(English: Sibe people Is our country) Ethnic minority
In the long history of the ancient nation. Xibe indigenous in Northeast china, Qianlong
During the period of Qing Xibe moved to the west part of Ritchie Xinjiang
In order to enrich the local. This Xibe majority live in Liaoning province (70.2%) and Xinjiang Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County
County in the Northeast Shenyang
, Forbidden City
Inner Mongolia, Fuyu, and Eastern Heilongjiang Province
The Nenjiang basin is scattered.
Siberia the Xibo language
belong to Altai. Manchu-Tungusic Branch Manchu branch
Is in. Manchu language
A language based on development, which is close to the. sibe
In 1947 Manchu script
On the basis of a little change. Xinjiang Xibe has maintained the national language, and Chinese
. Northeast Xibe language, food and clothing, housing and other aspects and full, Han
Basically the same.
Xibe is from the Ming Dynasty Jurchen evolved directly. This is the name of Sibo spoken himself, called "Siwe" written "Sibe". In Chinese history, there have been dozens of different periods of different translation methods such as transliteration, divination, rhinoceros, rhinoceros to Vishnu, than, than Seoul, loss ratio, loss of teachers, West humble, Shiwei, Wei Po, Siberia, loss of cable, Shi Bo, white wash, northwest, north, white, mat mat tin tin North, wo, Until the late Ming and early Qing was unified for the.
The name was first seen in the Ming Dynasty Wanli
Twenty-one years (1593). Is generally believed that the name is named after the long-term Xibe Xibe area activities.
About the Xibe ethnic origin, is the mainstream Xianbei
say , Jurchen
say To say, Jurchen scholars also specifically pointed out that the Xibe Nationality originated from the Jurchen Guwalgiya
Su end department In addition, some scholars believe that the Xibe Nationality originated from High car
Se Gul S, originated in the Lake Baikal
The southern Jiangsu Gurgaon lake, in the year 429, the expedition high Beiwei Taiwu emperor after the car was moved to Nenjiang basin.
Siberia The ancient country
According to historical records, The country
The original is Jin Dynasty
The letter of the country, the capital in tin, i.e. Hi all
, also known as su end city, Su Wanyan City, Shuangyang District of Jilin province today Changchun city. At the end of the yuan decline, in the Ming Dynasty second times that amount, the final decline in the late Ming dynasty.
"From the gold Day.
Six years (1122) to the Ming Wanli sixteen years (1588), the 466 year of Shuangyang xibe. The country is composed of Xibe Xibe people, four in the small yellow head was nuzhenbu Quintin moved after the creation and the formation of shuangyang. The Department of strong, "Yongji, Huadian, and Changchun rock, Yitong, Jilin two city on the edge of all its territory." The so-called Haixi four, the tribe was four (Yehiel, Hadad, Ural, Huifahe), is the country (Hu Lunguo).
Siberia The Jin and Yuan Dynasties
The second half of twelfth Century, the Mongols in the Northeast unified process, the Xibe people live in the same female resistance to Mongolia, many people fled into the sparsely populated forest, became known as "a part of the forest people". During the war, the Tao'er River, Chaoer River Xibe tribal agricultural production has been greatly damaged, a lot of agricultural land was turned into grassland pasture. In the yuan dynasty, Taizhou
To return to the Xibe people Chaoer River
Basin, agricultural production resumed, under the jurisdiction of Liaoyang province.
Siberia During the Ming and Qing Dynasties
At the end of the Ming dynasty, Uriyangqa
The three major part of Mongolia South wei, Horqin
Wu Liang Wei three ha expansion into the area, the Tao'er River, Chaoer river area for its control, since then, the Xibe people and in the Horqin Mongolians.
At the end of the Ming Dynasty, Jurchen statehood rising. Ming Wanli twenty-one years (1593), Mongolian Khorchin joint Xibe, Yehiel, Hadad, Ukraine, La, Ercha, Zhusheli Huifahe Gua, NE Yin 8, against Nur Ha Che, the nine coalition defeat, known as the "nine battle". Since then, Nur Ha Che used to appease the means given to who became active" fe manju
"(the Buddha, language means that the same old) and people of Manchuria. A lot of Xibe nobles went to Nur Ha Che, the history of the "the Manchuria", which have been granted official, known as the "world zuoling Xibe tube". The nine part, Nur Ha Che will be divided into ten flags according to the Mongolian Horqin banner system, Xibe people have been incorporated into Mongolia's ten horqin. Kangxi thirty-one years (1692), in Mongolia will Ercha, Xibe, Gua Daur population "contribution" to 14458 The government of the Qing Dynasty
. Since then, Xibe Nationality was called "Deutsche Manchuria" (Deutsche, new Manchu).
The Xibe people reorganized into 65 Cattle.
Respectively, to Qiqihar
In Jilin, (now Jilin City
), Bertuna (now in Jilin Province Fuyu
Area), garrison. This is the first time in the history of the Qing Dynasty moved to the south of the Xibe nationality. Since then, and moved to Shengjing belongs to Kaiyuan, Liaoyang, Jinzhou, Beijing, uiju, Niu Zhuang Xing, Fushun and other places, some of which were sent to the part in the capital, Shuntian, assigned to the Manchu eight banners when.
Xibe moved to the West
Twenty-nine years (1764), calm Junggar
After the chaos, the Qing government in order to strengthen Yili area
The defense, from the general of Shengjing Shengjing, Phoenix, Liaoyang, Kaiyuan, Guangning, Xiong Yue, Niu Zhuang, Xiuyan, Jinzhou, Fuzhou, Gaizhou, Jinzhou, Fushun and Sinuiju, Xing Jing 15 forced Xibe 1020 officers and soldiers and their families, more than 4000 (in the way the birth of more than 350 people, follow to 405 people), divided into two teams, respectively, in the same year in early and mid April departure from Shenyang, along the North Mongolia Plateau
Post war, wind, flood, famine, trek for more than a year, in August 1765 arrived in Yili Huiyuan territory. Yili general will then make 10 original Zhalan (team) cut 6 flag (Niu Lu). The spring of 1766, moved to the Qapqal area, will be expanded to six flags banners, the formation of Xibe camp, as "Yili four battalion" (Suolun battalion, Xibe camp, camp and the camp of Chahar elute). The camp is set of military, administrative, production of three functions of the organization, in its 145 years of experience in the course of history, for the construction of the border, resist foreign invasion, make an enormous contribution.
Xibe and move Yili River
Nan'an, eat from farming, in the beginning Qapqal
Around the canal water, land reclamation. There are 3 cattle were recorded in the army and the Yili River, Holzer River Chuo River reclamation of the pitch camp, 10 thousand acres of land, to solve the problem of the Xibe camp rations. At the same time, the Qing government to lend to the horse and cattle as the foundation, founded the "horse run factory" and "cattle factory".
At the end of eighteenth Century and early nineteenth Century, Xibo population increased year by year. When the Xibe camp manager PierreToubert
According to the people's wishes, decided to build a new canal in the Yili River were Holzer Henan, to expand the area of arable land. After 6 years of hard work, finally completed in the early 1808 release. The canal east 100 km long, 1 feet wide and deep ditch, 1 feet 2 feet, called "Xibe canal" or "the new canal", later known as the "Qapqal Buha" (Qapqal canal, Xibo, meaning granary canal). The canal was dug, since most of the blue flag with Xianghuangqi east to the west of the cattle were recorded, adding new cultivated more than 78 thousand and 700 acres of arable land, and since then, Xibe camp life has been a huge turnaround, Qapqal area began to look bleak change, become the most prosperous Yili Xibe camp in the area.
Sauron camp is one of Yili's four battalion, composed of Daur and ewenki. Jiaqing three years (1798) and Daoguang fourteen years (1834), the Qing government deployed 260 young Xibe camp 1279 people added to the main camp of Sauron's col.. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, Sauron has accounted for the majority of Xibe camp. Stationed at the stations, Karen, defense development frontier, peaceful activities in Xibe rangwai, Daur, Ewenki people and soldiers together contributed to the joys and sorrows.
In 1883 the Qing government in the restoration of Yili Huiyuancheng
Full camp (called the old man Ying) at the same time, and set up a new full camp, Xibe camp immediately for the new full battalion transported 3200 men, to maintain social stability of huiyuan. At the end of the civil military rations Guangxu, supply, Yili general adoption of sepu Xixian selected Xibe Xibe camp duct to Gongliu soldiers (then called Te Gosta L) Dynasty's advice, in 1896 began a large-scale water conservancy construction, land reclamation, construction of village houses and barracks in the settlement of foundation, then known as the "Bing tun". The population of Gongliu is increasing year by year. After the revolution of 1911, demobilization, Xibe soldiers to settle down, now Gongliu County residents is the descendants of the Xibe nationality.
In 1884, Xinjiang Province, the establishment of the formal resumption of Xibe camp, stationed at the stations, Karen, patrol check, and to resume production. Yang Zengxin has the right to rule Xinjiang, the Qing Dynasty still retains the Xibe camp Eight Banners system until the 1938, the eventual abolition of Xibe camp
Siberia the Republic of China era
After the revolution of 1911, living in Xinjiang Xibe people and the local ethnic groups with a positive response, but the fruit is a feudal warlord struggle Yang
The Xibes also usurped, under their rule.
In 1944, Xibe active in the three District revolution, "Xibe cavalry". Tacheng and Huocheng Xibe have also composed of armed forces in the battle.
After the incident, lived in the northeast of the Xibe Nationality together into the Anti Japanese struggle and the Han nationality, full of people. Liaoning province Shenyang area five shijiazi Xibe actively participated in the Anti Japanese forces, the enemy sniper repeatedly in Liaohe plain. In this period, there are a lot of young people to participate in the Communist Party of China siberia. In China under the leadership of the Communist Party, with the victories of the war of liberation, the northeast and Xinjiang Xibes successively in 1946 and 1949 liberation.
1949 Xinjiang and northeast Xibe Xibe compatriots synchronized into the socialist society.
Xibo is cleared to the new government established the eight banners China Eve, in the wasteland farming, from farming from food at the same time, also charged with guarding the border, against domestic violence, resist foreign aggression and other responsibilities.
Siberia The new China period
People's Republic of China was established in October 1, 1949, the country Xibes with the people of other ethnic groups into a new era of socialism. The Xibes in the party and the government's support and help, the historical changes in turn the world upside down in urban and rural areas, economic and social Xibe Nationality area has achieved remarkable results. The peaceful liberation of Xinjiang
After the party and state leadership, Ning Xi county
(the establishment of Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County of the name) carried out a series of social reforms. November 15, 1953 Huocheng County
Set up Yi GA Xibe Township good car
. In March 1954 the original Xining county was established Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County
First, the democratically elected national county. Of the party since the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, the policy of regional autonomy of ethnic groups has been gradually implemented, in Xinchengzi District in Liaoning city of Shenyang province has set up Xinglongtai Xibo town
and Xibe Xiang Huang Jia
Further, to protect the rights of the Xibe Nationality in power.
From the beginning of the liberation, the Xibe Nationality Area of coal, agricultural machinery, fur, food processing and other industrial enterprises, and gradually build up. After the reform and opening up, and the construction of cotton plants, coal chemical industry and other emerging industrial enterprises, improving the economic structure. Pay more attention to scientific planting farmers, improve crop yield every year, a variety of business has been very common. Based on the Qapqal canal on the "Southern Chahar canal" has water and generate economic benefits. The country has invested heavily in the South Bank of the canal construction project is the construction of,
After the reform and opening up, some young people out of the closed environment, began to get involved in the field of business. With the development of economy, increasing farmers' income, improve the living conditions of the masses.
After the founding of new Chinese, Xibes and live in peace and abundance, the eradication of the medical workers" Qapqal disease
", started a new meteorological fertility. From 1949 to 1978, a short period of thirty years, Xibe population has more than doubled. A coverage of urban and rural medical system has been basically completed the Xibe Nationality Area, rural area medical institutions and medical treatment is perfect, all kinds of disease control and prevention measures are in place, common disease can be cured in township hospitals. And the majority of farmers and health status in the treatment of knowledge increasing. The establishment of new rural cooperative medical system in rural areas is the pilot county of Qapqal. In addition, rural five guarantees, poor households and other disadvantaged groups of relief system has become more and more perfect, the degree of rural harmonious society is improved greatly.
Xibe has always attached great importance to education. In the past, the family was too poor to even run level, but also to ensure that the children go to school, at least to master the national language. The new China after the establishment of the township primary school and junior high school education institutions have been perfect. After the reform and opening up, the national area school hardware level continuously improve the quality of the staff increased significantly, the variety of modern teaching methods are also increasingly perfect, especially multimedia teaching has been widely used. To 2006, Xinjiang Xibo nationality school has 17, including 12 primary school, 5 secondary schools, 1 middle schools, the occupation school teachers 1. After 1978, according to the notice on the restoration of the Xibe autonomous region "use and recovery of Xibe language", Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County
8, Gongliu County
2, Huocheng County Yi GA Xibe Township good car
1, tacheng city
The Habak Township 1 a total of 12 primary school recovery Sihan bilingual teaching. Since the end of 1980s, Qapqal county also send relevant personnel, respectively, to Tacheng City Dakar Habak Township, Shenyang Xinchengzi District Xinglongtai Xibe town primary school professor Xibo, received good results. With the development of education, and a number of Xibe Nationality Cadres and talented people come to the fore. By 2005, nearly 35 thousand Xinjiang Xibo population, in the state organs, Party organizations, enterprises and institutions, professional and technical personnel working unit has more than more than 3 thousand and 300 people, the number of candidates to be admitted to key universities are increasing year by year.
The inheritance and protection of Xibe culture is one of the important work done since the reform and opening up. Xibe has always attached great importance to carry out various activities including folk literature and culture. Can enjoy the national holiday in all kinds of artistic performance, festive occasions. Such as folk dance, rap, opera, comedy, with a strong national characteristic show, has become an important part of the national culture square. Since the reform and opening up, the township has a region of Xibe culture museum, elderly activity room and other departments, and actively carry out the cultural activities. The troupe was founded in 1959 as the art troupe of Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County Wulanmuqi style, has been more than 40 years for grassroots service, which makes a great contribution to enrich the national cultural life. After the reform and opening up has created and performed the dance "hunting dance", "Shaman Dance", "girl", "wedding archery dance" and the song "remember the benevolence of Chairman Mao", won awards in various competitions.
Siberia A merit Switch Tarbagatay .
In 1766 moved to the West and at the South Bank of the Yili River in Yili, the general sent 100 troops deployed in Xibe camp, led by the 1 and 1 cavalry school zuoling, with full, Sauron and battalion of soldiers went to the tarbagatay switch station and pass, and rotate every two years, a year for the first half. Later, as the situation changes, the number of soldiers Xibe camp increased, most of the time is 150, up to a maximum of more than 200. To stop this switch until 1864 at the outbreak of the peasant uprising. Switch Kashgar .
In 1759 the pacification of Southern The size and Zhuo rebellion
After hundreds of soldiers stationed in the Kashi rebellion. 1769 Yili general petitioned the tarbagatay rotation as example, the Kashi Garrison for military reform in relief army, the encyclical since the beginning of 1771, Manchu, Xibe, sent Suolun, Chahar battalion 600, by Xieling, Zuo Ling, and other officials led the cavalry school to Kashi in the area of rotation, which the more than 30 Korean soldiers. To the early Jiaqing Xibe soldiers increased to more than 150, then it reduced the number of. Every two years of shift relief soldiers is replaced, a half. The officers and men of horses, saddles, forage are owned. Defense Karen Stationed at the station.
After Qing Dynasty unified Xinjiang, in order to strengthen the jurisdiction of the north and south of the Tianshan Mountains, North and south of Xinjiang were set up and the Karen station, Yili in 1777 to the minister in charge of the general play leader Karen and these stations, the Xibe camp under the jurisdiction of the 18 seat Karen, some of them standing for Karen, some are moving up Karen, and for the withdrawal of Tim Karen. Every seat in ten to Karen dozens of functions ranging from soldiers, its responsibility for the supervision of nomadic, fugitives, transfer documents, search guard factories, inspections to tourists. Siberia stationed Karen system lasted to the end of the Qing dynasty. Border patrol.
In the Qing Dynasty, the west of Yili from north to South has been Kazakhstan
(known in Qing Dynasty brut
Every year they nomadic herdsmen), and the Qing Dynasty are extremely frequent trade exchanges. Therefore, the Qing government in order to maintain the stability and the boundary of the nomads normal production and living order, in 40s, the annual summer and autumn regularly sent Tarbagatay
The minister is a member of association of leading officials from the articles, Xibe, Manchu camp 300 officers and soldiers to patrol Kazakhstan and Beirut boundary nomadic circles, and horse rent. The Burma Army counter aggression, defend the motherland southwest border.
Thirty years of Qianlong (1765), Burma Meng Gen Tusi scattered invasion of China called Yunnan Pu'er Prefecture territory, captured in the East and other places of the border residents of burning and looting, commit all sorts. The following year and longitudinal force of the siege Vault
Each side. The Qing government in 1767 Mingrui
For the Yunnan Guizhou governor army in attacking, but lost by Burmese soldiers. The Burma Army to attack me in depth. In 1769 the Qing government ordered Shengjing general Henglu etc. belong to send soldiers as reinforcements to Yunnan Xibe soldiers fighting. General of Shengjing
The chosen Zunzhi "new Manchuria Xibe soldiers" 1000 in mid July after the front arrived in Yunnan. They held in front of Yunnan ferry, stationed at the fort, the post set up investment to fight. After months of fighting, the Burma Army by the army in Burma border and the power of peace. The officers and soldiers to withdraw the shengjing. In this war, 1000 soldiers in 105 gave their lives to defend the motherland border. Resist Russia aggression against the colonial rule.
Tongzhi six years (1867) Russia
The completion of the three Central Asian khanates rule, began to covet the Yili area. As early as in Tongzhi two years (1863), Russian troops stationed in Boluo to my hu Gil Karen to the Karen invasion, Xibe, Sauron soldiers shot the shelling, was strongly attacked them. After the Yili general sent camp Xibe Xibe soldiers have duct dege rate of hundreds of people went to the "blocking", defeated the enemy. In May 1871, the Russian army in the process to promote the Yili, have also been Sauron Xibe camp, Daur
The officers and men to resist the invasion plan repeatedly frustrated. Especially in June 28th of the same year the Russian advance Chris Kent outpost, 500 soldiers sent and Xibe camp Uygur, Kazak, Hui, Han, Mongolia, Daur soldiers together, almost in a bayonet charge in the form of bravery against the enemy, wrote against the Russian history of the heroic chapter, Xibe several ten soldiers heroic sacrifice life. In the battle of Yakoob expelled.
At the beginning of 1865, Central Asia Khanate of Kokand
Officer Yaqub Beg
While the probability of Xinjiang in the peasant uprising of the invasion of Southern Xinjiang, to the occupation of Kashi in 1867, in Inge Schall, Yerqiang, Hotan, Akesu and other seven cities, set up the so-called "seven city khanate". After the invasion of Urumqi, Manasi and other places, the brutal colonial rule of people everywhere. In 1876 the battle started after recovering Xinjiang, scattered into Xinjiang Xibo and volunteered to join the team in the recapture of Manasi and Urumqi in the battle of contribution. At the same time, a lot of rich experience in settlement Xibe and other kinds of food still Wusu Tun, Qing Qing government supply into Xinjiang, l for hat, promotion office get reward.
Xibe total population of about 190 thousand. Mainly in Liaoning, Jilin province and Xinjiang in Yili area Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County
. Liaoning Xibo population of about 133 thousand people, accounting for the Xibe population of 70.2%, ranking first in the country. The rest is mainly scattered in the northern provinces and all over the country. In the East (North) West (North) separation, large dispersion distribution situation of small communities. After 1980s, the country (mainly northeast) Xibo population has soared trend, the main reason is that in the past as the Manchu and Han Primary Xibe family gradually corrected to siberia.
Siberia Agriculture and animal husbandry
Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County
Xibe ethnic minorities in northern China, is engaged in agricultural production earlier in the nation. At the beginning of Qing Dynasty, Xibe Nationality began to grow rice, the Qing Dynasty literature called "Xibe meters". In 1766 moved to the West Qapqal
In early nineteenth Century, to the Qapqal canal through, Xibe camp eight cattle recorded more than 78700 acres of reclaimed land expansion. To the northeast of the Xibe Nationality in the late Qing Dynasty, is dominated by agriculture, the main crops are wheat, corn, sorghum, barley, rapeseed, sesame, millet, sunflower, tobacco etc..
In Siberia production activities, animal husbandry, sideline also accounted for a certain proportion. Most farmers raising horses, cattle, sheep and other animals, not only for food use, and the keeper scale is expanding, there are a lot of specialist. Xibe sideline mainly gardening, fishing, and a small amount of hunting. Garden vegetables and fruit planting, also have elm, poplar timber tree planting. Fishing is one of the important sideline production. Qapqal
The Xibe, in good conditions of Yili River fishing.
Siberia transportation characteristic. Due to similar climatic conditions in Northeast China and the Xinjiang, since ancient times, and in 1950s, cattle, horses, camels, donkeys, skis, sledges, carts, carriages, donkey cart has become the important means of transportation. After 50s gradually with the rubber wheel vehicle, bicycle and rickshaw, tractors, tractors, trucks, motorcycles, cars etc.. But still, as transport and entertainment tool sled by special people cherish and inherit.
The Xibe Nationality has its own language of the Altai language Tungus Manchu language branch, mainly distributed in Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County of Xinjiang, Tacheng, Gongliu, Yining, Huocheng, Urumqi etc.. Compared with the Manchu language branch, more than 80% words are borrowed from manchu.
According to historical records, before the Qing Dynasty, the Xibe Nationality uses a "non clear non Mongolia language. Many people think that this language is called "Ji Fu Xi, Xibe Manchu conquest, was incorporated into the Eight Manchuria
After the Manchu assimilation, it gradually changed Manchu language
. In the absence of definite historical circumstances, on this point of view, of course, not light.
In 1764, a part of the Xibe Nationality moved to Xinjiang and Yili, the Sibo spoken language obtains the new development, and continuing until now. vowel
26, divided into vowels and compound vowels. Vowels are: J, a, y, e, OE, u, O, I, AI: diphthongs, UI, OI, u, Au, ou, IA, IU, IO, y, ya, UA, uo. consonant
There are 44. Xibe language has its own characteristics, that is not the length of vowels, diphthongs are more, there is the phenomenon of vowel harmony, but not in words, several lattice category, there are third noun reflexive possessive suffixes of person, verb state, body type, category, function words are abundant. The Xibe language is Manchu Manchu script
Continue to. sibe
Is a Alphabetic writing
It can be said, Phonemic character
, created in the twenty-seven years of Ming Dynasty (1599), and perfect in Chongzhen five years (1632) and later in the Manchu basis slightly changed into. It should be noted, is not equivalent to the Manchu Xibe language.
Xibe has a total of 40 Letter
: 6 vowels and 24 consonants, 10 spelling word letters. The basic strokes of letters, words, word prefix tooth ring, words, suffix, and a variety of different directions and left vertical line connecting letters. The writing order from top to bottom, lines from left to right, the use of punctuation in general text general.
Living in the Yili Valley is surrounded by many Xibe ethnic language environment in order to survive, they have to learn other languages, including Russian learning. Xibe usually speak Chinese, Russian and uighur. Therefore, Yili Xibo is known as "a genius".
" Qapqal newspaper
"Chinese is currently the only published newspaper in xibe.
The past Xibo religion complex, had the natural worship of heaven and earth, sun and moon, the magnitude of the Xianbei; beast, foxes, snakes, insects, trees, ginseng and other animals and plants on the land of God worship; "Bana, really," God ", and the cattle plague in the Haierkan" God, "according to the gizzard mother", "Cech Duka Ian Du Li, God, God Goddess" Cha Han "," Alinwu Mountain Nature "," the way God Zhuo Du Li, Ewan "hunting" Banda and Liu Shushen "foduo MafA" hormat method "and" God, Muhaen Du Li Yu "God worship; worship of soul; the worship of ancestors. The letters are not the same level. Generally speaking, the main worship is "Xili Mama" and "livestock protection khairkhan mafa" In the letter. Shamanism
The letter, and Tibetan buddhism.
Kunming, Mo Xibo blood as a link to the community of people. Kamal
For the name, Guardya, Guo Erjia, he leaves Seoul, Holi, Tucker, Haas color, Fucha ilaree, kinds of pull, Hus Harry, Gul, more than and 50 feel Luo hole. Xinjiang Xibo also has more than 30. The revolution of 1911
After gradually translated into a single name, such as: he leaves, or what he translated, Moore Yicheng Tong Qi figure or paint, kinds of translation translation such as Hu Wu, Hus Harry. Kunming Branch, since the separation of Mo, Mo, some have a Queensland, some two or three. Each had a Mo Kun Kamal and elected by the members of the Democratic Harada (long) and the Mo, the general number of rank highest respectable person. Every Kunjun, Mo has a written rules and the cemetery. Harada and Molly the responsible for handling transactions with bucket litigation, worship, property, weddings and other matters. Harrah Xibe genealogy divided spectrum and the spectrum of two types of Mo kun. Preface writing genealogy and the significance of the creation, the continuation of the Mo Kun; spectrum list each generation each branch, the continuation of the bar; there Notepad regularly record group occurred within, events etc..
Xibe eating habits have originality. Because of the different living area and there are some differences. Xibe men generally have smoking and drinking habits. According to legend, once every family do Yellow Wine. Every family are pigs, chickens and ducks, cattle, horses, sheep, carnivorous. At the same time, also love the snow melted out on venison, hunting and fishing.
Xibe most used to eat three meals, the staple food of rice and flour, edible sorghum are past. Pasta with baking bread, noodles and steamed bun also eat leek zygote, Boiled dumplings etc.. suffer Uygur ethnic group
Also eat pilaf and roasted Nang, drink milk tea and bread. Carnivorous sources rely mainly on family farming, with cattle and sheep, pork based. When the meat habit may carry a knife, the meat cooked in the market, with a knife to cut, and then dipped in salt and chuangsuan mixed seasoning. Make a habit of blood sausage. Also like cooked pig, mix into paste, and with mashed garlic or onion alone made dishes. When winter Xibe often have hunting, wild boar, hare, wild duck, Mongolian gazelle is common in winter on the table of venison. Siberia also used various pickles. At the end of each year, every family of thinly sliced pickled pickles with leek and green peppers, celery, cabbage, carrots, locally known as the "Hart mixed sukit", sometimes for annual consumption. Love in the summer also made Xibo sauce to taste.
Northeast Xibe eat rice, sorghum and millet, Xinjiang Xibe eat wheat, which is leavened pancake Xinjiang Xibo almost three meals a day for food, "said Lahore amount", also known as" The pie
"Xibe people almost every day to eat. This cake made of flour, sodium carbonate and water, baked out in the pot, generally thirty or forty cm in diameter, thickness of about one centimeter, with baking pattern called "day", the other side is "". This cake to eat food must be very particular, "heaven" and "land" up down, breaking into four pieces, reflecting the Xibe ethnic customs and concepts of heaven and earth.
In addition to the "Sibo pie", all seats are the most characteristic Xibe meat dishes. All seats in the Xibe language as "Moore Xueke", meaning "in a bowl dish". In 2009, all seats as traditional art classes are included in the second batch of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region autonomous region representative list of intangible cultural heritage. The main materials used for the sheep's heart, liver and lung, large intestine, tongue, blood, a total of 12 dishes, it is elegant, unique flavor. As a distinguished visitor, Xibe made big sheep to kill the sheep to entertain seats.
In addition, there are two Xibo food soup, Leek cake
Tanzania, Texas (hodgepodge), rich style, tastes special.
Siberia Clothes & Accessories
Clothing material is early Xibe to deer, pigs and moose skins, pay more attention to keeping warm function. The Xibe Nationality Costumes, due to differences in different times and regions, and the influence of ethnic mutual, differences and changes. The traditional dress has absorbed the advantages of Xibe Mongolian, Manchu and Chinese national costume. Xibe man love with blue, green, gray, brown robe, covered by blue jacket, wearing a bowler hat, the waist is the blue cloth, and thick soled shoes. In order to facilitate the horse, man's robe and jacket, all around the vent. The Xibe people's robes, big half robes and hem in the knees half a foot, cuff is horseshoe shaped, can be rolled down, wearing pants, plus" Chaparejos
"(only two legs, no crotch and back waist), wearing a" spring and autumn winter wear leggings clip "," cotton leggings".
The more women's clothing style siberia. Love to wear colored cloth and cloth Qipao (multi edge), embroidered shoes, Kanjian etc.. Dajin robes to glue the lace or embroidery band, love dress waistcoat, a double breasted waistcoat, a front, also with lace, trousers with black legs, wearing embroidered shoes. Young girls and unmarried girl, a long braid, tie pigtail with all kinds of "wool", do not cut the hair on the head, a curtain, love flowers, gold (silver) ear wearing earrings, wearing elegant beautiful cheongsam. On the right side of the waist pocket mouth, tuck a colored handkerchief, half out of the bag outside. Wearing embroidered shoes, showing the vitality of youth. Girl dress and daughter-in-law no difference but girl wearing bright. Hair comb is different, daughter-in-law "dragon bun", "forehead bangs" behind "dovetail", full head hair in a bun, disc shape, daily life, or two "double braided braided comb Zhuaji" together, become a big pimple ". Head hair oil, no oil, with elm bark water thick shiny bubble. The face can be coated, the mouth can besmear lipstick, nails can etc.. Head of the bun inserted with jinzan, wrist wearing gold (silver, jade bracelet).
Xibe Claus costumes are different, generally older men wearing Duijin white gown, wearing robes (winter cotton), others also set a jacket, wearing white socks, shoes (spring, summer and autumn wear round black shoes, wearing cotton felt black shoes, the shoes in winter to spring and summer waist slightly some high, Xibe language called "Jabu sabou"), tie trousers, wearing a hat; women's attire with age change. Older women often wear blue, black dress, long and instep tie, trousers, white socks, spring, summer and autumn wear embroidered black shoes (winter cotton waist), winter wear padded gown, wearing cotton padded caps, similar to Han Kun autumn cap. The old woman went out, hands also take a pipe, stopping when loading into the gift to each other.
After the revolution of Xibe Nationality costume changes by the Han and Uygur nationality influence. Young women love to wear colorful dresses, skirts, shirts and lapels, turtleneck coat, boots. Young men like to wear suits, sportswear, jackets, leather shoes, only eighty or ninety year old men and women who occasionally wearing a long robe, hat, hat, shoes Qiu kun.
Xibe folk many traditional festivals, mostly with the same han. As the Spring Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Tomb-sweeping Day. Lunar New Year's Eve, every family should catch the butcher sheep, do all kinds of new year, year cake, fried fruit. New year's Eve, the whole family together to make dumplings, is the beginning of the 15 month more dumplings pot; second to eat long noodles. Do the longevity when the first good broth, then the other pot cooked, remove water, edible when add broth, a symbol of the. Some holiday time although the same with the Han nationality, but the law has its own unique characteristics, such as the "Spring Festival", "Dragon Boat Festival", "Lantern Festival", in the form of both Han and the holidays are different.
The Spring Festival Walk, worship and entertainment activities in the pro. Lunar March to fish for offering offerings of "fish Qingming", lunar July festival offerings in fruits of the "melon Qingming" and "Sun Yi Zhabai car sun tie" (the Dragon Boat Festival and the Mid Autumn Festival). To celebrate these festivals, with the national customs of festivals, food and entertainment. The national holiday is "418" and the sixteen "west festival to discredit festival". West Section
Every day is the 18th day of the fourth month of the Chinese lunar calendar Festival Xibe moved to the West
She called Baizhakun, Xibe language festival. Before sixteenth Century, the forefathers of Xibe Nationality lives in the Northeast plains and grasslands of Hulun Buir. The middle of the eighteenth Century, the Qing government from Mukden (Shenyang), Ritchie Xibe 1018 soldiers, along with their families a total of 3275 people, led by the Manchu officials, moved westward to Xinjiang Yili area of tunkenshubian. In the 18th day of the fourth month of the Chinese lunar calendar this year, Xinjiang moved to the West in the northeast and Xibe Xibe everyone gathered in Xibe, Shengjing Temple Taiping temple, the ancestral shrine, farewell dinner. The next morning, Xibe soldiers and their families, said goodbye to the hometown folks, embarked on a long journey to the west. After the one year and five months trek arrived in Xinjiang Yili area. The Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County is their year resident, there is the Xibe people and their children, so there are some ethnic scholars think it should be called "western festival" is more accurate.
West festival this day, Xibe everyone should wear costumes, gathered together, snapping the "East" Boolean ", from the Merck tune", enjoy dancing, lively and vigorous dance beat "Beln". The girls' shoulder shaking ", boys" duckstep "Weimiaoweixiao, to express the hometown thoughts and vision of a better life in the future.
The festival showcases the Xibe splendid ancient cultural tradition, national psychology, national emotion, folk beliefs, folk customs and all kinds of crafts and dance art, has the rich cultural connotation and value. Discredit Festival
Lunar month is sixteen, Xibe Discredit Festival
. On this day, people get up early in the morning, last night with black cloth or mat with ready, go to each other face, in this day, whether everyone can face to each other. But the old man must first be, then to the face, but can only wipe a little less, to show respect.
Xibe discredit Festival, has a long history. According to legend, in the past because of a young wife, the branding the Souffle dog, and offended the gods guard. Therefore, the gods to punish people who don't cherish food. Second years, tour the gods cast spells, the Xibe crops were black. The results of the fall collection is full of black seed. These people are panicked, not knowing what to do. Finally, the village people together to guard the gods qingzui, and swear rather my face sorrow black, do not call the wheat sick, black seed crops. The gods were moved by people's sincere, to recover the spell. Then people in every sixteen month, his face blackened, instead of the crops being punished.
Because of this, people to discredit the day this day, people are not afraid of the face to discredit, because they are in their crops for punishment.
Literature and art connotation of Xibe's rich and colorful, rich with the national characteristics. As an important part of the nation's literature and folk literature, there are folk songs, folk tales and proverbs, riddles, proverbs etc.. Folk songs and ballads, bitter song, shaman song song, song, song, custom fields, persuasion, hunting songs, love songs, songs, folk songs and other new wedding songs. Folk tales legends, fairy tales, fables, myths, riddles, animal stories etc.. Proverbs content for teaching people to be honest, modest and prudent, solidarity, likes and dislikes, industrious and thrifty. Riddle mainly to improve children's intelligence, enlighten their mind content, is to educate children the elderly and women tools. The creation of literary performance for modern content. The earliest nineteenth Century on prose letters "half Karen Hoyel Vinkzin Hui fan Guards replaced Karen letter". At the end of the Qing Dynasty after the emergence of new literature. So far, Xibe, Chinese characters published novels, narrative poems, prose, poetry, biography and other works, the chronicle of Xinjiang ethnic literature in occupy a space for one person. The national music drama music and rap music two. Drama music called Gell and seedling Dan, flat and yuediao. But after the introduction of the basic processing of nationalization of content. Rap music has strong national characteristic. Folk sports include archery, wrestling, wrestling, horse racing, hunting and skating entertainment. The archery and horse racing has a long history, the national "good riding and shooting" the continuation of traditional history.
In early Qing Dynasty, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Xinjiang and other places of the Xibe Nationality are the formation of a village. West of the Xibe Nationality in Qapqal canal excavate, then the basic form is 8 Cattle.
(also known as GA good) form of settlement. Niu Lu is the economic units, and units. Initially each cow recorded were surrounded by tall walls, open four doors of two hundred or three hundred households in the four corners of the world, ranging from. The
Each courtyard of varying size, less two or three acres, four or five acres and more. A rectangular courtyard planted around the north and south, there are all kinds of trees. Courtyard wall surrounded, North and south south hospital houses, a variety of fruits and vegetables, the North Hospital of repair housing, trees and grain etc.. Housing for Herringbone inclined roof wooden structure housing or adobe brick room, much to the north and south. The bedroom is Kang, is the southern northwest Sanhuan Kang "". Many elders live by Westinghouse, east house people living, middle is separated into the kitchen aisle. Xibe has always been advocating multiple generations, the separation by parents make arrangements for building a separate portal.
Xibe housing increasingly to brick and reinforced concrete structure, the combination of housing development. Herringbone roof room past the kind of legacy from the Qing Dynasty, has been eliminated. Just as individual villages retain cultural relics. This house is to learn from other Manchu, its high cost, labor, materials and more. The housing and housing Zhuanmujiegou gradually tends to the combination of Lampi "structure. There are many houses, windows, doors, wooden doors, wooden windows replaced. Individual farmers also built buildings.
Xibe architectural art is mainly reflected in the residential buildings and temples. Xibo residential, herringbone roof room, spacious and elegant, half meters wide eaves, large windows, some one house has four or five windows, the window shape of Erythrophleum fordii are delicate, small and curved, almost as if there is no carving, fine art is do not come out. But there are carved on the door frame and the window, the pattern on the screen.
Siberia folk song
This song is the musical structure field song slightly larger, there are four single phrase music forms. Mainly reflects the Xibe Nationality funeral, marriage, labor, recreation, etiquette, belief and customs. If there is a "cry" funeral funeral song; marriage is "song", "the rest of the world Wedding Song
"," to marry song "; a" four seasons song "labor"; a sheep song "play a song"; the "respect of etiquette;" the mother's song "have faith etc.. In the wedding custom songs usually have a fixed. Song
This kind of song melody is concise, more education for children to study hard, learn to sing Letter
So, archery formula. Is to embody the good traditions of the national advocate of education. It is this tradition that prompted the west only more than 3000 people, although with other ethnic groups for 200 long years, still retains the national language and traditional art. Narrative songs
How is the story of narrative songs Xibo Nationality in 1764 moved to the west to Xinjiang historical events songs. This has a great relationship with the Xibe people responsible for special historical mission and the specific content of life. The melody in the scouring, complete the five film: " Kashgar
The song of Gore "," Tracy Xian, "map", "Qinna leaves" Princess ", and" three highland song ". "Kashi" is a song of Gore from the Yili four battalion was ordered to go to the southern part of the officers and men on 1820s against the British and Russian inspired Jahangir
History of chaos. "La Xian map" of the poem for nearly a thousand, life is very strong, colloquial enhanced folk music
Color. "Qinna leaf" is a reflection of the Xibe Nationality Ancient hunting and fishing life narrative songs. The unique national characteristics, every sentence with "Ye Qinna" is a word beginning, poetry and "thimble lattice" rhetoric of the upper and lower section together. "Highland Princess" is a pair of lovers after song, also known as the love song. "Princess" is the name of the old girl Xibe, can also be used as a husband to his wife. "HY Princess" means "a sister (or a lady)". The "three national anthem" is widely spread among the masses according to" Romance of the Three Kingdoms
"Series of songs, has been spread over a hundred years of history, is the witness of the history of cultural exchange between Han tin.
The Xibe Nationality folk song is one of the few, but the tone is very complex. Four, five, six sound sound sound, sound is 20 seven. Many of them have special adjustable rare. The song
Also known as the "Street Song", "Spring Dance Talayi Xibe language". This is the most distinctive Xibe folk songs, but also for the majority of people believe that this is the Xibe national folk songs. It is composed of the object, to cover and contain everything from the day, day and month, from humans to animals. This kind of song lyrics in no fixed. Holiday and vacations
Duet by male and female ad lib friends gathering or working in the fields when. It features in its melody development technique, musical structure and metrical lyrics etc.. It is almost entirely composed of two asymmetrical phrase, sentence the second half below the strict five degrees (or four degrees) imitation; two phrase termination by the sound below two degrees or three degrees upward to the sound and progressive junction termination, termination of the five degree of imitation especially strict.
Siberia Musical Instruments Butterfly piano
The butterfly is also known as Qin Duomuduokun, in recent years developed musical instruments. In the west section of the artistic performance, we see two butterfly shaped organ shape as like as two peas, was found to have a closer look is a stringed instrument, a plucked instrument is four strings, is a butterfly piano, piano butterfly as if the color of mahogany furniture, antique color. There is an artist hands holding a length of about 40 cm of the "Butterfly", which is a percussion instrument, two wire made of decorative butterfly antennae, wooden butterfly shape, there are four parallel sticks, a row is 20 ring, a row of 6 sheep femur, alternating group a player holding a wooden butterfly shape, rhythmic side shaking can. East Boolean East Boolean
Is a plucked instrument of the Xibe nationality. One from Kazak
The Brad winter
That is generally considered in Manchu Big Sanxian
The reform of basic and Kazak Brad winter and the. Qin and Han peg like handle Sanxian
The resonance box and two string, and then approximate Kazakh Brad winter. About 110 centimeters long, with mountain sheep string, no grade two heads and two Qinzhen, sixian. When playing the piano, will hold to his side, right hand finger dial elbow. Sounds ranging from Sanxian and Dombra, for Solo, ensemble and dance. Chao Lun
Chao Lun resembling the gourd, therefore it is also called the gourd piano. Xibe first civilian knife will hoist a split to two, will set up two pig bladder, gut string. In modern times, were originally developed by Lun 2 strings to 4 strings today. The voice seemed to fiddle strings soft, crisp tone is beautiful, is really the best musical singing love songs.
The traditional entertainment Xibe's rich and colorful, including Archery
Activities, horse racing, wrestling, ice skating, etc., in addition to swing, kite flying, chess (Kata), Gell out (Bi Shi) game etc.. Wahl
Wahl is a sports Xibe favorite, which originated in the Xibe hunting era, not only can exercise methods, eyesight, but also can cultivate people's collective concept. Tile, the number of people can. Each of the hands of a thick square block called "tile", the two groups are divided into equal numbers, tile before a gambling group and tile stand watts group, the loser winner tile stand watts. The specific method is: the two sides in the specified distance line, hit the tile by tile of the tile will stand watts even through down. Never hit or beat is burned". The first play calling head, when tile mouth to shout the head, called the wrong or not shout, are considered "burn". "Burn", allowing other people to save life, can continue to play, can not be saved, will become the original stand watts, and who became a hit stand watts watts. The head tile is finished, then two, three, a step by step difficult. If a person has not finished, all burned, by tile into stand watts. Wrestling
Wrestling is a confrontational game of strength and skill of strong motion, is fond of Xibe mass folk traditional sports. During the marriage, festivals and other auspicious days are held, reward for the winner. In addition to various forms of wrestling, International Wrestling and Chinese wrestling
Outside, and the national wrestling form. Classical wrestling, wrestlers' age and weight should be similar, wrestling when no fixed procedures, as long as one side of the hands, knees or move back, even if lost. One is Freestyle wrestling
Players participate in the competition, regardless of weight, without time and space constraints, as long as the opponent to win. Xibe there is a form of wrestling, the wrestler's legs with a gunny sack tied up, tied at the waist, both sides can only use the strength of the upper limb and other skills fall. There is a call immediately immediately wrestling, wrestling. During the game, a rider holding a bridle, one hand, pull, push, push and twist each other, or to sit down on the saddle and bridle, whip in his mouth, when two horses crossed the occasion, the two sides fight contest are trying to pull each other off, down even if you win. Fight two ride often circling around, the rider twisted together, pinli fell pull, wits, dangerous and thrilling.
The Xibe Nationality attaches great importance to etiquette, there are some taboos. For example, when sleeping off the pants, shoes, socks and so cannot be placed on high; not lying on the Kang; can not be crossed from clothes, quilt, pillow; dinner can not sit or stand and walk no threshold, pats the table playing bowls; wife and father-in-law not eaten, can not sit handed the knife to others; to tip toward him, a knife toward each other, avoiding the dog in the family name, prohibition of marriage etc..
Xibe have etiquette, zunlaoaiyou, hospitality, uphold the traditional virtues and. In daily life, filial children, no support for the elderly, should be condemned by society. Teachers receive special respect in society, the national proverb says "no respect for teachers is the lack of respect for parents". Respect guest is regarded as an important aspect of a family or family civilization quality. Keep clean and tidy, protection of water sources in a public place, keep the appearance is an important manifestation of the nation the continuation of social morality and individual moral aspects. Etiquette is regarded as the fundamental philosophy of life. In daily life, and the response to the elders, after being apart a long time to be done" To fight a thousand
"The ceremony, every major holiday, weddings will kneel and kowtow ceremony. This tradition has been passed so far.
There was a lot of Xibe Nationality must abide by the rules in the diet, such as eating leavened bread, on the table when the day, ground, day must face upwards, toward the ground, cut into four pieces on the table along the side. Eat not to sit or walk from the threshold, hitting the table, bowl with chopsticks, chopsticks in a bowl or cross. The family dining table on the west by old and young, for the past, father and son, Weng can't sit at the same table. The road to meet and greet younger elders to give way to greet each other to meet peers. A visitor, daughter-in-law out of tobacco, tea, tobacco, tea if installed with guests equal seniority, guests should stand up or bowed hands; the guests leave, the family will send out to the gate.
The Xibe people is an ancient custom of playing around, no matter how much the hunt venison, all participants regardless of size is the average distribution, even passers-by have divided prey, without exception, a share. However, the animal's head and hooves should be distributed to the first hit, this is a reward. Xibe people think that prey is nature to you, don't belong to a person, can not be used alone.
Not only the Xibe people as his means of access to food, but also regarded it as a symbol of unity and good luck.
Xibe remained Monogamy
And with her husband in a typical patriarchal marriage form. No children who marry into individual. No intermarriage, but occasionally, maternal uncle, Gubiao brother married sister situation. The new Chinese after the establishment of the new marriage law has been fully implemented in Xibe society, concubinage, child bride, and other bad habits gradually eliminate marriage. Intermarriage of Xibo and Han are increasing.
Xibe has many exquisite funeral. The past is changed after cremation, burial, with a wooden coffin. Xibe inhumation. Every last Kamal
(Surname) have their own cemetery and Mo kun. The old man died after baptism, baosang or kneel. Choose the funeral day, avoid shenri and afternoon. The mourning period for more than three days, more than five to seven days. Mound inserted two bar streamers (one paper streamers, one for red cloth or silk system). In the house of mourning. Pay homage to the period of "forty-nine days", a direct relatives need pass the period of mourning, the hundred days pass the period of mourning. Shaman, witch staff and other non normal deaths of unmarried men and women do not cremation, coffin bottom, and replaced by reed. The dead children abandoned in the wild birds and animals and eating.
The elderly have many funeral customs. The general elderly critically ill or dying when children leave home. The old man is not dead in bed, to be carried to the house before the death of the central makeshift bed by his son to the old shroud, Shou shoes. To die, to give the barber, wash, nails, including coins, money in his hand, and then immediately open the door and let out the old man's soul. Before burial, there are many superstitions about, such as the dead head Mongolia Mongolia face paper "covered" Indra ", put forward the" long light "and" head rice "," open eyes "inserted tampon. The family elders to wear white robes of filial piety, white cloth belt. In the condolence, small burial, but also please Lama chanting in front of the door at the same time, also please trumpeter playing cheerful music, because it is called "funeral funeral". If the dead in less than 60 years old, is playing the song pathos.
Siberia The color cloth like Xian
The color cloth Xi Yin, Xibe, modern Xibe outstanding educator. The color cloth like Xian from studying hard, but the former, be learned in books, books and translation in Xibe camp, was later promoted to Sauron duct. Eight years Guangxu (1882), recovering Yili, general Jin Shun stationed, to various tribes in Yili, the replacement of a battalion of soldiers to aid. As Sauron main color cloth like Xian face the small amount of funds, decided to do some benefit to the people, for the benefit of their business. He personally prepared, in Xibe camp of 8 cattle recorded (units) have founded the public schools, and continue to expand the size of the school, enrich the teaching content. This is the beginning of West Xibe Nationality schools of compulsory education. Prior to this, despite the Xibe Nationality Education activities, but more for private education, people not only by the scanty cultural education, teaching content is limited to Manchu and archery. The color cloth like Xian attaches great importance to Chinese education, made indelible contributions to the cultivation of talents and sihan. With the increasingly close exchanges between various ethnic groups, ethnic language learning from each other is urgent. The color cloth like Xian foresight, put forward the development of bilingual education, teachers are from compiling teaching materials to implement this principle. The school has hired Han learning, on the other hand to send students to have both ability and political integrity Huiyuan to learn chinese. The contents of the "Book of Songs," Professor "Three Character Classic", "Thousand Character Classic", "The Four Books and the Five Classics etc.. The color cloth like Yin believes that in school education in ethnic minority areas, the emphasis of moral education is the education of national unity, he asked the national teachers and students with sincerity to get along, with due respect, do not teach mutual respect, not do things conducive to national unity, do not say is not conducive to national unity. He also advocated excellent fashion of love for the motherland, love of labor, respecting zunlaoaiyou, willing to endure hardship of the Chinese nation. Xi Xian color cloth also attaches great importance to the education of girls, he advocated women and men should enjoy the right of receiving education. In his advocacy and efforts, established a school for girls, girls go to school to recruit siberia. Since then, the end of the school history not Xibe girls. In the period of Emperor Guangxu, hi color cloth good suggestion, Xibe students selected the Russian state funded, cultivate a group and a group of Russian translation talents. Xi Yin advanced ideas in color cloth, Xibe formed in learning languages of traditional education; the Xibe cattle recorded have been established "Xing society", and actively promote gender equality in education, founder of Xibe culture publications mimeograph, introduces the advanced ideas, dissemination of artistic and cultural progress.
Siberia The GuLun
Active guard the frontier of the motherland in the Qing Dynasty generals, Xibe people. In 1820s, in exile in Kokand small and excellent Jizhan hall sun Zhang Huo Er, in support of the British colonialists, wide wings, invasion of southern Xinjiang. They have repeatedly harassed the near edge, burning and looting, commit all sorts. Suddenly, the moment was stable in southern Xinjiang, and the war of four, smoke. In Kashi, Yengisar, Seoul, and Sicheng Tian Yang leaves have fallen. The light of six years (1826), the ancient Lun as Xibe Xibe camp duct, rate a total of 800 officers and soldiers rush to the rescue to the Qing, launched a fierce battle with the army of tens of thousands of the zhang'ge'er. The soldiers usually attach great importance to military training, riding March, skilled with their bravery and fight with the rebels, will the Zhang'ge'er back more than 100 years, gain a complete victory. The GuLun in Cameroon Ertiegai mountain and follow up a victory with hot pursuit, captured Chagyl, the rebel no leader in rebellion subsided. Second years, the Kashi recovered in city. The GuLun and army battle, the capture of Yengisar and other three city. At this point, the four southern city fully recovered. Imperialist conspiracy went bankrupt, and the restoration of the stability of South xinjiang. Emperor Daoguang that this letter exultation, ordered the active soldiers 40 people, will be given the title and picture to show recognition, and. Emperor Daoguang also summoned the GuLun et al., awarded him the head top wear products, thanks to "fruit roming Abba turu", no.. Earl Cullen and he led the Xibe soldiers, in the defense of the frontier of the motherland, safeguard the stability of the border areas and national reunification, made an important contribution to crush the British colonialists invasion plot, the pacification of the armed rebellion of zhang'ge'er. Their history is indelible.
Siberia Liyan Tong
Liyan Tong, Chinese mainland actress, born in Xinjiang in August 8, 1984 Ili
. 2002 was the first miss Xinjiang contest runner up, the new film contest award. In 2004, the Ministry of culture The Spring Festival Gala
In Xinjiang, a solo Yan scared four
. Graduated in 2008 Central Academy of Drama
Undergraduate class. May 2011 served as ambassador of the Xibe Nationality obligation.
In 2007, " No love
"The role of youth no longer, li. In 2008, " The mother instrument
"In the corner of Zhao Feiyan. In 2009, Liyan Tong appeared in the " People live a face
"," Amidst the sun
". 2010, Wallace Huo
And Liyan Tong for the first time in cooperation, " The Vigilante In The Mask
"As Such as Yi Jing
. " unbeatable
"As Hui Yao
. " My economic man
"As Xiao Jun He
In 2011, the " The beauty of the world
"As Dance allure
. Liyan Tong in " The beauty of the world
"Once again play good at singing and dancing Dance allure. " Jade Palace Lock Heart
"As Said the year
. Liyan Tong said the plays " Jade Palace Lock Heart
"The female No. two, formerly known as Tong said, the historical prototype of the Yong Zheng Emperor Imperial Noble Consort Dunsu
In 2011, Liyan Tong and Fahrenheit
member Jiro Wang
Starred in the suspense thriller "love Purple house
". The same year, Liyan Tong in the TV series " Esther Tang
"In the play Taomeiren
, and starred in " My economic man
"The heroine He Xiaojun, looking forward to her interpretation.
In 2012, Liyan Tong in the TV series " Beijing love story
"As Bing Shen. Liyan Tong's Bing Shen has become the most ideal model. In the TV series " The love that point thing
"As in the new lake. And, Du Chun
As a couple. In " Love can be repeated
"Liyan Tong, played by actress Lu Jialiang. In November 21st, Liyan Tong started at micro-blog music debut " Only sing for you
", issued a declaration of love.
By virtue of the 2013 annual asian idol Festival " Tangshan earthquake
", won the" most powerful actress "award. In 2013, Liyan Tong Forbes Chinese celebrity
Ranked seventy-ninth, as fourth China student TV Festival Ambassador
. 2013 to participate in shooting the film version of " Beijing love story
Tong Baogang, male, Xibe, born in March 1959, Communist Party members, University culture. Party secretary of the Harbin Municipal Food and drug administration.
Siberia Guanyaomiao Guanyaomiao
Was born in December 27, 1978. CCTV host, has presided over the China movie channel " The film Encyclopedia
"," golden age "clothes make the travel channel," news "," Time Travel Star Station "such thing as a program. And starred in many film and television drama.
Siberia White rust
Bai Jing (June 4, 1983 - February 28, 2012), female, Liaoning Diaobingshan City, starred in " Bloody Xiangxi
"," Wing Chun Kung Fu
"," Resurrection of the Dragon
"So many film and TV drama. During the school has starred in dozens of musicals, after graduating from China Eryi under the nationalization, has been active in the musical stage.