Macau

Song Taizong Zhao Guangyi (939 - 997), the word Ting yi, Song dynasty The second emperor. Whose real name is Zhao Kuangyi, after his brother. Emperor Taizu of Song Name the name Zhao Guangyi, later renamed the throne Zhao sun .
Macau
Bao opened nine years (976 years), Song Taizu Death After Zhao Guangyi ascended the throne as emperor. The use of political pressure forced the throne, Wu Yue king Qian Chu And by Zhangzhou and Quanzhou in two Chen Jin to Taipingxingguo Three years (978 years) after sodium soil. Next year Travel Taiyuan, death North Han The end of the Five Dynasties, the split situation. The two attack Liaoning In an attempt to recover. Sixteen Prefectures , all failed, and on the defensive in liaoning. And to further strengthen Centralization Change, during the reign of late Tang Dynasty, Wu Wen heavy light bad habits.
Zhao Guangyi reigned for 21 years, to three years (997 years), the death of Zhao Guangyi, Miaohao He replied, his most magic holiness and strong filial piety emperor Guang Rui Ming, was buried Yong Ling Xi .
At first, Zhao Guangyi is the mother of God holding the sun gave her to pregnancy, pregnancy, until Zhao Guangyi was born that night, rose red Sihuo, full of strange streets.
Zhao Guangyi was smart and not, games with other children, respect them all to him. In 960 years, Zhao Guangyi Chen Yi mutiny His brother, Li Yong founder of the Song dynasty Dili.
Zhao Kuangyin Zhao Guangyi is in front of the throne after the letter Yu Hou Chinook, collar The defense Soon, Tai Ningjun. governor of one or more provinces . The Crusade li chongjin Later, Zhao Guangyi was called in The deployment of all Plus, With the same chapter For, Kaifeng prefect Plus, and Zhongshuling . After the conquest of Taiyuan, Zhao Guangyi has been changed for the East are left behind, don't give spears displayed at the door of a wealthy family Letter, Jin Wang, ranked above the prime minister.

Macau Ascended the throne as Emperor

Bao opened nine years (976 years) the 19th day of the tenth month of the Chinese lunar calendar night, Zhao Kuangyinzhao Zhao Guangyi into the palace to drink, the evening night palace. The next day (October 20th) morning, Zhao Kuangyin suddenly died. Twenty-one, King Zhao Guangyi ascended the throne, is for Song Taizong.

Macau In the early

 Portrait of Zhao Guangyi Portrait of Zhao Guangyi
Zhao Guangyi succeeded to the throne after the first nianhao" Taipingxingguo "And said to the achievement of a new career. The appointment of his brother Zhaotingmei For kaifengfu Yin and zhongshuling, seal Prince of Qi Nephew. Zhaodezhao For Jiedushi and rank of nobility next to prince Zhao Defang, also called governor of one or more provinces . Song Taizu and Zhao Tingmei's children are called prince princess, the three daughter of Song Taizu's princess. The song jioubu Xuejuzheng , Shenlun , Lu lame , Bin Cao and Chuzhaofu Who are their children and grandchildren will therefore rise through the ranks, get official position. Some he was alive when he had to be punished or want to punish people, Zhao Guangyi will be forgiven.
However, Zhao Guangyi paid great attention to the training and promotion of his cronies. The members of the Council as Chengyu , Yan Jia , Chencongxin , Zhang Who have entered the court positions, he slowly replace towards the minister. In addition, Zhao Guangyi also rejected a number of veteran veterans such as Zhaopu , To arch , Gaohuaide , Fengjiye and Us So, they will be transferred to the nearby official, easy to control.
Zhao Guangyi expansion Imperial Examination The number of people, his reign, the first imperial era song than most digital soared more than two times. The so many talented people have the opportunity to enter official.

Macau Fight north and South

Zhao Guangyi strong Throne After reunification, continue to. Taiping Xingguo three years (978 years), in the Song Dynasty under the political pressure, Fujian separatist Zhangquan two house Chen Jin Two, by Zhejiang Wu Yue Qian Have to surrender song Ting sodium soil.
Taipingxingguo Four years (979 years) the first month, Zhao Guangyi sent General Pamela Such as moving north the siege North Han The capital of Taiyuan in February, Zhao Guangyi rate army expedition, repel the song Liao The reinforcements at the end of the demise of the North Han, from the late Tang Dynasty The Huang Chao rebellion Since nearly ninety years of military governorship melee situation, once again form national unification.
In May of the same year, Zhao Guangyi ignored the Minister of opposition, while cutting with the North Han trend, starting from Taiyuan launched the northern expedition. At the beginning of the northern expedition was recovered in Hebei Easy to state and Zhuozhou . Zhao Guangyi ordered the siege Peking And the people in the song, Liao Sorghum River At the battle. Zhao Guangyi went to the battlefield, the injured in the arrows, take the donkey desperate to evacuate, the Northern Expedition failed.
Taiping Xingguo five years (980 years), Song Zhaozhi Yongzhou Too often Dr. Hourenbao Zhao Guangyi played on request, while region comprising present-day northern Viet Nam (Vietnam) inh Dynasty The South against civil strife, and the recovery of Xinjiang, unified Jiaozhi (Vietnam). So, Zhao Guangyi Hou Renbao was appointed to the state land and water transport; the appointment of Sun Quanxing, so that the militia Lanling paint for the Shoujun Hao, Chen Qinzuo, left the library saddled the prison general The As the troops are deployed; Ning, Liu Cheng, deputy governor Shi Jia, the Arsenal enshrined officer Wang Zhuan as the only door troops are deployed, waiting to attack towards ding. But in the Pacific country for six years (981 years), The battle of Bach Dang River In the first win after the defeat, the unity of Jiaozhi (Vietnam) plans to eventually become the bubble, region comprising present-day northern Viet Nam (Vietnam) to remain independent.
Yong Xi three years (986 years), Zhao Guangyi sent Pan Mei, Yang Industry , Tian Zhong , Bin Cao , Cuiyanjin Five general points three Road East and West, the east main to the northern expedition. Road, road and the main road to enter the army smoothly, repeatedly defeated Liao, grain is cut off, and two failed to end western road to confluence. Qi Gou. Defeat and failure. Two road, West also had to withdraw south. Xi Yang industry will cover for military and civilian prisoners by Liao army south, died of hunger strike three days in prison. Later, in the Northern Song Dynasty Xixia Tangut Three Kawaguchi family, Good water Sichuan Sichuan village, the battle of failure, but because of the war, with Song Tingyi and. Zhao Guangyi confidant Fuqian , Wang Chao , Chaiyuxi , Zhaorong , Xun Zhang , Yangshouyi and Midechao As the Imperial Army, one of the many acts, the fear of cold.
Chunhua four years (993 years) of lunar new year in February, the outbreak of Sichuan Wang Xiaobao and Lee soo A peasant uprising. The rebel went hair products rich surname in addition to life all the property to the public, farmers get Sichuan echo. The following month, insurgents occupied Chengdu, the establishment of Dashu regime, after Zhao Guangyi sent two armies for the rebel army finally to two years (996 years) a complete failure.

Macau A problem

The eldest son of Zhao Guangyi Zhaoyuanzuo He was smart and alert, looks like Zhao Guangyi. Zhao Yuanzuo Wu Yi, Goodwin she, once with Zhao Guangyi to Taiyuan, Youji . This is the most appropriate. But Zhao Yuanzuo because of his uncle Zhaotingmei Cause of death and madness.
Yong Xi two years (985 years) the Double Ninth Festival, Zhao Guangyi convened several sons in the palace in a drink, because of Zhao Yuanzuo's disease is not cured, it did not send for him. Scattered after the feast, Chen Wang Zhaoyuanyou Visit Zhao Yuanzuo. Zhao Yuanzuo learned that hosted a banquet, anger hard, a fresh drink. In the middle of the night, simply put a fire burned the house. For a time, diange Pavilion, smoke, flames. Zhao Guangyi after that, guess may be Zhao Yuanzuo, life will be challenged, Zhao Yuanzuo acknowledged. Zhao Yuanzuo was deposed for Common people . Then by Wang Yuanyou Chen Zhongyi to become the crown prince's candidate, and Zhao Guangyi also have this meaning.
Yong Xi three years (986 years) lunar July, renamed Zhao Yuanyou Zhaoyuanxi Letter, and KaiFeng Mansion Yin and sijung, a quasi Crown prince . The same year, Yongxi Northern Expedition Defeat. Zhaopu On the "Northern Expedition" Jian Yong hee The memorial to the throne Zhao Guangyi, get rewarded. Later, Zhao Yuanxi and Shu of Liao, Zhao Guangyi adopted.
Duangong first year (988 years), Zhao Pudi for the three time, at the moment, authoritarian vibration. To support and to the king of Jin also Yuanxi Zhaopu Chen Feng Xu Wang, strengthened the position of the crown prince. After Zhao Yuanxi baxiang Zhaopu, and another prime minister Meng Close relationship. Li Chu is going to follow the prescribed order. Don't want to in Chunhua for three years (992 years) the morning of lunar new year in November, Zhao Yuanxi back to the house, feel unwell, died soon after. Zhao Guangyi is very sad, toward five, and wrote "death sub poems".
Zhao Yuanzuo was deposed, Zhao Yuanxi sudden death, reservoir storage vacancy, so Fengzheng Please open on early sign a prince, Zhao Guangyi was demoted to south of the Five Ridges Feng Zheng et al. Since no one dares to talk about the succession issue.
Later, Zhao Guangyi was wounded and disturbed, it will die soon. This privately asked Kou Zhun . In support of Kou Zhun, and finally in the first year to the Tao (995 years), the three son of Zhao Guangyi Shou Wang Zhao Yuankan was established as a crown prince, renamed Zhao .
Zhao Guangyi made a prince, amnesty, the capital of the people to see the prince cheered, but Zhao Guangyi heard displeasure. After Kou Zhun Persuasion only feel better.

Macau Ill died

To three years (997 years) on March, Zhao Guangyi collapsed in Tokyo long live palace hall, fifty-nine years old, in the twenty-two year. Prince Zhao Heng ascended the throne as emperor, for Song Zhenzong. The ministers said on the posthumous title of magic holiness and the emperor, Miaohao Taizong. The same year the lunar new year in October, and was buried in the Yong Ling Xi .

Macau Government initiatives

Macau Politics

Zhao Guangyi came to the throne, to continue the cause of reunification, encourage reclamation, development of agricultural production, expanding the scale of the imperial examination system, the compilation of large books,. The hospital , The officer academy And strengthen the investigation and selection of officials, to further restrict the power to change the military Jiedushi, the ruling political situation, the establishment of the civil service. These measures conform to the historical trend, has made an important contribution to the stability of the song dynasty.

Macau Military

Song Taizong northwest Xia Zhou Dynasty and Northern Tangut regime between the Liao Khitan regime, frequent wars. In order to better control and manage to the generals, Song Taizong began to implement "the imperial" policy, coping strategy, and to grant general plan, or delegated to the array to frontline combat generals. But because of various subjective and objective reasons, Song Taizong in "from the Royal" policy implementation effect is not ideal.
Zhao Guangyi of the Liao River war, sorghum Yongxi Northern Expedition failed. The two expedition, food demand is big, people overwhelmed; Youzhou and its surrounding suffered war, the limited supply of rations rations; Ritchie wide region, transportation is difficult. Commisariat dilemma limit song of military action, a certain extent determines the two Zhao Guangyi expedition failed.
Several border defense behind the uprising defeat, to curb the further open up the territory of Northern Song Dynasty, Emperor Taizong's policy had to turn the heavy empty outside.

Macau International Relations

Zhao Guangyi in dealing with national diplomatic issues, the "good prepared edge" to "map" by the Khitan "Khitan map" to "Lian Yi Liao attack", "Lian Yi Liao attack by virtue" to "in Huaiyuan".
After the Northern Song Dynasty Northern Song Liao Yong Xi failed, then they were several wars. Zhao Guangyi and the ministers from the realities of war gradually changed to Liaoning strategy, from the strategic offensive to complete strategic defense, and take some effective defense measures. At the same time, and actively take the initiative to seek peace of liaoning.

Macau Culture

Zhao Guangyi in taipingxingguo years Xiazhao, organized into: "Taiping Yulan", "Taiping".
After Zhao Guangyi initiated peaceful poetry, get a positive response in the Song Dynasty Royal family and minister, formed one of the important features of the Song Dynasty poetry.
I like Zhao Guangyi poetry, so government pay special attention to cultural undertakings, the teachers of the wind and spread. Zhao Guangyi likes calligraphy, good grass, Li , That's ok , Seal , Eight points , Feibai Six kinds of fonts, especially the book of Song Dynasty Baiti fly, currency Shoe-shaped gold ingot of Chunhua Zhao Guangyi also personally wrote.

Macau Religion

The first year of Zhao Guangyi ascended the throne, he ordained monks and nuns of more than 17 people. During the reign of Zhao Guangyi, Dajian temples, in Wutai Mountain Emei mountain, Tiantai Mountain To build a number of temples. Taiping Xingguo five years (980 years), Zhao Guangyi Chamberlain Zhang Tingxun presided over the decree of the renovation of the Mount Wutai on the face, Kegon, Shouning, Xingguo, bamboo, Golden Pavilion, Lotus Sutra, secret, spirit, Xian 10 Buddhist temple, and casting gold copper Manjusri like, placed in the face of. The same year, Zhao Guangyi Dahir Emei Mountain White Water Temple monk mtst reconstruction set cloud, cloud, lying, my black water, white water of the temple, and a statue of Samantabhadra bronze casting, weighing 62 tons, enshrined in the white temple, which is now the Wannian temple.
Zhao Guangyi actively sponsored Buddhist translation. Taiping Xingguo five years (980), he set up the translation center in Tokyo, recovered from the Tang Dynasty yuan and six years (811 years) has been suspended for 170 years of Buddhist translation work. Because Song Taizong believed in Buddhism, Western and Indian monks came to carry them in a continuous line of scripture. One day, a monk from India by nursing, Tian Xi disaster, have been engaged in the translation of Buddhist scriptures in Tokyo translation center Song Taizong opened, and the Royal Paihandi method, often with the monks, Kiyonuma and others to assist the pen battle.

Macau Historical evaluation

" History of Song "Emperor Shen and Yingduan, has made the world will generously. Is that Mr Chen Hongjin, Qian Chu have sodium soil. Soon after, Taiyuan, cutting the Khitan, following the battle of Jiaozhou, xixia. All the rest, the scourge, to capture it, but people do not know the soldiers; and locust moth, almost all over the world, and people don't think. Why? The emperor Jian CI into treasure, take Zhuo Huan clothes, but there is ruined KitKat, the Wu Tian Xian, non tour. By far, suppression Fu Rui, min farm, Kaozhi. In order to give lectures Duowen, not the crime of insolence to remonstrate with disabilities, to study, diligence to encourage, Yan day forgot to eat. As for the desire for self Immolation in answer to the scourge, in addition to the world of the Fu to give people five soldiers died, don't try, grain board recommended effect. Is in the green, Qi Qi as the old man, let children rate governance please board the Zen, followed. The gentleman says: "between Qiu min and the emperor, emperor of that? The merit of emperor Bing Huan history album, known as the Yin Jun. The dynasty the collapse is not the year rather than Gaiyuan, Fuling County Public banishment to death, martial arts king Song Houzhi as his Dutch act, then later, no Yan yee.
Tian Kuang Emperor Taizong: Pro Di Xun Wang, Shaoxing is Datong, deep punishment and five generations of the chaos, to wash the profane, advise the loyalty. Even the provision of Li Wei, picked at Jun, every face in the Xuan try, not hundreds of people. Although is heel and pretty special, but also the abuse of redundant inexpressible protesters was thought at the time, the ancient law of non Xuanshi.
Guo Qing screw: in the world of Song Taizong the son of private, is also the world of Jin Taizong's nephew, Gu Yue: "barbarians of the king as the there".
Mao Zedong The soldiers do not know this person, the non rival. After repeated failures, in depth, the poly annihilate the way, not the end of the province. The rush to use unscrupulous divisive tactics, on the stage. The words of Zhao Kuangyi.

Macau Family members

Macau parent

father
Songxuanzu
mother
Dukes

Songxuanzu
Zhaohongyin
The Empress Dowager Zhao Xian
Dukes

Macau Brother

Eldest brother
Cao Wang
Zhaokuangji (died)
Second elder brother
Emperor Taizu of Song
Fourth
The king of Wei
Five brother
Qi Wang
Zhaoguangzan (died)

Cao Wang
Zhaokuangji (died)
Emperor Taizu of Song
founder of the Song dynasty
The king of Wei
Zhaotingmei
Qi Wang
Zhaoguangzan (died)

Macau The Empress

Name / Title Remarks
confer a posthumous title upon Grace queen
confer a posthumous title upon Esther the queen
Lee was later to become the queen of queens, The Empress Dowager (the queen mother), posthumous Queen Matilda
Originally made Xianfei , The Empress Dowager Later, as a posthumous Yuande Queen。 King Zhao Yuanzuo and Song Zhenzong Zhao Heng students
living Zhaoyuanyan
De Zhu
 
 
Zang's concubine
 
Royal Fang
 
Xianfei Coates
 
Xian Fei Shao
 
 
Wu Shu Yi
 

Yin queen
confer a posthumous title upon Grace queen
Match the queen
confer a posthumous title upon Esther the queen
Empress Li
Lee was later to become the queen of queens, The Empress Dowager (the queen mother), posthumous Queen Matilda
Lixianfei
Originally made Xianfei , The Empress Dowager Later, as a posthumous Yuande Queen。 King Zhao Yuanzuo and Song Zhenzong Zhao Heng students
Wangdefei
living Zhaoyuanyan
De Zhu
The imperial concubine The sun
Zang's concubine
Royal Fang
Xianfei Coates
Xian Fei Shao
rank of court ladies Lee
Wu Shu Yi

Macau children

Son
relationship Full name The title / miaohao / Title
eldest son
Gongxian Wang Wei
Second son
Zhao a prince
Three
Four
Shang Gong Jing Wang
The five sub
Vietnamese Hui Wang
Six
Zhen Gong Yi Wang
Seven
The king of Chu Gonghui
Eight
Gongsu Wang Zhou
Nine
Wang Chong

eldest son
Zhaoyuanzuo
Gongxian Wang Wei
Second son
Zhaoyuanxi
Zhao a prince
Three
Zhao
emperor song zhenzong
Four
Zhaoyuanfen
Shang Gong Jing Wang
The five sub
Of
Vietnamese Hui Wang
Six
Zhaoyuanwo
Zhen Gong Yi Wang
Seven
Zhaoyuancheng
The king of Chu Gonghui
Eight
Zhaoyuanyan
Gongsu Wang Zhou
Nine
Zhaoyuanyi
Wang Chong
daughter
relationship Life
Eldest daughter
Teng The princess, early death
The second daughter
Big Princess Xu state , Taipingxingguo Nine years, letter Cai country Princess Marry, general Wei left Wuyuanyi Chunhua the first year of change; Wei Princess The death of Shi Hui Ying. To three years, Yan Guochang made a princess; Kagesuke In three years, Big Princess Yan ; Yuan Fu Change the princess Xu country; Zheng and Gaiying Hui Long Di Ji
Three female
Big Princess bin country For seven years, Taiping Xingguo, No., Ming master; died eight to three years, made; Cao Guochang Princess Jingyou; three years into Cao's long princess; Yuan Fu Long Princess Gaibin country
Four female
Big Princess Yang country For three years, to the letter, Xuan Cichang princess; Hampyeong In five years, Lu long princess, her left guard generals Chaizongqing Thanks to the first, Puning Fang; Chai Zongqing Chaiyuxi The sun, the emperor life with women Li Ye Yu tin article; South Korea long calendar resettlement princess, princess, Princess Guochang Xu Wei Guochang, Fu Princess Injong; Li, Deng's into the princess; Ming Two years Hong, Jin Jing Shi Shu made, force; Yuan Fu Big Princess Yang Feng; Zheng Jing Ji and changed and Changdi; the princess of jealousy, Chai Zong no son, brother to son after
Five female
Big Princess Yong of China For three years, to the letter, Xian Yi Long princess; Hampyeong For six years, married general Youwei Wangyiyong In the letter, Zheng Guochang gave the princess; Hong Jing first year, Shi Yi shun; Kagesuke Three years, Zheng Guo made a big long princess; Huangyou Three years, changed South Korean Princess Huizong changed; Big Princess Yong of China Zheng and Shun Yi; Di Ji
Six female
Wei long Princess , to three years, Feng Shou Changchang princess; Dazhong Xiangfu Two years, Jin Feng Chen Guochang princess, Princess Wu changed Guochang, reported Zhengjue CI master; Chu long changed princess, and Princess bin in china; Sky In two years, rebuilding princess; Gan Xing Shen's letter of first year, the princess; two years of Tiansheng Hong, grant posthumous title CI Ming Hui Zong reform; Wei long Princess Zheng and Ming Ci; Di Ji
Seven female
Big Princess Jing Guo Baby, get well, not out of the room, try to send treasure; Taizong, the female chooses, to view its ambition, the main single from Shinshu ascended the throne, seal longevity; the princess, the princess changed with her son-in-law, Chenzun Xu Wei; Li Yue long letter, princess the princess, the princess, night in Hubei in Hebei in Ming Dynasty, into the princess; Big Princess Wei ; Huangyou Three years Hong, sixty-four years; the emperor Pro lay, stop as North Korea for five days; made Prince Princess, Shi Mu long Princess Xian; Zong Jing changed country; politics and law to offer Jose Di Ji

Eldest daughter
Teng The princess, early death
The second daughter
Big Princess Xu state , Taipingxingguo Nine years, letter Cai country Princess Marry, general Wei left Wuyuanyi Chunhua the first year of change; Wei Princess The death of Shi Hui Ying. To three years, Yan Guochang made a princess; Kagesuke In three years, Big Princess Yan ; Yuan Fu Change the princess Xu country; Zheng and Gaiying Hui Long Di Ji
Three female
Big Princess bin country For seven years, Taiping Xingguo, No., Ming master; died eight to three years, made; Cao Guochang Princess Jingyou; three years into Cao's long princess; Yuan Fu Long Princess Gaibin country
Four female
Big Princess Yang country For three years, to the letter, Xuan Cichang princess; Hampyeong In five years, Lu long princess, her left guard generals Chaizongqing Thanks to the first, Puning Fang; Chai Zongqing Chaiyuxi The sun, the emperor life with women Li Ye Yu tin article; South Korea long calendar resettlement princess, princess, Princess Guochang Xu Wei Guochang, Fu Princess Injong; Li, Deng's into the princess; Ming Two years Hong, Jin Jing Shi Shu made, force; Yuan Fu Big Princess Yang Feng; Zheng Jing Ji and changed and Changdi; the princess of jealousy, Chai Zong no son, brother to son after
Five female
Big Princess Yong of China For three years, to the letter, Xian Yi Long princess; Hampyeong For six years, married general Youwei Wangyiyong In the letter, Zheng Guochang gave the princess; Hong Jing first year, Shi Yi shun; Kagesuke Three years, Zheng Guo made a big long princess; Huangyou Three years, changed South Korean Princess Huizong changed; Big Princess Yong of China Zheng and Shun Yi; Di Ji
Six female
Wei long Princess , to three years, Feng Shou Changchang princess; Dazhong Xiangfu Two years, Jin Feng Chen Guochang princess, Princess Wu changed Guochang, reported Zhengjue CI master; Chu long changed princess, and Princess bin in china; Sky In two years, rebuilding princess; Gan Xing Shen's letter of first year, the princess; two years of Tiansheng Hong, grant posthumous title CI Ming Hui Zong reform; Wei long Princess Zheng and Ming Ci; Di Ji
Seven female
Big Princess Jing Guo Baby, get well, not out of the room, try to send treasure; Taizong, the female chooses, to view its ambition, the main single from Shinshu ascended the throne, seal longevity; the princess, the princess changed with her son-in-law, Chenzun Xu Wei; Li Yue long letter, princess the princess, the princess, night in Hubei in Hebei in Ming Dynasty, into the princess; Big Princess Wei ; Huangyou Three years Hong, sixty-four years; the emperor Pro lay, stop as North Korea for five days; made Prince Princess, Shi Mu long Princess Xian; Zong Jing changed country; politics and law to offer Jose Di Ji

Macau Anecdotal stories

Song Taizong good reading," A book that is shut is but a block "He is from allusions.
The early years of life, Song Taizong Zhao Guangyi Wen Chen Lifang Write "general" Tai Ping et al. This book collects excerpts from the important contents of one thousand and six hundred kinds of ancient books, classified into fifty-five, a total of one thousand volumes.
Song Taizong set myself every day at least two or three volumes, all finished within one year, was renamed the " Taipingyulan ".
When Song Taizong decided to spend time reading this masterpiece, people have felt the emperor every day to deal with so many issues, but also to read such a book too hard, he went to advise the watch less, not necessarily every day, in order to avoid excessive Bother . But, emperor taizong of song He answered: "I'd love to have fun reading, often from books, read more books, good always and I don't feel bothered." So, he still insist on reading every day three volumes. Sometimes because of busy state delay, he also manage to fill, and often about people said: "if the books are open, good will."
Later, "useful" became the idiom, described as long as the open books to read, there are always good. Used to encourage people to work hard, read more books will benefit.

Macau Related disputes

The death of Song Taizong and the emperor ascended the throne, left a "shadow of candle and sound of axe" eternal mystery for future generations. This kind of mystery, academic circles have three different or even opposite views at all:
First, the song or the assassination, or sudden death due to sudden illness, so leave no pass in Song Taizong's testament;
Second, Song Taizong ascended the throne when no "any Yizhao" can be announced, even "made up", even after the emperor Yizhao are not made up ";
Third, because he did not leave a testament, and not enough time or inconvenience Taizong also fabricated the official Song Dynasty Testament, the "record", "history" and "value", "history of the Song Dynasty" the book will "see" a testament of the dynasty.

Macau Candle shadow axe sound

The main entry: Candle shadow axe sound
On the death of Zhao Kuangyin, " Gordon Wild. "" that candle shadow axe sound "of the lines in the world, is that Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin Or, a mystery what happened between Song Taizong Zhao Guangyi ascended the throne. Because Zhao Kuangyin is not the throne to his son according to the traditional custom, but to the younger brother Zhao Guangyi, brother Zhao Guangyi later therefore suspected murder The usurper .
This argument against those who think: author of the history Zizhi Tongjian " SHUSHUI notes The song "records: death, is the four time drum, Queen song send Eunuch Yemi Zhao Qin De Fang Zhao Into the palace, but Wang Jien has to KaiFeng Mansion Yamen Called Zhao Guangyi, the king's left Bet ya Chengdexuan Have been waiting at the door. Zhao Guangyi I was surprised, said: "I want to confer with my family." Wang Jien advised him to act quickly, to prevent others from Zhao Guangyi and Wang Jien, The early bird catches, Cheng Dexuan three people to walk into the palace in the snow. Accordingly, when Song Taizu died, Zhao Guangyi is not in the bedroom palace was not "killing brother".

Macau Synopsis of the Union

The main entry: Synopsis of the Union
Synopsis of the union, the historical load refers to the Empress Dowager Tu (Zhao Kuangyin, Zhao Guangyi, Zhao Guangmei's mother) died in the palace called Zhao Pu recorded words, life after the death of his brother Zhao Guangyi in the Zhao Kuangyin dynasty. This note is hidden in the golden, so it is named "synopsis of the union".
"Xuzizhitongjian" writer of the Qing Dynasty historian Bi Yuan view: emperor ascended the throne, neither in nor usurpation ascended the throne; emperor ascended the throne as emperor Yizhao, "did not drop out, there is a" non edict "is also testament". "Xuzizhitongjian" in the song "non real testament" point of view by the advent of which is regarded as the authoritative judgment and conclusion materials is widely accepted, the influence of history for two hundred or three hundred years.
In twentieth Century 40s, historians such as Deng Guangming Wu Tianchi, Mr. Zhu, although there is a completely different from the view of "Bi Yuan candle sound of axe", but in the song without a testament on the issue, said Bi Yuanzhi is still to prevail. As Mr. Deng Guangming in a long article in 40s that is clearly asserted: "when he ascended the throne at the beginning, the risk is surely suspected, even leisurely occasion, but he really did not announce any a testament to the Du yi."
Half a century later, Deng Guangming in "the broken Song Taizong became the" mystery of the amnesty Edict and further reiterated: "from the" history of the Song Dynasty "," long "and other books, can not see the accession of Song Taizong held any ceremony (which announced Yizhao throne etc.)."
The late Song Dynasty history expert Zhang Yin scales, Niechongqi The history of the Song Dynasty, the Chinese American expert Zi Jian Liu Araki Michi, a Japanese scholar, young scholars in the mainland of China Hongtao And Hou Hu, have reservations on the "usurpation" theory point of view. They think the song too rent not died of assassination, but his death has nothing to do with Song Taizong. It is because of sudden death, so it will not pass in Song Taizong's Testament, Song Taizong ascended the throne belongs to independence.
Mr. Zhang Yinlin: "Song Taizu's death is not really broken, but one thing can ascertain who does not have a formal decree Song Taizong ascended the throne to teach the basis (whether in fact without this, or if there is no name of the king). Otherwise, history records, Li Tao that "a long series of" breaking all records of."

Macau To post

There are unofficial think, emperor taizong of song Zhao Guangyi had to go back to the small weeks later, Zhou lambaste after Li Yu said this, quite popular in folk. The Northern Song Dynasty Wangzhi In " Memorize "In the earliest mention of the matter, after the Song Dynasty A dream " Summer diffuse copy The yuan, " Songwu " Set talk in one's sleep The Ming Dynasty, " Xianshu Mao " Tang Shi "And the Qing Dynasty Panyongyin " Song barnyard class notes "Such as quotation.
Note: the "original" by Wang Zhi cloud: Dragon Dagon "Jiangnan recorded" has a slightly moist delete cloud: Li Guozhu Zhou Guan Lun who then go towards the main letter, Mrs. Zheng Guo, with Fu palace. Every few days into noir out, will cry after scolding, is on the outside, more beautiful.
According to the " The history of the Song Dynasty Yiwenzhi "There are" Xu Hyun , Tang Yue "Jiangnan record" volume ten, dragon Dagon "Jiangnan unofficial history" volume twenty", "Jiangnan" is not recorded long gun written, and Wang Zhi cited as "delete run slightly Lun Guan" (that is, deletion of Polish version). Zheng Bao After marriage has, he believes that "Jiangnan recorded" a book "something more than that, without programmable, cutting the occasion, not high, was often very good", in his essays "Jiang Zhi", "the table near thing" in the two books also can not find "weeks after scolding after the main" a word or two. As for the "Jiangnan recorded" the original book, because has been lost, was unable to verify.
1, the first possibility, Wang Zhi cited "Jiangnan record", Xu Xuan, Tang Yue version. Xu Hyun and Tang Yue Are the old minister, according to the "history of the Song Dynasty", "Jiangnan recorded" the original title "Jiang table story" Zhao Guangyi Xiazhao, Department of editing, the so-called "official records", and the history of Xu Xuan loyal Li Yu, the letter written by the king of Wu Zhi Ming "Longxi cemetery", with Li Yu people appreciate, to common sense, Zhao Guangyi to small weeks after things, categorically not from the book.
2, another possibility, Wang Zhi cited "Jiangnan record" is. imperial emblem " Jiangnan unofficial "Error. "Jiangnan unofficial history" volume three Zhou after entering the palace for anecdotes, but there is no record of any strong Zhao Guangyi to small weeks. It is worth noting that the "Jiangnan unofficial history" text "early in the cloud from the modest palace mouth, quality not to return to their princess every cry, go, after God at every smell to avoid it, will" This sentence, "and" the memorization is very similar, or for the origin of Wang Zhi cited. According to the creation of later generations " Fortunately, small weeks after Ling hee figure "Ming. Shen Fus book Zengyan seen this painting, and said: "this figure after a lot of inscriptions"; Yaoshilin This picture also said she had seen This powder (denoted as "Song Taizong to Zhou"). But the so-called "king to small week", only in a small part of the unofficial history, there is no clear record in history, this painting not to be taken as an example.

Macau Historical records

"Sons Tazon Ji"

Macau Video image

1983 TV series " ": Shao Feng As Zhao Guangyi;
2012 TV series " Clever little empty ": Qingxiang As Zhao Guangyi