(scientific name: Syzygium samarangense), also known as Syzygium samarangense
Purple syzygium, Syzygium jambos
Pomegranate, water, Jambu air
Nianwu, Java, peach, Pu Lian fog, Myrtaceae
In particular, Java
The cultivation of the most well-known, and therefore "Java Syzygium" said. stay Hainan
Apples are called "sweet not", also known as the "splash", because often fell from the tree with a sound. In Guangdong it is called" Cotton fruit
The area known as "apples". Taiwan wax from seventeenth Century Dutch
The introduction of Taiwan, Taiwan Province Pingtung County
Is the most famous place of origin, is a major growth in tropical fruits. With scientific evidence, in addition to the original wax apple is red and green, and new varieties of dark red apples. In Malaysia known as the "Cleistocalyx", Malaysia people are generally open after stained with plum powder (plum powder) to eat.
The fruit top flat, drooping like surface waxy luster. The flesh is spongy, slightly apple flavor. Many kinds of apples, fruit color, some are green, some pink, there is big gules
. The fruit contains apples Protein
Other minerals, suitable for cure diuresis and soothe the nerves, to cough, asthma
Also have the effect. Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian has Chinese, Taiwan, Hainan and other places of cultivation, edible fruit.
Wax apple Morphological character Wax apple
belong to Tree
High, 12m. Shoot flattening. Leaves opposite, petiole short long, but 4mm, sometimes nearly sessile; leaves thin Leathery, elliptic to oblong, 10-22cm long, 6-8cm wide, apex obtuse or slightly acuminate, base narrow, rounded or slightly cordate, above dry yellow brown, the thin small, lateral veins 14-19 pairs, with 45 degree angle oblique upward, from the edge of 5mm with each edge pulse on the other side, there are 1 additional veins in near veins 1.5mm, lateral veins are separated by 6-10 mm, with obvious net. Cymes
Terminal or axillary, 5-6cm long, a number of flowers flowers; flowers white, pedicels ca. 5 millimeter
; calyx tube obconic, 7-8 mm long, 6-7 mm wide, calyx teeth, semicircular, ca. 4 mm long, double wide; stamens numerous, ca. 1.5cm, 2.5-3cm style. The fruit of pear shaped or conical, fleshy, red, shiny, 4-5cm long, apex concave, fleshy sepals persistent. Seeds 1. Flowering 5-6, fruit ripening in 7-8 months.
Wax apple Growth habit
Waxapple adult tree 3 meters high, the anniversary of evergreen, repeatedly appearance, many flowering, growth, the more. Normal 3 ~ May Bloom
From 5 to July, fruit ripening. Can be adjusted by special treatment florescence
The fructescence, early December to April of the following year. stay South China
3-4 month, flowers 1 times, 5-6 months of fruit mature
In late July, flowers 2 times, 8-9 months of fruit ripening, and blossom in December. Average fruit weight 70-80 grams. In the province of Taiwan Waxapple cultivate
Implement the regulation, 4-6 times a year and 5000 kilograms per mu in general.
Fear of cold and warm wax, the optimum growth temperature 25 to 30 DEG C. No winter frost; at 7 C, which was the fruit bud chilling and fall off; 10 C close to the harvested fruit will be better off.
Waxapple high demand for water, and adaptable to different soil conditions. Wax like moist soil, anniversary are required to have adequate water supply. Where the water will grow strong, apples, and waterlogging tolerance is also strong, often baptized areas of normal growth, flowering and fruiting. At the same time on soil conditions strictly, sand, clay, soil and acidic or alkaline soil can grow. Economic cultivation for better irrigation micro alkaline clay loam.
Winter fruit and crisp, less water, high sugar, thick flesh, no seed (in late April after the flowering fruit only during the winter, if the seed) if tree shoots germination quantity, unfavorable influence on fruit quality, should inhibit the germination. Wax apple
Fruit storage, generally at room temperature can only be stored for a week, after harvest packaging should be immediately sent to the market.
Wax apple geographical distribution
Introduced in seventeenth Century, Chinese Taiwan, 1930s Hainan
Has the introduction and cultivation, but the cultivation quantity is still less. Wax apple
Cultivated in Taiwan has a long history, as early as seventeenth Century since the introduction of Java by the dutch. Mainly in Yilan, Changhua, Tainan, Pingtung and other places, and the best apples produced in Taiwan County at the southernmost tip of Pingtung. In Taiwan Waxapple cultivation area of 133 thousand and 500 mu, Mu yield
Up to 894.1 kg. Because the research breakthrough varieties and cultivation techniques, and improve the quality of perinatal Waxapple early, now considered cool good fruit, ranked sixth and 7 in Taiwan, 20 kinds of main important economic fruit trees.
Wax apple Variety classification
Since the apples Nanyang
Later, by the guidance of the government and the farmers themselves Improvement
That has produced many varieties.
Wax apple Deep red (big)
A deep red apples.
Commonly known as: the apples.
Color: deep red.
Fruit: fruit shape is small, flat cone
The shape, length, average length of about 4.4 cm, fruit color Oxblood red
The flesh is white, with pale red, slightly astringent taste, low sweetness, hollow, color is very bright, storability, sugar content of about 6.4Brix, the average fruit weight is about 44 grams.
Abstract: in the cultivation of Taiwan's oldest, fruit color bright, but the smallest, slightly astringent taste, sweetness is the lowest, Taiwan early wax.
Date: North South 5-7 months 7-9 months.
Wax apple A pink
Commonly known as: Nanyang kinds of apples.
Color: deep red.
Fruit: fruit shape, conical shape, peel pink to dark red, high moisture sweet taste, average fruit fruit Dingkuan ca. 6.7 cm, ca. 6.4 cm, the longitudinal and transverse diameter is similar to that of sugar is about 10-14 ~ Brix, up to 18Brix, the average fruit weight is about 90~150 grams.
Abstract: since the early introduction of Nanyang, Taiwan is currently the most widely planted, commonly known as "Black Pearl", the most economic value of cultivated varieties.
Place of Origin： Pingtung County
, Chiayi County
Date: North South 5-7 7-9 month; month by regulation: Pingtung County
Wax apple Black Pearl Wax Apples
Pingtung County improved varieties, 1961
Linbian farmers began planting in Qifeng village wax apple along the coast, due to local geological salt content is high, and the wind sea wind, "Taiwan proverb: south through with wax apple sweet, though born out of the fruit is small, but the color is dark red, looks like a shiny reflective pearl, and the flavor is very sweet and not acid, sugar is higher than 12 DEG Brix, called" the black pearl".
Origin: the main production distribution in Pingtung County Linbian
, Chiatung Xiang
Chiayi County; Meishan Township
Seedling information: Guangxi norgic Guomiao first introduced the Black Pearl wax apple, after many years of training Development
Has built a large-scale garden seedling grafting.
Wax apple Black Diamond
from Kaohsiung City
Six the turtle fruit thinning and bagging technology, cultivate big fruit, fruit color, luster dark red with water, sweet and refreshing the apples, called "black diamond".
Origin: Kaohsiung City Six turtle area
Grafting information: Guangxi norgic seedling cultivation with grafted seedlings.
Wax apple KINGBOX Waxapple
The Black Pearl wax apple fruit cultivation, improvement, and Kaohsiung City District Six turtle "black diamond" segment, called "kingbox".
Place of Origin： Pingtung County
Linbian, South Township, Guangxi Qinzhou.
Information: norgic seedling cultivation of seedlings inoculated seedlings seedlings experienced married.
Wax apple A white
- commonly known as: Lotus fog, white gourd, wax wax, wax apple new Aberdeen jade.
Color: white or white.
Fruit: fruit shape, long obconic or long bell, milk white flesh with sour fruit fragrance, ca. 5 cm, ca. 4.4 cm in Dingkuan fruit, fruit stalk is slightly longer, sugar content of about 12Brix, the average fruit weight is about 34 grams.
Introduction: small fruit type, low yield, cultivation is.
Place of Origin： Tainan City The new urban area
Date: Southern 5-7 months.
Wax apple Green green
Twentieth Century - commonly known as: wax apple, green apples, Aberdeen fragrant fruit wax apple, convex umbilical wax.
Color and lustre： Dark green
The ribbon and waxy luster.
Fruit: fruit large, oblate, with special aroma of fruit, fruit Dingkuan ca. 5.1 cm, ca. 5.4 cm in fruit, one end of the handle is slightly narrower, fruit top convex, so it is also called "convex umbilical wax, sugar content of about 8.8Brix, the average fruit weight 59 grams.
Introduction: fruit like guava, meat thin, poor color effect, easy to drop, easy long leggy branches, so cultivation is.
Place of Origin： Kaohsiung City
Date: 5-7 month.
Wax apple Kind of fruit
Color: deep red to dark red.
Fruit shape: flat or cone shape, peel has obvious long lines, mature
When the 4 piece of fruit sepals small and isolated, the flesh is dense, and cavernous tissue and fruit cavity are small fruit, about 6.9 centimeters long, near the office of the fruit ca. 7.6 cm wide, flat or slightly convex, fruit width is often greater than the fruit length, sugar content of about 12-13Brix, the average fruit weight is about 160 grams.
Brief introduction: the fruit shape is Nanyang large, with big fruit shape, good color and other characteristics, the cultivated area increased.
Date: 12-5 month.
Wax apple Malacca (Malacca)
Color: Milky white.
Fruit shape: flat bell, fruit shape and fruit length, fruit Dingkuan ca. 4.9 cm, ca. 5.4 cm, longitudinal diameter transverse diameter is short, pericarp surface has obvious long grain, sugar is about 5~6Brix, the average fruit weight is about 55.7 grams.
Introduction: shorter flowering period, fruit water content is high, economy less cultivation.
Origin: Tainan City The new urban area
Wax apple Thailand Ruby (Thub Thim Chan)
Color: deep red to dark red
Fruit shape: pulp, sponge less solid, crisp and juicy fruit, fruit ca. 10.1 cm, 6.2 cm wide, sugar because of place different, fruit stalk is about 10~12 ~ Brix, 12~14 ~ Brix Valley fruit, fruit weight of about 130~250 grams.
Introduction: since 2000 Thailand
The introduction of commercially available "bullet wax is the breed.
Wax apple Wax bullets
Dark red, looks like the bullet which got its name, also known as missile apples, red flesh dizzy feeling, sweet but slightly astringent. Not all white, low production, high prices.
Wax apple Purple wax
from yunlin county
Ancient Keng Xiang why farmers planting cultivation.
Origin: Yunlin County Gu Keng Xiang
Date: 6~10 month period in Yunlin county, Pingtung County
9~4 month period.
Wax apple The Indonesia
Commonly known as: sugar cane wax.
Color: deep red.
Brief introduction: the causal type is slightly longer, especially referred to.
Wax apple Fruit for Indonesia
Color: red ridge, plane is yellow green or green.
Fruit: fruit surface and groove, fruit wa Department has erythema and deep and large, fleshy fruit an round tip, crisp and juicy, spongy flesh is less, water soaked, clear sweet fragrance, with unique taste of apples, high maturity, no acid, astringent, fruit length of about 12 cm, fruit a width of 8.6 cm, weighing about 180~450 grams of fruit.
Introduction: since 2001 Indonesia
The introduction, as the fruit shape as big as adult palm sized, so it is called "the palm wax, and with Syzygium also known as the" wax apple fragrance, perfume".
Date: 6~10 month.
Wax apple The Dalian fog
Produced by the last name of farmers in Gukeng Township in Yunlin County in.
Origin: Yunlin County Gu Keng Xiang
Date: Yunlin County, Pingtung County maternal perinatal 6~10 months, 9~4 months.
Wax apple A pale pink
Commonly known as: Doulishan waxapple.
Color: pale pink
Fruit shape: the average fruit length of about 4.3 cm, Dingkuan fruit ca. 4.7 cm diameter, longitudinal diameter ratio of short, commonly known as "bamboo hat wax, often containing seeds of 1~2 grains. In maturing varieties, sugar content of about 7Brix, the average fruit weight is about 38 grams.
Introduction: because of poor color, even without the economic price of cultivation.
Wax apple cultivation techniques
Wax apple Breeding technology Air Layering
Mainly uses the marcottage (i.e. circle branch propagation) in the year 5 to September, high temperature and humidity rainy season
Conduct。 Choose a diameter of about 3 cm thick, with substantial growth of the branches, first performed at base of about 3 cm long after girdling, with moist soil and grass mixed mud bag in the girdling and below, with transparent adhesive bandage, the upper and lower ends with a nylon rope bound. After about 1 months, the new roots grow in the peeling at the upper end; after about 3 months, a lot of new root length, root below will cut, namely individual seedlings. The first planting in nursery Continue
The next spring cultivation, planting field. Cuttage
Choose 2-3 years old branches, 15-20 cm long, insert Sand bed
2/3, pay attention to moisturizing shade 1-2 months, rooting, or air layering, or seed
Grow seedlings。 In 2 - April 8 - September spring planting or autumn planting. 11 - December to grow in areas with high temperature, initial spacing 4 x 5 meters, a few years after thinning to 8 x 8 meters. Sow
Wax apple planting should be in the spring, Plant spacing
4m * 5m. The big hole dug, big fat, seedlings. To dig the hole 1 meters square, garbage manure per point to 50 kg. A seedling
For a seedling, planting about 500 plants per hectare, then gradually Thinning
Wax apple Flower treatment
In order to get several times a year, can flower Handle
In July, 1.5 months after harvest.
The main ring damage, mainly use mallets beating around the trunk bark, making it loose and not from July to September, when the temperature is high, so low temperature is not easy to heal.
Qu branch, the vigorous growth of the trees, the upright branches bent to even droop.
Wax apple Pruning Colonization
After leaving the trunk from the ground at 60cm cut off the top, in the trunk at 25 cm above the ground, and keep the strong growth potential, uniform distribution, distance shoot about 10 cm 3-4 as the main body, the rest for support in addition to a small number of branches, all removed. At the same time the pole bound branch, according to 45 degrees angle, natural fun shaped plastic. Second years Spring Festival
Before germination, the new left branch appropriate short cut thin sections, for spring shoots, choose a strong crown for the first Swiss block expansion. In addition to selected tree pruning, but send ventilation, this is still important to enter the production period after. If you want to produce winter fruit, it must be in February of each year for a short cut, the leaves on the branches, and branches of disease, dense branches, leggy branches are cut off, leaving only two years. If it is semi shade treatment must be taken to cut.
Wax apple Fertilizer and water management Wax apple
A large amount of fertilizer, the early application of Phosphorus and potassium
No more nitrogen, flower bud differentiation, small fruit after heavy Phosphorus and potassium
. The scientific management of water, 9-10 months to keep dry orchard flower bud differentiation
Outside, other time should be kept moist, timely irrigation, to prevent the flower and fruit. On the anniversary of management, 1-2 year old trees, plant n 400-600 grams, 7-8 year old trees of 1299-1800 grams. Usually in 9-10 months before flowering of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in all 50% of the total, plus 10 kg compost strain; 3-4 months of flowering stage, 50% of the total amount of nitrogen fertilizer applied three times, accounting for 25% of the total phosphorus and potassium; 6-7 months late harvest Zaishi accounted for 25% of total phosphorus and potassium. The results for a long time, Guaguo during spraying nitrogen, phosphorus and trace element
. In addition, part of the region is located in the coastal areas, The soil salt content
High salt water reference, reduce soil salinity, could send soil properties, promote the normal growth of the plant.
Wax apple Pest control
Fruit rot, Beetle
And avoid debt moth, Thrips
But because of the long period, apples and pericarp thin, so it is not suitable for use Pesticides
In particular, toxic, or pesticide absorption .
Wax apple The main value
Wax apple Edible value Wax apple
The fruit has bright color, beautiful appearance, the fruit is juicy and delicious, nutrient rich, containing a small amount of Protein
Not only, is also a special flavor, refreshing thirst products st.. At the same time, apples also with appetizers, refreshing, diuretic, antipyretic, sedative and therapeutic function, with fresh, salted, canning and dehydration can be candied fruit or fruit juice, can be used as food, fried shredded pork fried squid. The need to consume enough calories to eat apples for normal physiological activities of the human body, has high nutrition and health function of human body.
With fresh fruit, rich in protein, sugar, minerals and vitamins etc.. Fine varieties of flesh sweet taste, with apple aroma, add a little salt when eating flavor
It can also be made into jam, fruit juice or saline. Among them, Chinese from Hainan folk rod wax apple, from Thailand Thailand in 1980 the best quality fruit wax.
Fruit is hollow (or real), like a Lawan on the banquet, people love to use it as a cold, is a hangover wonderful fruit. Dig a hole in the center of wax into the meat and dried, and steam over high heat for about more than and 10 minutes, is Taiwan's famous traditional cuisines, euphemistically called the "four seas". Wax apple slices soaked in salt water for a period of time, then together with the cucumber, carrot fry, not only color, shape, taste, and crisp and delicious, is a rare summer diet food. Wax apple storage, generally at room temperature can only be stored for a week, after harvest packaging should be immediately sent to the market. Apples with fresh fruit and raw food, can also be salted, candied, canning and dehydration preserves or juice etc..
Every one hundred grams of apple fruits, moisture content of 90.75 grams, 7.68 grams of total sugar content Protein content of 0.69 grams, 7.807 milligrams of vitamin C, organic acid was 0.205 mg / kg, 0.073 mg / kg of anthocyanin. Waxapple fruit is juicy and delicious, has special flavor, containing a small amount of protein, fat and minerals. Apple sweet, fragrant, with abundant water and other characteristics. Not only is the special wax apple flavor, refreshing thirst products st.. Apples with appetizers, refreshing, diuretic, antipyretic, sedative and therapeutic function, its sweet flat, functional lungs, cough and phlegm, blood cooling, convergence, indications Feizao cough, hiccup, more bleeding hemorrhoids, stomach distention, enteritis dysentery, diabetes and so on. So eat apples, need to consume enough calories for the normal physiological activities of the human body, has high nutrition and health function of human body.
Wax apple Nutritive value
1 apples, contains rich vitamin C, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, calcium, magnesium, boron, manganese, iron, copper, zinc, molybdenum and other trace elements, their moisture content is good for your skin.
2, apple is slightly alkaline fruits, can regulate gastrointestinal pH.
3, apple with special flavor, is a natural antipyretic. Due to the presence of many water, have antipyretic, diuretic, tranquilize the mind in the role of diet.
4, children have indigestion, with the help of edible salt with apples, Digestion
Adults, to eat is also very good, there is the role of thirst.
5, apple root urination, skin itching attending.
Wax apple Ornamental value tropic
The fruit trees, and plant landscape trees, trees and fruit trees absorb carbon dioxide.
Wax apple Medicinal value
Wax apple is a treatable disease good fruit, Chinese medicine believes "flat sweet" apples function of lungs, cough and phlegm, blood cooling and convergence. In dietetic therapy of traditional Chinese medicine theory, will cook Sugar Edible wax apple can cough phlegm, and will cast a trace of salt edible wax apple can cure indigestion.
1, detoxification: contains vitamin C, helps to detoxify the liver to rid the body of harmful substances, and promote health.
2, diuresis: to remove the body of toxins and excess moisture, promote blood and water have The new supersedes the old.. Diuresis
And the elimination of edema effect.
3, ningxinanshen: the combined effects of magnesium and calcium can be used to relax the muscles and nerves, so relax, avoid nervous and irritable. Help sleep. Carbohydrates can supplement cerebral glucose consumption, alleviate brain glucose because the result of insufficient supply of body fatigue, irritability, dizziness, insomnia, night sweats, inattention, forgetfulness, extreme thirst and other phenomena, plays the role of God in Jingan town.
4, suitable for the crowd: suitable for work in the sun of the crowd and edema of crowd, it is also a unique flavor of the fruit, ages. Effect and action
Every one hundred grams of apple fruits, moisture content of 90.75 grams, 7.68 grams of total sugar content and protein content of 0.69 grams, 7.807 milligrams of vitamin C, organic acid was 0.205 mg / kg, 0.073 mg / kg of anthocyanin. Waxapple fruit is juicy and delicious, has special flavor, containing a small amount of protein, fat and minerals. Apple sweet, fragrant, with abundant water and other characteristics. Not only is the special wax apple flavor, refreshing thirst products st.. Apples with appetizers, refreshing, diuretic, antipyretic, sedative and therapeutic function, its sweet flat, functional lungs, cough and phlegm, blood cooling, convergence, indications Feizao cough, hiccup, more bleeding hemorrhoids, stomach distention, enteritis dysentery, diabetes and so on. So eat apples, need to consume enough calories for the normal physiological activities of the human body, has high nutrition and health function of human body.