(Extra sensory Perception) or ESP, meaning "extrasensory Perception". A kind of psychological phenomenon, as they say "sixth sense".
Extrasensory perception Interpretation
ESP= intuition, clairvoyance, perspective
ESP (English referred to as ESP) commonly known as the sixth sense, some people think that there is a kind of ability. This ability can receive messages through the pipeline outside the normal senses, can predict what is going to happen, and the parties before the experience accumulated that has nothing to do. Ordinary people's senses (the five sense) including eye (visual), ear (hearing), nose (Xiu Jue), tongue (Wei Jue), skin (touch) or other familiar sensory science today.
The sensory definition is very vague, so the definition of "extrasensory" is also very vague. But it is usually considered that "extrasensory" refers to the modern science is not familiar with the message.
Extrasensory perception belongs to the research category of parapsychology. The research objects include the following:
1 thinking transfer, namely long-distance exchange of ideas between people.
2 specific perception, including remote viewing, which can be seen outside the normal range of things and the object perspective seal or occlusion; see with auditory organs; skin color perception. This kind of phenomenon is called body specific functions in Chinese.
3 that refers to the perception of future things in advance.
4 telekinetic, is reflected in the power of the mind to influence or control the phenomenon of material objects.
Extrasensory perception classification
There are a variety of extra sensory perception phenomenon: (1) thinking transfer, also called Telepathy
Is a person, do not use physical media and direct transmission of information to others; (2) inspiration, reflects the perception phenomenon of specific things in the absence of direct feeling; (3) remote viewing, is that does not depend on the media to know where the distance from happening; (4) know, is when the event has not yet occurred or not before others mind beforehand is aware of the events or thoughts of others; (5) Telekinesis
That is reflected in the power of the mind to influence or control the phenomenon of material objects.
Extrasensory perception origin
B.R. Giles reports, extrasensory perception phenomena arouse people's interest in late nineteenth Century and early twentieth Century, when people see some individuals can be ordered in motion in the body did not come into contact with the object, or in the event has not yet occurred when an event occurs can predict the exact time, so these phenomena are attributed to "beyond the physical brain". Some of the mass media in Europe even at the price of these appointments, published annual forecast to predict the identity of the person. Although at the time of the field of science, the prediction is regarded as a swindler or The fortune teller
The operation was rejected, but there are still many believe ESP the authenticity of the people, especially those devoted to the study of extrasensory perception scholars, overcame many obstacles to develop a branch of psychology, i.e. Spirituality
. In order to make the mind obtain scientific recognition, they studied these phenomena and similar phenomena. The first experiment is to let people with this ability blindfolded, showing all kinds of color paper to it, then asked to say these cards or to show its color; all kinds of fabrics, and asked to say the names of these fabric quality. The results show that the subjects do have this ability. So, immediately caused some physicists and the attention of psychologists. This century at the end of 20s, J.B. Rhine with a mass of test card. This card is called Zener cards, each pair of 5 cards, each card has a simple geometry, the figures are respectively three words, an asterisk, and corrugated, circles and squares. Experiment with 5 decks of cards, a total of 25. In the absence of control group under the condition of not let the participants see the card, and asked him to guess the card graphics. If the correct guess licensing rate is much higher than the pure opportunity, can be considered evidence of the existence of ESP. For example, in telepathy experiment, transfer out a card from the washed card, and sends a signal when the focus on this card. When the recipient in the other room (can not see each other), tries to convey the content of the formation of impression, and pointed out that this card pattern shape; in the inspiration in the experiment, participants were asked to guess a certain card after washed card pattern; in predicting experiment, subjects were asked in a card take this card before a pattern; in psychokinesis experiments, subjects were required to control the mind is a dice up. These experiments generally use statistical methods to determine whether subjects guess more than expected level of opportunity. The results showed that the subjects guess than a series of attempts to guess the opportunity, these high score was seen as subjects without the use of normal sensory information for any argument, a guess may lead to high scores may also lead to low, so the average score of a series of trends, greater than 6 or 7 any number that is the support for ESP.
Extrasensory perception The other argument
Although many experimental results show that the existence of ESP, but most scientists still doubt its authenticity, and put forward the questions and criticism. For example, in the experiment, the subjects did not really eliminate a possibility, so that the high rate of speculation mean emergence of sensory cues; experimental control is not strict, may unintentionally were used, and even make fraud; the experimental results have showed that subjects guess if not consistent from beginning to end. The experiment kept a considerable period of time, so the score will tend to close to the opportunity value; the ability of subjects to be permanent, temporary, or have the ability but will permanently promote it; if the strict control of experimental conditions, excluding ESP, let alone the opportunity to play a dominant role, the results will be tested; compare the time on the card in the experiment, there is no possible scoring trend of high rate speculation; the evidence is quite different for different subjects, not repeated scientific experiments and so on, can be explained in theory. Nevertheless, it is still to study some scholars interested in esp.