Washington District of Columbia

Washington District of Columbia ( Washington, D.C. The full name is Washington District Of Columbia, abbreviated as WDC For short). Washington Also called. Waldorf , Washington , United States of America The capital, close to Virginia and Maryland Located in the East. North , In the the Atlantic area As of 1790, is capital And, by setting The United States Congress Special administrative divisions directly under the jurisdiction of any state, and therefore not part of the United states. Located at latitude 38 degrees 53.707 minutes, 77 degrees west longitude 2.182 degrees. UTC-5 Eastern EST Time zone , Eastern Standard time. The urban area of 178 square kilometers. In 2012 the Washington District of Columbia has a population of 646 thousand, the United States ranked forty-ninth, of which 58% Black .
Washington District of Columbia
Washington Is the political center of the United States, so the economic color is not strong, is the most The United States federal government Authorities and countries in the United States Embassy Where is the. World Bank , The International Monetary Fund , The organization of American States International organizations such as the location of the headquarters, also has a large number of museums and cultural relics.
Washington Be located Maryland and Virginia Between。 Here is a bush, only a few cottages scattered meantime. In 1789, the Confederate government was formally established, George Washington Elected as the first president. When Congress held its first meeting in New York, the capital of the location problem caused by fierce fighting between the two sides of the members are trying to capital in the territory. In 1790, Congress finally reached a compromise, Washington selected by the president of the north and South natural boundary: The Potomac River The banks for 16 square kilometers of the capital region as the address, and please the French engineer Pierre Charles Langfon presided over the overall planning and design of the capital.
The highest authority for the District of Columbia The United States Congress Through. Washington Municipal government management. But people in Washington House of Representatives Only one has the right to vote on behalf of, not represented in the senate.

Washington District of Columbia Name origin

Washington President Columbo to commemorate the discovery of the new continent, the SAR named Columbus . Xindu has not yet been completed, Washington For death in 1799. The federal government and Congress to commemorate him, in the following year (1800) built the Xindu named washington. The general said, "capital" refers to the agency of the federal government's share of the area such as " The District of Columbia ", refers to the residents occupied area. Government agencies occupied ground, Yuezhante area 1/2.
Washington Columbia The SAR (English: Washington, D.C.) is the capital of the United States, and the federal district. The two part English name reflects its dual identity, Washington (Washington) is as the capital of the name, but D.C. is "District of Columbia" (Columbia SAR) abbreviation, is directly under the jurisdiction of the federal district. Washington District of Columbia usually Chinese translation for Washington to avoid confusion and Washington state in the Pacific coast of the same name.
The District of Columbia The land originally from Maryland and Virginia . The District of Columbia The establishment of, potomac Including the Hebei shore Georgetown (Georgetown, D.C.), Washington (Washington City, D.C.) and Washington County (Washington County D.C.). In 1878, three with the "Washington", the District of Columbia and the city of Washington has become double political significance by the same piece of land with a government agency management. The name of the English comma indicate its double meaning. The District of Columbia The establishment of the South Bank of the river include Ma Alexander County Aleksandriya, writing (Alexandria County, D.C. county), but local residents have been opposed from Virginia Many local residents, in the petition, in July 9, 1846 the United States Congress passed the bill and approved by the people's Congress will be the Virginia mark R. land from 1847 to the South Bank of Virginia.
" Columbia "Poetry is old the name of the United States, MT. "District of Columbia" means "the United States district". Chinese translation is usually added to the "special" shows its special status.

Washington District of Columbia The origin

U.S.A After the founding of the capital The position of the dispute. north Hope will be set in the capital New York . While the south to the capital to the south. The two sides made South American final
 Washington Columbia flag Washington Columbia flag
Concessions in the United States from the south of the north not far from a new city as the capital of the United states. The geographical location is determined by the Madison (James, Madison, 1751-1836, the fourth president of the United States) and Alexander Hamilton (Alexander Hamilton, January 11, 1757 - July 12, 1804, the drafting of the constitution of the United States is the first minister of Finance in Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826) was the third president of United States of America. The United States is also the main drafter of the declaration of independence) to discuss a dinner on. At that time, the "federal city" as a planning area of 100 Square miles The diamond region . The actual location is located in the Potomac River is decided by President washington, Washington I also suggested that the capital of the United States known as the "federal city". But in September 9, 1791, the capital of the United States was named the city of washington. I live in Washington, although not far from Washington mount vernon However, he rarely visits Washington City.
Washington is planning by the United States Army major Pierre Charles L'Enfant, Pierre Charles L'Enfant has designed a Federal Hall in New York. At the time of planning
 Washington Columbia emblem Washington Columbia emblem
Is the carriage as basic transportation based on the road, so the system is not suitable for Washington's traffic system in modern automobile. At present, Washington is said to be the worst conditions in the city road traffic. Free Benjamin Banneker Andrew Ellicott survey 17911792 and African district of Columbia border, laying a pillar per mile. Many of them are still pillar. In October 13, 1792 the White House foundation. In August 24, 1814, British troops captured in the war of 1812 The District of Columbia Most of the public buildings and burned. The United States Army No organization can effectively defense and fled after the burned naval shipyard. The British army destroyed the Congress of the United states, White House and finance The United States Department of government buildings. Is generally believed that the British invasion of Washington was burned and burned Toronto (at the time York Revenge). But the action is only limited to the public building, and the U.S. military in Toronto burned destroyed many houses, leading to many Canadians in winter on the streets. In 1847, the South Bank of the land returned to mark R. Virginia . stay American Civil War Before the outbreak of Washington has been only thousands of people living in the town. The American Civil War broke out after the war, the U.S. government rapid expansion, Washington residents increased significantly.
 Houses of Parliament Houses of Parliament
In 1864, Jubal A. Early led the Southern Army briefly occupied Montgomerie County In many places within the territory and attack to the District of Columbia. In July 11th, the southern army by Rockville and Wheaton Rockville Pike (MD-355), with New Cut Road (Viers Mill Road MD-586) from the Columbia SAR to attack the white house only 5 miles from Fort Stevens. July 12th, Lincoln Go to the Fort Stevens to inspect the situation, to become the only one in the office during the president on the battlefield. Observe the enemy shot and killed when Lincoln is located in the castle wall behind an officer next to Lincoln. Jubal A. Early of the second forces commander is Lincoln's former vice president John Cabell Breckenridge. In July 13th, Jubal A. Early after the discovery of the northern army received a large number of reinforcements by Montgomerie county to withdraw. En:Battle of Fort Stevens1870 District of Columbia set up local government agencies, but the heads of local governments at the time of the Congress of the United States too soon and extravagance and waste, the revocation of the local government institutions to implement the direct management of nearly a century of the Columbia sar. 1888 The Washington Monument To open up。 In 1950 the Columbia SAR resident population reached a peak of 802178. Then gradually to the outskirts of the city residents because of population migration and reduction. In March 29, 1961, the Columbia SAR received the presidential vote. Is the largest area of per capita electoral votes. In 1974, Walter Washington became the first elected mayor of the District of Columbia. 1976 Washington Metro Open. In 1978 Barry became Marion The District of Columbia Mayor。 This person for 1990 Drug Was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment. In 1990 Sharon Pratt Kelly has become equally important in American history, the first black female mayor in the city. In 1994, Marion Barry was re elected mayor. In its 1994 term Columbia nearly went bankrupt, so that the United States Congress directly assigned a finance committee. In 1998 Anthony Williams was elected mayor, during his tenure in Columbia SAR financial recovery. He was re elected in 2002. In September 29, 2004, the major league Montreal Expos officially moved to Washington, renamed Washington Nationals, in the administration by the federal government, does not belong to any state. In May 15, 1984, Washington and Beijing. Friendly city .

Washington District of Columbia geographical environment

Washington District of Columbia Geographical condition

 In the United States position in Washington D.C. In the United States position in Washington D.C.
Washington District of Columbia (Washington, District of Colu Mbia/ Washington D. C.) Located in the northeastern United States, close to virginia And Maryland. It is located at 38.913611 degrees north latitude, longitude -77.013222 degrees, a total area of 177 square kilometers, of which 10.16% of the area is water.
Washington Southwest Virginia Connected boundary potomac The South coast。 The other three surfaces with Maryland To be connected。

Washington District of Columbia topographic features

There are three river runs through Washington , respectively. potomac The Anacostia River, and Rock Creek. Anacostia and Rock Creek river is a tributary of the Potomac River. Washington The highest point is 125 meters above sea level, located in Tenleytown, the lowest in the Northwest L street and northwest New York Avenue, rather than generally believed that Congress ball.

Washington District of Columbia climate

Washington is temperate continental climate , four seasons, temperature change relatively gentle, annual precipitation distribution uniformity . The winter cold, micro wave, and bias cold The number of days, the daily minimum temperature below 0 DEG C for 64 days; summer is hot and humid, the daily maximum temperature more than 90 DEG F (about 32.2 C) the average number of days for 37 days, more than 100 DEG F (about 37.8 degrees Celsius) has 1.2 days. The coldest month (January) temperature 2.2, the extreme minimum temperature -26 (February 11, 1899). The hottest month (July) temperature 26.6, the maximum temperature of 41 degrees (August 6, 1918, July 20, 1930). Average frost free period of 235 days, because heat island effect The influence of frost free period of West Beijiao can be more than 30 days or more downtown. The average annual rainfall of about 1008 mm, the average annual snowfall of 39.6 cm (15.6 inches). Snow large interannual variations.

Washington District of Columbia population

In 2012 the Washington District of Columbia has a population of 646 thousand, the United States ranked forty-ninth, of which 58% were black, white 30.5%, Asia 3.5% people, Indian 0.3%, 4.1% other races, 0.1% The Pacific Islands Resident。 According to 2000 statistics, over the age of 5 to 83.2% Washington residents at home can speak English, 9.2% speak Spanish, 1.8% speak French, 1% speak of African languages, 0.5% speak chinese. According to the survey data of 2001, 72% of the residents of Washington The Christian religion Believers (27% Catholicism Only 19% Baptist Brethren, 26% Protestantism Acts), 13% non believers, 4% Buddhist, 2% Muslim 1%. Judaism Acts. Washington daytime population of about 982853 people, the night to flow out of Washington's population of 410000 people, accounting for 72% of the resident population. This proportion is only New York The United States second digital high.

Washington District of Columbia Economics

In 2012, the actual GDP Washington, $105 billion 990 million, $75 thousand per capita income in the United States (DC) of thirty-fifth and first; the unemployment rate was 9.1%, among seventh States, at a high level.
The trade situation Total exports in 2011 was $1 billion 38 million, the 2 quarter of 2012 U.S. exports ranked forty-seventh. The main export commodities for aircraft and parts, military equipment, precious metals and radio equipment etc.. In 2012, the city of Washington and China trade increasingly frequent.
The tax according to the Tax Foundation (Tax Foundation), "Columbia SAR enterprise tax burden is lower than the average level of the nation", 2009, the city of Washington state and local taxes in the proportion of business income of 9.6%, lower than the national average of 9.8%. The Columbia SAR has tax from 11.5% in 1977 (seventh) fell to 9.6% in 2009 (the twenty-fourth).
The economic and trade situation
According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, from 2010 to 2013, Washington exports were 1 billion 483 million and $2 billion 708 million, 1 billion 41 million, 2 billion 14 million. The main export markets are Morocco, the United Arab Emirates, Italy, Denmark, Switzerland etc..
2010 - 2013 Washington (export Unit: million dollars)
ranking
region
2010
2011
2012
2013
 
Total exports
Fourteen point eight three
Ten point four one
Twenty point one four
Twenty-seven point zero eight
One
Four point two nine
Two point eight three
Sixteen point one five
Twenty-two point four seven
Two
Morocco
Zero point one six
One point one eight
One point zero four
One point one four
Three
Zero point zero two
Zero point zero eight
Zero point two eight
Zero point six nine
Four
Zero point zero one
Zero Point Zero Five
Zero point one nine
Zero point five zero
Five
Zero point five six
Zero point one nine
Zero point three six
Zero point three three

ranking
region
2010
2011
2012
2013
Total exports
Fourteen point eight three
Ten point four one
Twenty point one four
Twenty-seven point zero eight
One
The United Arab Emirates
Four point two nine
Two point eight three
Sixteen point one five
Twenty-two point four seven
Two
Morocco
Zero point one six
One point one eight
One point zero four
One point one four
Three
Italy
Zero point zero two
Zero point zero eight
Zero point two eight
Zero point six nine
Four
Denmark
Zero point zero one
Zero Point Zero Five
Zero point one nine
Zero point five zero
Five
Switzerland
Zero point five six
Zero point one nine
Zero point three six
Zero point three three
Tourism In 2011, Washington received 17 million 900 thousand visitors, the total consumption amounted to $6 billion. Among them, traffic revenue of $513 million, $1 billion 900 million, accommodation, arts and entertainment, catering revenue of $806 million on revenue of $1 billion 400 million and $574 million shopping.

Washington District of Columbia traffic

Washington District of Columbia Airport

The general point of the Washington Metropolitan area has three airports, but no one in Washington DC in.
Baltimore Washington International Airport (BWI) located in the Lanzhou suburb of Baltimore - Marley, from Washington D.C. an hour. One of the main operating points of Southwest airlines.
Reagan Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) - located in the state of Virginia Arlington From Washington, about 11 km). To connect flight American Airlines and Delta Airlines.
Washington- iad (IAD) - located in Virginia, about half an hour's drive from d.c.. United Airlines (Independence Air) and independent air transport center.

Washington District of Columbia Highway

Interstate 95 (I-95)
Interstate 495 The capital / Ring Expressway (I-495 / Capital Beltway)
Interstate 395 (I-395)
Interstate 295 (I-295)
Interstate 270 (I-270)
Interstate 66 (I-66)
George Washington Memorial Park Road (George Washington Memorial Parkway)

Washington District of Columbia metro

Washington The subway is the second busiest subway system in the United States, after the New York metro, opened in 1976. The service scope includes the SAR and the nearby Maryland Prince George County, Montgomerie County, Virginia, and Fairfax County, Arlington County, city of Alexandria, there are red, orange, blue, green, yellow five lines, a total of 86 stations and 171 kilometers of track.
Washington subway and bus by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, WMATA) and have operation. And it is different from New York City, Philadelphia and Boston The single ticket price system, at the same time, according to the Washington subway mileage and time (divided into general, spike, discount) billing, more complex. I-495 capital (Capital Belt Way) ring expressway.

Washington District of Columbia Sociology

Washington District of Columbia Museum

The world famous Smithsonian (Smithsonian Museum) most of the museum are located in washington. The ithson museum's Museum include Arthur M. SA Keller Museum of fine arts, Hirsh Horn The museum and sculpture garden, the national air and space museum, National Museum of American History The United States National. Aborigines Museum, National Museum of natural history, National Portrait Gallery, National The United States Postal Service Museum, The American Art Museum Smithson, the national animal park. The National Zoo is a few American city Panda The exhibition. The ithson Museum and some exhibitions and research institutions in Maryland and Virginia Etc.. The Friel And Sackler galleries (Freer and Sackler Galleries) in the collection of Asian art, which is also a China museum.
The United States is affiliated with the National Gallery Smithsonian However, the independent operation. The Museum of the Library of Congress and the national archives institutions is also important. The national archives has United States Declaration of Independence and The constitution of the United States Original script。
Many in the museum are open for free. One of the most affected by the Space Museum Welcome .

Washington District of Columbia Newspaper

" Washington Post "In Washington The most important area of the newspaper, but also one of the most influential American daily. Daily issue " The Washington Times "And the weekly" Washington city newspaper "also has a lot of readers. In 2005, the outskirts of the city residents "magazine" restructuring "Washington check". Weekly "Washington" blade mainly discuss the topic of homosexuality. "Washington insider" focuses on African American readers. The world's largest newspaper Chinese" Sing Tao Daily "The Greater Washington branch is set up in nearby Maryland rockville City (Rockville).

Washington District of Columbia television

A regional television station in Washington including:
Call sign
Wireless channel number
Under the TV network
WRC
Four
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC)
WTTG
Five
Fox Broadcasting Co (Fox)
WJLA
Seven
American Broadcasting Company (ABC)
WUSA
Nine
Cbs Broadcasting Inc (CBS)
WDCA
Twenty
MyNetworkTV
WETA
Twenty-six
Public television network (PBS)
WHUT
Thirty-two
Public television network (PBS)
WDCW
Fifty
The CW Television Network

Call sign
Wireless channel number
Under the TV network
WRC
Four
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC)
WTTG
Five
Fox Broadcasting Co (Fox)
WJLA
Seven
American Broadcasting Company (ABC)
WUSA
Nine
Cbs Broadcasting Inc (CBS)
WDCA
Twenty
MyNetworkTV
WETA
Twenty-six
Public television network (PBS)
WHUT
Thirty-two
Public television network (PBS)
WDCW
Fifty
The CW Television Network
Headquartered in Washington, including cable television reports to Congress. C-SPAN And, based on African American entertainment BET. The discovery channel Headquartered outside Washington Maryland Silver Spring . Due to the political importance of Washington, NBC, ABC, CBS, Fox and CNN and other major American Broadcasting Company and from overseas BBC , CBC and Al Jazeera There is an important branch of institutions.

Washington District of Columbia Radio broadcast

"XM satellite radio" and "National Public Radio" and "voice of America" headquarters in washington.
The main radio stations in the Washington area WARW 94.7FM (WIHT FM, classic rock) 99.5 (Top 40), WWDC (101.1 FM Offbeat rock ). City radio stations including WPGC 95.5 FM, WHUR 96.3 FM, WMMJ 102.3 FM, Radio CPR 97.5 FM, WTEM 980, WTOP AM (Sports) 820 AM, 103.5 FM, 107.7 FM (news, traffic), the Washington Post radio AM1500.

Washington District of Columbia Performing Arts

Washington is a major American performing arts center. Arena Stage is one of the first American non-profit theatre. The John Kennedy Center for the performing arts is the National Symphony Orchestra, the Washington National Opera and the Washington Ballet The main venue of the group. The famous local music club is located in Adams Morgan Madam's Organ including Blues Bar, Dupont Circle Eighteen Street is located in Lounge and U street is located in the northwest of Black Cat, the 9:30 and Club the Bhemian Cavern jazz club. U street is the Washington bar and jazz gathering area.
Washington local music genre called "go-go", this is a post punk, percussion driven R&B, there are a lot of improvisation and doping Dance rhythm . The name go-go comes with go and go and go. "". The most famous musician go-go Chuck Brown.
Washington is an important center for American punk rock. Washington also has a certain influence on the development of rock in india.
Washington is still a lot of drama story, these TV most government agencies, security agencies or related with the two institutions as the background.

Washington District of Columbia education

Johns Hopkins University (The Johns Hopkins University)
Georgetown University (Georgetown University)
George Washington University (George Washington University)
The American Association of community colleges in the District of Columbia (American Association of Community Colleges) the birthplace of.
University of the District of Columbia (University of the District of Columbia), the only Washington District of Columbia Public University .
National National Defense University (National Defense University)
American University (American University)
The Catholic University of America (Catholic University of American)
Corcoran School of Art and Design (Corcoran School of Art)
Howard University (Howard University)
Mount Vernon College (Mount Vernon College)
Oblate College (Oblate College)
Southeast University (Southeastern University)
Strayer College (Strayer College)
Trinity College (Trinity College)
Gallaudet University (Gallaudet University): receive special deafness and hearing impairment students.

Washington District of Columbia motion

Washington District of Columbia American football

NFL
Washington Redskins (Washington Redskins)
NCAA
University of Maryland (Terrapins)

Washington District of Columbia Baseball

Major league MLB
The Washington Nationals (Washington Nationals)

Washington District of Columbia Basketball

NBA
The Washington Wizards (Washington Wizards)
NCAA
Georgetown University (Hoyas)
George Mason University (Patriots) (Virginia)
University of Maryland (Terrapins) (Maryland)
WNBA
Washington mystics (Washington Mystics)

Washington District of Columbia ice hockey

NHL
The capital of Washington (Washington Capitals)

Washington District of Columbia Football

MLS
D.C. United (D.C. United)

Washington District of Columbia Friendly city

City
The country
Particular year
1962 (2002 contract)
1980 (2006 contract)
1984 (2004 contract)
1985 (2002 contract)
2000
2000 (2005 contract)
2002 (2008 contract)
2006
2006
2006

City
The country
Particular year
Bangkok
Thailand
1962 (2002 contract)
Dakar
Senegal
1980 (2006 contract)
Beijing
The People's Republic of China
1984 (2004 contract)
Brussels
Belgium
1985 (2002 contract)
Athens
Greece
2000
Paris
France
2000 (2005 contract)
Pretoria
South Africa
2002 (2008 contract)
Seoul
The Republic of Korea
2006
Accra
Ghana
2006
Sunderland
Britain
2006

Washington District of Columbia Scenic spot

Washington There are numerous cultural landscape, such as the United States National Mall America Houses of Parliament , White House ,
 Washington state square Washington state square
The Washington Monument , Jefferson Memorial Hall , Lincoln Memorial , Franklin I The Second World War Memorial, national monument, The Korean War Veterans Memorial The Vietnam War veterans memorial, The District of Columbia The first World War Monument and Einstein Monument。 As in the SAR Museum, mostly free of charge. Take the elevator to the top view of the Washington Monument, the scenery.
Other cultural landscape also includes Chinatown ( Chinatown ), the old post office building, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington National cathedral. Chinatown and other parts of the world, there is a China Paul Known as the first big. There is also an ordinary apartment into the Goddess of Mercy Temple . There are also Chinese Restaurant The Chinese store, etc.. The Holocaust Memorial Museum is Israel Joint venture, the Holocaust Memorial Museum built in the United States many Jews are free and open to the public.

Washington District of Columbia Famous characters

Chuck Brown
Ian MacKaye