temperate continental climate

Temperate continental climate is mainly distributed in the South and north latitude 40 degrees to 60 degrees The Eurasian continent and The North American continent Inland and southeast of South america. As far away from the ocean Or, the terrain blocking, humid air is difficult to reach, so dry and little rain, the climate is extreme continental temperature, annual and monthly for each type of the poor climate.
temperate continental climate
In China, temperate continental climate is mainly distributed in the Northwest region. The average annual precipitation is usually less than 500 mm, which belongs to the semi arid region, or in arid areas. Land desertification is serious, serious soil erosion. The climate is characterized by hot summer and cold winter, annual temperature, precipitation concentration, four seasons, the annual rainfall is less, strong continental climate.

temperate continental climate Definition

Located in the temperate continental climate North latitude Forty
 temperate continental climate temperate continental climate
The inland and the east coast of the mainland between DEG and 60--65 deg. In winter Continental climate Under the control of the average temperature of the coldest month, South to north is close to 0 DEG C, C -40. The average temperature in the hottest month, south north is near to 20 degrees 26--27 degrees. The growth of the southern quarter of about 200 days, the northern only 50-70 days. Belong to this climate zone are: China Northwest , Siberia Gross、 Alaska and Canada Most of the United States and The five Great Lakes Nearby.

temperate continental climate Summary

Temperate continental climate has broad and narrow sense. Including the broad temperate continental climate
temperate desert climate , temperate grassy climate and The subarctic coniferous forest climate . The narrow concept will be wet except the latter. The characteristics of the temperate continental climate is cold in winter, hot summer, the diurnal temperature range is large, is also great. In winter by the high-pressure control, the lowest temperature of -73 DEG C; the southern summer average temperature in July amounted to 26 to 27 DEG C, up to 33 degrees north, close to 20 DEG C. The maximum range of up to 62.3 DEG C. Is affected by the continental air mass control, precipitation from south to North (North from west to East) increase, the annual precipitation from 200mm to about 400mm, the north is 300 ~ 600mm. The natural vegetation from the south to the north from the temperate desert, temperate steppe, transition to subarctic coniferous forest.

temperate continental climate origin

Temperate continental climate (temperatecontinentalclimate) mainly distributed in the South
 Inland mountainous Inland mountainous
North latitude and 40 degrees to 60 degrees of Eurasia and North America and South America Southern inland areas. As far away from the ocean, humid climate is difficult to reach, so dry and little rain, the climate is extreme continental temperature, annual and monthly for each type of the poor climate. And, increasingly, center, more drought, temperature, diurnal bigger vegetation from forest to grassland and desert. The climate is characterized by hot summer and cold winter, annual temperature, precipitation concentration, four seasons, the annual rainfall is less, the mainland is strong.

temperate continental climate distribution

Temperate continental climate is mainly distributed in the 40 and 60 degrees of the Eurasian continent and the North American continent in the land
 The world climate type distribution map The world climate type distribution map
Area. As far away from the ocean, humid climate is difficult to reach, so dry and little rain, daily and annual temperature range is large. And, increasingly, center, more drought, temperature, diurnal bigger vegetation from forest to grassland and desert.
1, a large area of Siberia located in Asia and North America Middle East, central and Eastern Europe, is affected by the continental air mass control, inland from the sea, far away, on the leeward side, mountain heavy barrier, less precipitation.
2, South America Patagonia There is also the kind of climate, because the westerly over tall The Andes After the sinking, mountain formation Fohn Frontal cyclone activity, and rarely, East Falkland cold through the year, little rain.
3, relative to the temperate continental climate Temperate climate A type of climate, because far from the sea, so dry and little rain; because controlled by the continental air mass, temperature and so on is relatively large.

temperate continental climate Features

Temperate continental climate climatic characteristics of it in a nutshell: cold winter and warm summer, gas
 Temperate grassland Temperate grassland
When the temperature and daily temperature difference, scarce precipitation and concentrated in the summer, strong light, sandy weather.

temperate continental climate air temperature

A temperate continental climate, cold winter, by high-pressure control, the absolute minimum temperature of -70 degrees Celsius in summer;
The season generally warming, the south in July the average temperature of 26 ~ 27 degrees north, close to 20 degrees Celsius, the absolute highest temperature can reach 50 deg. The maximum range of up to 62.3 DEG C.

temperate continental climate precipitation

temperate continental climate Overview

The precipitation from south to North (North from west to East) increase, the annual precipitation from 200mm to 400m
About M, the north is 300 ~ 600mm. The annual precipitation is less concentrated in the summer season, the other three basic no rainfall, occasional snowfall in winter.

temperate continental climate Precipitation

Temperate continental arid climate Also known as: temperate desert climate And the annual rainfall of 200 mm or less. Temperate continental arid climate and temperate grassy climate , the annual precipitation 200 mm, 400 mm or less.

temperate continental climate Vegetation types

A temperate continental climate, natural vegetation from south to north, from temperate desert, temperate steppe, transition to Subarctic coniferous forest .
The corresponding types of vegetation in temperate semi-arid climate Temperate grassland As a typical soil, Chernozem .
The corresponding types of vegetation in temperate arid temperate climate Desert The soil is. Desert soil .

temperate continental climate Typical region

Temperate Asia
 Temperate continental climate biology Temperate continental climate biology
The most typical characteristic of continental climate.
First of all, compared to Asia's vast inland areas and high latitude regions and other continents with latitude, with hot summer and cold winter, spring and autumn short, temperature maximum and seasonal precipitation concentration climate characteristics. Verkhoyansk , Yakutsk and Chita In the east of the Eurasian continent, and Bodo , Trondheim Three in the same latitude and a Eurasian continent on the west side, they are totally different climate types. First three places are the common characteristics of warm winter cold and summer heat, high temperature. Especially in the northeast of Siberia verkhoyansk- Oymyakon In winter, the average temperature in January is as low as -50 degrees, The absolute minimum temperature Had reached -71 degrees, become the northern hemisphere "cold"; in July the average temperature is 10 degrees centigrade or above. The verkhoyansk absolute range was as high as 105.1 degrees, is the largest annual regions in the world. In addition, the verkhoyansk, Yakutsk and Chita from 3 to April and 10 to the magnitude of the warming
November cool greatly, and the spring temperature is higher than the temperature in autumn, the rainfall is concentrated in summer. Therefore, the three is a continental climate. On the west side of the corresponding latitude in the Eurasian continent, Trondheim and Bodo Bildt, winter temperature at 0 degrees Celsius, cool in summer, range is 15 DEG to 18 DEG C, and the monthly temperature not exceeding 4 DEG to 5 DEG, the spring temperature is lower than the temperature in autumn, belong to Temperate climate .
Secondly, the Asian inland climate change extreme, this is a prominent feature of continental climate.
Asian land area is vast, the mainland is far from the sea, and the lack of a full profile, while the mainland into the Bay; delta is located in the eastern part of the Eurasian continent, weakened westerly circulation and the Atlantic warm current influence on the Asian climate. According to the higher latitude and distance from the ocean is far greater temperature principle, compared to Asia and the vast inland high latitude climate with latitude and other continental areas, with strong. The verkhoyansk Oymyakon area, located in high latitudes, very little heat in winter, and in the Northeast Asia, it is difficult to warm by Western influence. From the circulation factors, there is strong in winter Anti cyclone Under the control of the cooling effect caused by severe low temperature; and here inclined to the north of the basin and lowland terrain, more conducive to the cold air concentration and anti cyclone development. Therefore, it becomes the most northern cold and the world's largest temperature area.

temperate continental climate compare

Due to the different physical properties of water, land, located in the hinterland and the coastal or island regions of gas
 temperate continental climate temperate continental climate
When is the same, the influence of Continental, continental climate, the influence of the sea and maritime climate. The main difference between the continental climate and oceanic climate in the:
Continental climate area, large daily and annual temperature range, quick warming in the spring, autumn cooling too fast, the temperature is higher than spring and autumn temperature; and the marine climate area, daily and annual temperature range of small, slow warming spring, cool autumn autumn temperature is also slow, generally higher than spring temperature.
Continental climate change less precipitation, seasonal precipitation, dry climate, and marine climate change precipitation, seasonal precipitation, humid climate.
The mainland degree That said, the degree of impact of climate index, the degree of call. Although the sea and land distribution have effect on the temperature, precipitation, humidity and other climatic factors, but the impact on the maximum temperature, therefore, the degree of most temperature calculation, generally with temperature is proportional to, because with the increase of latitude, temperature is increased, for the elimination effect of latitude. To highlight the influence of sea and land, so the design, and is inversely proportional to the latitude. Mainland Poland scholar Jo Kinski put forward the formula for:
Where A is the temperature, which is the type of parameters (latitude, constant Is the largest in the world) of the year Siberia Yang, his degree is 100%, set the. When K>50% is a continental climate.
Dryness : to measure a region humid climate or drought degree is called Wetting degree Or dryness, and its formula is defined as:
Wetting degree:
Dryness:
Type R for the annual precipitation,
For the evaporation (i.e. maximum evaporation).

temperate continental climate On behalf of the city

Asia Urumqi (China), Lanzhou (Chinese), Yinchuan (China)
 Urumqi - temperate continental climate Urumqi - temperate continental climate
Hohhot (China), Ulan Bator (Mongolia), Yakutsk (Russia), Irkutsk (Russia), Novosibirsk (Russia), Omsk (Russia), Tashkent ( Uzbekistan ), Ashkhabad ( Turkmenistan ), Teheran or Tehran (Iran), Isfahan (Iran), Tabriz (Iran)
  

Europe and Eurasia : Moscow (Russia), St.Petersburg (Russia), Helsinki (Finland), Vilnius ( Lithuania ), Minsk ( Belarus ), Kiev ( Ukraine ), Warsaw (Poland), Bragg ( Czech ), Bratislava ( Slovakia ), Budapest ( Hungary ), Vienna ( Austria ), Munich (Germany), Berlin (Germany), Belgrade ( Serbia ), bucharest ( Romania ), Sophia ( Bulgaria ), Madrid (Spain), Ankara (Turkey)
North America : Ottawa (Canada), Montreal (Canada), Toronto (Canada), Quebec (Canada), Edmonton (Canada), Pittsburgh (United States), New York (United States), Detroit (United States), Chicago (United States), Denver (United States)
south america : Mendoza (Argentina), Neuquen (Argentina)