichuan Province、 PetroChina , Sinopec , CNOOC Build, Midwestern university infrastructure engineering
Ten Sichuan Province、 State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine To build a university Chengdu
Eleven
Sichuan Province、 China Meterological Administration To build a university
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Chengdu
Twelve Southwest University of Science and Technology
Sichuan Province, the Ministry of education, The national defense science and Technology Industry Bureau To build a university
Mianyang
Thirteen Chengdu Sport University Sichuan Province , State Administration of Sports To build a university Chengdu
Fourteen Sichuan Normal University The Midwest university infrastructure construction project Chengdu
Fifteen Xihua University The Midwest university infrastructure construction project Chengdu
Sixteen Sichuan University of Science & Engineering The Midwest university infrastructure construction project Zigong

Serial number
One
Ministry of Education
985 Project , 211 Project
University of Electronic Science and technology
985 project, 211 Project
Southwest Jiao Tong University
211 Project
Chengdu , Mount Emei
Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
211 Project
Sichuan Agricultural Uniersity
The Education Department of Sichuan Province
211 Project
Ya'an , Chengdu
Chengdu University of Technology
The Education Department of Sichuan Province
Sichuan Province、 The Ministry of land and resources To build a university, The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Southwest Petroleum University
Sichuan Province、 PetroChina , Sinopec , CNOOC Build, Midwestern university infrastructure engineering
Chengdu , Nao
Chengdu University of TCM
Chengdu Information Engineering University
Sichuan Province、 China Meterological Administration To build a university
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Sichuan Province, the Ministry of education, The national defense science and Technology Industry Bureau To build a university

Southwest Yunnan Province

The name of the school School property
211 Project
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Co Construction University
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Ministry of Education
Co Construction University

Yunnan University
211 Project
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Co Construction University
kunming university of science and technology
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Kunming Medical University
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
yunnan normal university
Co Construction University
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Yunnan University of Nationalities
Ministry of Education
Southwest Forestry University
Co Construction University

Southwest Guizhou Province


Serial number
The name of the school
School level
Remarks
One
Undergraduate and graduate students
211 Project
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Two
The Midwest university infrastructure engineering, Ministry of Universities
Three
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Four
Co Construction University

Serial number
The name of the school
School level
One
Guizhou University
Undergraduate and graduate students
211 Project
The Midwest university infrastructure construction project
Two
Guizhou Normal University
The Midwest university infrastructure engineering, Ministry of Universities
Three
Guizhou Medical University
Four
Guizhou Minzu University

Southwest The Tibet Autonomous Region

University of Tibet
  

University of Tibet (Tibet University), referred to as Tibet University The Tibet autonomous region, is a comprehensive university," 211 Project "Key universities," The Midwest university infrastructure construction project "In Colleges and universities. University of Tibet Autonomous Region People's government and the Ministry of education," The outstanding doctor training plan "" Excellent agricultural talents education and training plan "The pilot reform of colleges and universities, May 2013 included in the Midwestern higher education revitalization plan, July 2013 approved for doctoral degree granting units.