Cerebrovascular accident is a serious threat to human beings, especially the common diseases in the elderly over 50 years of health, even if the application is currently the most advanced and comprehensive treatment, there are still more than 50% of stroke survivors of life can not completely take care of themselves! The number of the whole world die each year from cardiovascular disease as high as 15 million, ranking first among all causes of death. Cardiovascular disease has become the number one killer of the highest human cause of death, but also people's health "silent demon"!
Cardiovascular brief introduction
Cardiovascular High incidence of
The cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases With high incidence, high morbidity and high mortality,
The high recurrence rate, complications "-" four high one "the characteristics of patients with cardio cerebrovascular disease in China has more than 270 million people!
Cardiovascular High mortality rate
Nearly 3 million people died from cardiovascular disease - every year in China, accounting for China's total annual death causes 51%. Survived from 75% different levels Lose labor ability
In 40%, severe disability!
Cardiovascular The recurrence rate is high
Our country \ \ Stroke
Patients in the first year after discharge fifth years recurrence rate was 30%, the recurrence rate as high as 59%. The two grade prevention do better the United States is only 10%. Because our country medical insurance coverage is small, the recurrence rate of stroke patients 1 times higher compared with the international average level! Compared to take reliable long-term drug prevention and treatment of stroke patients and patients, the recurrence rate to 80% lower than the mortality rate decreased more than 90%. Long term medication more than 80% patients more than three years without the risk of recurrence, recurrence of a handful of light!
Cardiovascular The causes of cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular Main cause
The main reason is the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, vascular smooth muscle cell wall metabolism caused by abnormal blood vessels and other organizations, to complete the process of human The new supersedes the old. within a certain period, but because the new tissue not form, the vessel wall itself "defect" so it is easy to produce inflammatory vasoconstriction is not smooth, like one of the old pipeline in shreds and patches at any time, obstruction or possible rupture. Blood vessel is an important channel of blood circulation, and it is governed by the nervous system, the nervous system is not normal can also cause blood disorder.
Cardiovascular A secondary cause
Due to long time eating habits, too much fat in the diet, too much alcohol. At the same time, there is no reasonable exercise to promote lipid metabolism in vivo leads to lipid alcohols and alcohols increased gradually; and with the increase of age, the secretion of antioxidant enzymes (such as superoxide dismutase SOD) ability to reduce, increase the level of free radicals, so that the blood in the Low density lipoprotein cholesterol
After oxidation deposition in the vascular wall, long capillary blockage, with the passage of time, lipid alcohols easily and in vivo free mineral ion binding, thrombosis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases have.
Cardiovascular What are the symptoms of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases
Cardiovascular disease, such as coronary heart disease
The symptoms (including Angina pectoris
The myocardial infarction):
Chest pain, palpitation, shortness of breath and palpitation; Arrhythmia
; chest pain, retrosternal or precordial pain; gas tight, syncope, weakness, chest pain, belching; fixed do not move, at night
What is more; the dark purple tongue, pulse string main symptom of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease, coronary artery insufficiency; upper abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting; left back pain, left arm pain.
Cerebrovascular disease, such as ischemic stroke
The symptoms (including Cerebral thrombosis
Cerebral embolism, etc.):
Hemiplegia and hemianesthesia, hemianopia, aphasia. perhaps Cruciate paralysis
, Cross sensory disturbance
External ophthalmoplegia, Nystagmus
Limb weakness, numbness, facial and limb sensory disturbance; limb movement is not flexible; language barriers, speak not agile; memory decline; the object is not clear suddenly;
Eye movements are not flexible; urinary incontinence; balance disorders, unstable; disturbance of consciousness; headache or dizziness, tinnitus, nausea and vomiting.
Cardiovascular Cardiovascular diet
Cardiovascular Hunsucai reasonable collocation
With fresh vegetables in the diet of animal oil, fat and some cholesterol rich foods such as pig, pig liver, preserved egg, roe, crab, squid, cream, etc., contain large amounts of saturated fatty acids, multi intake will lead to increased blood cholesterol, promote the occurrence and development of coronary heart disease. The vegetable oil contains unsaturated fatty acids, can reduce blood cholesterol, prevention of coronary heart disease. The data suggest that the total intake through strict control of animal fat in the diet, low in saturated fat ratio, increase polyunsaturated fat composition, the serum cholesterol decreased by about 10%, glycerin three fat decreased by 30%.
Control the consumption of calories the body as the main source of protein, fat and carbohydrate, the protein found in animal foods such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, vegetable foods such as beans and bean products were also very high. The fat in edible oil and fat. Carbohydrate exists in cereals and root vegetables. As in the indulgence of appetite, food intake exceeds the body heat, will be converted to fat accumulation in the body, make people fat, resulting in increased blood lipids, arteriosclerosis. Chinese proverb "food from times, the stomach is hurt, that is often satiation, will damage the gastrointestinal function, leading to gastrointestinal disease. It should be noted that the long-term dietary excess, excess body fat, will lead to increased blood lipids, atherosclerosis
. Therefore, according to the different weight control food intake. Overweight people must reduce the heat. It is estimated that 50 grams of flour or rice and can produce 175 thousand calories, if you eat 0.4 kilograms per day, it can produce 1 million 400 thousand calories, plus the amount of beans, beans, carnivorous vegetables and other non-staple food, almost enough calories a day.
Cardiovascular Diet recipe
1 kelp 50 grams, sliced with vinegar, salt mixing, after 2~3 times, 1 times a day. 2 gourd 60 grams, 60 grams of bamboo shoots. Peel, slice, add soy sauce, vinegar amount, mixing after eating 1~2 times a day. 3 peanuts 30 grams, 50 grams of rice porridge to eat, 2~3 times a day. 4 black fungus 6 grams, amount of crystal sugar. The black fungus soaked for 10 hours, steamed after 1 hours before bedtime, add sugar, course of treatment is not limited.
Therapeutic side two
1 onion 30 grams, 50 grams of spinach, fried food, daily 1~2 times. 2 2 cucumbers, garlic 1, mixed with cold dishes to eat, 1~2 times a day.
Therapeutic side three
1 2 tomatoes, 20 grams of mung bean. Mung bean Zhulan, send the tomatoes with soup, a meal. 2~3 times a day, before meals on an empty stomach can prevent palpitations. 2 jujube 30 grams, 100 grams of rice, sugar amount. Boil rotten porridge cooked, add sugar, stir can be eaten, for palpitations. 3 seeds 30 grams, 50 grams of rice. 800 ml of water, porridge to eat, 1~2 times a day, for shortness of breath.
Cardiovascular The prevention and control of folk prescription
Coronary heart disease: safflower, Danshen Green Tea honey drink, kelp, Salvia miltiorrhiza jujube, black fungus, pig, pig, cinnamon porridge for 37 tea double control coronary heart disease
Angina pectoris: Radix Acanthopanax wine, ginseng essence, astragalus, peach and jujube Decoction Angina pectoris
Arteriosclerosis: Sea Cucumber Soup for sugar arteriosclerosis
Heart disease: Ginseng 37 Steamed Egg Custard, Apple Juice heart disease prevention
Cardiovascular disease: Lotus tea, corn porridge for cardiovascular disease of yam
Cardiovascular Four to prevent cardiovascular and not four
In order to maintain a stable blood pressure. The best measurement of blood pressure two times every day sooner or later, if the blood pressure is too high or too low, should adjust the treatment. The spirit to relax. No matter happy or sad thing, to the attitude towards peace.
Physical exercise should be moderate. Exercise should not be too large, forehead sweating slightly should immediately stop.
The diet should be scientific and reasonable. Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, in order to control the blood viscosity, prevent the formation of thrombus.
Don't carry heavy items. In the heavy lifting must be bent to deep breathing, is a common cause of myocardial infarction induced by.
Do not use hot water bath. The water temperature is too high to make the skin blood vessel dilatation, blood flow to the body surface, caused by myocardial ischemia.
Don't catch a cold. Time to add clothing, to close the window at night, don't let the outside cold air is blown into the room.
Don't blindly aid. Once let the patient lie in myocardial infarction, patients do not shake.
Cardiovascular The concept and classification of stroke
Stroke is a disease of traditional Chinese medicine, also referred to people of acute cerebral disease and commonly known as the tube. It is the sudden faint, become unconscious, accompanied by Kouyanwaixie, language disadvantage, or hemiplegia had collapsed and the sudden appearance of hemiplegia is a kind of main symptoms of the disease. Including western medicine with cerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, cerebral thrombosis, transient ischemic attack etc.. Because of this kind of disease abrupt onset, ferocious, rapid changes in condition, like the wind, good nature to change the number of ancient physicians and the name change constantly, analogy for stroke. Because of its sudden onset, also known as stroke or cerebrovascular accident.
Stroke is the root cause of hypertension and cerebral arteriosclerosis. Due to atherosclerotic cerebral vascular wall, resulting in vascular lumen stenosis or aneurysm formation, in a variety of incentives such as emotional, mental stress, excessive force, high blood pressure under the influence caused by the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel, the blood circulation disorders of brain, formation change part of cerebral ischemia, edema pathology, cause nerve thus the corresponding dysfunction, appear a series of symptoms of stroke. Stroke can be roughly divided into two categories:
namely, ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic stroke:
ischemia causes may be cerebral vascular thrombosis, block the blood supply; also can be in the blood embolus in the flow process corresponding to the diameter of the vascular plug, causing ischemia. We call it the former for the latter known as cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, both caused by ischemic cerebral infarction. Hemorrhagic stroke,
cerebral vascular rupture, bleeding in the brain, known as cerebral hemorrhage. Superficial cerebral vascular rupture, blood into the subarachnoid space, known as subarachnoid hemorrhage.