Songhua River

One of the seven Chinese River, the largest tributary of Heilongjiang in the territory of China. Songhua River in the Sui Dynasty said difficult River, the Tang Dynasty said that water, Duck River, with the two generation of Liao River in Qing Dynasty, called mixed Tongjiang, Songhua River. Jilin, Heilongjiang Province, through the Songhua River two; Drainage area 557 thousand and 200 square kilometers, covering Northeast The four provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia; The annual runoff 76 billion 200 million cubic meters.
Songhua River

Songhua River The name change

The Eastern Jin Dynasty to The northern and Southern Dynasties During the period, the upstream said At the end of the water velocity Downstream, said Hard water . Sui and Tang Dynasties During the period, the upstream said At the end of the water chestnut That said, the downstream river. liao dynasty This period, called mixed Tongjiang section of Fuyu, said the duck river. Jin Dynasty During the period, the upstream downstream river song called watts, called mixed tongjiang. Yuan Dynasty During the period, the upstream and downstream river song called tile. The Ming Dynasty Xuande was named Songhua River (song of Song Wajiang).

Songhua River In general

Songhua River has two north-south, North source that originated Greater Khingan Range A spur Yilehuli mountain Nenjiang, south source that originated Changbai Mountain Tianchi The flow of West Songhua River. The hydrology is the source for the source of the south, north of Nenjiang in general as a tributary of the source. From the source (Nan Yuan) from Songhua River, length of 1927 km. From the North source date, Songhua River is 2309 km long.

Songhua River Heyuan section

The south source is 2744 meters above sea level of the Northeast ridge Changbai Mountain Tianchi This is the source of the Songhua River. Since the flow under the Tianchi flow west Songhua River 958 kilometers in length, watershed area of 73 thousand and 400 square kilometers, accounting for 14.33% of the total area of the Songhua River basin. It supplies 39% of the water in Songhua River. In its upstream has two sources: the source of the South River Road, North source Erdaojiang, which originated in Changbai Mountain. There are five arranged from west to East River upstream North source Erdaojiang, of which two white Heyuan Changbai Mountain Tianchi Is the source of the Songhua River. Two sources in Jilin Province Jingyu County Liangjiangkou meeting began after the Songhua River. The upper and middle reaches of the Songhua River Valley is narrow, large water gap, abundant water resources.

Songhua River The Western stream of Songhua River

Songhua River River, from Changbai Mountain Tianchi and flows northwest to Jilin province. Songyuan City Nenjiang Into this section of Songhua River, known as the West flow in Songhua River. The river is 958 kilometers, drainage area of 73 thousand and 400 square kilometers, the basin area of 540.8 square kilometers is in Liaoning Province Outside, the rest are in Jilin Province The territory of Jilin Province, covering Antu , Dunhua , Jilin , Elm , Fuyu 26 city and county. The main tributaries of a river road, river, river and the Huifahe Ao dragon Yinmahe etc.. According to the Songhua River estuary control projections from 1956 to 1979, the Songhua River average annual runoff of 16 billion 200 million cubic meters, the average annual runoff of 209.6 mm. The Jianggan water reserves of 802 thousand and 900 kilowatts, the river drop 1556 meters.

Songhua River The east of Songhua River

Songhua River River, from Jilin Province Songyuan City Nenjiang Injection, to import the Heilongjiang estuary, commonly known as the East Songhua River. Nenjiang into the mouth at an altitude of 128.22 metres. The injection port to the Tonghe County, main stream flows east, river, flows northeast through Zhaoyuan, Fuyu, Harbin , Bayan , A magnolia , riverway , Founder , Yilan , Tangyuan , Jiamusi , Huachuan , Suibin , Fujin , Tongjiang In Tongjiang City, about 7 km northeast from the right into Heilongjiang. Estuary 57.16 meters above sea level, river length of 939 km and a catchment area of 186 thousand and 400 square kilometers interval. The development of the Songhua River across the river, a total length of 725 kilometers, drop 1007 meters, the average gradient of river slope is steep, 1.39 per thousand, content is rich, the water reserves of 516 thousand and 800 kilowatts, accounting for the Songhua River section reserves 17.6%.

Songhua River Channel characteristics

According to the characteristics of the terrain and river east of the Songhua River, can be divided into three sections.
In the upstream, three Chahe to Harbin City, the upper, the upper interval length of 240 kilometers, the catchment area of 30 thousand square kilometers, the river flows through the Songnen plain grassland, wetland, of which three Chahe to xiadaiji gradient is relatively slow, 0.022 per thousand; xiadaiji to thank Jiatun River gradient of 0.06 per thousand; Xie Jia Tun near to Harbin grade 0.052%. In this section the right bank tributary less xiadaiji near major tributaries of lalinhe River confluence.
The middle section of Harbin City, Jiamusi city to the East is the middle of the Songhua River River, 432 km long. From Harbin to Datong, river channel drop slowly, 0.055 per thousand to 0.044 per thousand, is the largest tributary of the Hulan River on the left bank of the Hui people. Down 20 km, 130 km long river in the hilly areas, the two sides are zhangguangcai range and small Xingan mountain Piedmont transition zone, the valley is narrow, both sides Gao Pingyuan and hilly areas, the left bank tributary Shaoling River , Mulan River Reach Right, the ants into the river. since Tonghe County Down about 70 kilometers into the East Songhua River famous" Three. "Shoal area, shoal district about 27 kilometers, the river water surface width of 1.5 ~ 2 km, 0.06 gradient% ~ 0.15 per thousand, and in the low water period of water depth is only 1 meters, 1 meters below the water depth to the low velocity, only 1 meters / sec. Waterway width 500 ~ 600 meters, Jiang daozhong many islands and shoals, and there are rocks, and there are many rock protruding surface, as the Songhua River famous navigation section. Three surname shoal, major tributaries of Mudanjiang and the right bank has woken River, the left bank the river water into the Tangwang River, gradually spread, depth gradually increase. Near the city of Jiamusi, Songhua River is relatively straight, the main channel width of 800 ~ 1300 meters, depth of 8 ~ 11 meters, slope of river 0.1 per thousand.
The downstream section, from Jiamusi to Tongjiang is East Songhua River, a total length of 267 kilometers, traveling in the plain area of Sanjiang, on both sides of the alluvial plain, flat terrain, overgrown with weeds, open channel and floodplain, channel qi flow freely, the width of 5 to 10 kilometers, Jiang daozhong many shoals. Songhua River in Tongjiang City Northeast into Heilongjiang, the lower reaches of the river, the low-lying, flood control has always been one of the key areas. The lower reaches of river Indus and duluhe has two major tributaries of the Hui people.

Songhua River The main tributaries

Nenjiang: Songhua River, the largest tributary, is one of the main rivers in Heilongjiang province. Nenjiang originated in Greater Khingan Range yilehuli mountains in the south, from north to south through Nenjiang, Nehe, Oroqen, Morin Dawa Gannan, Qigihar, and the rich, Tailai, Zhenlai, Zhaoyuan, Daan, Durbat county (city, flag), in the Sancha River confluence of Songhua River, the total length of 1370 km. Heyuan to Nenjiang County for the upstream, narrow valley, on both sides of forest area, Pinus sylvestris, larch wood, poplar, birch wood; Nenjiang county to Molidawa Daur autonomous resident for the middle, under which to sanchahekou downstream, in the middle and lower reaches of the broad valley, in the high water level of the water surface width of 450 - 8000 meters, the maximum depth of 6 - 13 meters; water level when the maximum water surface width of 170 - 180 meters, the maximum depth of 1.6 - 7.2 meters.
The upper reaches of Nenjiang River: lying east tributary. Is located in the north of Nenjiang county. Originated in the Xingan mountains west of the north slope, from northeast to southwest, flows through the area of northern Nenjiang County, in the river village lying lying Township into Nenjiang. A total length of 92 kilometers, the river is 14 meters wide, 1 meters water depth, the basin area of 1488 square kilometers.
The door: the upper reaches of Nenjiang Lu River East branch. Located in central Nenjiang county. Originated in the Xingan mountains north of West Mountain, in the vicinity of the door into the Nenjiang Lu River farm. A total length of 142 kilometers, the river is 40 meters wide, 1.1 meters water depth, the basin area of 5471 square kilometers.
The upper reaches of Nenjiang River: loach two tributaries of the East coast. Originated in the Xingan mountains north of West Mountain, from northeast to southwest, into Nenjiang county to the south, West and north through the Nenjiang County of Heihe City, into the door Lu River in Nenjiang County near the seat of Hu Tan xiang. A total length of 136 kilometers, the river is 26 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 2594 square kilometers.
Keluo: the upper reaches of Nenjiang East branch. Located in central Nenjiang county. Originated in the Xingan mountains north of West Mountain, flows through the northwest of dedu County in southern Nenjiang, across the county, into the Nenjiang Pavilion in Nenjiang County near the righteous. A total length of 324 kilometers, the river is 50 meters wide, 1.2 meters water depth, the basin area of 8574 square kilometers.
The Mu River tributary of the east coast of Nenjiang: two. Nenjiang county is located in the east. Originated in the Xingan mountains north, from northeast to southwest, near Keluocun in Luohe injection department. A total length of 88 kilometers, the river is 15 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 2146 square kilometers.
Nemor River tributaries: Nenjiang Middle East coast. Located in the west of Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Xingan mountains on the west side, from the source from east to west through Nehe County, Keshan, Germany (city) in Nehe, Nehe City, 39.6 kilometers southwest of the town into Nenjiang. The main tributaries of a river, the old Lai Yinlonghe, Baihe (Shi Longhe). The total length of 569 km, width 40 - 70 meters, depth of 1.2 - 3 meters, the basin area of 14061 square kilometers.
Yinlonghe: two tributaries of the east coast of Nenjiang. Located in the middle of dedu county. Originated in the Xingan mountains on the west side, from northeast to southwest, flows through Longmen, the Xiang River, Yinlonghe farm, into nemor River in the southeast of Dalian Army School farm. The total length of 79 km, width 3 - 13 meters, depth of 0.7 meters, the basin area of 1186 square kilometers.
The old Lai River tributary of the east coast of Nenjiang: two. Originated in the south of Nenjiang County, the East Hill spit, from north to south, flows through the territory of Nenjiang County, the town of yilaha Yuejin farm, and then into the Nehe territory, into the nemor River by the old Lai Zhen Nan flow to Nehe town. The total length of 115 km, width 10 - 20 meters, depth of 1 meters, the basin area of 670 square kilometers. For plain river. Each year in early November to early April next year for the freezing period. Basin for the agricultural area, built several large state-owned farm.
Wuyuer river is located in the west of Heilongjiang Province, the province's largest inland river. Originated in the Xingan mountains on the west side, flows through Bei'an, Kedong, Keshan, Ian, rich counties (city), is gradually disappeared in the northeast of Lindian County, Qigihar city in the northwest and north of Duerbote Mongolian Autonomous County vast marsh wetland. The total length of 576 km, width 20 - 40 meters, depth of 0.6 - 2.5 meters, the basin area of 23110 square kilometers.
Nuomin River: the West Bank of Nenjiang branch. Downstream is located in the northeast of Gannan county. The ancient name "Qu Li water", "river". Originating in the territory of Greater Khingan Range to the east of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, downstream flows through the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Heilongjiang Molidawa Daur Autonomous County of Gannan Province, Gannan County in Nenjiang Hui lung near the injection. The total length of 466 km, 54 km long at the junction of two provinces. The width of the river 60 - 170 meters, depth of 1.5 - 3 meters. In a total area of 25966 square kilometers.
Huang Hao Gou: the West Bank of Nenjiang branch. Located in northern Gannan county. The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region originated in the Arong Qi mountain fault, through Gu Shan Zi, across the road in Northeast sector trench into Gannan County, flows through the Baoshan North through Chahayang farm in the town of Dongyang, northeast into Nenjiang. The total length of 100 km, width 4 - 28 meters, depth of 0.4 - 2.5 meters, the basin area of 683 square kilometers.
Allen: the lower reaches of Nenjiang River tributary of the West bank. Located in the west of Heilongjiang province. Originated in Greater Khingan Range Babao Shanxi Lu, Arong Qi and Heilongjiang through the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region County of Gannan Province, on the outskirts of Qigihar and the northwest, in the city of Qigihar, the door into Nenjiang near the village of qin. The total length of 318 km, 57 km long in Heilongjiang province. 25 the width of 40 meters, depth of 2 meters. In a total area of 6297 square kilometers, an area of 1571 square kilometers in Heilongjiang province.
Note: the lower reaches of Nenjiang River tributary of the West bank. Located in the west of Heilongjiang province. Called "Yan river". Originated from Greater Khingan Range through the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Qigihar Dongpo, Arong Qi County, Heilongjiang Province, on the outskirts of Gannan, in the city of Qigihar near the village of woniu spit into Nenjiang. The total length of 215 km, 55 km long in Heilongjiang province. The width of the river 8 - 20 meters, depth of 0.4 - 1.5 meters. In a total area of 4778 square kilometers, an area of 791 square kilometers in Heilongjiang province.
Yalu River: Nenjiang River tributary of the West bank. Located in the west of Heilongjiang province. The old name "Royal river". "Yalu", Mongolian, meaning "side". Originated in the Greater Khingan Range east. Xuguit Qi, Zhalantun flows through the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region city and Qigihar City, Heilongjiang Province, Nianzishan District of Longjiang County, in Longjiang County, near the village of Taiwan into Nenjiang. A total length of 398 kilometers, 100 kilometers long in Heilongjiang province. The width of the river 40 - 80 meters, depth of 1.5 - 3 meters. In a total area of 19640 square kilometers
Ji Qin River: also known as "chicken Qin river". Nenjiang two tributaries. Located in the northwest of Longjiang county. Originated in the Greater Khingan Range East call Liyake Department of Shanxi, from the northwest to the southeast, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region flows through the eastern city of Zhalantun, into Longjiang County, in Shandong Laolong off to the northeast, crossing the Yalu River, Xing, Ji Qin River Township, into the Yalu River in southern nianzi. A total length of 180 kilometers, the river about 60 meters wide. Longjiang County in the 35 km long. The basin total area of about 2790 square kilometers
Han Da Han River: also known as "Dai Kan ha". Nenjiang two tributaries. Located in the south of Longjiang county. Originated in the southern the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region city of Zhalantun Dragon Mountain, from the northwest to the southeast, to the south of Longjiang County, flows through the Jingxing, Xingshan, head of Township, into the Yalu river. A total length of 162 km, of which Longjiang County in the 42 km long. The basin total area of about 4423 square kilometers
Chaoer River: "stamp r.". The lower reaches of the Nenjiang River tributary of the West bank. Located in the west of Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Greater Khingan Range East, flows through the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Longjiang, Tailai province Heilongjiang Zhalaiteqi 2 County, in the northwest of Tailai County into Nenjiang Jiangqiao town. A total length of 573 kilometers, 60 kilometers long in Heilongjiang province. The width of the river 30 - 70 meters, depth of 0.8 - 1.5 meters. In a total area of 17435 square kilometers, an area of 899 square kilometers in Heilongjiang province.
Shuangyang River: no tail river. Originated in the south of Baiquan county new town, to the West from the south to the North flow to Baiquan Town, county people Ian after the break to the southwest, the low-lying swamps disappeared in the west of Lindian County, forming a closed flow zone and Wuyuer river. The total length of 89 km, width 3 - 15 meters, depth of 0.2 - 1.2 meters, the basin area of 2522 square kilometers.
Zelda: call Zelda, call river Mongolian, meaning "bend". The West Bank of Nenjiang branch. Is located in the southwest of Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Zhalaiteqi territory, from the northwest to the southeast, flowing through Tailai County, city tower elm, Ping Yang, Tailai, the new 8 towns in southern Xinxiang, a good exit, in the vicinity of Zhenlai County of Jilin province into Nenjiang datun. The total length of 320 km, of which Tailai County in the 110 km long. The river is 46 meters wide, the depth of 3 - 5 meters, watershed area of 1802 square kilometers, the drainage area of Tailai county is 522 square kilometers.
Liuzhou Tao River: also called the Hulun river". Koala river. Originated in the territory of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Greater Khingan Range East Wing Suolun mountain two Longshan, into the western territory of Tailai County of Heilongjiang Province, through Tailai County, Peace Pagoda Town township, acer. In 1969 the excavation of river 8.6 km, the water will drain into the Nie Laohei nur. A total length of 178 kilometers, 44 kilometers long in Tailai county. The river is 20 meters wide, 1 meters water depth, the basin area of 2971 square kilometers.
Lalinhe River: also known as "blue Lenghe". On the right bank of Songhua River River tributaries, lalinhe river originates in the Zhang Guangcai Department of South of the Five Ridges don't stone lazishan, roughly from the southeast to the northwest, through Shulan, Wuchang, Shuangcheng, Yushu, Fuyu county (city), near the city of Shuangcheng in many stores Department of Songhua River. Most of the river for the river Heilongjiang, Jilin province two. A total length of 448 km. In the river waves above the creek estuary upstream, belonging to the mountains, deep channel narrow, steep slope; River Estuary to estuary for wave card Cha River, river valley slope gradually slow, gradually open, Wuchang hydrological station in the high water level, the maximum water surface width of 750 - 1800 meters, the maximum depth of 3.2 - 5.6 meters the maximum water level; the water is 240 meters wide, the maximum depth of 0.4 meters. Card fork into the Songhua River estuary to estuary downstream river, wide serpentine, no limits of river low water level, Caijiagou hydrological station in the high water level, the maximum water surface width of 170 meters, the maximum depth of 4.4 to 6.4 meters; water level when the maximum water surface width of 160 meters, the maximum depth of 2.6 meters.
Mangniu River tributary on the right bank of the Songhua River: two. Wuchang county is located in southern Heilongjiang province. Originated in zhangguangcai Laotudingzi, flowing through the river rushed, Long Fengshan, brilliant, patriotic, Chang Bao and other towns in the vicinity of the back into the shadow of the town of lalinhe river. The total length of 240 km, width 10 - 49 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1.5 meters, the basin area of 5289 square kilometers.
Red River tributary on the right bank of the Songhua River: three. Located in the South and southeast of Wuchang County of Shangzhi city. Originated in the western slope of Zhang Guangcai mountain, in Shangzhi City territory from the east to the west, over heiyuting into Wuchang County, into the mangniu River in southern town. A total length of 70 kilometers, the river is 27 meters wide, the basin area of 950 square kilometers.
The big Muddy River tributary on the right bank of the Songhua River: three. Located in the eastern part of Shangzhi City Southwest, Wuchang County, originated in the territory of zhangguangcai on the west side of Shangzhi City, from the southeast to the northwest, to street based Township resident Shangzhi City North turn westward into the Wuchang County wide Township, Department of Shahe small reed after injection of mangniu river. The total length of 81 km, width 6 - 28 meters, depth of 0.5 meters, the basin area of 197 square kilometers.
Majia River: commonly known as "Jin Wushu Majia River", alias "Reed ditch", also known as "the Syracuse river". Songhua River River right bank tributary. Located in southern Heilongjiang Province, Shuangcheng city and Harbin city. Passive River, is digging artificial canal in the early. To play in the west of Baicheng Hedong Village West of the city of A Cheng, across from the territory of Shuangcheng zhoujiazhen, flows through the Shuangcheng City, five new town and Harbin City, red Elm Township, Harbin City, Shuangcheng border and become two, extend to the west of the new village in the Daoli District of Harbin in the west ridge near into Songhua River. The total length of 96.5 km, an average width of 30 meters - 50 bed. The valley area of 415 square kilometers,
Majiagou River: Songhua River River south bank branch. Located in southern Heilongjiang Province, originated in the A Cheng City West Exit Xinxiang Liu HaoGou hills, flows through the Harbin city power and Nangang cottage, and Taiping District 4, after the zoo, children's park two scenic areas, into the Songhua River in the upper reaches of Binzhou bridge 200 meters, a total length of 44.3 km, of which Harbin City 34.7 kilometers. The channel width of 30 - 100 meters, the basin area of 240 square kilometers.
Ashe: Songhua River River Nanan River tributaries. Originated in the south of Mount Daqing, from east to west through the junction of A Cheng Hisashi, two city west springs near the river bends to the northwest, passing through A Cheng, Wuchang, Harbin 3 counties, into the Songhua River in the eastern suburbs of Harbin city. A total length of 257 km. In the middle and lower reaches of the wet period surface width of 238 - 360 meters, depth of 4 - 4.7 meters; the dry season water width 10 - 23.5 meters, depth of 0.2 - 0.25 meters. In a total area of 3545 square kilometers.
Feiketu River south of Songhua River River tributaries. Located in southern Heilongjiang province. Kim called "horse ancient Dunmu water", the Ming Dynasty was called this name. "Feiketu, Manchu, meaning" gap "or" rest stop". In the Qing Dynasty in this Feiketu inn. Originated in the Mount Daqing mountains hanging water lake ridge slope through Binxian northwest and northeast of A Cheng, into the Songhua River in Laoshan bin Kao Shan Tun Xi head. The total length of 100 km, width 5 - 8 meters, a depth of 0.4 meters in 1.2, a total area of 1108 square kilometers.
In the river south of Songhua River River: flail tributary. Located in the Binxian territory, known as the "flail plate River station". There are three sources of stock gold river, tributaries, namely cave River, Chaoyang River, originates from the zhangguangcai mountains of Mount Daqing, from south to north, through Chang An, Bin'an Township, Xing Tun into the Songhua River in the new town of northern people, is one of the main rivers in bin county. The total length of 54 km, the basin area of 954 square kilometers.
Mary: writing "the Ant River river". The right bank of the Songhua River tributaries. Originated in the west slope of zhangguangcai, Shangzhi Yanshou, founder, flows through 3 counties (city), to the north into the Songhua River in Datong County is the county across the river. A total length of 341 kilometers, a slope above the upper zone, belongs to the mountain areas for forest; side slope to Yanshou County as the middle area, mostly hilly areas; Yanshou following downstream area belongs to alluvial plain. In the middle and lower reaches in the high water level, the maximum water surface width of 140 - 1900 meters, the maximum depth of 2.6 to 6 meters; the maximum water level water 60 to 145 meters, the maximum depth of 0.7 - 1.3 meters. The main tributary of Daliangzi River, Pearl River Basin Dongliang, a total area of 10721 square kilometers.
Bright Pearl River tributary on the right bank of the Songhua River: two. Located in the southeast of Heilongjiang province. Once the pearls, so the name. Originated in the Zhang Guangcai Ling Xi Lu, Shangzhi Yanshou, founder, flows through 3 counties (city), in Yanshou County Limin Village North into the Manasi river. The total length of 138 km, width 25 - 60 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1.3 meters, the basin area of 2608 square kilometers.
Large American Songhua River River tributary South: basil. Located in Fangzheng County in the east. Originated in Fangzheng county and Hailin city at the junction of the zhangguangcai range from south to north through the northern slope of the spark, and shelomith million forest farm of Baoshan Town, in the town of West into Songhua River. The total length of 61 km, the basin area of 418 square kilometers.
Little America: on the right bank of the Songhua River tributary basil. Located in the east of Fangzheng county. Originated in the northern zhangguangcailing, from south to north, through the big Luo Mi Dong exit, in zhenggaoleng shipping station west into Songhua River. The total length of 73 km, width 4 - 8 meters, depth of 0.4 meters, the basin area of 438 square kilometers.
Mudanjiang: the largest tributary of Songhua River river. Located in the southeast of Heilongjiang province. Originated in the north of Changbai Mountain Baitoushan peony Ling, flows through the northeast of Jilin province and Heilongjiang Province, Mudanjiang, Hailin, Ning Linkou, Yilan county (city), into the Songhua River in Yilan County in the west. Heyuan to Lake Jingpo River, a total length of 726 km, 382 km long in Heilongjiang province. The width of the river 100 - 300 meters, depth of 1 - 5 meters. From mid November to mid April for the freezing period. There are five main tributaries of river, river ouse, waves Lin Hun River, three river etc.. In a total area of 37023 square kilometers, an area of 28543 square kilometers in Heilongjiang province.
Seoul Station West River: also known as "Er River station". Two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in Ning'an County west. Originated in the zhangguangcai range on the eastern side, there are two Heyuan, namely Seoul Station South River, Seoul Station North River, in Seoul Station car team resident near the confluence, known as "Er River station". From the west to the East, into the Lake Jingpo in Seoul Station estuary. A total length of 74 kilometers, the river is 27 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 1010 square kilometers.
Toad River two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the east of Ning'an county. Originated in the Laoyeling Xilu, from east to west, to the Ning'an County thoroughbred field turning north, flows through Wolong, and Xiang Lan Gang Zhen Jiang Nan Xiang, Ning'an town into Mudanjiang in the West village. The total length of 90 km, width 10 - 40 meters, depth of 0.5 - 0.8 meters, the basin area of 1805 square kilometers.
The waves of the river two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the southeast of Heilongjiang city in Hailin province. Originated in the zhangguangcai mountain, flows through the Hailin City, Changting old street, stone river, Hainan Township, Mudanjiang city in the outskirts of Mudanjiang into the leading mountain in Northeast china. The total length of 210 km, width 50 - 125 meters, depth of 1 - 3 meters, a total area of 5225 square kilometers of river basin.
The two waves of the river three tributaries of Songhua River. In the western city of Hailin. Originated in the zhangguangcai bald on the eastern side, from west to East, through the Hailin forestry bureau two waves River forest, village management, eight Xinlin River Sub forest, in River Forest Railway near the train station into the waves of the river. A total length of 75 kilometers, the river is 28 meters wide, 0.6 meters water depth, the basin area of 634 square kilometers.
Mountain river three tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the south central city of Hailin. Zhang Guangcai Ling Dongpo Ling, originated in Gaoling sub area, from the northwest to the southeast, passing through the Hengdaohezi Town, mountain town, into the river waves in Shi He Xiang Shi He cun. The upstream flow within the territory of the river town of the cross is also called "hengdaohe". The total length of 83 km, width 15 - 25 meters, depth of 0.5 - 2 meters, the basin area of 726 square kilometers.
Toudaohe river two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the middle of Hailin city. Originated from Zhang Guangcai Ling Dongpo, from west to East, flowing through the river town of the north and the Chai River town in the vicinity of Mudanjiang into the territory, Chai Town North village. The total length of 63 km, the width of the river in the middle reaches of the average 25 meters, average 35 meters downstream. The big department after the formation of two deep a splash, water area of 1600 square meters, a depth of 4 to 5 meters, the river is not a Dailan bottom; in the "thirty-five forest" at the eastern end of the foot of the mountain, it was formed by the hilltops road filling, water area of about 500 square meters, depth of 2 meters. The average depth of 1.5 meters downstream. The valley area of 859 square kilometers.
Two river two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the northern city of Hailin. Originated from Zhang Guangcai Ling Dongpo, from the west to the East, across the two river town territory, into Mudanjiang in two sandaohezi town. The total length of 67 km, width 30 - 35 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1 meters, the basin area of 727 square kilometers.
Three river two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the northern city of Hailin. Originated in the zhangguangcai bald East, from west to East, flows through the Three River Township West of Mudanjiang territory, into Mudanjiang in Three River estuary village township. A total length of 80 kilometers, the river is 22 meters wide, the depth of 0.3 - 1 meters, the basin area of 1370 square kilometers.
Songhua River: two tributaries of Hunhe River ouse. Linkou county is located in the southeast of Heilongjiang province. The Qing Dynasty called "Wu Si river". Originated in the Shandong side since daguokui, Linkou County in southeastern Mudanjiang in the northwest direction, into the village on the other side. The total length of 141 km, width 30 - 75 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1 meters, a total area of 4176 square kilometers of river basin.
Wei Ken: on the right bank of the Songhua River River tributaries. Originated in the Wanda Mountains of Al Hassan, flows through Qitaihe, Boli, Huanan, Yilan and other cities and counties, into the Songhua River in Yilan County, about 1 kilometers east. A total length of 450 km. Momoyama over hilly area, narrow valley, Jinsha River enters after slightly open. Flow to Boli County Wei Ken town after entering the open plains area, in the high water level the maximum water surface width of 170 - 290 meters, the maximum depth of 2.2 to 5.2 meters; water level when the maximum water surface width of 10 meters, the maximum depth of 0.1 meters. From mid November to early April next year for the freezing period. In a total area of 11015 square kilometers.
Seven tiger River tributary of Songhua River: two. Heilongjiang province is located in the east of Huanan County South of. Originated in the Wanda Mountains of Al Hassan, from north to south bend to the west, through the stone river, two channel, Yan home, public in other towns, in the public mind in Northwest Township village into woken River birch. The total length of 84 km, width 15 - 20 meters, the basin area of 1055 square kilometers.
Eight tiger River tributary of Songhua River: two. Huanan county is located in the central eastern part of Heilongjiang province. The Qing Dynasty called "Ba River Lake force". Al Hassan originated in the Wandashan mountains, from east to west across the Huanan county territory, into the Japanese in Qinghe Village of Pear River Xiang Xi ken. The total length of 110 km, width 5 - 20 meters, depth of 1.5 - 2 meters, the basin area of 1260 square kilometers.
Pine River two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the northwest of Huanan county. Originated in southern Huachuan county through the northwest hill strawhat, Huanan County, into the Japanese on the west exit Huanan county to the river. The total length of 63 km, width 5 - 25 meters, depth of 1.2 - 1.5 meters. The valley area of 480 square kilometers.
Ling River tributary on the right bank of the Songhua River: when wheat. Is located in the south of Huachuan county. Originated in Huanan and Huachuan at the junction of two counties of Daqing Mountain, from south to north, flows through Huachuan County West HengTou mountain, long hair, four shed 3 villages and towns, in the southeast Xiang three fork river and Hui people sound Dambyn Taiping River, into the Songhua River by the artificial river. A total length of 70 kilometers, the river is 20 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 830 square kilometers.
Anbanghe: on the right bank of the Songhua River branch. Located in the east of Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Wandashan offshoot watershed Gang, from south to north through Shuangyashan, Jixian, Huachuan 3 counties, into the Songhua River in the territory of new urban and rural areas of Huachuan county. The total length of 167 km, width 10 - 80 meters, depth of 0.4 - 1.2 meters, a total area of 2589 square kilometers of river basin.
The willow river two tributaries of the Songhua River. Jixian county is located in the west. Seven lazishan Shimenzi originated in the north mountain, from south to north, through the mountainous Jixian County Township, fengle town and Beacon Hill farm, four points, to Huachuan County by Li Feng Xiang injection anbanghe. The total length of 62 km, width 20 - 40 meters, depth of 1.2 meters, the basin area of 398 square kilometers.
The left bank of Songhua River River tributaries: Hulan river. The Hulan River originates in the small Xingan mountain on the west side of the furnace blowing mountain, flows through Qing'an, Suihua, Wangkui, Tieli, Lanxi, Hulan and other 6 counties (city), into the Songhua River neighborhood in southern Hulan county Zhang shop. A total length of 523 km.
Tongken River and Tong Keng River "". The left bank of Songhua River two tributaries. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Xingan mountains of southwest mountain, from east to West South flows through Bei'an, Helen, Baiquan, Mingshui, Cyclobalanopsis glauca, Wangkui county (city) in Wangkui, at the junction of Cyclobalanopsis, Lanxi County at the junction of the Hulan River into 3. The total length of 346 km, width 10 - 40 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1 meters, a total area of 10339 square kilometers of river basin.
With the sound of the river: formerly known as "Zha Cameroon River" in manchu. Three tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the northern city of Helen. Originated in Helen, Bei'an, 3 counties (city) Suileng junction, from northeast to southwest across the northern city of Helen, near the village of supply and marketing into the Tongken River Yonghe township. A total length of 105 kilometers, the river is 12 meters wide, 1.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 1264 square kilometers.
The Helen river three tributaries of Songhua River. Is located in the south of the city of Helen. Originated in the eastern border city of Helen. From the northeast to the southwest, across the southern city of Helen, into the Tongken river near the village in lily. A total length of 74 kilometers, the river is 10 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 1141 square kilometers.
Numin River and Nuomin River "". Two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Xingan south of the Five Ridges Lu, Suileng County and flows through the city of Suihua, near the city of Suihua in the sun and Gongtun g sound River confluence, and then into the Hulan river. The total length of 265 km, width 20 - 50 meters, depth of 0.6 - 1 meters, a total area of 5328 square kilometers of river basin.
G: the sound of the river three tributaries of Songhua River. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Originated in Suileng County Central upstream double Chahe, north of the village of Jin River flows through the sound grams Township, Helen, Wangkui, Suihua, Suileng County (city) at the junction of Numin River in Suihua City, into the sun Gongtun. A total length of 147 km. The width of the river 10 - 40 meters, depth of 0.5 - 2 meters, a total area of 2000 square kilometers of river basin.
Jurgen: mud river was originally called "Eyi river". Two tributaries of Songhua River. Green mountain water originated from Qing'an county and the junction of Suileng County, from northeast to southwest, in Qing'an County, rich Xiang Lin He Cun Luo Jia Tun southwest into the Hulan River, is the border between Qing county and Suileng County and Suihua city. The total length of 88 km, width 2 - 17 meters, depth of 0.8 - 1 meters, the basin area of 523 square kilometers.
Europe: two tributaries of Songhua River river. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Xingan mountains on the south side, flows through the northern part of Qing'an County, in the rich Township South into the Hulan river. The total length of 174 km, width 12 - 80 meters, depth of 0.5 - 4 meters, the basin area of 2002 square kilometers.
Yijimi river two tributaries of the Songhua River. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Xingan mountains daguokui top, flows through Qing'an county and Tieli city at the junction of the Hulan River in Qing'an County Qingfeng Village into the east. The total length of 103 km, width 15 - 60 meters, depth of 0.6 - 4 meters, the basin area of 1777 square kilometers.
An Banghe once said: "the bond River", also called "an Baihe". Two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Xingan mountains of Pingdingshan branch of the west slope, from southeast to northwest, flowing through the junction of iron city, Qing'an County, Qing'an County in the town into the Hulan River north of peace. The total length of 102 km, width 7 - 18 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1.5 meters, the basin area of 904 square kilometers.
From the river two tributaries of Songhua River: G. Located in the south of Qing'an county. 2 county at the junction of the Dadingzi Mountain rising Yu Qingan, Mulan, and from the source to the south, the northern end of the Xin Min Xiang Geng Jia Tun double the Milky Way, off the west northwest, Sheng Xiang Yong Li Cun Yao Wo Bao Tun injection in Hulan huan. A total length of 92 kilometers, the river is 12 meters wide, 1.3 meters water depth, the basin area of 803 square kilometers.
Gulluoglu Qinghe: also called the Laliehan river". "Lin Qing" Manchu "mud lake". Two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the southeast of Qing'an county. Originated in Qing'an County in the southeast, five ye mountains. Flow from the source to the northwest "by rivers, and after the confluence of Liuhe called Qinghe hulalin". To the northwest, through both the harvest and peace, Xin Sheng, Sheng long, and other towns in the area, in the peaceful village of Ping Zhen Wu Chang Tai Tun northwest into the Hulan river. A total length of 89 kilometers, the river is 24 meters wide, 1.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 759 square kilometers.
The mud river two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in central Heilongjiang province. The Qing Dynasty called "Hao river". Originated in the Xingan branch of the house at the junction of ridge cemetery, flows through Bayan county and Suihua city and at the junction of Lanxi, Hulan two counties, eight villages in the West into the Hulan River in Hulan county. The total length of 240 km, width 15 - 20 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1 meters, a total area of 1500 square kilometers of river basin.
Shaoling River: Songhua River river north branch. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Kim called "water" (and "cool water"), called "master Luo Qing River" or "chaole river". Originated in the Xingan mountains mountains Qingfengling, flows through the central northwest of Mulan county and Bayan County, into the Songhua River in Bayan County near the jiangjiadian. The total length of 135 km, width 8 - 40 meters, depth of 0.4 - 1 meters, a total area of 2468 square kilometers of river basin.
The drift river two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Bend channel abnormal peak water level after the channel often shift, and "drift River". Originated in the northwest of Bayan County, Bayan county to Chong Xiang Xu Dong Cun Xi, Bayan County border became Hulan two to Hulan County, Lin Xiang Yang Hao Jia Miao Tun Dong Hui people Shaoling river. The total length of 85 km, width 8 - 10 meters, depth of 0.3 - 1 meters, the basin area of 785 square kilometers.
Mulan River up: big river of mulan. Songhua River river north branch. Located in Mulan county. So the river named Mulan county. Originated in the small northern Xingan Mulan County of South of the Five Ridges Lu, two sources, a top a Moyun, Qingfeng south of the Five Ridges Lu, after the confluence of the West stream south, into the Songhua River in the vicinity of Mulan County Linjiang village. A total length of 110 km. Xiang Mo mountain reservoir above the upper reaches of the mountains, narrow channel; Xiang Mo Shan reservoir to Jianshanzi for the middle, the channel gradually wide, by 5 - 10 meters to 30 meters; Jianshanzi following downstream channel 30 to 50 meters wide. The wet period depth of 5.2 meters, 0.2 meters water depth in dry season. In a total area of 1706 square kilometers.
Poplar River, formerly known as "America," said Buyat "old houilles ancient river". According to "Hulan's history", "this is the ancient river houilles Buyat Mulan County of America, said the Poplar River soil." Songhua River river north branch. Located in the east of Mulan county. Originated in Mulan County, northeast border over the south foot of the mountain around the wood roof, out of Yuhuangge mountain southwest, from north to South and east of Mulan County, into the Songhua River in Mulan town near. The total length of 58 km, width 5 - 15 meters, depth of 0.3 - 0.5 meters, the basin area of 437 square kilometers.
Cha Lin River: "Shengjing annals" writing ", P r.". Songhua River river north branch. Located in Tonghe located in the Western County, Tonghe county is within the territory of the first river. Originated in the north of Tonghe County Mopanshan, flowing from north to south, Jina 28 tributaries, into the Songhua River in the town near. The total length of 91 km, width 20 - 70 meters, depth of 1 - 1.2 meters, a total area of 1941 square kilometers of river basin.
Northwest River: according to the new "Tonghe county", originally called "the river", "tin silk River", because of the Xianbei adherents in the name of. Songhua River North branch. Located in Tonghe County in the east. Steamed Buns originated in Tonghe County North Mountain, from the north to the southeast through the Northwest River irrigation area and new reservoir confluence into Songhua River. A total length of 74 kilometers, the river is 21 meters wide, 0.6 meters water depth, the basin area of 794 square kilometers.
Large lithosphericfractures. Formerly known as the "river Teheng shouted". Songhua River North branch. Located in the east of Tonghe county. Originated in Tonghe County North Steamed Buns mountain, composed of eight stocks from a source. From the north to the southeast, into the Songhua River in Qinghe town near. A total length of 55 kilometers, the river is 12 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 429 square kilometers.
The little old said: "small lithosphericfractures. Call Teheng river". Songhua River North branch. Located in the east of Tonghe county. Originated in the Northeast county. There are two origins: a stock source for head lazishan called "Perfume River," a source for the blind ditch and; poplar ditch. From the north to the southeast, into the Songhua River near the small village Tung Qinghe town. A total length of 50 km, the basin area of 471 square kilometers.
Balan river left bank tributaries: Songhua River. Located in central Heilongjiang province. Originated in the Xingan mountains on the north side of Wuhua ridge top, flows through the northwest of Tieli city southeast and Yilan County, near the village of Ying LAN into the Songhua River in Yilan county. The total length of 108 km, width 20 - 60 meters, depth of 0.3 - 1 meters, a total area of 2075 square kilometers of river basin.
Tang Wanghe: on the left bank of the main tributaries of the Songhua River. Originated in the Xingan mountains south of the west slope, there are two things Tangwanghe source, east of Tangwanghe is the mainstream. Two flow confluence from north to south through Yichun, Tieli, tangyuan 3 counties, into the Songhua River in Tangyuan County, about 5 kilometers southwest of. A total length of 509 km. In a total area of 20838 square kilometers.
West Songhua River: Tangwang River two tributaries. Yichun city is located in the northern territory. Originated in the Yichun north exit fish mountain area, from northwest to southeast through the peak, two Longshan, Dongsheng, stone forest and other forest nursery in the center of East and East Tang Wanghe (Tang Wanghe main). A total length of 64 kilometers, the river is 9 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 533 square kilometers.
Friendly: River two tributaries of Songhua River. In the western city of Yichun. Originated in the Xingan mountains on the eastern side, from the northwest to the southeast, in the center north of Guang Chuan forest friendly Naxi River, in a friendly government in the East District into the Tang Wang river. The total length of 83 km, width 12 - 35 meters, depth of 1 - 1.8 meters, the basin area of 948 square kilometers.
Gemini: Songhua River river two tributaries. In the western city of Yichun. Originated in the Xingan south of the Five Ridges slope. There are two sources: East and West Carle River Carle is too River, two source said "Gemini River in the area after the confluence of Ping ling". The sand line village, village, Xingan forest village, from the northwest to the southeast, near the town of Tangwanghe in Gemini injection. The total length of 77 km, width 20 - 35 meters, depth of 1.5 - 2 meters, the basin area of 1216 square kilometers.
The Yichun river two tributaries of Songhua River. In the western city of Yichun. Originated in the Xingan south of the Five Ridges slope, by the river, river, retaining it Cuiluan stone river merge, turning east in the south of the village across the green light, Omar River, Yichun 3, Cuiluan District, Yichun city near the injection in Tangwang river. The total length of 84 km, width 35 - 60 meters, depth of 0.7 - 1.2 meters, a total area of 2466 square kilometers of river basin.
Five: the two tributaries of Songhua River River reservoir. Located in the middle of Yichun city. Originated in the south of baishan. Because of the outflow from the five reservoir ditch, named "five river reservoir". From the northeast to the southwest, in five operating in the East daku accept a tributary, the south, in the forest near the village of Tangwanghe injection. The total length of 75 km, width 20 - 60 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1.2 meters, the basin area of 1773 square kilometers.
Dafeng River tributary of Songhua River: two. Located in the eastern city of Yichun. Originated in the south of the old mountain, from the northeast to the southwest, through abundant forest ridge, lush forest to fold to the northwest, in the south into the Tangwanghe Jinshantun District resident. The total length of 80 km, width 10 - 35 meters, depth of 0.2 - 0.8 meters, the basin area of 1094 square kilometers.
Southwest Chahe two tributaries: Songhua River. Located in the southern city of Yichun. Originated in the Xingan mountains daguokui top mountain, from the northwest to the southeast, to the "five km" after the break to the East, across the border into the Nancha District, Tangwang River near the Green Tan village. The total length of 85 km, width 8 - 24 meters, depth of 0.5 meters, a total area of 2735 square kilometers of river basin.
The lattice section of the river: also known as "kim". The left bank of Songhua River branch. Located in Tangyuan County in central china. Originated in the Tangyuan County border northwest grid Jinshan, so it is called "upstream, downstream of the square lattice Jinhe" called "lattice section of the river". Since the source of twists and turns to the southeast into the Songhua River in the Xiaodongjiang Township along the eastern side of the village of victory. A total length of 57 kilometers, the river is 8 meters wide, 0.5 meters water depth, the basin area of 429 square kilometers.
Ah Ling Da River left bank tributaries: Songhua River. Located in Tangyuan County in central china. According to the new "Tangyuan county", "ah Ling up a river name derives from" Ukraine "Linda", is the Liao Dynasty Jurchen Hurin Da S native place. Originated in the small Xingan mountain green Montenegro Ferris south of the Five Ridges side. From the source to flow to the southeast, from the east side to the town Pang store Heli river is the boundary river of Hegang city and Tangyuan County, into the Songhua River in the vicinity of De Xiang Cun Ji xiang. The total length of 76 km, width 10 - 16 meters, depth of 0.8 - 1.5 meters, the basin area of 550 square kilometers.
The Indus River tributary on the left bank of Songhua River. Located in the northeast of Heilongjiang province. Liao said the "main Wei water", "Kim said a bald water", "Wu Qing said Tunhe", "Wu Tun River" in late Qing Dynasty was called the Indus river". Originated in the Xingan mountains offshoot sobaeksan, flows through the eastern border in the north of Hegang city and Hegang city and Luobei county and Tangyuan County, into the Songhua River in the Indus River East farm. The main tributary of the Indus River, heli River west. The total length of 207 km, width 30 - 70 meters, depth of 1 - 2 meters, a total area of 4763 square kilometers of river basin.
Heli river two tributaries of Songhua River. Located in the southern city of Hegang. Originated in the small Xingan mountain green hills. Called "River upstream river", "Li said in the Dahe River, a tributary of the little river confluence after called Heli, heli river". From the northwest to the southeast, into the Indus river. A total length of 69 kilometers, the river is 50 meters wide, the depth of 1 - 1.5 meters, the basin area of 879 square kilometers.
Duluhe: the left bank of Songhua River branch. Is located in Luobei County in northern Heilongjiang province. Called "de Lun River" and "Thule River", "turu". "Turu", Mongolian, "white bellied trout". Originated in the Xingan mountains east, from north to southeast through Luobei County in the west, in Luobei, at the junction of two counties Tangyuan into Songhua River. The total length of 245 km, width 8 - 20 meters, depth of 1.2 - 2 meters, a total area of 1798 square kilometers of river basin.
The winding river: the left bank of Songhua River branch. Suibin county is located in the northeast of Heilongjiang province. Originated in Suibin County in the West marsh, from west to east across the county, into the Songhua River in 29, the farm area of northeast. Because the river twists and turns, named. The total length of 92.4 km, width 50 - 150 meters, depth of 0.5 - 1.5 meters, the basin area of 1036 square kilometers.

Songhua River Overview of Watershed

Songhua River Regional location

Songhua River basin is located in the northeast of the northern Chinese, between latitude 41 degrees 42 minutes to 51 degrees 38 minutes east longitude 119 degrees 52 minutes to 132 degrees 31 minutes, Songhua River, a total length of 1927 km, 920 km from east to west, 1070 kilometers wide north-south across Inner Mongolia, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces, watershed area of 556 thousand and 800 square kilometers, accounting for Heilongjiang the total drainage area of 1 million 843 thousand square kilometers 30.2%, The annual runoff 76 billion 200 million cubic meters.

Songhua River Altitude

Songhua River basin in Greater Khingan Range and the West Nehe Eergu The boundary, at an altitude of 700 to 1700 meters; the north and the Xingan mountains Heilongjiang For the community, at an altitude of 1000 to 2000 meters; southeast to Zhang Guangcai ridge, Laoyeling, Wandashan mountains and The Wusuli River , Suifenhe , Tumen River and The Yalu River River Basin is bounded at an altitude of 200 to 2700 meters; the southwest is the Songhua River Liao The Songliao watershed, with an altitude of 140 to 250 meters, In the Songnen Plain 50, altitude 200 meters, is the main agricultural areas of the basin. Songhua River in the vicinity of Tongjiang in Heilongjiang after the injection, the vast plains and Heilongjiang, Wusuli River downstream of the famous. Sanjiang plain .

Songhua River Climate temperature

 The beautiful Songhua River River The beautiful Songhua River River
Located in the basin of north temperate monsoon climate zone, four seasons, warm and rainy in summer, cold and dry in winter, the year temperature difference, the annual average temperature of between 3 to 5 degrees Celsius, the highest temperature in July, the daily average of up to 20 to 25 DEG C, the highest was above 40 degrees; in January the lowest temperature, monthly average temperature -20 below, near the minimum temperature in Nenjiang Zhalantun has reached -42.6 C.
The average annual precipitation in 500 mm, the southeast mountain precipitation is 700 ~ 900 mm, while the western region arid basin is only 400 mm, the general trend is hilly area, plain area is small; the South and the middle part is slightly big, Higashibe Jinno, Western and Northern minimum. 6 ~ September flood season precipitation accounted for 60% ~ 80%, 12 ~ February winter precipitation is only about 5% of the year.

Songhua River hydrographic features

Songhua River The runoff

The average Songhua River The annual runoff 76 billion 200 million cubic meters. Among them, Nenjiang average annual runoff of 22 billion 730 million cubic meters; tributary of Gan River Annual Runoff of 3 billion 640 million cubic meters, the maximum runoff of 6 billion 564 million cubic meters (1989), the minimum flow of 886 million cubic meters (1979), the average annual flow of 115 cubic meters / sec; tributary of Yalu River in February for the dry season, the flow of about 0.68 cubic meters / sec, August HSBC the water phase flow of about 2570 cubic meters per second, the average flow of 718 cubic meters / sec; West Songhua River flow average annual runoff of 16 billion 200 million cubic meters, the average annual runoff of 209.6 mm.
Songhua River basin average annual runoff depth is 134.3 mm, equivalent to runoff of 73 billion 300 million cubic meters. In the river south of the larger. In the maximum value of up to 500 mm, such as the source of Tao River Basin second Songhua River. The second is a tributary of the Mudanjiang River, a tributary of the Hulan River yijimi River, Tangwang River tributaries of Yongcui River Basin, the annual runoff depth were 400 mm or more. The annual runoff in the Songnen Plain is only 20~30 mm. Area distribution consistent with the annual runoff and precipitation. Songhua River basin water is mainly recharged from the precipitation, melt water supplement, so runoff annual distribution characteristics has obvious seasonal variation. More than 90% of the river water volume concentrated in the flood season runoff in 4~10 month, 6~9 month throughout the year about 55~80%. Flood more concentrated in 7~8 months, can be extended to the river at the beginning of September, the flood lasted 60 days. The basin area is large, so the flood spread for a long time. The flood in Songhua River basin mainly due to the heavy rain, followed by several tributaries and water formed by flood. Spring seasonal melt water supply, the river generally formed in varying degrees of spring flood, the 4~5 month runoff accounted for about 15~30% in a year, while in the winter the smallest runoff formation, summer water rich, obvious characteristics of the winter dry. The interannual variation of runoff was significantly larger, and even the abundance of dry and wet and dry even alternating cycles, but the cycle length. The basin runoff variation, CV value in 0.4~1.0, second in the upper reaches of Songhua River is small, only 0.2~0.5; while in the western area, less water flow over 0.9~1.0 in Wuyuer River and Shuangyang River and Taoerhe river. The abundance of dry season runoff from several to several dozen times. Such as Shuangyang Shuangyang River Station, the catchment area of 1861 square kilometers, the wet period in 1969 was 236 million cubic meters of water, dry year of 1968 only 4 million 190 thousand cubic meters of water, wet and dry years is more than 56.3.

Songhua River Flood characteristics

 In winter, the Songhua River in Jilin rime In winter, the Songhua River in Jilin rime
After the 1998 flood season precipitation in Nenjiang basin, the upper reaches of the Songhua River was more obvious, has three times of flood. The first flood occurred in late June to early July, the second flood occurred in late July to early August, the third flood occurred in mid August, as the Nenjiang River flood type. The influence of water of Nenjiang River tributaries, the water level rose rapidly, Qigihar, Jiangqiao and union, Dalai Hydrometric Station highest level were more than the highest water level in history 0.25, 0.69, 1.61, measured 1.27 meters. In Nenjiang embankment 6 diffuse dike breach case, Qigihar, Jiangqiao, the peak flow of Dalai station exceeded 1932.
Songhua River in Harbin in August 22nd the highest water level of 120.89 meters, more than the historical highest water level measured 0.84 meters, flow of 16600 cubic meters / second, for the twentieth Century first flood. The flood of Songhua River basin has two kinds: one is the flood cover area of large rainstorm caused the flood in the basin; a region even rainy weather, time can be up to 1 months or more, heavy rains in the rainy days and the formation of the flood.
Songhua River basin flood including spring and summer flood two spring Flood flood, flood and ice flood time when the spring river Kaijiang are basically the same, occurs in about the year 4 to May, ice flood frequent ice dam. According to Yilan station statistics, from 1956 to 1976 21 years, with 13 years of ice dam, ice dam height is generally 4 to 6 meters, up to 15 meters high, the length of 5 to 10 kilometers of ice dam. The Summer Flood flood occurred in 6 ~ August, sometimes postponed to September.

Songhua River Water resources

Total water resources of the whole basin is 88 billion 28 million cubic meters, of which the amount of surface water resources and groundwater exploitation for a total of 85 billion 150 million cubic meters. The amount of surface water resources of 73 billion 470 million cubic meters, of which Nenjiang is 22 billion 730 million cubic meters, accounting for 30.9%; the source of the Songhua River is 17 billion 200 million cubic meters, accounting for 23.5%; the Songhua River at 33 billion 480 million cubic meters, accounting for 45.6%.
Songhua River basin water resources rich, and West Songhua River, Nenjiang, Mudanjiang river flow is more concentrated. Can the basin water reserves of 10 thousand kilowatts or more tributary rivers are 71, the total reserves of 6 million 598 thousand and 500 kilowatts, of which the West stream tributary of Jianggan Songhua 1 million 398 thousand and 200 kilowatts, accounting for 21.2% of the whole basin; Nenjiang tributaries of 2 million 271 thousand and 200 kilowatts, accounting for 34.4%; the Songhua River River and its tributaries is 2 million 929 thousand and 100 kilowatts, accounting for 44.4%.

Songhua River natural resources

mineral resources
 Songhua River Songhua River
Songhua River basin mountain range overlaps with Virgin forest In the accumulation, Changbai Mountain , Greater Khingan Range , Small Xingan Ling Such as mountain wood, a total of one billion cubic meters, is the largest area of forest area China. Mineral reserves are also very rich, in addition to the main coal, gold, copper and iron, etc..
Animal and plant resources
Songhua River basin, fertile land, rich in soybeans, corn, sorghum and wheat. In addition, linen, cotton, tobacco, apples and beet also good quality. Songhua River is also Chinese northeast a large freshwater fish, fish is very rich in resources, "three five Luo", whitefish, perch and other rare varieties of early known fish species in 77, is an important area in northern China is rich in freshwater fish. carp , Grass Carp , catfish So, the annual supply of carp, Emily, Iran, taimen, up to forty million kilograms.

Songhua River The development and utilization of

Songhua River hydroelectric key

The Songhua River basin is rich in hydropower resources, planning to build 21 hydropower station, a total installed capacity of 4 million 150 thousand and 400 kilowatts, the average The annual power generation A total of 9 billion 155 million kwh. Has built more than 10 thousand kilowatts of hydropower stations 8, the total installed capacity of 3 million 388 thousand and 100 kilowatts, the annual generating capacity of 56.69 kwh. Each section of the different development tasks: layout of the upper reaches of Nenjiang, lying nest River, river, river, solid solid Cuomo Tun 4 hydropower station, the total head 125 meters, a total capacity of 13 billion 700 million cubic meters, a total installed capacity of 358 thousand and 400 kilowatts; the middle and lower reaches of Nenjiang planned to set Nilki and Dalai two level of water conservancy project. Nilki hub for the total capacity of 8 billion 220 million cubic meters, the flood control capacity of 2 billion 464 million cubic meters, the Qigihar flood control standard from 50 years to 100 years; the Songhua River of Fengman Hydropower Station over the river development tasks mainly for power generation, taking into account flood control.
At the most upstream Songshan A hub for the water diversion project, the Songhua River river water source through the reservoir regulation, water diversion tunnel with 12.6 km long into the tributaries Songjianghe The water in the rivers, set by hill, built in Songjianghe shuanggou, Shilong 3 hydropower station, a total installed capacity of 510 thousand kilowatts.
In the tributary of Songhua River baishan hydropower station Department of river upstream. The baishan, Fengman reservoir Regulation can be hundred years following the flood discharge of 5500 cubic meters per second from the fullness in the lower reaches of the layout; Hadashan water Among them, the total capacity of 4 billion 220 million cubic meters, 3 billion 350 million cubic meters of storage capacity. The regulation can provide 8 billion 100 million cubic meters of water per year; the Songhua River river is the development tasks of channelization River, to meet the navigation requirements, set up 7 shipping hub.
As of 2014, the Songhua River basin has built large, medium and small reservoir 6551, the total capacity of 25 billion 728 million cubic meters, of which 22 large reservoirs, the total capacity of 24 billion 47 million cubic meters, flood control reservoir Volume 6 billion 416 million cubic meters. The total capacity of large reservoirs in the Songhua River on the main stream of fullness, Baishan reservoir capacity of 15 billion 563 million cubic meters, accounting for 64.7% of the total capacity of large reservoir basin, reservoir flood control capacity of 2 billion 652 million cubic meters, accounting for 41.3% of the total capacity of large reservoir flood control.
22 large reservoirs control basin area of 104 thousand and 100 square kilometers, accounting for 18.7% of the total area of river basin. Medium-sized reservoirs 103, total capacity of 2 billion 760 million cubic meters, but the flood control capacity of small, mostly farmland irrigation construction. Loose lead into the long water diversion project started in September 1994, November 1998 officially through the water, the water diversion project from the Jilin reservoir water diversion to Changchun stone gate of Songhua River, 63 kilometers long, the flow of water diversion ll cubic meters / second, can defer Changchun, the situation of water shortage.
fengman hydropower station
 fengman hydropower station fengman hydropower station
fengman hydropower station The Songhua River, located in Jilin Province Jilin City That is China's first large-scale hydroelectric power station, known as "the mother of China Hydropower", was founded in 1937 1943, the first unit began to generate electricity, power generation was small, to be destroyed on the eve of the liberation, in a state of paralysis. After the founding of the government to repair and reconstruction, has become the main power plant in Northeast china. In 1988, the two phase of the expansion project launched after the installation of a total of 10 units, the total installed capacity of 720 thousand kilowatts, the three phase of the expansion project is completed, the total installed capacity of 1 million 2 thousand and 500 kilowatts.
Standing 91.7 meters high dam hydropower dam, 1080 meters long, 67 meters gap formed in the lakes, waterfalls, such as Bai Lian hang, spray bead splash jade, very spectacular. Bashang Songhua Lake Is the comprehensive utilization of power generation, flood control, irrigation, shipping, aquaculture, city water, Water Conservancy Scenic Area and so on.
baishan hydropower station
baishan hydropower station Is the largest hydropower station in Northeast China, is located in the upper reaches of the Songhua River in Jilin Province huadian city Baishan Town, November 1981 formally plant. The main building is 54 meters high, to accommodate the Five Taiwan Vertical mixed flow capacity of about 300 thousand kilowatts. Turbine generator unit . The total installed capacity of 1 million 700 thousand kilowatts, the annual generating capacity of 2 billion 37 million kwh, by 220 thousand volts Transmission line To the Northeast Power grid.
Baishan power station dam for three circular concrete gravity arch dam, the largest dam 149.5 meters high, the arc length of 676.5 meters, the maximum storage capacity of 6 billion 400 million cubic meters of Baishan reservoir.
Baishan hydropower station is a large backbone power plant in power generation, flood control, ice prevention and comprehensive benefits of aquaculture.
Hongshi Hydropower Station
Hongshi Hydropower Station In the upper reaches of the Songhua River in Jilin Province huadian city For power, jurisdiction. 4 sets of 50 thousand kilowatts of propeller turbine installed in Hongshi hydropower station at the end of 1985, the first generating unit design Power generation 440 million kwh of power supply to the Jilin area through 66 thousand kV transmission line.
Hongshi hydropower station dam is a concrete gravity dam, the largest dam dam 46 meters high, 438 meters long. Tour the biggest reservoir capacity of 284 million cubic meters.

Songhua River shipping

Songhua River traffic mileage of 1447 kilometers. Jilin City, Qigihar City, Harbin City, following a navigable turbine; following a navigable tributary of Mudanjiang, KT board; Tongken River, and Qigihar city to Nenjiang County Nenjiang navigable boat. The navigation period in mid April to early November.
Songhua River basin, rich natural resources and developed industrial and agricultural production, promote the development of the Songhua River water transport, transportation business is very busy, especially Songhua River river transport is more busy. It is the main waterway route northeast, freight volume accounted for about 95% of the Heilongjiang river. The main transportation is wood, food, building materials, coal, steel and steel products, daily necessities etc..
Songhua River in Harbin, Jiamusi, the main port of Qigihar, Mudanjiang, Jilin. Which Harbin and Jiamusi are the most important, with night and mechanical handling equipment. Harbin is a railway and waterway transit port, port conditions, The dry season The ship still in full. Due to the influence of the distribution of river, The port of Harbin The effect is mainly confined to the northeast.