(English: State of Texas
), referred to as Texas, is the largest state in the south, but also America
Second, after California Alaska
The state from the Hasinai family of Caddoan in the word "tejas" which means "friends" or "allies". Spain Go!Explore
Named Texas will this be mistaken for the word person names, thus retained.
The United States Texas belonged to Mexico before 1821, Texas is the total of New Spain
Du District (part of the Spanish colony). After the independence of Mexico, Texas as Mexico - (Coahuila y, Coahuila tejas Tejas) part. From the beginning of 1820s, a large number of American immigrants from texas.
In December 20, 1835, Texas was first signed the declaration of independence at goliad. Then the Mexico government banned slavery, the slave owners are not satisfied, so the Texas in March 2, 1836 officially declared independence, established the Republic of texas. The United States recognized the Republic of Texas, Mexico does not recognize the independence of Texas, announced the Texas back into its territory, Texas to maintain its independence and stressed The Rio Grande
Is the border. The British attempted to mediate the dispute but did not succeed, because Mexico does not recognize texas.
If the United States announced in 1845 Republic of Texas
Willing to join in the United States if the United States will recognize the Rio Grande to the border. The same year, Texas to join the United States as twenty-eighth states.
Texas administrative division
The capital is Austen
. The main city: Houston
, San Antonio
In the United States the position on the map of the state
and El Paso
Houston is the first Texas, the nation's fourth largest city, the greater Houston area is the fifth metropolitan regions. The Dallas Fort Worth metropolitan area is the largest in Texas, the nation's fourth metropolitan area. Sanantonio is the second largest national seventh, Texas city.
Texas geographical environment
The state can be divided into four main Geographic area
Plain area along the coast of West Bay
In the north, The Central Plains
Large area, plain area, and the Pecos region. Texas Southeast 1/3 area belongs to the West Bay coastal plain; central North Central Plain Area, has been made to the eastern half of the Panhandle (Panhandle) extension, is basically no hill and valley tree growth. The Great Plains area is located in the plain area of North Central West is extending to a part of the Canadian prairies. Peikesi Texas district is located in the west, is a magnificent scenery, composed of rock and dry region.
The main rivers are texas: The Rio Grande
, The Pecos River
Texas is basically Temperate climate
The southern part of the region is. Subtropical climate
, warm in winter and hot in summer, the average temperature difference between regions. Different rainfall, the average annual rainfall of 666 mm. The sea area is wet, dry inland. The eastern and northern summer rain, North every year 4 to June tornado. Southeast of the Gulf of Mexico every year from 6 to November Hurricane
Texas natural resources
The northern Texas Fort Worth basin. Barnett
With the increasing storage potential of shale gas resources to be found. In this vault to Fort Worth basin, Barnett defined Paleozoic total petroleum system contains as Paleozoic carbonate rocks
The distribution area of organic rich shale Barnett main hydrocarbon source rocks and clastic rock reservoirs. By the end of 2005, has completed about 3500 vertical wells and 1000 wells, of which more than 85% wells are completed after 1999.
Wind power Texas ranked first in the United states.
Texas National Population
Texas residents are often called "the people of texas". English in Texians and Texans. Texians refers to the period from 1836 to 1845 of the Republic of Texas national, and Texans refers to 1845 Texas as a state in which the United States is the people of texas.
The 2003 census, Texas 22118509 people. Nearly 1/3 of them are Latino
(en:Latinos). The Latino residents, some are from Mexican immigrants
Here, most of them are illegal immigrants. There are many from Brazil. As for other people, like Tejano (Tejano or Texano, Spanish for "Texas"), is in the Texas independence movement before the residents living here, quite a long history.
Texas, the race can be divided into proportion:
(non Spanish ancestry)
32% African American
11.5% Asian Americans
According to the census, in Texas residents ancestors, Mexican
(24.3%) the most, followed by African American
(11.5%), A German
(9.9%), Americans (7.2%), Irish
Texas The political system
Texas administrative system
The state administrative department by the governor, vice governor, the auditor general and the director of the land,
Texas, United States Senator John Raikkonen
And the Secretary of state. The governor, vice governor, the auditor general and the director of land, judges are elected for a term of four years, may be re elected. The Secretary of state appointed by the governor. The State Council by the Senate and house of representatives. The Senate term of four years, 1/2 representatives are elected every two years; a period of two years, all elections every two years. There are 31 Texas state senator, congressman 150. The vice governor concurrently, speaker of the house of representatives elected by the house of representatives. Texas Congressman was concurrently, the state legislature every two years a regular session, will be started every odd year the second Tuesday of January, for a period of 140 days. The governor has the power to convene a special session, will special session for a period of 30 days. The state judicial organs including the Supreme Court, the court of criminal appeal and the court of appeal 14. These court judges are elected.
Texas The main officials
Governor: (Greg Abbott), Republican Party
People. In January 2015 the state
Texas governor Greg Jasper
Vice governor: (Ted Cruz) .
Texas Economic overview
Texas occupies an important position in the American economy, 2012 GDP of $13974 (
An increase of 4.8%, growth in the nation's second), the United States accounted for 9% of the total economy, ranking 50 in the nation's second states. Known as the leader of the U.S. economic recovery "". The history of the cattle industry developed, Texas has been famous cowboy image. In early twentieth Century, major oil discoveries contribute to economic prosperity, diversified economic development since 1980s, the rise of high-tech industry. Texas energy, petrochemical, agriculture, electronics, aerospace, biomedical and other industries are more developed. " wealth
"Top 500 enterprises have settled in 57 in texas.
Texas is famous for its energy and petrochemical industries, is the largest energy and chemical state. Oil and gas production accounted for the yield of 1/3 and 1/4, the refining capacity of the United States accounted for 1/4. The beginning of 1980s, Texas implement economic diversification policy, although the main industrial oil and gas is still in Texas, but the proportion has declined, the rapid development of high-tech industries, Houston
, San Antonio
And the Dallas Delta region has already become the second "Silicon Valley", Houston area has become a medical training and treatment center of America and the world's largest. Houston, Dallas - Ford Voss, Sanantonio and Austen corridor and Texas border with Mexico to become the nation's fastest-growing metropolitan area.
Texas is the nation's largest greenhouse gas emissions, mainly from the state to the large number of coal-fired power plants, Refinery
And processing industry.
Texas developed agriculture, the main agricultural products are cotton, sorghum
And other cereals, vegetables and fruits. Texas animal husbandry is the highest in the nation, mainly beef cattle, pigs, sheep and poultry.
Texas foreign trade
According to the U.S. Department of Commerce statistics, 2012, Texas total foreign trade volume of about $595 billion, of which exports about $264 billion 700 million, an increase of 5.6%, the United States accounted for 17.1% of total exports. The top five export markets are Mexico (94 billion 500 million), Canada (23 billion 800 million), Chinese (10 billion 300 million), Brazil (10 billion), Holland (9 billion 600 million). In 2012, total imports of about $330 billion 300 million, an increase of 3.6%, the United States accounted for 14.5% of total imports. The five largest source of imports is as follows: Mexico (99 billion 900 million), Chinese (40 billion 700 million), Saudi Arabia
(20 billion 100 million), Venezuela (19 billion 100 million), Canada (16 billion).
Texas social undertakings
according to The constitution of the United States
Amendment No. tenth, the legislative specification States belong to the category of education. But the federal government also passed legislation and conditional funding to affect the state government. For example, stop before class prayer, segregation and termination of the school. Some legislation Congress will also affect state schools, such as the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act mandatory for all public buildings and educational institutions to provide services for disabled people, which makes the Texas Congress must also pay the corresponding fees to increase tax legislation.
Texas major public university system: the University of Texas, Texas A & M University system, university of houston
System, Texas State University system, University of science and technology system of Texas, Texas State College of technology system, and part of the regional community college system, such as the Houston Community College system. The famous private university in Houston Rice University
and Baylor College of Medicine
Texas scientific research
Texas research institutions in the field of science and technology of energy and chemical industry, medical health, aerospace, biology, agriculture, electronics and new materials and other prominent advantages.
Houston City, known as the "world petroleum", focus on R & D institutions across the United States energy company. The offshore oil industry's most prestigious World Maritime Technology Conference (OTC) annually since 1969, held in Houston in May.
The Texas Medical Center in Houston is the world's largest medical city, especially in the field of basic research for the diagnosis and treatment of tumor, cardiovascular, genomics, bio defense and infectious diseases, such as bio nanotechnology and clinical practice.
Johnson Space Center is one of the nine American space center, now The International Space Station
The ground control center, is the U.S. manned space flight control center, is also the main American astronaut training base. Austen
Research and development of IT industry and the Dafoe region in the United States is among the best, Austen built a Texas famous scientific industrial park, the main integrated circuit chip manufacturers will be located in the city center design.
The mainstream media has influence to the local " houston chronicle
"," Dallas morning news "," Austen ", American statesman. The main Chinese media: "world daily", "Southern Daily News", " The China Press
"The United States," courier "," China Times ", backChina network, network era, world famous Chinese radio station, Texas Chinese.
Texas Museum: located in Fort Worth, Amon Carter western art museum, moonlight
The art museum, art museum, Fort Worth, Fort Worth is located in the Museum of science and industry; Houston
The Natural Science Museum and art gallery is located in the Dallas Museum of natural history, Aquarium
Age of steam, and the southwest Museum, Museum of science and technology; Eyre Paso and Austen in the history museum; Texas Memorial Museum, in Texas can hear various types of music, including blues
Mexico, country, rock, and classical music. The state has more than twenty Symphony Orchestra, located in Houston, Dallas, Sanantonio, Eyre and Paso city. Houston and Houston in the grand opera. Houston and Dallas are often held in drama, and across the State College theater, often also launched a variety of programs.
Convenient transportation, road length of over 480 thousand kilometers, ranking first in the country; more than and 30 airports, including Dallas's Dafoe International Airport is the second largest airport in Houston. Bush Intercontinental Airport
Is the fourth largest airport. In addition, Dezhou has 29 ports and inland ports, the port of Houston is the first foreign trade port, the total throughput of second in the United states. Due to the unique geographical location, Dezhou is connected to North America and Latin America is an important trading hub. Airport:
Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, Houston George Bush Intercontinental Airport, Dallas Love Field Airport, Houston hobby airport. Expressway：
US-59, I-45 (connecting Dallas, Houston to Garr Weiss Thornton), US-77 (mainly in the southeast of Corpus Christi area), I-37 (limited to the southeast of Sanantonio to Corpus Christi), I-35, US-281, US-287 (mainly in the North Fort Worth
To Amari Lo, US-87, I-27) (northwest PanHandle area), US-90 I-10 (Heng Kua, the Texas what traffic routes, from El Paso to Beaumont his way through Sanantonio and Houston), I-20, I-30 (Dallas to The state of Arkansas
I-40 (PanHandle), northwest area).
Religious belief, Texas population proportion is 66% Protestant
23%, Rome, 1% other Catholics Christian
Christian, 1% other religions and 6% non believers; Texas Protestants, among which Baptist
The highest (32%), followed by the Methodist (9%), followed by The Church of God
Texas An important event
Texas The assassination of the president
In November 22, 1963, thirty-fifth of the total U.S.
Assassinated in texas. In 1991, the American release of the famous movie " The assassination of Kennedy
"Reflects the event.
Kennedy is generally regarded as one of the most outstanding American president in American history, he also ranked" Ten American Idol culture
"For the first time.
Local time on April 17, 2013 at 7:50 in the evening around Texas a fertilizer plant
The location of the explosion
The explosion, caused many buildings on fire, hundreds of people were injured. Reported at least two people were killed.
Texas Famous characters
The famous American pop diva beyonce
(Beyonce Giselle Knowles)
The singer / Songwriter / pianist Greyson Chance
"Us four handsome / Actor / Director jensen ackles
(Jensen Ross Ackles)
American pop singer / American Idol big sister Kelly Clarkson
The singer / Actor / host Selena Gomez
Singer / actress King Oatley (Gene Autry)
performer Owen Wilson
, renee zellweger
The thirty-fourth president of the United States Dwight Eisenhower
Musician / Composer Buddy Holly
Industrial / home / flight home producers Howard Hughes
The thirty-sixth president of the United States Lyndon Baines Johnson
(Lyndon Baines Johnson)
The composer Scott Chamberlin (Scott Joplin)
Statesman George W. Bush
The younger brother Jeb Bush
Actress Marie Martin
Country and western music singer Willy Nelson (Willie Nelson)
writer katherine anne porter
(Katherine Anne Porter)
And the player Micharid Dichakson (Mildred Babe Didrikson)
American country singer Miranda Lambert
American pop singer Hilary Duff
Comedian Jim Parsons
American actor Matthew Bhme (Matt Bomer)
The United States covers Master Jason Chen