The gang of four

" The gang of four "Refers to Gangster , Zhang , Jiang , Yao In four The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Formed during the gang.
The gang of four
" The gang of four The term was first Mao Zedong At the beginning of January 1974 in the Jiang Qing borrow" Pilinpikong "The blame Zhou Enlai Critics.
The ten National Congress of the CPC Back, Gangster Vice chairman of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Zhang Chunqiao of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau Standing Committee, vice premier of the State Council, director of the Liberation Army General Political Department, Jiang Qing and Yao Wenyuan as the Political Bureau of the CPC Central committee. Four people for political groups, factional activities in an attempt to usurp Party and state power. With each other during the cultural revolution, reverse effect.
October 6, 1976, Hua , Xie Jianying On behalf of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, the quarantine review of Jiang Qing, Zhang Chunqiao, Wang Hongwen, Yao Wenyuan and the gang in Beijing backbone, crushing the "Gang of four". Smashing of the "Gang of four" is a historic victory," The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution "This is the end of ten years. January 25, 1981, Supreme People's court The special court for the sentencing of Jiang Qing counter revolutionary group principal.

The gang of four historical background

In 1965. Mao Zedong Under the support of Jiang Qing, directed by Zhang Chunqiao, written by Yao Wenyuan, "on the new historical drama" Hai Rui "became the launch office" The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution "The fuse. Early during the cultural revolution, Jiang Qing, Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan has been a key member of the Central Cultural Revolution Group, the launch of the "Cultural Revolution" and the so-called "Liu Shaoji down, Deng Xiaoping The bourgeois headquarters "played a crucial role.
In 1971. veteran Communist military leader and Mao Zedong's designated successor until his death After the escape and killed, the rebels started Gangster From Shanghai transferred to the central government, and soon Jiang Qing three people alliance. 1973 The ten National Congress of the CPC Wang Hongwen was elected, ranked second (only in Zhou Enlai After the CPC Central Committee and vice president), the gang forces unprecedented. In January 1974, Jiang Qing launched the "pilinpikong movement", will spearhead Zhou Enlai.

The gang of four Call source

In July 17, 1974, the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau meeting, Mao Zedong criticism Gangster , Zhang , Jiang , Yao Engage in gang activity, "she said (Jiang Qing) is in Shanghai to help it! You should pay attention to it, don't get into the four small sect." This is the first time in the history of Jiang Qing four as a sect of. In May 3, 1975, Mao Zedong convened in Beijing, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to talk, said again" Three to three do not "(to Marxism, not to engage in Revisionism To unite; don't split; don't get to work in just ways,), and further schemes and intrigues of Jiang Qing and other four said: "(you) do not engage in the" Gang of four ", you don't, why do so? Why don't the more than and 200 Central Committee in solidarity? Make a few people is not good, has always been good." Since then, the "Gang of four" became Jiang Qing four ".
Early members of the "Gang of four" is an important member of the Central Cultural Revolution Group, after all entered The Political Bureau of the Central Committee And as a very important position. During their political activities, leadership The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution The development, implementation of the "left" revolutionary line name, a large number of old comrades, state cadres, intellectuals were persecuted and distorted Lenin Thoughts, trying to seize state power. More than four in the cultural revolution, Chen Who also participate in the cultural revolution.
Zhou Enlai in October 1974 after admission, Deng Xiaoping re emergence, served as vice chairman of the CPC Central Committee, vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, the first deputy prime minister of the State Council and the chief of the general staff (three long), responsible for the daily work practice. Especially in 1975 of the Fourth National People's Congress, the gang cabinet plan ended in failure, the gang forces suffered a heavy blow. In his later years, Mao Zedong although not the highest power in the hands of the gang of four, but also did not weaken the gang forces after the fourth session of the National People's congress.
In 1976 after the death of Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong But to "counter rightist overturn the wind again in the name of Deng Xiaoping Down. Before his death, Mao Zedong Hua For the establishment of the CPC Central Committee first vice president and Premier of the state council. The gang of four specific positions in the death of Mao Zedong (according to Chinese Communist Party status is low order): Gangster Vice chairman of the CPC Central Committee, the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau Standing committee; Zhang The CPC Central Committee Political Bureau Standing Committee, vice premier of the State Council, director of the Liberation Army General Political Department; Yao Wenyuan served as the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, director of the national public opinion; Jiang The CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, although there is no specific power, but with "special identity of Mao Zedong's wife" became the central figure of the gang of four.

The gang of four member

 After the arrest of Zhang Chunqiao After the arrest of Zhang Chunqiao
Zhang Shandong, Heze Juye, former members of China writers association. Members of the gang of four, principal architect of cultural revolution. The gang was arrested, Zhang Chunqiao not to utter a single word on the court, he finally completed the historical portrait. In January 1981 by the tribunal of the Supreme People's court sentenced to death, suspended for two years. January 1983 commuted to life imprisonment, deprived of political rights for life. In December 1997, reduced to 18 years imprisonment, deprived of political rights for 10 years. Medical parole in January 1998. April 21, 2005 died of illness.
 The nine on Wang Hongwen The nine on Wang Hongwen
Gangster Changchun, Jilin. Former vice chairman of the CPC Central Committee (1973 - 1976), a member of the gang of four. In 1977 7 menstrual Third Plenary Session of the CPC tenth decided to expel him forever, and undo everything inside and outside of their duties. In January 25, 1981, the Supreme People's Court of the PRC The special court sentenced him to life imprisonment, Deprivation of political rights Lifelong. August 3, 1992 in Beijing, died of illness.
 Jiang Jiang
Jiang Qing (1914~1991.5.14.) was born at Dongguan Street in Zhucheng City in Shandong Province, named Lijinhai Two, nicknames. Grandfather Li Chunhai, father De Wen Li Li Luan's mother. Jiang Qing is the twentieth Century China history of the legendary female life is full of controversy. During the cultural revolution, Jiang Qing was known as the "Great Proletarian Cultural bearer". After the cultural revolution, and was once known as the modern "empress Lu", "Wu Zetian", "Ci Xi", or even "demon". The West has called her "China Eva peron". After the cultural revolution, and she and Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan and Wang Hongwen formed a "Gang of four", actively planning a large number of framed down with the leaders of the party and state, causing serious damage to the party and the country. 1981 was sentenced to death, suspended for 2 years, according to life imprisonment. In May 14, 1991, Dutch act to death.
 Yao Yao
Yao Wenyuan, Zhejiang Zhuji. Engaged in propaganda and cultural work after graduation. In 1948 to join the Communist Party Chinese. During the Cultural Revolution to actively participate in Jiang Qing to the party and the supreme power of the state, is one of the core characters of Jiang Qing counter revolutionary group in 1976 with Jiang Qing, Zhang Chunqiao, Wang Hongwen, the supreme power of the party and the country's scheming to take. In October 1976 7 the decision of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, was examined in isolation. In July 1977 the Third Plenary Session of the CPC tenth decided to expel him forever, and undo everything inside and outside of their duties. In January 1981 25 the People's Republic of China Supreme People's court special court sentenced to 20 years imprisonment, deprived of political rights for 5 years. Released from prison in October 1996. December 23, 2005 died of illness.
 After the arrest of Zhang Chunqiao After the arrest of Zhang Chunqiao
 The nine on Wang Hongwen The nine on Wang Hongwen
 Jiang Jiang
 Yao Yao

The gang of four Fall

Starting in late 1976 3, many people use Chinese City Tomb-sweeping Day Worship custom, break the "Gang of four" resistance Memorial Zhou Enlai Activity. Beijing people spontaneously gathered Tian'anmen Square In. Monument to the People's Heros Before the meeting, to commemorate Zhou Enlai, denounced the "Gang of four". In April 4th, this activity reached a climax. In the evening, at the meeting of the political bureau, Jiang The situation of Tiananmen square qualitative et al as a counter revolutionary event, decided to clean up the square of the wreath, slogans. In April 5th, the conflict of angry people and part of the militia, police and soldiers. At night, people have been expelled, beaten and arrested. This incident has laid a strong foundation for the masses for half a year after the smashing of the "Gang of four" group.
In September 9, 1976 after the death of Mao Zedong, the "Gang of four" eager to usurp party and the country's top leadership. he
 People celebrate the "Gang of four". People celebrate the "Gang of four".
They steal General Office of the CPC Central Committee The name of the country, major issues to report in a timely manner to them by their command to the country. They were taken to prepare the stage for the "standard like", prompting some people to write "loyalty letter", lobbying, rumors, attack Deng Xiaoping Against. Hua And the Party Central committee. They are secret, planning armed rebellion, and even forged the so-called "according to the principles laid down" Mao Zedong Testament, issued a public power signal. At a critical moment in the party and the state,
In October 6, 1976, Hua Guofeng, Xie Jianying The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee issued, the implementation of the party and the people's will, jiang, Zhang Wang Hongwen, Yao The gang in Beijing and its backbone segregation review. In Hua Guofeng, Xie Jianying's careful arrangements, 6 pm, general office of the CPC Central Committee issued for the 20 day in the Huairen Hall of Zhongnanhai held a notice to the Central Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the. The notice said that the Standing Committee of the issues: first, consider the "Mao Zedong anthology" fifth volumes, two design schemes of proof; the Mao Zedong Memorial and Zhongnanhai residence of Mao Zedong resettlement. The notice also said that due to the need to change Mao Zedong The presentation, Yao Wenyuan to attend the Standing Committee of the political bureau. 20 pm, Zhang Chunqiao, Gangster Yao Wenyuan has, in the Huairen Hall of Zhongnanhai was declared the isolation and examination. In October 18th, the CPC Central Committee issued the "notice on Wang Hongwen, Zhang Chunqiao, Jiang Qing, Yao Wenyuan's" anti Party group events. Smashing of the "Gang of four" counter revolutionary group victory, marking 10 years" The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution "Since the end of civil strife.

The gang of four Trial

In September 29, 1980, Fifth The National People's Congress Standing
 The trial of & amp; amp The trial of &amp amp;
The sixteenth meeting of the committee by the principal "on the establishment of the Special Court Supreme People's Procuratorate special procuratorate and the Supreme People's court prosecution, the trial of Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter revolutionary group decision", the appointment of Supreme People's court dean Jiang Hua And the special tribunal.
The afternoon of November 20, 1980 3 when the first trial, public trial of Jiang Qing et al. The morning of January 25, 1981 that they were sentenced, members of the Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter revolutionary group, and sentenced to a corresponding penalty:
Jiang and Zhang Was sentenced to death, suspended for two years to perform, Deprivation of political rights Lifelong.
Gangster Be sentenced to Life imprisonment Deprived of. political rights Lifelong.
Yao Was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment, deprived of political rights for five years.
Other: Chen , Yuanxin , Yong Sheng Huang , Energy-saving , Lizuopeng , Make and Jiangtengjiao , were sentenced to sixteen to eighteen years, deprived of political rights for five years.

The gang of four The official evaluation

In June 27, 1981 the sixth Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, the Communist Party of China through " Resolution on certain questions in the history of the party since the founding of new China ", the" Cultural Revolution "as a" by the leader (Mao Zedong) launched by mistake, Jiang (four) and veteran Communist military leader and Mao Zedong's designated successor until his death Two The counter revolution The group, brought a serious disaster to the party, the country and the people of all ethnic groups in civil strife."
The Communist Party of China in June 27, 1981 the sixth Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee through the " The Central Committee of the Communist Party China resolution on certain questions in the history of the party since the founding of new China "," Historical Resolution "theory:
Smashing of the "Gang of four" victory "over" The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution "This disaster", "from the crisis to save the party, save the revolution, so that our country has entered a new historical period of development". This confirms this victory has epoch-making significance. "Historical Resolution" judgment, truthfully, smash the "Gang of four, declared a historical period that" the end of the Cultural Revolution "period; at the same time, ushering in a period of history that" the new historical period of development. According to "Historical Resolution" practical conclusion, should truthfully certainly smash "boundary effect gang". That is to say, crushing the "Gang of four" this incident is the "Cultural Revolution" and "the new historical period of the line. Smashing of the "Gang of four" victory in People's Republic of China's history and the history of the Communist Party of Chinese opened a new page, "entered a new period of historical development".