Ostericum sieboldii

Wild celery (scientific name: Ostericum sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai), for Umbelliferae, perennial wild celery Herbaceous Botany。 The root is thick and short, several branched, tan to brown. Stems erect, hollow, deep groove. Basal leaves and upper leaves are two to three to three - pinnatifid; leaf shape is a triangle, leaf sheath base expanded into flat and clasping. Synflorescence; peduncles, rays and Pedicel Have short strigose; Calyx teeth Ovate triangular; Petal White, oblong, base attenuate, into a short claw, top incurvature. Fruit oblong to ovate, ripe golden yellow, transparent, shiny, basally concave, dorsal ribs narrow, Celeng Wide wing shape, and the fruit body nearly equal. Florescence 8-9 month, month of fruit period 9-10.
Ostericum sieboldii
Located in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang and other China mountain, growing in coniferous and broad-leaved forest, mixed forest, valley wetland. Celery is attending rheumatism, waist and knee pain, headache, sore carbuncle etc.. Do the seedlings in spring wild herbs.
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Ostericum sieboldii Morphological character

perennial Herbaceous 0.5-1.5 meters high. Taproot thick and short, 2-3 branched, tan to brown. Stems erect, hollow, deep grooves, smooth or basally slightly pubescent, upper branches, carry out.
Basal leaves And the upper leaves are two to three to three type bipinnatifid; blade The contour is triangular, 20-45 cm long, petiole sheath 5-20 cm long, base dilated into flat and clasping; ultimate segments rhombic ovate to ovate lanceolate, 5-10 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, apex acute to acuminate, margin incurved obtuse teeth or erose teeth 5-8, usually the tooth end has a sharp tip, base truncate, sometimes in the middle of deep crack, surface deep green, abaxially gray white, glabrous on both sides, the upper part of the leaf sheath into the leaves are often simplified.
Synflorescence 5-14, an umbrella; Peduncle Rays and pedicels, have short strigose; peduncle 3-7 cm long; bracts 1-3, 3-9.5 mm long, linear lanceolate, apex subulate, margin membranous; small umbel, 8-20, small involucral bracts subulate to linear 5-10; Calyx teeth Ovate triangular; Petal White, oblong, base attenuate, into a short claw, top incurvature, style style base 2 times longer than the flat.
Fruit oblong to ovate, 4-5.5 mm long, 3-4 mm wide, mature golden yellow, transparent, shiny, basally concave, dorsal ribs narrow, lateral ribs broadly winged shape, and Fruit body Nearly equal, furrowed in tubing 1-3 tubing, commissure 4-6, as few as 8. Florescence 8-9 month, month of fruit period 9-10.

Ostericum sieboldii The origin of habitat

In Inner Mongolia, Shandong, Chinese northeast and Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian and other provinces; there is also the distribution of North Korea and Japan and the far east. The growth in the hills, valleys, grassland, forest and forest understory.

Ostericum sieboldii Growth habit

Honewort likes the cold and humid climate, semi cold vegetables; high temperature. In the light of conditions of seed germination to. Celery seedlings grow slowly, seedling long, susceptible weeds.

Ostericum sieboldii The mode of reproduction

Celery celery seed propagation can be broadcast, the four seasons can be planted in summer, the most suitable. Before sowing with seed treatment method, first with warm water soak 20-25 C 4-6 hours after remove the seeds, wrapped with gauze to the bottom, hanging over the water, or put into the refrigerator cold room, 3-4 days most of the seed can be white.
After sowing to cover shade net, after emergence time off shade net, seedling height 15-18 cm, can be planted.

Ostericum sieboldii cultivation techniques

Ostericum sieboldii Soil preparation

Choose flat, not water, soil deep, moist, high content of organic matter in sandy loam. Per hectare fertilizer three yuan 30000-45000 kg, 225 kg of compound fertilizer. As 20-30 cm, smooth, do grow 10-15 meters wide and 1 meters of flat beds.

Ostericum sieboldii Colonization

Celery in autumn planting. The soil preparation, fertilizing, ridging after planted per ridge in two rows, spacing of 6-10 cm, after planting water, with appropriate soil moisture watering, covering high seedling growth at 3-4 cm, 1-2 cm thick ridge cover straw covering, in winter.

Ostericum sieboldii Administration

After planting, timely watering, weeding. If there is a lack of seedlings should be complete. In the seedlings after 15-20 days, the 1 time topdressing nitrogen fertilizer, promote seedling growth. The spring water management is the key in celery cultivation. After thawing, the field leaves, plant dry cleaning. 300-450 kg / hm2 urea. Early spring temperature is low, the first irrigation should be carried out in a 10-12 cm tall, with a 7-10 water every day. Enter the harvest period, timely topdressing nitrogen available. In the late growth, should be timely weeding and supplement of phosphorus and potassium.

Ostericum sieboldii recovery

When the plant height of 30 cm above the leaf color becomes deep, broken petioles and small amount of fibers, but crisp, can be harvested. Harvest hand hold the petiole outward break, not to damage the leaves and growing point.

Ostericum sieboldii Disease prevention and control

Ostericum sieboldii Soft rot

The main symptoms
 celery bacterial soft rot celery bacterial soft rot
celery bacterial soft rot Occurred early in the growth of celery transplanting seedlings after seedling or slow. The first general from petioles and tender and juicy onset. At the onset of the lesion, pale brown, hygrophanous, fusiform or irregular in shape, slightly sunken, the rapid expansion of internal organization after dark brown rot, smelly, finally only residual skin.
Prevention and control measures

More than two years of implementation of rational rotation, rotation. Use of resistant cultivars, disease-free nursery soil, underground pest repellent can use high lipid seed treatment before sowing, isolation of the virus infection, improve seed germination rate; and the timely removal of crop residues, and disinfection to the ground with high lipid medicament spraying 800 times liquid disinfection on soil.
Cultivation and management. In planting, cultivating, weeding and other operations in the process of avoiding the wound on the plants, then spraying high lipid membranes to form a protective film to prevent bacteria by wound invasion, while growth stage spraying growth stems in the spirit of celery, can make the plant stem thick, leaf hypertrophy, leaf color, fresh plants lush, natural taste strong.
Chemical control. Found were promptly removed, and sprinkle with lime disinfection, and with 800 times liquid spraying high lipid membranes to prevent the spread of germs; at the same time according to the requirements of spraying plant targeted agent 72% streptomycin sulfate soluble powder spray control, and 800 times liquid spraying high lipid membranes enhance the efficacy, improve the utilization rate of the effective components.

Ostericum sieboldii Heart rot

The main symptoms
 Celery heart rot Celery heart rot
Celery heart rot Is a physiological disease. The main symptom is outside the celery leaves dark green, yellow leaves, stem rot. The main pathogens with the residues in the soil in winter, when the pathogen colonization from celery wound intrusion caused by disease. 12-36 C can onset, the optimum temperature is 27 DEG -30 deg. The pathogen by insects, precipitation, irrigation and farming operation spread.
Prevention and control measures

Reasonable fertilization. Enough base fertilizer and fertilizer and fertilizer, cultivating plants to improve disease resistance strong. Don't use too much nitrogen and potassium, to avoid Boron Absorption blocked.
Don't make the surface too dry. Reasonable irrigation, not flood irrigation. At low temperature, proper insulation and irrigation.
The timely removal of debris, reasonable density, increase ventilation transmittance.
The amount of fertilizer.
Chemical control. Strain found immediately remove and prevent the spread of drug control. Adjust the content of soil nitrogen and phosphorus potassium boron calcium. Fertilization. The incidence of calcium nitrate solution can spray 0.3%-0.5%.

Ostericum sieboldii Spot blotch

The main symptoms
 Septoria apiicola Septoria apiicola
Septoria apiicola The main harm of leaf, petiole and stem can be harmful. The leaves on the primary light brown oil like small, obvious edge after the expansion is circular, the central edge of brown, light brown to gray white spot, many small spots grow, with yellow halo spots outside. Low temperature and high humidity are conducive to disease incidence and prevalence, temperature of 20 DEG -25 DEG, the incidence of wet heavy weather.
Prevention and control measures
Balanced fertilization. Fertilizer to organic manure and compost enough, to topdressing fertilizer, control the amount of nitrogen fertilizer, foliar fertilizer and some as far as possible and then spraying fertilizer, enhance plant resistance.
Cooling dehumidification. The daytime temperature control in 15-20 degrees, more than 20 degrees should be promptly leaked, the night control at 10-15 DEG C, reduce the temperature difference between day and night, reduce the dew, do not flood irrigation.
Chemical control. 45% chlorothalonil smoke or inprodione smoke shed, 150 grams of 5-6 per mu dispersed light, fumigation 1 nights, every 10 days or so. WP 600 times liquid spray 70% mancozeb in the early stage of the disease, or 50% carbendazim WP 600-800 times liquid, once every 7-10 days, continuous spray 2-3 times have good prevention and treatment effect.
The timely removal of diseased plants. For the onset of greenhouse, to plant residues to remove indoor bacteria, reduce the diffusion source and spread.

Ostericum sieboldii Early blight

The main symptoms
 Early blight of celery Early blight of celery
Early blight of celery Also called spot, seedling to seedling can occur, mainly harmed leaves, petiole and stem can also suffer. Yellow green leaves early flooding spots, development are rounded or irregularly shaped brown spots. Petiole and stem of the early flooding spots, turned into brown, elliptic, slightly sunken spots. High temperature, high humidity and heavy rainy incidence.
Prevention and control measures
Seedling cultivation. To adjust the bed temperature and humidity in the seedling grows to two leaf of seedlings, seedling growth of. "Baer frost" seedling spraying 500 times liquid, can prevent the disease at seedling stage.
Crop rotation. Tomato should be carried out with non solanaceous crops three years cropping system.
To strengthen field management. To implement high ridge cultivation, fertilization, planting seedlings to promote new sealing ridge, root formation. In the greenhouse to control the temperature and humidity, strengthen the ventilation management. The period of regular removal of lower leaves, buried or burned, in order to reduce the chance of disease.

Ostericum sieboldii Sclerotium

The main symptoms
 celery stem rot celery stem rot
celery stem rot Celery, the whole growth period of disease harm of celery petiole and leaf. The Department of early brown hygrophanous, after the soft rot disease of white mycelium, sclerotium formed black stool. Low temperature, high humidity, rainy, planting too close to the onset.
Prevention and control measures
Crop rotation, and Allium crop rotation, soil disease free seedling cultivation. Application of compost of organic fertilizer; no disease or no disease before sowing seed, drying, and high lipid membranes can seed repellent of underground pests, isolation of the virus infection, does not affect the imbibition function, strengthen respiratory strength, improve seed germination rate.
To strengthen the management, timely weeding, fertilizing Phosphorus and potassium Science, watering, prevent flood irrigation, resulting in water beds. And timely spraying High lipid membranes The formation of a protective film to prevent bacteria by wound invasion, while growth stage spraying growth stems in the spirit of celery, can make the plant stem thick, leaf hypertrophy, leaf color, fresh taste of natural plants lush, dense.
Chemical control, such as the strain found should be promptly removed, and the net WP 1000 times liquid, 50% carbendazim WP 500 times liquid for chemical control according to the requirements of plant protection spraying 40% sclerotia, at the same time with 800 times liquid spraying high lipid membranes enhance the efficacy, improve the effective utilization rate of chemical components, to consolidate control effect.

Ostericum sieboldii The main varieties


 Narrow leaf mountain Qin (varieties) Narrow leaf mountain Qin (varieties)
Ye Shanqin narrowly (variant) Ostericum sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai var. Praeteritum (Kitagawa) Huang
The main difference with the original variant that leaves usually arranged more closely. Most narrow; the lower part of the pinna was significantly shorter; ultimate segments usually sessile or with short stem, long elliptic, ovate or nearly rhombic, 2.5-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, apex acuminate, base usually cuneate. Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and other provinces. In forest, forest grassland. Located in the north and the far east.
 Mao Shanqin (variant) Mao Shanqin (variant)
Maoshanqin (variant) Ostericum sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai F. hirsutum (Hiyama) Hara
The difference between the variant and original variant is part of stem is white haired, lobular narrow veins on both sides, and the edge was rough. The growth in the mountain forest, grassland, mountain streams. Chinese northeast, North China and Inner Mongolia. Japan has a distribution.
 Narrow leaf mountain Qin (varieties) Narrow leaf mountain Qin (varieties)
Ye Shanqin narrowly (variant) Ostericum sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai var. Praeteritum (Kitagawa) Huang
The main difference with the original variant that leaves usually arranged more closely. Most narrow; the lower part of the pinna was significantly shorter; ultimate segments usually sessile or with short stem, long elliptic, ovate or nearly rhombic, 2.5-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, apex acuminate, base usually cuneate. Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and other provinces. In forest, forest grassland. Located in the north and the far east.
 Mao Shanqin (variant) Mao Shanqin (variant)
Maoshanqin (variant) Ostericum sieboldii (Miq.) Nakai F. hirsutum (Hiyama) Hara
The difference between the variant and original variant is part of stem is white haired, lobular narrow veins on both sides, and the edge was rough. The growth in the mountain forest, grassland, mountain streams. Chinese northeast, North China and Inner Mongolia. Japan has a distribution.

Ostericum sieboldii The main value

Medical
There are indications of celery rheumatism Arthralgia, waist and knee pain, Cold Have a headache, Carbuncle Swelling and other effects.
edible
 Ostericum sieboldii Ostericum sieboldii
Celery is celery in senior Jane dishes. The nutritional components of wild herbs in mountain celery is higher, celery seedlings to spring wild herbs. The effect of nutrition:
High iron content of celery, can supplement the women's menstrual blood loss, food to avoid skin pale, dry, lusterless complexion, and make the eyes of God, black hair.
Celery is a high fiber diet, by intestinal digestion to produce a lignin or intestinal lipid substances, these substances is an antioxidant, high concentration can inhibit the intestinal bacteria produce carcinogenic. It can also speed up the stool in the intestines of the running time; reduce the contact of carcinogens and the colonic mucosa to prevent colon cancer objective.
Celery can accelerate stomach digestion and eliminate, and then through the celery diuretic function, the stomach alcohol excreted through urine, in order to ease the pressure of the stomach, the stomach to sober up effect.