Jilin

Jilin province is located in Chinese Northeast Central section, Northeast Asia The geographic center, named after the Qing dynasty built in Jilin province city, referred to as" Luck "Capital Changchun . The cross longitude between 121 degrees 38 minutes to 131 degrees 19 minutes north latitude and 40 degrees 50 minutes to 46 degrees 19'. It is 769.62 kilometers long, 606.57 kilometers wide north-south, land area of 187 thousand and 400 square kilometers, accounting for 2% of national area.
Jilin
Located in Jilin Province Japan , Russia , North Korea , The Republic of Korea , Mongolia The composition and the Northeast China Northeast Asia Geometric center. North Heilongjiang Province The south. Liaoning Province West. Inner Mongolia The East and the autonomous region. Russian federation Border, Southeast North Korea Across the river. Jilin province is located in the coastal border, the border line of 1438.7 km, of which, the border line of 1206 kilometers, 232.7 kilometers of the border between China and russia. The easternmost of the HunChun The nearest distance The sea of Japan Only 15 kilometers from Russia's poset Bay is only 4 km.
Jilin province belongs to The temperate zone Continental monsoon climate Four seasons, with hot rainy season. Hot and rainy in summer, cold and dry in winter. Jilin is an important industrial base Chinese, manufacturing industry is relatively developed, automotive and petrochemical, agricultural products processing, commercial satellite as the pillar industry, the aerospace industry Equipment manufacturing Electronic information, medicine, metallurgy, building materials, textile and light industry has its own advantages and characteristics.
Under the jurisdiction of Jilin Province Changchun ( Deputy provincial city ), Jilin , Siping , Songyuan , Baicheng , Liaoyuan , make well-connected , Mount Bai and Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture . The other straight Meihekou , Gongzhuling 2 county-level city.

Jilin History

The main entry: The history of Jilin
In ancient times, there are human beings evolved in this land in Jilin province. About 5 years ago to 10 thousand years ago appeared" Shoushan Xianrendong "," Yushu people "," The people of Antu "," Castle headman ", is an important symbol of the formation of ancient human civilization in Jilin province.
Shun , Yu To Xia Shang and Zhou dynasties, the territory of Jilin Province, the ancient people began with the Central Plains Dynasty has established a subordination relationship and gradually become the Gunnar
 At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty Jilin territory (after 1683) At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty Jilin territory (after 1683)
An important part of the nation. This period has formed another name for the Ruzhen , Yemaek , Eastern Hu , Shan Rong , Puyo The national local government.
Martial Emperor According to three years (before 108), death Wiman Korea set up Xuantu Commandery Under the jurisdiction of Jilin Province, southeast. The eastern and Southern Landrace , Tumen , Dunhua , Dragon Wang Qing, Longjing, Hunchun , Yanji Other cities and counties, has an The sea Cang County , Lin Tun County , Lelang Commandery ; make well-connected , Ji'an , Meihekou , Jingyu Baishan has belonged to other cities and counties Zhenfan County And xuantu prefecture. This is the Jilin area into the Central Plains Dynasty in the beginning of the building of administrative.
The first 37~668 years, Goguryeo Active in Jilin Province, has set in Ji'an Mountain balls and Domestic city And, The Eastern Han Dynasty , the Wei state of the Three-Kingdoms Period , The Sui Dynasty The central regime and wartime, the heyday of its sphere of influence, including the north east of the Liaohe River in southeastern Jilin, and the Korean peninsula.
Tang Gaozong the first year (668), the general chapter of the Tang Dynasty and Xinluo united to destroy Goguryeo, setting Protectorate General to Pacify the East , The northwest frontier command of Tang Shiwei. In the first year (698), Sumomohe Chief Go of Balhae In Dunhua, Dong Mou Shanli "earthquake", with two years (713) by Tang xunzong Was canonized No. Balhae The rule, in most areas of Jilin province. After once and capital and Hunchun, for 926 years Khitan The destruction of. The Dongdan state And in the West. Huanglong house .
During the period of the Liao Dynasty, most of Jilin Province under the Tokyo Road, West Beijing Road jurisdiction.
In the Jin Dynasty territory. Beijing Road Beijing Road, Tokyo Road, a road, hailanjiang River Road, covering the whole territory of Jilin province today. Fok you three years (1215) Jurchens Puxianwannu establish East China really In 1233, Mongolia was destroyed.
Belonging to the Yuan Dynasty Liaoyang Province A house for the area, Kaiyuan Road, North Road, Taining road and the Central Secretariat of the Privy Council straight collar.
 Historical impression - Jilin shipyard site Historical impression - Jilin shipyard site
Most of the membership Nurgandos In the west, the area of Taonan is the Daning Division Tainingwei The southeast area. Jianzhou Wei For, Jianzhou Jurchens The birthplace of one of the.
clear Shunzhi Ten years (1653),. Ning Guta bond chapter Beijing . clear Kangxi Twelve years (1673), the Qing government to build the city of Jilin, named" Girin Ula "Jilin, hence the name, then general of Ning Guta resident migration to Jilin.
Five years of Qianlong (1740) promulgated the "return of refugees", Shanhaiguan East the implementation of prohibition policy. But the Qing government's policy of closing and failed to stop the life force of the large number of farmers into the Jilin province of North China in the central area, and to the north and to the East and West extension.
1757, General of Ning Guta Instead Jilin general "Jilin", from the original name for expanding cities administrative region title. Jilin general area includes Songhua River, Suifenhe, Mudanjiang, Tumen River, west of the original Fort Weiyuan open door, east of the Wusuli River cross-strait and Sakhalin, along the Yangtze River and the sea islands, north of Xingan mountain to the sea of Japan and the lower reaches of Heilongjiang, south of Changbai Mountain area.
In 1800, additional Changchun Hall For the beginning of construction, Changchun. 1803 (eight years Jiaqing), The government of the Qing Dynasty Abolish the ban.
In 1860, Russia signed the "Sino Russian Treaty of Beijing", from the coastal areas of Jilin was ceded to Russia, Jilin became an inland province.
 The history of Jilin Province -- Changchun hall site impression The history of Jilin Province -- Changchun hall site impression
1878 (Guangxu four years) Jilin Bureau of reclamation, reclamation events, economic landscape has changed significantly, and gradually formed a forestry area in East China, differences in the agricultural regions of central and western areas of agriculture and animal husbandry.
In 1907, formally established in Jilin Province, set up The governor of Jilin (Jilin Province as the first governor Guzhaoxi Located in Jilin City, the provincial capital). Guangxu emperor attempt to reform the political situation in the Qing Dynasty. He released the first domestic trouble and foreign invasion, the abolition of three general decree: Northeast, set up Fengtian (now Liaoning), Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces; modified as governor general Shengjing general.
In 1908, Jilin province governor general of Jilin, Jilin branch offices, along with the abolition of the governor of Jilin Road, Jilin province has become the highest executive and civil affairs, and its service. The same year, Jilin province within the province were modeled off, successively in the province under four road patrol bingbeidao.
As of 1912 in Jilin Province The Nanjing Provisional Government One of the 22 provinces, districts along the old Qing invariant. In February 12th, the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty Aixinjueluo PuYi Xiazhao abdicate, 268 years of the Qing Dynasty and ended two thousand years of feudal monarchy. April 15th, high Qing official Ordered the provincial governors were renamed the captaincy. Chenzhaocheng As the military governor of Jilin province.
In 1926, the Communist Party of China north Manchuria in Jilin province Changchun established prefectural branch. In 1930, the establishment of the first Soviet government in rural areas in northeastern China and Yaoshuidong county. "September 18" incident, the boundary condition is: West Fengtian , North Heilongjiang, South to the Tumen River in South Korea, the eastern boundary of the Soviet union.
At the beginning of twentieth Century, the northeast into Russian and Japanese imperialism colonial expansion of the race. stay The May 4th Movement Promote and later The May 30th Movement The influence of
 Historical impression - puppet state of emperor Pu Yi Historical impression - puppet state of emperor Pu Yi
Next, Jilin has a wave of anti imperialist struggle of earth. National industrial and commercial development, there are more modern city scale. During the period of 1932~1945, Jilin Province Northeast People's Counter-Japanese Volunteer Army and Northeast Counter-Japanese United Army The guerrilla war, this time Yang Jingyu , Wei Zheng China , De Tai Wang , De Lin Wang Other Japanese hero.
In September 18, 1931, the Japanese imperialist launched" 918 incident "Chinese invaded the northeast, Jilin was colonized by japan. In September 19th, the Japanese occupation of Changchun, Siping etc. 21, the city of Jilin. Jilin Province, deputy commander of the northeast frontier force acting chairman, Chief Executive Office peaceful and prosperous Drop on. In November 12th, Jilin Province set up Anti Japanese government in bin county, Cheng Yun Acting president. March 9, 1932, The puppet regime in Manchuria The puppet regime was formally established, to Pu Yi For the ruling, nianhao "Datong", "capital of Beijing" (Jin Changchun). In 1934, Japan changed the "Manchuria" to "Manchuria Empire", to "govern" as the "emperor", nianhao "Datong"" Kant ".
 Pseudo Manchuria map Pseudo Manchuria map
August 8, 1945, "(the letter 2016 No. 31) agreed to set up a new Changchun. Part of the regional Changchun district includes Changchun, Chaoyang District City Wide City, two district, nine district, the planning area of about 499 square kilometers.

Jilin administrative division

Under the jurisdiction of the capital Changchun ( Deputy provincial city And (Jilin) Big city ), Siping , make well-connected , Mount Bai , Liaoyuan , Baicheng , Songyuan 7 cities, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and The administrative committee of Changbai Mountain . The other direct jurisdiction Meihekou , Gongzhuling 2 county-level city.
Administrative Region Under the jurisdiction of the administrative district
Siping City Tiexi District , Tiedong District , Shuangliao City , lishu county , Yitong Manchu Autonomous County , Siping Liaohe farm management area
Liaoyuan City Yongsan-gu , Xi'an District , Dongfeng County , Dongliao County
Tonghua City Dongchang District , Erdaojiang , Ji'an City , Tonghua County , Huinan County , Liuhe County
Baishan City Hunjiang District , River Source Area , Linjiang , Fusong County , Jingyu County , Changbai Korean Autonomous County
Baicheng City
Songyuan City Ningjiang district , Fuyu City , Qian'an County , Changling County , Qian Gorlos Mongolian Autonomous County
Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture Yanji City , Tumen City , dunhua , Helong , HunChun , Longjing , Wangqing County , Antu County
,
Note: Meihekou and Gongzhuling Jilin County .
Gongzhuling

Changchun City
Nanguan District , Chaoyang District , Luyuan District , Two district , Shuangyang District , Wide city , Nine Taiwan area , Yushu , Dehui , Nong'an County
Jilin City
Chuanying District , Longtan District , Changyi District , Fengman District , Panshi , huadian city , Jiaohe City , shulan city , Yongji County
Taobei , Taonan , Da'an City , Zhenlai County , Tongyu County
Meihekou
(updated in February 6, 2015)

Jilin natural environment

Jilin geographical position

Located in Jilin Province Japan , Russia , North Korea , The Republic of Korea , Mongolia The composition and the Northeast China Northeast Asia Geometric center. Across the east longitude 121 degrees 38 '~
 The location of Jilin Province The location of Jilin Province
Between 131 degrees 19 minutes north latitude and 40 degrees 50 minutes to 46 degrees 19'. It is 769.62 kilometers long, 606.57 kilometers wide north-south, land area of 187 thousand and 400 square kilometers, accounting for 2% of the land area Chinese. North Heilongjiang Province The south. Liaoning Province West. Inner Mongolia The East and the autonomous region. Russian federation Border, Southeast North Korea Across the river. Jilin province is located in the coastal border, the border line of 1438.7 km, of which, the border line of 1206 kilometers, 232.7 kilometers of the border between China and russia. On the east side of Hunchun City, away from the nearest The sea of Japan Only 15 kilometers from Russia's poset Bay is only 4 km.

Jilin topographic features

Jilin landform difference. Terrain from southeast to northwest tilt, showing obvious characteristics of the southeast northwest. In the middle Big Black Mountain For the community, can be divided into the eastern mountains and the plains of the Midwest area two. The eastern mountain is divided into Changbai Mountain Zhongshan low mountain and hilly area, the Midwest into high plains in the central and western area of meadow, lakes, wetlands, sand area. The main types of landforms by the volcano landforms, erosion landform, alluvial landforms
 Jilin province topography Jilin province topography
And the alluvial plain landscape.
The main mountain in Jilin Province Big Black Mountain , Zhangguangcai , Jilin hada Ling , Laoling , Peony Ling Etc.. The main plain is bounded to the north of Songliao watershed. In the Songnen Plain To the south. Liaohe Plain . Jilin province is the highest point in Changbai Mountain Baegunbong (2691 meters).
Jilin landform formation stress by glaciers, water, wind and other meteorological factors based on climate. The Quaternary glacier in Changbai Mountain's Glacier erosion remains still visible. The influence of modern water erosion on the landform is very broad, mountains, hills, plateaus, plains, basin, valley much affected by erosion, erosion and accumulation, the formation of a variety of alluvial, fluvial landform, river floodplain, alluvial pluvial plain, gully etc.. Volcano landforms in the total area of Jilin Province in 8.6%, the fluvial lacustrine landform accounted for 83.5%, accounting for 2.6%, accounting for about 5.2% of aeolian landform.

Jilin hydrology

Jilin Province, many rivers, mainly for the five major river systems. Mainly for the eastern part of Yanbian Tumen River Water, including Buerhatong , Gaya , Hailanjiang and hunchun river The southeast; The Yalu River River system, Hun Through Baishan and Tonghua; Southwest Liaoyuan Siping area Liao As the main stream, East Liaohe River and West Liaohe River Yanbian Prefecture and Dunhua; a small part Suifenhe The rest are water; Songhua River River, a tributary of huifa river , Yitong River , Mudanjiang , Lalinhe River , Yinma River , Taoerhe , Nenjiang Etc..
Jilin Province, river and lake water area of 265 thousand and 500 hectares, the drainage area of more than 20 square kilometers in size of 1648 rivers. The main lakes Yes: Changbai Mountain Tianchi , Songhua Lake (the largest artificial lake), Yanminghu , Chagan Lake and The moon bubble .
Jilin province is rich in hydropower resources in the eastern part, there are 13 large reservoirs, 98% water resources distribution in the eastern mountains, a mountain, Redstone, Yunfeng, plump and other large hydropower station . The northwest of Songyuan Baicheng area of marsh wetland. Jilin province is rich in aquatic products, with high quality edible fish variety.

Jilin Climatic characteristics

Jilin province is located in the middle latitudes of Eurasia on the eastern side, belong to the temperate continental monsoon climate, four seasons, with hot rainy season. It is dry and windy in spring and summer The high temperature and rainy, autumn bright, long cold winter. From the southeast to the northwest by the humid climate transition to semi humid to semi-arid climate.
Jilin Province, temperature and precipitation, temperature, wind and natural disasters are seasonal and regional differences. The winter average temperature at -11 DEG C. In summer, the average temperature is 23 degrees centigrade above the plain. Jilin Province, the annual temperature range at 35 to 42 DEG C, daily range is generally 10 ~ 14 DEG C. In 2015, frost free period is generally 100 to 160 days. Jilin Province, the average sunshine hours for 2259 ~ 3016 hours. The average annual precipitation is 400 to 600 mm, but the seasonal and regional differences, 80% concentrated in the summer, the most abundant rainfall in the east. In normal years, light, heat and water conditions can meet the needs of crop growth.

Jilin natural resources

Jilin land resource

Jilin province is known as" Black land ". The existing cultivated land area of 5 million 537 thousand and 800 hectares, accounting for 28.98% of the land area in Jilin province; the per capita arable land 0.21 hectares (3.05 acres), is 2.18 times the national average; the land is fertile, the surface soil organic matter content is 3% ~ 6% higher by more than 15%. The boundless plain fertile land, rich in corn, rice, soybeans, oil, grains and other high-quality agricultural products, with favorable conditions for the development of high-efficiency agriculture and green agriculture. Agricultural land (including farmland, woodland, grassland, farmland water conservancy, water aquaculture etc.) a total area of about 16 million 400 thousand hectares, the total land area of 86%, higher than the whole The average of 17 percentage points.

Jilin mineral resources

The proven reserve of Jilin Province mineral resources There are 89 kinds of. The oil shale, diatomite, wollastonite, volcano slag and other 11 kinds of mineral reserves ranking first in the country, and molybdenum, germanium, nickel and other 41 kinds of mineral reserves ranking the top ten. Among them, the oil shale has identified reserves accounted for 54% of the country's development potential is very great, concentrated in the Songyuan area. Changbai Mountain district has the largest best Mineral water Resources, is one of the world's top three high quality mineral water.

Jilin Forest resources

Jilin province is an important base of the forestry China, Forest The coverage rate of up to 42.5%. The total standing volume of 860 million 890 thousand cubic meters, ranking sixth in the nation. Changbai Mountain District, known as "Changbai forest", China is one of the six major forest areas, there are Korean pine , Toothed oak , A Manchurian Ash , Phellodendron amurense Rupr Other species. " Pinus sylvestriformis "As a rare species endemic to Changbai Mountain, because of its trunk straight, bright, beautiful tree bark and is called the" beauty ", and included in the national key protected wild plants in 1999 the State Council promulgated the" ".

Jilin Biological resources

Jilin province has 445 terrestrial wild animal species, including 14 species of amphibians, 16 species of reptiles, 335 species of birds, 80 species of mammals, accounting for about 17.66% of the number of wild animal, which accounted for 30.36% of the number of all kinds of birds. 76 included in the "directory" national protected animal species, including 14 species of mammals, 61 species of wild animal protection at the national level; 18, two protected wild animal 58 kinds, the national protection list are beneficial or of important economic or scientific value of terrestrial wild animal 291. The Jilin city of Hunchun province "China Tiger Town" title. The national level to protect animal varieties Northeast Tiger Leopard, Sika deer , The Oriental White Stork , Red-crowned crane , Crane , Bustard Etc..
Jilin province has 3890 kinds of wild plants, including more than 270 species of lichens and fungi species of more than 900, more than 140 species of ferns, gymnosperms 30, more than 2200 species of angiosperms. Included in the "national key protected wild plants (the first batch)" has 16 kinds, of which the first class national key protected wild plants and 3 species, the second class of the national protected wild plants 13. Wild edible plants have bracken, Osmunda, perversing buds, matsutake, black fungus, Hericium, grape, walnut etc.. The Eastern District of Changbai Mountain rich resources of wild medicinal plants, known as one of the three major natural herbs China treasure.

Jilin grassland resources

Jilin province is one of the eight China pastoral areas. The total area of the province's 10 million 370 thousand acres of grassland, accounting for about 3.6% of the land area of the province, the available area accounted for more than 70% of the province's grassland area, mainly distributed in the eastern and western hilly mountainous grassland. The eastern grassland scattered and high yield; the vast grassland, concentrated, good grass quality, especially in the rich world is an important area of Leymus chinensis, suitable for the development of animal husbandry. In recent years, Jilin Province in the West in 13 counties (city, district) of ecological grass protection and construction, strengthen the grassland ecological protection, reducing grassland bearing pressure, grassland vegetation was recovered.

Jilin Economics

Jilin Survey

   The steady growth of the national economy. To achieve GDP 1 trillion and 427 billion 411 million yuan, calculated at comparable prices, the growth of 6.5% over the previous year. Among them, the first industrial added value of 159 billion 628 million yuan, an increase of 4.7%; second of the industrial added value of 733 billion 706 million yuan, an increase of 5.6%; third of the industrial added value of 534 billion 77 million yuan, up 8.3%. The three industrial structure proportion is 11.2:51.4:37.4, the contribution rate of economic growth were 6.9%, 47.4% and 45.7%. Based on the resident population, per capita GDP in Jilin province reached 51852 yuan (annual average exchange rate of $8327), growth of 6.5% over the previous year.
The private economy of Jilin Province, the added value of 733 billion 690 million yuan, accounting for the proportion of GDP of Jilin province is 51.4%; the private economy to achieve the main business income of 3 trillion and 263 billion 420 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.8%. Million yuan GDP comprehensive energy consumption reduced 10.69%; scale industrial added value RMB comprehensive energy consumption decrease rate was 14.4%. Figure 1:2011-2015 annual GDP growth rate and
In 2015, consumer price index of residents in Jilin province for 101.7 (more than 100 years, the same below), the overall price level rose 1.7%. Among them, rural residents consumer price index was 101.6, up 1.6%; the total consumer price index of the city was 101.7, up 1.7%. The price index of agricultural means of production was 100.2, up 0.2%; industrial producer price index for 95.3, down 4.7%; industrial producer price index was 96.6, down 3.4%; the price index of investment in fixed assets was 97.6, down 2.4%.
2015 to complete a full caliber financial income 214 billion 400 million yuan, down 2% over the previous year, the completion of the local fiscal revenue 122 billion 930 million yuan, up 2.2%. Among them, 2015 to complete the tax revenue 86 billion 710 million yuan, down 2%; complete the sales tax revenue 24 billion 210 million yuan, up 5.8%. Tax revenues accounted for the proportion of local fiscal revenue was 70.5%, a decrease of 3 percentage points. In 2015 the local fiscal expenditure 321 billion 710 million yuan, up 10.4%. Among them, social security and employment expenditure 46 billion 230 million yuan, an increase of 18.5%; science and technology expenditure 4 billion 140 million yuan, an increase of 13.6%; health expenditure 24 billion 580 million yuan, an increase of 19.1%; energy saving expenditure 11 billion 770 million yuan, down 16.1%; education expenditure 47 billion 760 million yuan, up 17.3%.

Jilin Primary industry

In 2015, animal husbandry and fishery added value of 164 billion 460 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 4.7%. Among them, the agricultural added value 92 billion 630 million The added value of 6 billion 680 million yuan yuan, forestry and animal husbandry, the added value of 57 billion 850 million yuan, 2 billion 460 million yuan increase added value of fishery, husbandry and fishery service value of 4 billion 830 million yuan.
Planting:
Grain harvest. In 2015 the grain sown area of 76 million 170 thousand acres, 1 million 160 thousand acres more than last year, growth of 1.5%. In 2015 the total grain output of 36 million 470 thousand tons, increased by 3.2%. Among them, the maize yield of 28 million 57 thousand tons, increased by 2.6%, yield of 7383.6 kg / ha, down 0.1%; rice yield 6 million 301 thousand tons, increased by 7.2%, yield of 8272.2 kg / ha, increased by 5.2%.
Animal Husbandry:
2015 swine, cattle, sheep, poultry production 2 million 558 thousand tons, down 0.4% over the previous year. Among them, the pork production 1 million 360 thousand tons, down 3.1%; beef production 466 thousand tons, an increase of 1.3%; mutton production 48 thousand tons, an increase of 6.4%; poultry production 684 thousand tons, growth of 3.8%. Egg production of 1 million 73 thousand tons, up 8.9%. Raw milk production 523 thousand tons, growth of 6.1%. At the end of 9 million 724 thousand live pigs, down 2.8%; 2015 pig slaughter 16 million 643 thousand, down 3.3%.
As of the end of 2015, the total power of agricultural machinery in Jilin province reached 31 million 525 thousand kilowatts, up 8% over the previous year. Increase the number of agricultural machinery and equipment over the end of all, which have large and medium-sized tractors 521 thousand and 400 units, water-saving irrigation machinery 40 thousand and 100 sets, an increase of 6.5%, 1.8%. To further strengthen the construction of farmland water conservancy, farmland effective irrigation area and Hanlaobaoshou area reached 1 million 790 thousand and 900 hectares and 1 million 31 thousand and 100 hectares. To 2015 4 billion 960 million kilowatts of electricity consumption in rural areas, increase of 1.7%.

Jilin The secondary industry

Industry:
In 2015, the above scale industrial added value of 605 billion 463 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.3%. Among them, light industrial added value of 195 billion 659 million yuan, an increase of 6.7%; the heavy industrial added value of 409 billion 804 million yuan, down 0.2%. Type of economy, state-owned enterprises added value of 111 billion 548 million yuan, an increase of 16.8%; collective enterprises added value of 1 billion 908 million yuan, an increase of 13.8%; implementation of joint-stock enterprises added value of 408 billion 861 million yuan, Growth of 10%.
2015 above scale industrial added value of 145 billion 638 million yuan, the automobile manufacturing industry, down 14% over the previous year; petrochemical industry added value of 72 billion 12 million yuan, an increase of 13.9%; food industry added value of 106 billion 837 million yuan, an increase of 4%; information industry added value of 13 billion 338 million yuan, an increase of 13.6%; the pharmaceutical industry added value of 53 billion 378 million yuan, up 12.2% metallurgy; building materials industry added value of 74 billion 219 million yuan, an increase of 4.7%; energy industrial added value of 10 billion 776 million yuan, down 4.2%; textile industry added value of 12 billion 925 million yuan, up 3.4%. Six high energy consuming industries [3] total added value of 123 billion 855 million yuan, up 3.4%. High tech manufacturing industry added value of 57 billion 730 million yuan, an increase of 12.6%, accounting for above scale industrial added value accounted for 9.5%. The equipment manufacturing industry added value of 63 billion 43 million yuan, an increase of 13%, accounting for above scale industrial added value accounted for 10.4%.
In 2015 above scale industrial enterprises realized profits of 117 billion 146 million yuan, down 16.4% over the previous year. Among them, the automobile manufacturing industry realized profits of 61 billion 111 million yuan, down 21.9%; pharmaceutical industry realized profits of 15 billion 664 million yuan, an increase of 25.2%; high technology manufacturing industry realized profits of 16 billion 856 million yuan, an increase of 23.7%; the equipment manufacturing industry realized profits of 13 billion 756 million yuan, up 6.3%.
In 2015 above scale private enterprises in the industrial added value of 340 billion 162 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13.8%, higher than all of the above scale industrial average growth rate 8.5 percentage points; profit of 63 billion 904 million yuan, up 9.3%.
Construction business:
In 2015, the added value of the construction of 92 billion 706 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8%, accounting for the proportion of GDP of Jilin province is 6.5%.

Jilin The service sector; the tertiary industry

Domestic trade:
In 2015 the total retail sales of social consumer goods 664 billion 646 million yuan, up 9.3% over the previous year. According to the statistics of consumption patterns, retail sales of 589 billion 129 million yuan, an increase of 9%; catering income 75 billion 516 million yuan, up 11.4%. According to statistics management, urban retail sales 587 billion 17 million yuan, an increase of 9%; rural retail sales 77 billion 629 million yuan, an increase of 11.6%, rural retail sales growth rate was higher than the average level of Jilin province and the town of 2.3 and 2.6 percentage points.
In the above Jilin province retail sales enterprises, sports and entertainment activities analogy 14.9% over the previous year growth of 14.2%; furniture; grain, food, beverages, tobacco and alcohol increased 11.2%; Western drug class growth 10.4%; construction and decoration materials increased by 9.5%; office supplies culture growth 9.1%; growth of clothing shoes hats and textiles 8.8% cosmetics; growth 8.2%; commodity growth 7.3%; communication equipment rose 6.1%; household appliances and audio-video equipment grew 6%; books and magazines, an increase of 5.5%; gold and silver jewelry grew by 4.9%; and the oil products fell 1.8% over the previous year; the car dropped by 1.6%; the other 12.5% growth.
Foreign economic:
In 2015, the total import and export $18 billion 938 million, down 28.2% over the previous year. Among them, exports amounted to $4 billion 654 million, down 19.5%; the total imports of $14 billion 284 million, down 30.7%.
In 2015, the actual use of foreign investment $8 billion 572 million, an increase of 12%, compared with the previous year, foreign direct investment 2 billion 127 million U.S. dollars, up 8.2%. In 2015 the provincial capital of 682 billion 983 million yuan, up 16.1%.
Finance:
At the end of 2015, domestic financial institutions in Jilin Province, the foreign currency deposits of 1 trillion and 868 billion 380 million yuan, an increase of 204 billion 636 million yuan over the beginning of this year, the RMB deposit balance of 1 trillion and 849 billion 959 million yuan, an increase of 198 billion 868 million yuan; financial institutions and foreign currency loans 1 trillion and 530 billion 884 million yuan, an increase of 260 billion 940 million yuan over the beginning of this year, the loan balance of RMB 1 trillion and 520 billion 311 million yuan, an increase of 261 billion 166 million yuan. Agricultural institutions RMB loans 190 billion 770 million yuan, an increase of 32 billion 545 million yuan RMB; personal consumer loans 11 billion 265 million yuan, an increase of 2 billion 347 million yuan.
As of the end of 2015, Jilin Province, there were 40 listed companies, with the end of year. The stock market in 2015, the stock fund total transactions 4 trillion and 120 billion 810 million yuan.

Jilin population

Jilin Demographic profile

 The sixty anniversary of the national day of the Jilin float The sixty anniversary of the national day of the Jilin float
According to "Jilin Province in 2010 sixth nationwide population census The main data bulletin ", Jilin resident population of 27 million 462 thousand and 297 people. Including: male 13912019 people, accounting for 50.66% of the total population; female 13550278 people, accounting for 49.34% of the total population. Total population sex ratio (female 100, male to female ratio); 0-14 years old accounted for 11.99% of the population is 3292657 people; 15-64 accounted for 79.63% of the population is 21867007 people; the population aged 65 and over 2302633 people, accounting for 8.38%; with University (refer to above) 2716108 degrees; senior high school (technical secondary school) 4631729 degrees, with 11553196 junior high school degree; has 6607037 primary school level (above all kinds of education including all types of school graduates, students and students).
At the end of 2015, the total population of Jilin province is 27 million 533 thousand, a net increase of 9 thousand and 400 people than last year, of which the urban resident population of 15 million 229 thousand people, accounting for the proportion of the population (the resident population urbanization rate) was 55.31%, 0.5 percentage points higher than the previous year. Born in 2015, the population of 161 thousand and 600 people, the birth rate was 5.87 per thousand; and 152 thousand and 300 deaths, the mortality rate was 5.53 per thousand; the natural growth rate of 0.34 per thousand. The sex ratio was 101.77 (100 female).

Jilin National distribution

 Manchu style Festival Manchu style Festival
Jilin is a multi-ethnic province. The Korean nationality , Manchu , Mongolian , Hui and Siberia The 55 ethnic minority population 2 million 185 thousand and 700 people, accounting for 7.96% of the total population. Among them, 1040167 Korean, 866365 Manchu, Mongolian, Hui 145039 people, 118799 people, 3113 people of Xibe nationality. In addition to more than 5 ethnic minorities, other minority population 12222 people, the population is at least the Derung, only 1 people. Manchu, Mongolian, Hui and Siberia As for the Korean ethnic minority, the late Qing Dynasty or the northeast during the fall from the Korean Peninsula to relocate refugees.
Jilin province is mainly distributed in the eastern Korean Yanbian , Jilin , make well-connected , Mount Bai City, state, Mongolian and Xibe were mainly distributed in the West Baicheng City and Songyuan City Manchu, Hui, to Changchun , Jilin , make well-connected , Siping , Liaoyuan The majority of the city.
There are 4 ethnic autonomous areas in Jilin Province, namely Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Qian Gorlos Mongolian Autonomous County , Changbai Korean Autonomous County , Yitong Manchu Autonomous County . Autonomous areas of minority population 1 million 34 thousand people, accounting for 47.31% of the population of ethnic minorities in Jilin Province, accounting for 30.18% of the total population of ethnic autonomous areas. The minority population of 1 million 151 thousand and 700 people living area, ethnic minorities accounted for 52.70% of the total population, the total population of 4.8% living area. Jilin province also has 33 townships (towns) and 1 townships in the town to enjoy the treatment.
Jilin Province, ethnic minority population and the proportion of the total population, which is located in the ninth and eleventh.

Jilin Sociology

Jilin education

In 2015, Jilin Province, 4493 primary school, enrollment of 206 thousand people, 1 million 280 thousand students. 1181 junior high school, 181 thousand students, 596 thousand students. Senior high school 239, enrollment of 135 thousand people, 406 thousand students. School secondary occupation education 289, enrollment of 45 thousand people, 134 thousand students, 53 thousand graduates, among them, the number of obtained occupation technical certificate for 32 thousand people. The vocational and technical training schools (Institutions) 2772, 422 thousand the number of students registered. 4174 kindergartens, admission (classes) 235 thousand children in the garden, 464 thousand children (class). 47 special education schools, 6015 students.
In 2015, Jilin province has 21 institutions for training graduate students enrolled in 2015, 19 thousand graduate students, graduate students 58 thousand people. There are 58 colleges and universities, the ordinary colleges 37 (including 6 independent colleges), Normal College (vocational) colleges in 2015 21; the ordinary college students enrolled 175 thousand people, general undergraduate students 633 thousand people, an increase of 14 thousand over the previous year. The college adult college in 2015 a total of 71 thousand students, 181 thousand students.
In 2015, Jilin province at all levels of 3527 private schools, 592 thousand students. Among them, the private colleges and universities (including independent college) in 16, with 146 thousand students; private colleges and 26 high schools, 34 thousand students; the private secondary occupation of 71 schools, 13 thousand students; private junior high school 39, 72 thousand students; private primary school 23, 57 thousand students; 3352 private kindergarten, in the garden 271 thousand children. In addition, there are other non academic private education and training institutions 1233, registered in the number of about 123 thousand people.
Independent minority 88 kindergartens, pre-school education of minority children in the garden of 20 thousand people; ethnic minority primary school primary school 81, 87 thousand students; minority 56 junior high school, junior high school 44 thousand ethnic minority students in minority nationalities; ordinary high school 24, 37 thousand ethnic minority students in senior high school. The secondary occupation education in ethnic minority students in 7 thousand people. In the higher education of minority students in 104 thousand people.
Undergraduate colleges and Universities
Serial number The name of the school Location School level
One
Changchun City
The "211" project, "985" project, undergraduate
Two
Changchun City
The "211" project, undergraduate
Three
Yanji City
The "211" project, undergraduate
Four changchun university of science and technology Changchun City Undergraduate
Five Changchun University of Technology Changchun City Undergraduate
Six Jilin Agricultural University Changchun City Undergraduate
Seven Changchun Taxation College Changchun City Undergraduate
Eight Jilin University of Architecture Changchun City Undergraduate
Nine changchun normal university Changchun City Undergraduate
Ten changchun university of chinese medicine Changchun City Undergraduate
Eleven changchun university Changchun City Undergraduate
Twelve Jilin College of the arts Changchun City Undergraduate
Thirteen Changchun Institute of Technology Changchun City Undergraduate
Fourteen Jilin Business School Changchun City Undergraduate
Fifteen Jilin Institute of physical Education Changchun City Undergraduate
Sixteen Jilin Teachers Institute of engineering and technology Changchun City Undergraduate
Seventeen jilin police college Changchun City Undergraduate
Eighteen Jilin Huaqiao Foreign Languages Institute Changchun City Undergraduate
Nineteen jilin animation institute Changchun City Undergraduate
Twenty Changchun School of Architecture Changchun City Undergraduate
Twenty-one
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Twenty-two
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Twenty-three Jilin Normal University Siping City Undergraduate
Twenty-four
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Twenty-five
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Twenty-six
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Twenty-seven
Tonghua City
Undergraduate
Twenty-eight
Baicheng City
Undergraduate

One
Jilin University
Changchun City
The "211" project, "985" project, undergraduate
Two
Northeast Normal University
Changchun City
The "211" project, undergraduate
Three
Yanbian University
Yanji City
The "211" project, undergraduate
Twenty-one
Northeast Dianli University
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Twenty-two
Beihua University
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology
Jilin City
Undergraduate
Jilin Medical College
Jilin City
Undergraduate
agriculture science and technology college
Jilin City
Undergraduate
tonghua normal university
Tonghua City
Undergraduate
Twenty-eight
baicheng normal university
Baicheng City
Undergraduate
independent college
Serial number The name of the school Location School level
One
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Two
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Three
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Four
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Five
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Six
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Seven
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Eight
Siping City
Undergraduate
Nine
Changchun City
Undergraduate

One
Jilin University of architecture and urban.
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Two
Changchun Guanghua School
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Three
Changchun University of Technology College of Humanities & Information
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Four
Changchun University of Science and Technology School of Optoelectronic Information
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Five
Changchun College of Finance and Economics
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Six
Changchun Institute of science and technology
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Seven
Northeast Normal University College of Humanities
Changchun City
Undergraduate
Eight
Boda College of Jilin Normal University
Siping City
Undergraduate
Nine
Changchun University School of Tourism
Changchun City
Undergraduate
In Higher Vocational Colleges
Serial number The name of the school Location School level
One
Baicheng City
Specialty
Two
Changchun City
Specialty
Three
Changchun City
Specialty
Four
Changchun City
Specialty
Five
Siping City
Specialty
Six
Changchun City
Specialty
Seven
Changchun City
Specialty
Eight
Liaoyuan City
Specialty
Nine
Baishan City
Specialty
Ten
Changchun City
Specialty
Eleven
Songyuan City
Specialty
Twelve
Changchun City
Specialty
Thirteen
Siping City
Specialty
Fourteen
Jilin City
Specialty
Fifteen
Jilin City
Specialty
Sixteen
Changchun City
Specialty
Seventeen
Jilin City
Specialty
Eighteen
Baicheng City
Specialty
Nineteen
Changchun City
Specialty
Twenty
Yanbian City
Specialty

One
Baicheng Medical College
Baicheng City
Specialty
Two
Changchun Automobile Industry Institute
Changchun City
Specialty
Three
Changchun Medical College
Changchun City
Specialty
Four
Changchun Finance College
Changchun City
Specialty
Five
Siping Professional College
Siping City
Specialty
Six
jilin communications polytechnic
Changchun City
Specialty
Seven
Changchun Dongfang Vocational College
Changchun City
Specialty
Eight
Liaoyuan Vocational Technical College
Liaoyuan City
Specialty
Nine
Changbai Mountain Career Technical College
Baishan City
Specialty
Ten
Jilin Justice Officer Academy
Changchun City
Specialty
Eleven
Songyuan Technical College
Songyuan City
Specialty
Twelve
changchun vocational institute of technology
Changchun City
Specialty
Thirteen
Jilin Vocational College of Agricultural Engineering
Siping City
Specialty
Fourteen
Jilin Vocational College of Industry and Technology
Jilin City
Specialty
Fifteen
jilin technology college of electronic information
Jilin City
Specialty
Sixteen
changchun information technology college
Changchun City
Specialty
Seventeen
Jilin railway Career Technical College
Jilin City
Specialty
Eighteen
Baicheng Career Technical College
Baicheng City
Specialty
Nineteen
Jilin science and technology Career Technical College
Changchun City
Specialty
Twenty
Yanbian Career Technical College
Yanbian City
Specialty

Jilin science and technology

As of the end of 2015, Jilin province China Chinese Academy of Sciences and Academy of Engineering 24. Jilin province has built 12 national key laboratory, The provincial department (the Department of Jilin province science and Technology Key Laboratory) 3, 59 provincial key laboratories, provincial science and Technology Innovation Center (Engineering Research Center) 118.
In 2015, Jilin Province, 14800 domestic patent applications, granted in 8878, a year-on-year increase of 24% and 32.6% respectively. Among them, the invention patent applications 6154, an increase of 17%; invention patents 2240, growth of 57%. The 2015 year (from November 1, 2014 to October 31, 2015) the registration of the provincial science and technology achievement 837. In 2015, 10 scientific research achievements of national science and technology awards; 23 provincial scientific and technological progress award; 81 won the provincial science and technology progress award two; 121 won the provincial science and technology progress third-prize; 5 won the provincial science and Technology Invention Award; 2 provincial science and Technology Invention Prize two; 7 for science the invention of technology third-prize; 7 won the first prize of natural science; 18 won two prize of natural science; 19 to get the third-prize province natural science. In 2015 a total of 2419 copies of the contract signed, the contract turnover of 2 billion 646 million yuan.

Jilin Hygiene

As of the end of 2015, Jilin Province health technical personnel 159 thousand people, among them, practicing doctors and assistant doctors 67 thousand and 300 people, 60 thousand and 700 registered nurses. Hospitals and health centers have 135 thousand and 300 medical beds. Jilin province has 776 township hospitals, 17 thousand and 500 beds, 19 thousand medical personnel. All of Jilin Province, county (city and district, the Development Zone) are the implementation of the new rural cooperative medical care coverage rate reached 100%. There are 13 million 273 thousand and 900 farmers participated in the new rural cooperative medical system, participation rate of 99.7%, in 2015 a total of 6 billion 385 million yuan to raise funds, medical disposable funds of 5 billion 721 million yuan, more than 6 million 885 thousand and 500 people benefited from the payment, compensation funds 5 billion 350 million yuan, accounting for 93.52% of the total annual fund raising. The incidence of notifiable infectious diseases in 2015: report of 58381 cases, 194 cases of reported deaths. The rural sanitary latrines penetration rate reached 76.54%.

Jilin Culture

As of the end of 2015, Jilin province has 78 cultural centers (including the Museum of Art), 40 art troupes, 66 public libraries and 76 museums, visitors to the museum in 2015 amounted to 9 million 150 thousand passengers.
In 2015 2015 published 26 thousand and 900 books (sets), the new 13 thousand and 500 kinds of pricing, the total amount of 4 billion 188 million yuan. A total of 835 million copies printed newspapers in 2015, the total amount of 920 million yuan pricing. Journal of 2015 total print run of 92 million copies, the total amount of 554 million yuan pricing. At the end of the year, comprehensive coverage rate of 98.64% TV broadcast population; population comprehensive coverage rate reached 98.76%. Cable TV users to 5 million 950 thousand and 600 households, among them, digital TV subscribers reached 5 million 415 thousand and 600.

Jilin Sports

In 2015, Jilin Province, China in the international major sports competitions of the Communist Party of China won 81 gold medals, 88 silver medals and 90 bronze medals. In 2015 a total of 9980 social sports instructors training examination and approval, the national level 180, level 600, level two 3100 people, three people 6100. The "Five" project funded fitness center 2, 4, 3 stadium stadium, Sports Park (fitness Plaza) 13, 135 township (including street), 1181 administrative village (community) was built with fitness equipment. Create a national program 1, youth sports club 12.

Jilin communication

Phone ownership rate: As of the end of 2014, Jilin Province Bureau of telecommunications industry with the exchange capacity of 8 million 857 thousand; 5 million 748 thousand fixed phone users, fixed telephone penetration rate of 20.9 / 100. 26 million 123 thousand mobile phone users, mobile phone penetration rate of 94.9 / 100. Internet broadband access users 4 million 149 thousand. Mobile Internet users 16 million 461 thousand.
Radio and television: As of the end of 2014, Jilin Province Radio and TV population coverage rate reached 98.62%; population coverage rate reached 98.75%. Cable TV users to 5 million 748 thousand households, among them, digital TV subscribers reached 5 million 129 thousand.

Jilin The lives of the residents

In 2014, Jilin urban residents per capita disposable income reached 23217.8 yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.8%; per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 17156 yuan, up 7.6%. Rural residents per capita disposable income reached 10780.1 yuan, up 10.2%. The Engel coefficient is 26.1%, the rural Engel coefficient is 29.6%.

Jilin Politics

Governor Mr. Jiang (since October 2014 )
Vice governor

, Jiangyouwei , Lijinxiu

Jilin traffic

Jilin Railway

 Jilin Railway Jilin Railway
In Jilin Province, the railway network can be divided into the Northwest - southeast and southwest - Northeast towards two. The main railway lines .

Jilin Highway

As of the end of 2015, the total highway mileage of 97 thousand kilometers, the highway total mileage of 89 thousand and 800 kilometers, accounting for 92.6% of the total mileage of highway; there are roads 7239 kilometers, accounting for 7.4% of the total mileage of highway. Jilin Province, the total mileage of the highway, highway 2629 kilometers, accounting for 2.7% of the total mileage of highway.

Jilin water transport

The main navigable rivers in Jilin province Songhua River, Nenjiang Tumen River and The Yalu River . In late April to mid November for general navigation period. Jilin Province, 1789 kilometers inland waterways, inland ports (3 Daan port Jilin, Hong Kong, Fuyu and Hong Kong), the annual handling capacity of 1 million 400 thousand tons.

Jilin aviation

Aviation to Changchun center in Yanji, Baishan to supplement, to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Haikou, Ningbo, Dalian, Kunming, Hongkong, Shenzhen
 Changchun Longjia Airport Changchun Longjia Airport
Shenzhen, South Korea Seoul Japan Sendai Etc.. The main Changchun Longjia Airport , yanji airport , Tonghua Sanyuanpu Airport , changbaishan airport Etc..
Northeast Changchun Longjia Airport is one of the four major international airport, one of the Chinese trunk airport, opened in 2005, is currently the only one with the Northeast high-speed seamless large airport. 2015 Longjia airport passenger throughput reached 8 million 400 thousand passengers, a daily average of more than 200 sorties flight security.

Jilin Rail transit

Rail transit line is currently operating a Changchun Changchun light rail line three , Changchun rail transit line 4 And trams 54, 55 road mileage A total of 60.28 kilometers. In the construction of 4 lines, respectively. Changchun Rail Transit Line 1 , Changchun Rail Transit Line 2 No. 3, East extension line and line Changchun rail line North Lake .

Jilin Tourism

Jilin Jilin eight

In July 13, 2009, Changbai Mountain and Koguryo monuments, to the sea, anti Sichuan area, puppet palace, Songhua Lake (Jilin) intense competition, talent shows itself rime and Jingyuetan chaganhu winter fishing in Jilin Province, many A-class scenic area, won the "eight Jilin" reputation.
Changbai Mountain
One of the ten famous mountains One of the national 5A level scenic spot, The first mountain in the Kanto . The eastern part of the Changbai Mountain nature reserve, the "grand mountains supporting the Tianchi, Linhai hidden treasures", is the world's attention to the magical place. 1983, Deng Xiaoping On Changbai Mountain, issued a "Deng Changbai Mountain, lifelong regret!" Praise. About Changbai Mountain tianchi Legend is a bit mysterious color for the.
Koguryo monuments
Koguryo Wangcheng cultural relics in Jilin Province Ji'an City , including domestic city, Wandu mountain city, Mausoleum (14 seats) and tombs (26). The domestic city, Wandu mountain city (was named Wei Nayan city) of Goguryeo early period (1-5 century AD) capital, which is characterized by plain and mountain city is the capital city of mutual dependence. In and around Ji'an city on the plain, the distribution of the more than 10 thousand seat of Goguryeo era cemetery, which is famous at home and abroad" Cave tombs ". Which is the general cemetery and mausoleum, Tomb of grand scale chiaki. Since 1990s, Chinese archaeological workers in Ji'an and Huanren have discovered many Goguryeo tombs and ruins of Wangcheng, for the maintenance of natural damage suffered some of the tomb.
In 7000 Goguryeo era tombs of Koguryo Wangcheng, located in the mountains of the Donggou plain, smooth lines, rich in content and has legend color exquisite murals, although more than a thousand years, still bright. From different sides reflects the history of Goguryeo, Goguryeo left us precious cultural and artistic treasures.
Among them, Ji'an City 4 kilometers northeast of dragon at the foot of the mountain cliff General grave According to the test, as the twenty generation of the Wang Changshou mausoleum, the tomb of 31 meters long, 12 meters high, the body of the tomb is pyramidal, a total of 7 steps, the body of the tomb and other magnificent buildings, solemn, Goguryeo architectural craftsmanship and artistic achievements in the height of a miniature. Resembling the shape of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh's tomb, known as the "Oriental Pyramid".
The ramp toward the General grave not far away Tomb too The East stands, known as the "Oriental first monument" Gwanggaeto Stele The king is, to commemorate the nineteenth generation Wang Yongle too long Wang Erjian. The monument consists of a square column carved stone built, 6 meters high, surrounded by a total of 1775 engraved text, font script and regular script between. Chinese characters engraved inscription describes gwanggaeto life achievements and the origin and establishment of Koguryo regime legend, is a kind of text information Koguryo preserved the longest.
Xianghai National Nature Reserve
Baicheng City, Tongyu county to the National Nature Reserve, is a national AAAA level scenic spots, in the area of Chinese seven largest wetland and biological species most abundant, by the World Wildlife Fund named with international significance a nature reserve, and load the world famous list of wetlands. In the region rich in natural resources, there are 20 kinds of trees and 200 species of herbaceous plants. Three rivers ( Huolinhe The amount of wood, too River and Taoerhe River) across the region, 22 large and hundreds of small natural ponds dotted, 20 kinds of fish; 173 species of birds, belonging to 16 orders, 40 families and 98 genera, including 6 species of cranes in the world, accounting for 15 of the 40% existing cranes become famous tsurusato". Rare birds, Red Crowned Crane, white naped crane, hooded crane, crane, crane, swan, Golden Eagle, etc..
In 1981 the establishment of Nature Reserve, an area of 105400 hectares. In 1992, China joined the "on the wetlands of international importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat Convention", to the sea that was included in the "list of wetlands of international importance". The same year by the World Wildlife Fund Evaluation "of international significance with a nature reserve". In 1993 by the Chinese and biosphere Commission approved into the "biosphere reserve network". 2009 to the sea dance "was named" Jilin eight "One, enjoy the" East West Sea to Changbai, reputation ", is the symbol of Jilin.
Fangchuan Scenic Area
Located in Jilin Province HunChun Jingxin Town, the total area of 139 square kilometers, is the only China in Russia and Korea, in the area of Jilin Province, the only one glance in three scenic spots. Hassan and the Russian border town of southeast, southwest and North Korea in the Douman river across the river. Scenic area by the anti Chuan scenic spots, Longshan Lake scenic area, circle River Scenic Area and comprehensive service management areas four major functional areas, more than 20 size attractions.
Changchun Puppet Palace Museum
The Palace Museum is one of the first national AAAAA scenic spot, located in Changchun Kuancheng District, is the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty as Aixinjueluo PuYi The puppet Manchuria government when the emperor's palace, is a colonial heritage and cultural tourism resources Changchun unique. Chen Yunhe "puppet Manchuria Palace" is a poem at the beginning of the dark ages, sold over a pair of national clownism; a sin of the old house, there lived a dynasty remains; even from the enemy kuajian open doors; even the soul stirs up the butcher's knife auction". In July 2001, according to the "three years to restore the objectives, launched a comprehensive rescue palace restoration project, completed by the original Tongde Hall , Huaiyuan building Royal Garden, and restore the shelter, the temple site at. At the same time, launched Puyi and empress supplies exhibition, showing the Puyi used bicycles, Ruyi, copper pen and a large number of precious cultural relics, expand the exhibition area, increased from 12 thousand square meters to 46 thousand square meters; two restoration project is being carried out, to 2004, 137 thousand meters wide in the restoration the project can be completed, will become the one and only the national brand tourism products.
Songhua Lake
Songhua Lake in Jilin Province, Southeast of Jilin, 24 kilometers from the city center. Is to intercept the Songhua River Construction fengman hydropower station Stack, dam lake formed. It is the vast waters, numerous Lake arms, like a dragon. The lake was strip-shaped form, such as the plane view of Songhua Lake, like a string of bright pearls. This string of "Pearl" is 200 km long, 10 km wide place, 75 meters is the deepest. The lake area of 500 square kilometers, the maximum storage capacity of 10 billion 800 million cubic meters. Songhua Lake in 1988 was approved by the State Council as a national key scenic area, scenic area of 700 square kilometers. Songhua Lake to the geographical location, richly endowed by nature with four seasons climate, beautiful scenery of a landscape of lakes and mountains to attract a large number of domestic and foreign tourists.
Changchun jingyuetan national forest park
Is Changchun Jingyuetan National Forest Park, such as shade cover, clear water, vast forests, known as Riyuetan Pool's sister lake, its size is plantation in most of asia. In January 14, 2011 was named the national AAAAA level scenic spots.
Chagan Lake
Chagan Lake is China in Mongolian culture as the soul, hunting and cultural features of the lake leisure resort, is the national AAAA level scenic spots, National Water Conservancy Scenic Area, National Nature Reserve and Chinese hundred county tourism scenic spot. Chaganhu Mongolian "Chagan Nur", meaning white holy lake, 37 kilometers long from north to south, east-west width of 17 km. The waters of the total wetland area of 500 square kilometers, storage capacity of 700 million cubic meters, is one of the ten largest freshwater lake in the country, Jilin province is the largest inland lake, also in Jilin province famous fishery production base, production base and natural reed tourist destination. The most famous wonders of northeast grassland and Mongolian style tourist area, known as "north of the Great Lakes, the style is known. Since 2002, zhaganhu annual "China. Jilin Chagan Lake in Mongolian Folk Custom Tourism Festival" and "Jilin China. Chaganhu winter fishing culture tourism festival has attracted much attention, zhaganhu has become one of the most influential tourist destination. Geographically, Chagan Lake around the distribution of Changchun, Harbin, Daqing and other cities with more than one million and city driving distance in about two hours, Changbai highway 302 and by road in the provincial trunk near Lake, traffic location.
In winter, snow in the Chagan Lake is like a huge jade inlaid in the vast snow in the Songnen Plain, the shuttle between the ice sledge a string of winter fishing, sonorous agitation of child labor to disperse the winter cold, heavy network out of the light shining out beautiful fish hope, outline the winter of Chagan Lake vigorous and magnificent scenery in the north. Known as "the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and as a precious cultural human hunting and living remains" chaganhu winter fishing, while Jilin ranked as one of the eight wonders of the north and the one hundred wonders of beauty.

Jilin Scenic spots

Changchun Wanshou Temple
 Aerial view of Changchun wanshousi Aerial view of Changchun wanshousi
Founded in Jiaqing two years (1797). Changchun wanshousi That is a very special temple. It was built in the Qing Dynasty "Xing"; it was built for emperor Qian Long "longevity Yannian", Emperor Qian Long wrote "I gave plaque Hui boundless; it kaishanzushi ingot monk Qian Long emperor" for monks". The level of fine scale and architectural design in Northeast China is second to none, even in the China is also one of the few.
Changchun Lake National Wetland Park
Changchun High-tech District of northeast city wetland park by the State Forestry Bureau named Changchun Lake National Wetland Park To carry out the pilot work, and have been approved by the National Wetland park. Is located in the southwest of Changchun high Changdongbei core area, covers an area of 11.97 square kilometers, a total investment of 3 billion yuan, in July 28, 2012 officially opened. Changchun Lake National Wetland Park in May 29, 2014 was approved as a national 4A level scenic spots.

Changchun film culture tourism
Changchun is the cradle of the new film industry Chinese, Changchun Film Studio Tourism resources and important film city is Changchun city. Designed by American landemake Company Changchun concept, an investment of 1 billion 500 million yuan, in film and television production and tourism has close connection with the building of Hollywood style, western culture as one of the Changying Century City, opened in 2004.
Liaoyuan Dragon Mountain
 Liaoyuan Dragon Mountain Liaoyuan Dragon Mountain
Liaoyuan Dragon Mountain The city is located in the central area, the mountains from north to south, winds to Dongliao river. Its shape is like a Liaoning entrenched in the water on the coast of the dragon, named "dragon mountain". The mountains pavilions elegant, lush vegetation, is the famous scenic spot in Liaoyuan.
In 2001 reconstruction, known as the "Xuanmen first floor" kuixinglou building in the southern tip of the Longshou mountain towering. People regardless of the direction from which East West into Liaoyuan, can see towering in the mountains above the kuixinglou building, it into the sky, spectacular.
In the south foot of the mountain there is a dragon mountain and Taoist palace. This is one of the Northeast's largest Taoist temple Longevity Palace .
Jilin Guanma cave
Jilin Guanma cave Located in Jilin Province Jilin City Panshi Yantongshan town Cuyu reservoir west of poplar in mountain, 110 kilometers from the provincial capital of Jilin Changchun, from Kyrgyzstan
 Jinding Buddha statue Jinding Buddha statue
Lin City, 128 km, 29 km distance from the Panshi City, the seat of the government of the original official Ma Zhen Niu Xin Cun, 7 km, named for the original horse town development officer. Formed three hundred million years ago, has developed karst about 1500m, a total area of about 3800m2, composed of 5 halls, a water room, each room between the corridor is the largest Hall of about 600 square meters, up to 30 meters above, below 2 meters, in 1989 developed into a tourist area, is Jilin Province found the largest cave in Karst.
Momoge National Nature Reserve
Momoge Is the national AAAA level scenic spots, National Nature reserve. Located in Jilin Province Baicheng City The eastern northwest of the county of Zhenlai, 33 kilometers east of Heilongjiang Province Dorbet , Tailai County Across Nenjiang; the south is bounded by the Tao'er River, adjacent to Da'an City in Jilin province; parts of northwest and the county's five trees, dandai, Kazakhstan, Dongping, rustic Cha Tai Xiang border; from the White City 78 kilometers, 120 kilometers of Da'an city. Qi Bai highway access to scenic areas, national highway 60 kilometers distance by. Is a typical type of wetland protection area scenic area. In 1981, the Jilin Provincial People's Government approved the establishment of Momoge nature reserve. In 1997, the State Council approved the Momoge nature reserve as a national nature reserve. By the end of 2005 for the national 4A level scenic area (a total area of 144000 hectares, the marsh area of 50000 hectares, water area of 30000 hectares).
Jilin Beishan Temple Group
Jilin Beishan temple complex in Jilin province is located in the northwest of Jilin City, is a renowned Temple Landscape architecture. Covers an area of 1 million 280 thousand square meters, mainly in mountainous landscape, peak elevation of 270 meters. The rise amid pinnacle, pavilions, terraces and open halls all over, a bridge lying to a wave pool in the lake is divided into two parts, in the summer the lotus bloom, breeze, flowers overflowing.
Jinding Buddha
Dunhua Jinding Buddha Seated in the south of Dunhua Zhengjue Temple The mountain top, sits back Mudanjiang, the former owner of Zhengjue temple, Yuanwang Changbai Mountain Hongkong, and the Tiantan Buddha is a Buddha body at two. Design like a total 48 meters high, Shakya Muni's birth in the 8th day of the fourth month of the Chinese lunar calendar; Buddha 38.4 meters.
Other tourist attractions in Jilin Province
  
Changchun City , Jingyuetan ski , Shuangyang Lake
  
Jilin City , The Buddha And the mother of mountains, Xuantianling Jilin tour, Forest Park, Beidahu ski At the end of the village, ala, Jinchan Island , Red Valley , Rafael mountains , Qing Ling , Binghugou , Tree ridge Shulan Lantau Peak Huang Yu, Yongji cave
Siping City Siping Campaign Memorial , Siping martyrs cemetery , Erlong lake , Banlashanmen , Yehiel Bernard La Fold , Yitong Volcano Group Zhengjiatun, park, Shuangliao Horqin grassland , Partial face city ruins , Pastoral Love Valley
  
Baicheng City To the sea Wetland Park, Baicheng The Twin Towers ruins , Aobao mountain site And the moon lake, Huayan Temple , Donggou WETLAND hunting , Nenjiang Bay National Wetland Park Hal, Nao scenic area, Bao lawen Provincial Nature Reserve
  
Songyuan City ,
  
Liaoyuan City Longevity Palace , Hancongding National Forest Park , Amitabha Temple , Longtan , Zhang Liao etc.
  
Tonghua City Cresthill , Longwan Forest Park group , Cave tombs , Disc Lake Reservoir, yingerbu, White chicken kidney, Forest Park , Longwan Delta , Jurchen lithoglyphs , Jade Mountain Park , Jingyu cemetery , Luotong mountain , Five women peak national Forest Park , Yunfeng Lake , The Yalu River Scenic Area , Sanxianjia national Forest Park , Tonghua cave , Longquan Temple , Hui made the ancient city
  
Baishan City Changbai Mountain Tianchi , General Yang Jingyu and his country , Baishan Lake Scenic Area , Changbai Mountain maze , Wangtian'e Scenic Area , Changbai Mountain Grand Canyon , Changbai Mountain hot spring , Emmanuel tower So, Pinghu, Lushuihe, Linjiang hunting field Huashan Spa , Four Paul Linjiang Memorial Five, ditch wetland park, the emperor palace, Jingyu volcano Geological Park
  
The state of Yanbian Maoershan National Forest Park , Chengzishan mountain sites , Forest Park stars , Six Ding Shan , Old white Yanminghu, Matt L. , Changbai Waterfall , Cloudland Taiwan , Dao Yin Lou , Tianfozhi mountain , Pine Grove Tumen River park, Sun Hill , Fengwu reservoir , Zhanggufeng , The former residence of Yin Dongzhu , A school site And the king valley, Dragon and tiger stone , Jingxin wetland, Lingbao Temple
  

Jilin Culture

Jilin Diet culture

Jilin is rice, corn Township, cooked white large Steamed Rice exudes a delicious hot. When autumn can eat the sweet and tender jade M.
Jilin cuisine is more in line with the tastes of the public, there are three main features: oil, salt, vegetable yards.
Northeast tastes heavy, basically every dish is not too salty, eat too eat balanced, some cooking, fried food is almost out of the oil bubble. The stew is a big basin, so in this order, we must pay attention to saving, avoid wasting.
Marinated vegetables, homemade dish, dip sauce dish, is a typical Jilin farmhouse dishes, with fresh cucumber, radish, bean etc. with different spices, is simple, but it tastes fresh.
Jilin ethnic foods are also many, such as Manchu Eight bowl . and Korean cold noodles , Spicy cabbage So, love the hot and sour taste friends about the least. But the best go to the Korean restaurant or special cold hall, can feel more authentic noodles.
We Learn the essence of Shandong, Sichuan, Guangdong, fusion of traditional skills, full dynasties, Mongolian and other ethnic dishes, palace dishes, dishes, to form the basic framework of famous snacks, and the feast of the. The salient features: paying attention to the use of Jilin specialty raw materials and green food raw materials, pay attention to the furnace, at the industry, cooking techniques to slip, explosion, burning, grilled, baked, sauce, stew, Roberts kyo. Mellow and fragrant dishes, full benefits. Was designated as" The new eight cuisine "One of the.

Jilin Cultural customs

Northeast yangko dance
Popular in Jilin Yangge Dance That is a kind of dance, singing and drama three, mainly to dance folk art. Can be divided into yangko dance, stilt yangko dance, yangko dance and inch the lifting rod and the back rod, rod and other chunks from the performance form Form. Usually also playing the dragon, lion dance, bohanchuan, cart, play rattle folk dance together.
Yangko dance Several most popular yangko dance, the most flexible. The origin of Jilin yangko dance, there are several versions. Which is the most widely circulated after the Yuan Dynasty emperor Kublai established Yuan Empire, the people of every fifty households into a team, sent a million soldiers guarding. During the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, people gathered in order to prevent the yuan troops rebellion, put together by the family man, he led the singing and dancing. Later this activity as a kind of performance form handed down, evolved into today's Yangko dance. This statement is based on the "old Jilin tart traditional yangko dance" (referring to the character, and the yuan troops) is the leading and commanding yangko dance team.
Walking on stilts
Walking on stilts Is a kind of folk dance popular in our country, is a kind of folk dance in the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival, the temple and other traditional festivals are very popular. The Jilin area is also very popular. The content is popular in the Jilin area on stilts we are rich, the traditional stilt character head rocker (Wu, two (a son) Qiao Wu, Yu Qiao, a female), ploughing, reading, green snake, white snake, Xu Xian and general (female), and a (male) etc..

Jilin Opera Culture

Ji Opera
Ji Opera Changchun, originated in Jilin, is made after the founding of the Song and dance duet On the basis of the formation of new operas. Ji opera singing, song and dance duet inherit play, dance, said (say), (handkerchief, fan and other unique skills) on the basis of performing skills from other operas strengths, with long sleeves and long handkerchief Kung fu. The representative repertoire " Blue river resentment "," Peach and plum "," Bao Peiqing "," Yan Qing sold the line "," moving the kiln "and" Jiang Jie "," Rainy night Songliang "," buying and selling vegetables "," Bao donkey "," Three girls. "Etc..
Singing in music, the main tune of Er Ren Zhuan Ji opera" The cough "," Wu Keke "Red," Liu zi"," In section three "Cry," millet "and" poor students "as the original tone. To the accompaniment of musical instruments and Banhu, suona mainly based in the northeast of the tube, creating a good throat Ji opera lyric. In business, there are students, Dan, at the end of the net, and the ugly.
There are other local operas Metroopera and Huanglong drama .

Jilin Local specialities

 Ginseng Ginseng
Mount Bai city yes Northeast Sambo ( Ginseng , Mink , Antler One of the main origin of the city), Asia's largest Changbai Mountain goods market, market concentration of the most complete varieties of Changbai Mountain mountain.
Jilin is rich in wild herbs, as many as 70 species, there are Codonopsis pilosula , Cypress , Fritillaria thunbergii Etc.. The local famous native products and: Rhodiola , Forest frog , boschniakia rossica , Ganoderma lucidum , Fern , Vetch , Black fungus Etc..
Local handicrafts: Songhua Lake Langmu root Songhua Lake, stone, Bark painting , Manchu paper-cut , Jilin painted gourd carving Chess, cypress wood, Mud toys , Silk flower , Jilin hand painted wood Etc..

Jilin Famous characters

The literary and Art Circles
  
Full name
  
Place of origin Occupation
Li Sisi Changchun CCTV host
stone Jilin City Chinese pop singer
Tian Lianyuan Changchun
  
Storytelling artist
  
Chen Peisi Nong'an County
  
Comedian and comedy actor
  
Sha Yi
  
Changchun Film and television actor
  
Liu Ye Changchun Film and television actor
Li Youbin
  
Changchun Film and television actor
Liu Wei Changchun Film and television actor
Kaili Zhang
  
Changchun performer
To Yushu Actor
Haifeng Ding Jilin City performer
Li Jilin City CCTV host
Tiexing Tong Shuangliao City Singer
Li Yugang Gongzhuling City Singer and actor
  
Xu Fei lishu county singer
Yan Xuejing Dongliao County
  
Errenzhuan actor, artist
  
Zhang Jianing
  
Liaoyuan
  
performer
  
Sesson
  
Liaoyuan Actors and musicians
Dongchengpeng (Mirs)
  
Ji'an City Director, actor, director, musician
Lei Hao
  
make well-connected
  
performer
Andy Huinan County performer
Gao Xiumin Fuyu City Sketch, actor
  
Happy Mount Bai performer
Zhang Huoding Baicheng a Beijing opera actor
M King Yanji singer
Zhangyuxi dunhua Models and actors
  

Historical celebrities
Dongming , Go of Balhae , Wanyan Xiyin , Hai Ba , Too clear , Yang Jingyu , Changshun , Xiongchengji , Wei Zheng China , Zhangzuoxiang , Songxiaolian , A Duolu , Niubingkun , Guang Li , Chenhanzhang Etc..