Saline Lake

Saline Lake (Great Salt Lake): North America The first big Saline Lake, it is located in the western United States The Sierra Nevada Between the SA and tile Qishan basin, belonging to the administrative region of Utah, the lake from the capital of Salt Lake City 40km. The geographical coordinates of longitude 112 degrees -113 degrees 15', 40 degrees north latitude 30 - 41 degrees 41'. Saline Lake was formed in 14500 after the former, in ancient times known as the Bonneville lake, is a large saltwater lake, the Saline Lake is located in the ancient lake in the northeast of ancient lake Bonneville residual water, currently only about 1/10 of the area of Lake Bonneville. In the lake the average surface of 3885 square kilometers, the highest water level difference of 1000 square kilometers. The average altitude of 1281m, the lowest level for the year 1963, 1278.25m, water level difference was 6.65m.
Saline Lake

Saline Lake background

Saline Lake is big North America Saline Lake is the largest inland saltwater lake, the largest western hemisphere . In the United States The state of Utah In the northwest, east of the Rocky Mountains, West desert, Saline Lake is the Pleistocene glaciations within the Great Basin Freshwater lake The Remnants of the lake . Saline Lake dry natural environment and famous dead sea Similar chemical characteristics of lake water with the same water. The history of the Great Lakes area change,
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In 1873 1963, covers an area of 6200 square kilometers, only 2460 square kilometers, early 70s is about 4000 square kilometers. Saline Lake along the Northwest - southeast direction, 120 km long, 63 km wide, deep 4.615 meters, an area of 3525 square kilometers. The lake is about 1280 meters above sea level. Salinity up to 150 - 288 per thousand. Saline Lake is rich in resources, large reserves of 60 tons of salt, salt, which accounted for 3/4, and magnesium, potassium, boron and lithium. Saline Lake as a tourist attraction in Utah. The city of Saline Lake Is the largest city and the capital of the state, is located in the northwestern shore of lake. The South Pacific Railway across the lake Saline Lake.
Located in the Rocky Mountains 1280 meters, surrounded by mountains, perennial snow. Saline Lake is a backwater lake, no outlet, water loss mainly depends on the sun
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The natural evaporation. The lake is mainly from the nature of the rain and melting snow. When the hot summer when the desert climate, rain, snow Everfount the mountains and deserts of minerals and trace elements in the lake to scour. The sun constantly in the lake water to evaporate, the loss of water, minerals and trace elements in the lake is home. Day in and day out, year after year, hundreds of millions of years to the natural ecological cycle, resulting in the Saline Lake mineral and trace element content is more and more high, the high concentration of water from the water 50 times.
Saline Lake is located in the United States The state of Utah North,
The largest inland Western Hemisphere Salt water lake The world's largest salinity. Inland lake One of。 Dry natural environment is similar to the famous Dead Sea. The chemical characteristics of lake water with the same water, but due to evaporation than river recharge,
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The water salinity is much larger than the sea. Because of the history of evaporation and water flow changes, Lake area change greatly in 1873 and mid 1980s, an area of 6200 square kilometers (2400 square miles) in 1963, only 2460 square kilometers (950 square miles). The lake can reach an altitude of 1284 meters (4212 feet), low is 1277 meters (4191 feet). The water depth of 4.5 meters (15 feet), the maximum depth of 11 meters (35 feet). The Northwest - southeast extension, 120 km long, 63 km wide, the depth of 4.6 ~ 15 meters, an area of 3525 square kilometers. The lake is about 1280 meters above sea level. Salinity is as high as 150 to 288 per thousand, Southeast and south of the Baer River, Qiao Danhe and Wei Bohe accepted, no water outlet, so the North South low salinity from north to south.
Lake water depends on precipitation and evaporation, the area of the lake is changeable, 1873 has reached 6216 square kilometers, in 1963 fell to 2460 square kilometers. Salt reserves of 60 tons, which accounted for 3/4 of salt, magnesium, and potassium, lithium B, etc.. With an annual output of about 270 thousand tons of salt. 1970s focus on mining and refining of potash and magnesium and other minerals.
The lake islands, the main island of antelope etc., Feeding and waterfowl shepherd . The lake biological Limited to brine shrimp, algae, shrimp seed is one of the sources of tropical fish feed on the international market. The South Pacific Railway across the lake. As a tourist attraction in Utah. The largest city in the state and capital The city of Saline Lake Located in the northwestern shore of lake.
Due to the development of Lake rich mineral resources and development of water sports activities, the establishment of the wild animal protection area, to protect Pelican , Heron Cormorants and terns, and other precious wild, Saline Lake become a tourist attraction in Utah.

Saline Lake History

North America The largest inland Salt Lake . In the United States The state of Utah Northwest,
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The East is The Rocky Mountains Branch Walesa Ling Qi, the west is the Saline Lake desert. As the remnants of the Great Basin of Lake Bonner, the largest freshwater lake, lake of Pleistocene glacial period. The end of the Pleistocene, the climate became dry, enhancing evaporation, Lake Bonneville decreased, and the snake river, Columbia River As the flow of the River tributaries flow from formation Inland lake . Saline Lake is a prehistoric lake, Bonner (Bonneville) remnants. About 1 million years ago, Bonner, the lake area occupies 52 thousand square kilometers (20 thousand square miles). In the ice age, a large amount of fresh water into the lake, the Snake River joins the Columbia River, and finally into the Pacific ocean.
After the glacial period, the water level dropped, export cut, becomes the Inland lake. Baer (Bear), the river (Weber) and river Jordan The annual input of up to 1 million 100 thousand tons of Salt Lake basin. The total salt accumulated in the basin has 60 tons. With sodium chloride, potassium sulfate, magnesium, etc. are also very rich. Nineteenth Century salt and potash mining. From the 1971 began a large-scale refining of magnesium. Saline Lake has marked the eighteenth Century map on the position. In 1847 Mormon Church Acts in the lake to settle down. Measurement of Lake in 1850. In 1869 the construction of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States after the lake northeast shore. The scientific investigation of the U. S. geological survey in 1890, get a lot of information. Because surrounded by large sand dunes and saline alkali soil Swamp Surrounded by the Saline Lake and the nearby city and towns so far is still in the isolated state.

Saline Lake The water quality characteristics

Contains 76 kinds of minerals and trace elements in Lake water,
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But the content of these elements and human body fluid is consistent, balanced in range, but also has natural antiseptic effect, even the most difficult in the world "Salmonella bacteria in water are unable to survive. Is by far the world's most content, the most complete, most balanced natural minerals and trace elements, the characteristics of water soluble, Calcium ion Pure, natural, add some trace elements in the diet to supply balance. 70 kinds of minerals and trace elements in the proportion of products is consistent with the human body, to ensure balanced supply and absorb quickly to the body of mineral elements from the imbalance adjustment to the equilibrium state.
The United States MRI company in Utah, north of Saline Lake built multiple artificial sun Yanchi, will be 10 times the concentration of seawater water injection, using Utah summer heat, high temperature solar drying crystalline sodium salt, the salinity in the natural forces of nature will be removed, 10 times to about 40 times concentrated seawater.

Saline Lake Artemia industry

In 1949 to operate Tropical fish The C.Csanders I heard Mr. Saline Lake There is a fish, artemia ,
 1950 - 1980 Saline Lake Artemia and Artemia collected 1950 - 1980 Saline Lake Artemia and Artemia collected
Then to the big Saline Lake were investigated, found that the Saline Lake really is extremely rich, while the fish has the same nutritional value of Artemia source. In 1950 C.Csanders started in Saline Lake development and production of the new fish resources, and created the world's first Artemia company (SandersBrineshrimpcomapany). At the time of the product for the frozen Artemia adult, and send it to all parts of the United States, the acquisition on both sides of Syracust road. To 1965 due to the production of frozen bug on the internal costs, profit decline, and transport restrictions, the company stopped production of frozen Artemia products. In 1952 the frozen Artemia production at the same time, Sanders company also began to Artemia collection, at that time, acquisition of Artemia to landlords concentrated north shore North lake. With the wave action, Artemia eggs will float on the lake shore to blow, sometimes Artemia shore thickness up to 4-5cm. The use of Artemia is mainly by hatching larvae live bait as tropical ornamental fish breeding seedlings. In 1962, due to the large Saline Lake across the South Pacific The railway from wood to gravel subgrade base after the lake salinity indigo increased gradually, the number of Artemia or Artemia decreased, therefore, the harvesting of Artemia and Artemia production activities from Lake to lake.
1960 - 1970s, with the progress of science and technology, understanding of the role of Artemia increased continuously, and there are 3 companies and individuals in all things Saline Lake collection of Artemia or Artemia, the acquisition in the northeast corner of the lake, the island of Fremont, Syracuse and Antelop along the road on both sides of the Strait island.
Because of the slow development of aquaculture,
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The market is small, its products are mainly used in Ornamental fish The culture, a few are used in aquaculture experiment, at the same time by collecting form and the salinity of lake water yield also has received less influence. (see table:) so the production and the scale is not large.
Particular year
Artemia / egg (LB)
Resource fee (USD)
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-three
Four thousand one hundred and forty-eight
One hundred and sixty-five point nine two
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-four
Ninety-three thousand one hundred and thirty-six
Three thousand seven hundred and twenty-five
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-five
One hundred and seventy thousand one hundred and fifty
Six thousand eight hundred and six
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-six
One hundred and sixty-seven thousand and seventy-five
Six thousand six hundred and eighty-three
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-seven
Ninety thousand six hundred and sixty
Three thousand six hundred and twenty-six
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-eight
Two hundred and sixty-five
Eleven
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-nine
Forty-nine thousand and six hundred
One thousand nine hundred and eighty
One thousand nine hundred and seventy
One hundred and forty-eight thousand five hundred and forty-three
Five thousand nine hundred and forty-two
One thousand nine hundred and seventy-one
One hundred and thirty-five thousand one hundred and sixty-five
Five thousand four hundred and seven
One thousand nine hundred and seventy-two
One hundred and forty-four thousand and two hundred
Five thousand five hundred and fifty-three
One thousand nine hundred and seventy-three
Eight hundred and eighty
Thirty-five
1974-1976
One hundred and forty-four thousand two hundred and sixty-one
Five thousand five hundred and fifty-six
1976-1978
Thirty thousand five hundred and twenty-nine
One thousand two hundred and thirty-seven

Particular year
Artemia / egg (LB)
Resource fee (USD)
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-three
Four thousand one hundred and forty-eight
One hundred and sixty-five point nine two
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-four
Ninety-three thousand one hundred and thirty-six
Three thousand seven hundred and twenty-five
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-five
One hundred and seventy thousand one hundred and fifty
Six thousand eight hundred and six
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-six
One hundred and sixty-seven thousand and seventy-five
Six thousand six hundred and eighty-three
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-seven
Ninety thousand six hundred and sixty
Three thousand six hundred and twenty-six
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-eight
Two hundred and sixty-five
Eleven
One thousand nine hundred and sixty-nine
Forty-nine thousand and six hundred
One thousand nine hundred and eighty
One thousand nine hundred and seventy
One hundred and forty-eight thousand five hundred and forty-three
Five thousand nine hundred and forty-two
One thousand nine hundred and seventy-one
One hundred and thirty-five thousand one hundred and sixty-five
Five thousand four hundred and seven
One thousand nine hundred and seventy-two
One hundred and forty-four thousand and two hundred
Five thousand five hundred and fifty-three
One thousand nine hundred and seventy-three
Eight hundred and eighty
Thirty-five
1974-1976
One hundred and forty-four thousand two hundred and sixty-one
Five thousand five hundred and fifty-six
1976-1978
Thirty thousand five hundred and twenty-nine
One thousand two hundred and thirty-seven
In 80s, with shrimp breeding and breeding technology breakthrough, and rapid development of the world aquaculture industry, greatly stimulated the artemia The development of the industry. By 90s, the emergence of new varieties of Chinese mitten crab, shrimp, Penaeus monodon, aquaculture and rise, more to promote the Saline Lake Artemia production, the amount of goods of the Artemia eggs accounted for about 80% of the world production of Artemia eggs.
A big time Saline Lake Artemia company buildings, now all things Saline Lake Artemia largest brand, discuss the most influential OceanStar company (USA), INVE (Belgium registration) and Sanders company (registered). These three companies are focused on Corrington Island fishing base, other small companies are located in Antelops island and South Lake in the northwest coast, most of these small companies will adopt Artemia catch sold to the company.
Because of the quality of American Saline Lake Artemia is good, although the price is more expensive (around $200 per kg). But in the world is the absolute market share.

Saline Lake Pumping project

The United States of Utah, the Saline Lake before 1986, the Saline Lake area often threatened by flooding, in order to reduce the influence of flood, in 1986 the Utah legislature passed a resolution to establish a large pumping station, water pumping will be part of Saline Lake into the Saline Lake in the southwest depression, so it can effectively reduce the high water level of Saline Lake, to 1987-1989 years. There are about 300 million cubic meters of water is pumped to the southwest depression, the depression also formed lake. To the end of 90s, the station began to stop, then southwest Depression The lakes disappeared.

Saline Lake Scenic spot

Due to the local Utah Lake Park and a set of waterfowl and bird sanctuary. establish Wildlife Reserve In order to protect. Pelican , Heron , Cormorant and Terns Other precious wild birds. Saline Lake has dried up the part called the Bonneville Salt Flats, flat salt flats is a good place for racing, runway and spacecraft landing. AntelopelslandStatePark (Antelope Island State Park) is a good place for Saline Lake. In the urban area approximately 20 miles north of 1 - 15, from interstate 332 exit to the West opened down. Antelope Island is the Saline Lake the largest 8 main islands in a 28022 acre. The island is a 7.5 mile Causeway, its speed is 35 miles per hour. There are a lot of America on the island buffalo . A lazy, like a statue. In 1893, 12 buffalo (Bison) was brought to the island, has grown to 500 to 700.