Portuguese Republic ( Portuguese Blica Portuguesa: Rep case), referred to as "Portuguese", is located in southwestern Europe Republic Country。 The same in the East The Iberian Peninsula The Spain Portugal, the western and southern coast of the Atlantic. In addition to the European continent outside the territory, Atlantic The The Azores and Madeira Is Portuguese territory. Capital of Portugal Lisbon West Cape Roca Is the western end of the European continent.
Sixteenth Century In Portugal, Age Of Wind In playing an active role, has become an important maritime power. The heyday of Portugal and even Spain signed Treaty of Tordesillas Divide the world into two halves, intention. Among the existing European countries, Portugal is a colonial country with the longest history, since 1415 Take North Africa Ceuta To 1999 Macao The handover (also one kind of algorithm for 2002 Timor-Leste So far, independent) colonial activities for nearly six hundred years. Once vast colonial empire, including fifty-three countries in the world have some territory, the official language Portuguese A common mother tongue of two hundred and forty million people, and the sixth largest language in the world. But the beginning of nineteenth Century, with the largest Colony Brazil The independence of Portugal was quickly fading. The October 5, 1910 Revolution overthrew the Portuguese royal family, and was not a stable democracy - the Portuguese first Republic; but soon after by conservative military officers led a military coup, is for the New Deal period, namely the Second Republic of portugal. Until 1974 The Portuguese colonial war. The end of the war, Carnation Revolution The outbreak, only to become a liberal democracy in portugal.
Portugal is a highly developed Capitalism The state has quite perfect, Tourism Also, European Union One of the members, Euro and NATO One of the founding members. still The World Trade Organization , the United Nations The members of international organizations.

Portugal Geography

Portugal position

Portuguese Republic (A Rep blica Portuguesa The Portuguese case, Republic), is located in the west by 9 degrees 10 degrees 9 ''-6, between latitude 36 degrees 58'-42 degrees 8', located in Europe The Iberian Peninsula The southwest. Even the southwest northeast Spain Atlantic .
Territorial area of 92391 square kilometers (sum of territory and airspace).

Portugal natural environment

The Portuguese coastline of 832 kilometers. Terrain from north to south, the mountains and hills for more. The north is Meseta The central mountainous area; the average altitude is 800 ~ 1000 meters, Estrela peak 1991 meters above sea level; the southern and Western Hills and the coastal plain respectively. The main rivers are Tejo , Douro (through the territory of 322 km) and Mondego River .
The north is a maritime temperate broad-leaved forest climate, the southern subtropical mediterranean climate . In January the average temperature of 7 ~ 11 DEG to 26 DEG C, July 20. The average annual precipitation is 500 ~ 1000 mm.

Portugal Resources

Portugal's rich mineral resources, mainly: tungsten Yellow, copper, iron, uranium, hematite, magnetite and marble, tungsten reserves is the first in Western europe. The forest area of 3 million 200 thousand hectares, the coverage rate of 35%. In recent years, due to climate change, the successive occurrence of forest fires. In 2011, forest fires in 25221, burned area of 73814 hectares.

Portugal population

10 million 375 thousand (2014). The Portuguese accounted for 96.9%, accounting for 3.1% of foreign legal immigrants (mainly from Africa , Brazil , European Union And Asian countries). The population density of 113 people / sq km. A workforce of 5 million 300 thousand, the birth rate was 9.5 per thousand, the mortality rate was 10 per thousand. Portuguese is the official language. About 84.5% of the residents are Catholic, 2.2% Protestant, 0.3% letters of other religions, 3.9% no religion or cannot be determined.

Portugal History

The first area is today in Portugal Neanderthal Later, Homo sapiens The alternative. Portugal in 1 thousand BC, the Celts stay The Iberian Peninsula Settle down.
Roman In 219 BC the first invasion The Iberian Peninsula . In 140 BC, the Romans conquered Portugal, it is divided into an empire of Rome Province, known as the Lusitania Province, and has been ruled by the year fifth Century.
The year fifth Century Germanic Tribal people (including sveiby, The Vandals and Alans The invasion of the Iberian Peninsula). Later, these tribes are The Visigoths From the outside of the Iberian peninsula.
711 years in North Africa Muslim moors The invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, the Visigothic Dynasty, only the north of Portugal Asturias The Highlands still believe in Catholicism Gothic aristocrat's hand. The Goths began to initiate in Asturias" Reconquista "With the south to the Muslim states fought back to rule the Iberian peninsula.
In 1179 to become the region Kingdom of Portugal Along with the expansion, to regain the Muslim occupied part of. Modern European Portuguese border is the king in 1270 Alfonso III The hands of the finish.
15, Sixteenth Century But Portugal's heyday in Africa and asia, beautiful Has a large number of colonies, as a maritime power. This time period, whether in the economic, political and cultural, Portugal is far beyond other European countries.
The Portuguese colonial empire was founded in August 21, 1415, when the Portuguese navigator Henry led the fleet to conquer North Africa Islam Trade Centre Ceuta . Then the navigator and explorer have been found in Portugal Azores , Cape Verde , The island of Bioko , St Sao Tome Island , Principe and Annobon Island Other uninhabited islands.
In 1471, long-term and Spain for the North Morocco The city was finally the Portuguese occupied several sub tanzania.
 Bartolomeu Dias Bartolomeu Dias
The spring of 1488, Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias The first expedition to the southern tip of Africa Cape of Good Hope The Mossel Bay Later, another Portuguese navigators Vasco da Gama To lay a solid foundation to open up new routes to India. In May 20, 1498, Da Gama finally arrived from India town Kozhikode Not far from the beach.
In 1500, Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral first saw the coast of Brazil.
In 1501, Cabral discovered the India ocean Madagascar 1507, to Mauritius .
In 1510, Albuquerque conquered India Goa Area and Malaysia Malacca (1511).
After 1514, the Portuguese navigator to far east The Chinese and japan. In 1517, the Portuguese businessmen and officials Fernao Peres d'andrade To Guangzhou, the representations of the Ming court is known as the modern China beginning contact with europe. The Portuguese discovered in the 1542 accident Japan Later, many European merchants and Missionary Be attracted to Japan (see Nanban trade ). In 1557, the Portuguese loan Macao , and began to trade with China.
In 1522, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan The Spanish fleet first circumnavigate the globe.
In 1553, the Portuguese began to live in Macao. In December 1, 1887, the signing of Portugal and the government of Qing Dynasty " The meeting protocol "And" Sino-Portuguese Treaty of Peking "The official documents, through diplomatic formalities at Macao, which has become the first European countries territories in East Asia (in 1553). In April 25, 1974, the Portuguese revolution, decolonization policy, Macao is recognized by Portugal illegal occupation, and proposes for the first time in Macao to Chinese. Because at that time do not have the proper handover condition, then Prime Minister Zhou Enlai This temporarily maintain the status at the time of Macao.
But with the other European countries continue to make maritime hegemony after the Portuguese power declined. 1580 by the royal marriage inheritance, was the Spanish occupation, until 1640 to get rid of Spanish rule. A Portuguese colony at the same time by the Dutch and British attack.
Seventeenth Century A large number of Portuguese immigrants to. Brazil Until 1709, in order to prevent the loss of population John V Palaiologos Banned the Portuguese immigrants.
The morning of November 1, 1755, Lisbon earthquake occurred 9 earthquake, the damage caused by the ensuing plus Tsunami And the Lisbon fire razed to the ground. This disaster was unable to withstand the impact of the Portuguese economy. But at this time Portuguese Empire Still strong, with the rise of the British Empire and the French Empire and the Portuguese Empire to Portugal will gradually decline, 1999 Macao To China after 500 years of history, the Portuguese Empire ended.
1807 Napoleon The attack in Portugal in December 1st of the same year, the occupation of Lisbon. Until 1812 for British help to get rid of French rule. In 1808 the Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil and most of the Lisbon aristocracy Rio de Janeiro From 1808 to 1821, the city as the capital of Portugal, is the capital of Europe was not only in mainland europe.
In August 1820, the liberal revolution of Portugal, head of the new government measures would be exiled to the king of Brazil John VI of Portugal Home. Joao VI finally decided to take almost all of the members of the royal family and the ministers return, landed in Lisbon in July 1821.
Joao VI after returning to Portugal's first constitutional parliament attempted to cancel the privileges by King Joao VI to Brazil, Brazil back into the colonial state. The people of Brazil have long been accustomed to have a king of their own and the government, this approach to further stimulate the people of Brazil have their own king and government sentiment. Brazil would not accept the privilege of the cancellation and again become a colony. The son of Joao VI Pedro Decide to leave this resolution against the Portuguese government, Joao VI also acquiesced son practice.
In December 1821, the Portuguese Parliament to complete the political education on the grounds, urged Pedro to return, and the provisions of Brazil province directly under the jurisdiction of Lisbon. In promoting Brazil independence, Pedro rejected the Portuguese Parliament's command, to set up a new government led by de Andrada Jose Bonifacio, and "Brazil permanent protector and independence in May 1822". The Portuguese Parliament therefore deposed the Regent of Brazil post. In September 7, 1822, just arrived St Paul Pedro was informed of this resolution, so in the Yipilangjia River "is not independent, sword oath or die!" (Portuguese: Independ 'ncia ou Morte!), has officially declared the independence of Brazil.
In October 12, 1822, Pedro said the emperor of Brazil Pedro I And in December 1, 1822, held a coronation ceremony.
The overthrow of the October 1910 Revolution monarchy The establishment of the first Republic.
May 1926, occurrence Military coup d'etat , Carmona The marshal came to power, the establishment of military dictatorship government.
 The Portuguese administrative division The Portuguese administrative division
finance minister Antonio Salazar On 1931 organized the "National Alliance", in 1932 he was promoted to prime minister to cope with the financial crisis, the new constitution, the establishment of the zone Fascist The nature of the new national system (Estado Novo, Portugal, the history of the "Second Republic"), a Dictator . Salazar to push a fascist dictatorship in 1936, foreign follow Virtue And Italy, help Franco The rebels attack the government of the Republic of spain.
Keep the name during the Second World War neutral In fact, close to The axis Group. After the war in April 1949 to join The North Atlantic Treaty Organization The same year, June marshall plan . 1951 signed the "military assistance agreement" with the United States, then signed various agreements, to allow the United States to establish in Portugal and their possessions Military base .
In April 25, 1974, the occurrence of so-called Carnation Revolution A group of junior officers, consisting of "the armed forces movement overthrew the last 42 years Right The regime, began the process of democratization.
1986, Suarez Became the first civilian president in 60 years.
In February 8, 1979, the establishment of diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China.
1986, join EC In 1999 to become the first to join; Eurozone One of the countries.
In December 20, 1999, according to the two countries signed in 1987 " Sino Portuguese Joint Declaration on the question of Macao "That will return the sovereignty of Macao China.

Portugal The symbol of the nation

Portugal National flag

Flag of Portugal Rectangular, length and width ratio of 3:2. The flag consists of two parts left right red green, the green part is a vertical rectangle, the red part near the square, the area of middle part of the painted green one and a half times, the red and green lines have The Portuguese national emblem . Red said on 1910 the establishment of the Second Republic celebrate, said to be called green" Navigator " Prince Henry Respect.

Portugal national anthem

" Portuguese ", written by Enrique Lopez de Mendoza, Alfredo Gil.

Portugal National Emblem

The Portuguese national emblem Exudes a rich historical atmosphere, the pattern in the center is the golden ancient instrument of navigation Armillary sphere It is the Portuguese navigators, global exploration
 The Portuguese national emblem The Portuguese national emblem
And explore the new world history witness. The above armillary sphere is embedded with a white edge red shield emblem, 7 golden shield emblem in the castle to celebrate the marriage of Casteel and Portugal in 1252 to add the royalty. Behind the red in the white coat of arms is the national emblem of the core, five small pieces of blue shield composed of "sin cross" embedded in them, they represent in 1139 under the leadership of Alfonso Henry Rex, in the battle to defeat the Ollie cover moors The 5 kings. Each small blue shield has 5 white spots, that Christ was crucified on the cross on the 5 wounds, this is the martyrdom of Christ, but also hinted that Alfonso is in the name of Jesus defeated the moors with the help of the Holy spirit. The total number of round spot is 25, with 5 medals and 30 blue shield emblem, which is the total number of silver coins in exchange for the sale of Jesus Judah. Around the national emblem decorated with the symbol of peace for the Portuguese olive branch, the heart is.

Portugal National flower

Lavender , Dianthus

Portugal Politics

Portugal regime

Portugal is a parliamentary republic, the Senate has 230 members. The country is divided into 18 districts and 2 autonomous regions. Portugal to implement semi presidential system, the authority of a parliament, the president, the cabinet government, parliament decided to appoint and dismiss the heads of government in accordance with the president.

Portugal Constitution

The current constitution was enacted in 1976, after the six revision. A revision was completed in 2004. According to the constitution, the president, Parliament, government and courts are the state authority; the president as the supreme commander of the armed forces, according to the government's nomination appointment Chief of staff And the commander in chief. The president to dissolve parliament after hearing the parties and opinions of the Council of state affairs, "when necessary" to dismiss the government and dismiss the prime minister.

Portugal parliament

 The Portuguese Parliament The Portuguese Parliament
Unicameralism, 230 members, a term of four years. The parliament elected in June 5, 2011. The SPD Assuncao Esteves (c o Esteves Assun ---- any speaker). Deputy speaker of the four are: Guilherme Silva (Guilherme Henrique Valente Rodrigues Da Silva party, Ferro Rodriguez (Eduardo), Lu s, Barreto Ferro Rodrigues, the socialist party), Teresa Vasconcelos Kaero (Teresa Margarida Figueiredo de Vasconcelos Caeiro, female, people's party), Antonio Felipe (Ant NiO Filipe Gai o ---- Rodrigues, Communist Party). The parties are as follows: the distribution of seats 108 seats, 74 seats of the Socialist People's party, 24 seats, 14 seats in the Communist Party, a left-wing coalition 8 seats, the greens 2 seats.

Portugal government

 Portugal Houses of Parliament Portugal Houses of Parliament
The government for the Social Democratic Party and the people's party coalition government. Prime Minister: Passos Coelho (SPD), elected in June 5, 2011, took office in June 21st, a term of four years. The main members are: Minister of state and Minister of finance Vitor Gaspar (Vitor Gaspar), foreign minister Paul Portas (Paulo Portas), defense minister Jose Pedro Aguiar Blanco (Jos Pedro Aguiar-Branco), interior minister (Miguel Macedo), the Minister of justice Paula Teixeira Cruz (female) (Paula Teixeira Da Cruz), Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Miguel Ylvas (Miguel Relvas), the economic and Employment Minister Alvaro Santos Pereira (&Aacute lvaro; Santos Pereira), agriculture, marine, environment and land management minister Assuncao Kristas (female) (Assun C ---- o Cristas) the health minister, Paul Macedo (Paulo Macedo), Minister of education, higher education and science Nuno Klato (Nuno Crato), social solidarity and social security minister Pedro Motta Suarez (Pedro Mota Soares).

Portugal judicial

The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body, Dean produced by the judge election. The president of the Supreme Court is ranked fourth in the national leaders, located after President, speaker and prime minister, as the three leaders at home or unable to fulfill their duties, the president of the Supreme Court on behalf of any post of head of state. The current president of the Supreme Court for Luis Nascimento (Lu s Ant NiO Noronha Nascimento), took office in 2006. General of the Republic is the highest procuratorate prosecutors, attorney general Joanna Max Vidal (Joana Marques Vidal), took office in October 12, 2012.

Portugal party

The Portuguese multi-party system, the main political parties:

(1) the Socialist Party (Partido Socialista): the ruling party. The April 1973 reconstruction based on "Portuguese socialist movement". Party of about 73 thousand people. In the 1995 to 2002 came to power in 2005, and won the ruling position to June 2011. In November 2015, combined with the left-wing socialist party and the Communist Party group veto SPD people's party coalition government policy agenda in the parliament, forcing it to step down. In November 26th the government was sworn in. General secretary (Ant NiO Costa), was elected in 2014.
(2) the Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata): the opposition party. Founded in May 1974, formerly known as the people's Democratic Party, the name is changed to 1976. Party of about 150 thousand people. From 1985 to October 1995 in power for 10 years, from April 2002 to March 2005, June 2011 to October 2015, twice the ruling coalition with the people's party. The ruling coalition in the October 2015 parliamentary elections again won the election, but lost the parliamentary majority, because the policy agenda has not been passed by Parliament and was forced to step down. Chairman Pedro Passos Coelho (Pedro Passos Coelho), was elected in 2010.
(3) the left-wing group (Bloco Da Esquerda): the opposition party. Established in 1998. The Political Committee of the Standing Committee and spokesman Katharina Martins (Catarina Martins).
(4) the people's Party (Partido Popular): the opposition party. Established in July 1974. Is the predecessor of Social Democratic Party Center, in February 1995 renamed the people's party. 25 thousand members. From April 2002 to March 2005, June 2011 to October 2015, twice the ruling coalition with the spd. President Paul Portas (Paulo Portas), took office in 2010.
(5) the Portuguese Communist Party (Partido Comunista Portugu: s): the opposition party. Established in 1921. 58 thousand and 900 members. General secretary Jeronimode Sousa (Jer NiMo, de Sousa), took office in 2004.
(6) the greens (Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes"): the opposition party. Established in 1982.
(7) people, animal and natural party (Partido Pessoa-Animais-Natureza): the opposition party. Established in 2009.
The other party and the Portuguese Democratic Movement (Movimento Democr, TICO de Portugal (Partido) and the people's monarchist party Popular Mon rquico (Partido Social) and the revolutionary socialist Revolucion Rio) etc..

Portugal Politicians

 Portuguese President Marcelo Rebelo Sousa Portuguese President Marcelo Rebelo Sousa
The president of Portugal 1948, was born in Portugal's capital Lisbon, 1971 graduated in law in 1984, obtained doctor of law degree from the University of Lisbon, has 44 years of teaching at the University of Lisbon School of law. At the same time, he also has been active in the media between Portugal, Portugal is a well-known television political commentator. For the first time in 2000, Sousa political commentator identity on the TV screen, the expressions of humor, so that he is loved by the audience. In addition, he is also an expert in the field of culture, since 2011 has served as chairman of the Braganza foundation. In the field of politics, he had co founded the Social Democratic Party, during the period from 1996 to 1999 also served as chairman of the Social Democratic Party, was elected president of Portugal in January 2016 and inaugurated in March.
prime minister Pedro Passos Coelho Chairman of the Social Democratic Party, portugal. Was born in July 24, 1964 Coimbra . In 1974, the family moved back to portugal. In 1980, the beginning of his political career, become a member of the Social Democratic Youth League National Committee, 1990-1995 served as the Political Committee chairman. 1996-1999, vice chairman of the Social Democratic Party Parliamentary group. In 2001. Lisbon Lucia of economics university. 2005-2006, Mendes was appointed chairman of the Social Democratic Party, he served as vice chairman. In March 21, 2011, by a vote of no confidence to overthrow the Socrates cabinet to step down, in the June 5th election, the Social Democratic Party victory.

Portugal administrative division

Portugal, the country is divided into 18 regions, respectively: , Baird , Saito Barr . have other
 The Portuguese administrative division The Portuguese administrative division
madera and Azov Seoul 2 autonomous regions.

Portugal Military

Portugal national defense

 The Portuguese Army The Portuguese Army
Portuguese President as the supreme commander of the armed forces, the Secretary of defense by the general staff and the military staff leadership armed forces . Chief of staff Luis Arauno (General Lu, s Evangelista Esteves de Ara case Jo (Mendes) Cabecadas). The Portuguese armed forces by the regular army and national security forces. Implement Conscripts , Volunteer , Contract soldiers The military service system with three. Service period: 4 months of conscripts, volunteers 8-10 months, the contract will be regular, but at least one year. The highest decision-making body for the highest defense defense committee members, including the prime minister, foreign affairs, defense, interior, finance, agriculture, transport minister and chief of the general staff and the army, navy and air force chief of staff of the armed services, chaired by the president. The Defense Department is a department in the government, is the supreme administrative organs of the armed forces of the country's leadership. The supreme military council is the main military advisory body to the Secretary of defense official members include defense secretary, chief of the general staff and the army, navy and air force chief of staff of the armed services, chaired by the Secretary of defense. The chiefs of staff is the highest advisory body to consider major issues of the army, army, navy and air force members including the chief of staff of the armed services, by the chief of staff chairman. The armed forces from the regular army, paramilitary forces and reserve forces. The regular army is divided into land, sea and air services 3. Paramilitary troops by the National Guard, police etc.. The supreme military command for the general staff. Land, sea and air staff is usually responsible for the military education, training and administrative management, assist the wartime general staff command of the military troops. The president by the prime minister, defence ministry and the general staff of the leadership and command of the armed forces of the country to implement.
In 2003, Portugal started a new military planning method. According to the plan, the Portuguese will invest 5 billion euros in 18 years, updated army weapons and equipment, military facilities, in order to improve and accelerate the pace of modernization of the army.

Portugal Military

In 2011, the defense budget of 2 billion 899 million euros, accounting for 1.63% of the government budget.

Portugal Military strength

In 2005, the Portuguese army had a total strength of 44 thousand and 900 people. The 26 thousand and 700 army, 10 thousand and 950 Navy, air force.0725 million. In addition, Portugal and reserve 210 thousand and 930 troops, paramilitary forces 47 thousand and 700 people, of which the Republic of the National Guard 26 thousand and 100 people, police 21 thousand and 600 people.
In 2011, the regular army had a total strength of 39 thousand and 900 people. The 22 thousand and 100 army, 10 thousand and 600 Navy, air force 7 thousand and 200. In addition, there are Reserve The troops, Paramilitary troops Republic of China, including the National Guard and police about 200000 people.

Portugal International Relations

Portugal national policy

Portugal stands in the basis of equality and mutual benefit with all countries in the world to develop friendly relations and cooperation. Focus on maintaining the EU, across the Atlantic and the CPLP three pillars of foreign affairs. Support the expansion of NATO, but that should take into account the security interests of russia. Claim to solve the Iranian nuclear issue through political negotiations. Actively explore emerging markets, with the focus on the development of China and Russia, Japan and India (degrees), Brazil, Arabia, South Africa and North Africa countries of cooperation. To strengthen economic ties with Venezuela, Angola and Libya and other big oil. In October 2010, the United Nations Security Council elected in 2011 to the 2012 permanent members. Since November 1, 2011, the Portuguese round either for 1 months, the UN Security Council Chairman of the country. At the beginning of 2012, formally proposed the "economic diplomacy" slogan, to reform the Ministry of foreign affairs and foreign institutions, to promote exports, attract investment, to help the country out of crisis. In July 2012, Portugal voted in favour of the draft resolution of the UN Security Council on the question of Syria, advocating "humanitarian intervention", in the Security Council to take action, the situation in Syria significantly worse. Actively preparing for the UN human rights council. With 180 countries and regions in the world have established diplomatic relations, a total of 146 embassies and consulates. The 70 embassy, consulate occupation 66, representatives of international organizations 10.

Portugal And China relationship

 Wen Jiabao's visit to Portugal Wen Jiabao's visit to Portugal
China has a long history of interaction. In 1502, the Portuguese government sent envoys to the Ming dynasty. In 1974 the "4.25 revolution" after the Portuguese government announced to give up new colonialism, publicly acknowledged the sovereignty of Macao belongs to China. And in 1976 promulgated the "Macao constitution", the establishment of Macao legislative assembly The revision of the law; to strengthen, to attract foreign investment in the economy, promote industrial diversification and urbanization plan. Portugal change the policies of the new regime, promote the stability and prosperity of Macao, but also promote the development of bilateral relations.
In January 1975, Portugal announced that diplomatic relations with the Taiwan Kuomintang regime, laid the foundation for the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and portugal.
In 1976, President of Portugal Ernest On the sidelines of the general assembly of the United Nations, and then China representative to the United Nations Nantong226001 Sino Portuguese diplomatic ties with Macao are talking. After two years of negotiations between China and Portugal, in February 8, 1979 the establishment of diplomatic relations. The return of Macao in December 20, 1999 China, the Macao issue resolved smoothly, for the comprehensive development of bilateral relations has opened a new page. The smooth development of relations between the two countries in 2005. The main are: President Sampaio visit Portugal (January 11th - 17), Lisbon The speaker of Parliament Navarro (June 26th -29), the Prime Minister of China Peru Lacan (August 28th -9 2), the Supreme Administrative Court President Serra to attend the twenty-second session The World Congress on the law (September 1st - 14), trade secret in China Fernando (September 9th - 12), science and technology and higher education minister Gago (September 19th - 21). The main Chinese visit: Deputy auditor general audit I (April 11th -12), Hui Liangyu Deputy Prime Minister of Lisbon stop (April 24th - 25), President of the Red Cross China Peiyun (September 24th - 27), Vice Minister of education Zhang Xinsheng (September 24th - 27), vice chairman of the CPPCC National Committee Zhou Tienong (October 27th -31). On -10 December 9th, Premier Wen Jiabao's visit to Portugal, Portugal announced the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership.

Portugal The relationship with the EU

 Members of the European Union Members of the European Union
European Union Is the basis of Portuguese foreign relations. The Portuguese actively support and participate in the process of European integration, in favor of EU enlargement; opposition members will be divided into different levels, against the EU decision too concentrated in the hands of a few countries. The second half of 2007, the successful presidency of the European Union, presided over the completion of the revision and signed the "Treaty of Lisbon", the EU out of the "constitutional" dilemma, promote the European Union to develop "Lisbon strategy" second 3 year plan, and further enhance the vitality and competitiveness of the EU economy, also completed Schengen's expansion to 9 countries of Eastern europe. At the same time, keep with the west, France and Germany and other EU countries high-level exchanges, promoting economic and technological cooperation; actively promote the planning of EU energy strategy, actively develop renewable energy; attention and EU joint fight against illegal immigration and terrorism, officially launched the electronic biometric passport and visa system; contribute to the success of European maritime safety agency headquarters settled in Lisbon. In 2009, the "Lisbon treaty" will be established after the entry into force, facing the EU external action department, adjust the foreign policy focus on the development and extension of other EU countries and regions, so as to enhance their influence and status in the eu. In September 2009, the EU naval commander began rotating for a period of 2 years. In June 2010, the Portuguese from Spain, served as commander of the EU ambassador to Guinea Bissau army, the forces responsible for reform than the defense and security system, and the training of its staff. In 2011, the Portuguese Navy held the EU against the India Ocean region pirate commander. From April 6, 2013 to August 6th, the Portuguese Navy again for the job.
The European debt crisis, Portugal believes in monetary union on the basis of strengthening economic governance helps to ensure the stability and integration of the development of the EU debt crisis to the EU countries to provide a chance to improve the cohesion, members from the joint response to fight the enemy separately, once again confirms the necessity and urgency of EU integration.

Portugal The relationship with the United States

Portugal is the traditional American allies, but also NATO Members, has always been the relationship with the United States in the priority. In 1995, the United States signed the "Portuguese defense cooperation agreement", allow the use of Lajes Air Force Base Portugal Azores. "9.11" after the incident, strongly support the U. S. anti-terrorism military action in the development and maintain beauty of political and economic relations and further strengthen military cooperation. In 2005, the United States of Portuguese foreign minister level visits, re signed an extradition treaty, and expressed willingness to promote the establishment of cooperation mechanism, and the Portuguese Portuguese speaking African countries three party. 2007, continue to strengthen the substantial cooperation with the United States in the security field, support the establishment of Africa command. September 2011, to attend the UN General Assembly in New York, the Portuguese foreign minister Portas and US Secretary of state Hilary held a bilateral meeting on the middle east. In November, the Portuguese President Silva visited the United States, with President Obama on the European debt crisis, Portugal and the situation of Palestine to the United Nations held talks on issues such as. In May 2012, the Portuguese Prime Minister Coelho in the United States to attend the NATO summit in Chicago. In January 2013, defense secretary Panetta to visit Portugal, the United States cut interpretation exists in the Portuguese Lajes air base, and on both sides to further exchange views on defense cooperation, Palmer also visited the NATO troops in portugal.

Portugal Relations with Portuguese speaking countries

Due to historical reasons, the Portuguese with Portuguese speaking African countries ( Mozambique , Angola , Cape Verde , Guinea-Bissau , Sao Tome and Principe More closely related). As a major supplier of the most concentrated area of the Portuguese speaking countries and Portuguese petroleum and natural gas, in the Portuguese diplomacy in Africa is more and more important component. In recent years, to play in Europe and non Portuguese mainland bridge two, Portugal actively develop cooperation with countries in various fields. In recent years, with the Portuguese speaking African countries frequent high-level visits, increasing investment in the field of non energy, military, financial and trade etc.. During the EU presidency in 2007, advocated the convening of the second session of the Europe Africa summit, the two sides established a new relationship between Europe and Africa strategic dialogue on an equal basis. Also strongly in response to the "Mediterranean Union" initiative, attention to communication and cooperation with the Maghreb countries, maintaining peace and stability in southern Europe, and ensure the stable supply of energy and the diversification of the export market.
To strengthen the traditional relations with Brazil. These years, the Brazil investment of 9 billion euros, there are more than and 600 enterprises to participate. The first half of 2012, the Portuguese Pakistan direct investment exceeded 300 million euros. Portugal is also actively using the CPLP (Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries, Comunidade DOS Pa SES de L Ngua Portuguesa, referred to as CPLP, namely the Portuguese, ECOWAS) promote the political, diplomatic, economic and cultural cooperation between the Portuguese speaking countries.

Portugal Of Spain

 Portugal scenery Portugal scenery
Portugal in 1974 "four - 25" after the revolution, Puxi strained relations between the end of 1975, normal. In November 1977, the two countries signed the Treaty of friendship and mutual nonaggression. The governments of the two countries The summit Regular meetings, on bilateral relations The exchange of views and other issues of common concern. In February 2003, the Portuguese Prime Ministers of the two countries in the West Madrid Hold bilateral meetings; the Portuguese foreign long Cruise also visit the West in the same month, the two sides signed the "Joint Declaration of maritime security cooperation and the establishment of a common mechanism of rapid alarm". In February 2004, the Portuguese general Lee Barroso's visit to Spain, a cultural center in the west of Portugal promised in 2005, said the west is not constitute a threat to Portuguese Portuguese neighbors. In May of the same year, Spain's new prime minister Zapatero To visit Portugal, said that although the two governments in Iraq in the antithetical couplet garrison There are differences on the issue, but the full range of friendly relations between the two countries is not affected. In October 2005, the Portuguese speaker called for a visit to Spain, Portugal and the west to strengthen border cooperation. The Portuguese in the West also hosted the Portuguese Parliament Centennial Exhibition (1903 to 2003). November, Puxi summit held in Portugal, the two prime ministers attended, the two sides signed the border cooperation, tourism, employment, establishment Iberia The electric power market, high-speed railway, marine measurement and other bilateral cooperation agreements. The west is Portugal's largest trading partner. In 2004, the Portuguese from the West and export accounted for 29.3% of total imports, West exports accounted for 24.9% of the total export in the west, as the country's biggest Portuguese foreign trade.

Portugal Between Eastern Europe and

Dissolution of the Soviet Union After the Portuguese Westernizers strengthen Russia's assistance to help Russia from the planned economy to the market economy Transition. The Portuguese support of Russia and the European Union to improve relations, that Russia's role in the balance of international relations is very important. Portugal is willing to establish all-round cooperation with Russia in the political basis of good relations between the two sides to strengthen trade and culture. In July 1994, the Portuguese Prime Minister Silva for a working visit to Russia, the two governments signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation and investment protection, culture, technology, road transport, medical science and six cooperation agreements. In 2001, Portuguese President Sampaio's visit to Russia, the two sides signed the "consular agreement" and "foreign minister level political consultation protocol". From 1998 to 2003, the Portuguese investment in Russia is 462 thousand euros per year, the Russian investment in Portugal for 52 thousand euros. The Portuguese exports to Russia accounted for only 0.08% of Russian imports. In November 2004, Russian President Vladimir Putin The Department of the Russian leader to visit Portugal, for the first time to visit portugal. In May 2005, Portuguese Prime Minister Socrates timocrates attended the memorial in Russia The Great Patriotic War The 60 anniversary of the victory of activities; October, Portuguese foreign minister, Minister of culture and economy minister to visit Russia, Portugal and Russia signed the 2009 before the students exchange program agreement, also signed agreements on tourism and information. The Portuguese and Eastern European countries exchanges increased, the Portuguese expressed support for Eastern European countries to the EU and NATO requirements, but that should be security relations with Russia to maintain a stable basis.

Portugal Relations with East Timor

East Timor is a former Portuguese colony in 1951, nominally to Portuguese sea provinces. In 1974 the Portuguese domestic "four - 25" after the incident, the Portuguese new political idea of decolonization, allowing East Timor to hold a referendum for self-determination. In 1975, shortly after the establishment of the ruf, China Democratic League The association and three major parties in East Timor civil unrest due to power struggles, the situation is out of control. In December of the same year, Indonesia Take the opportunity to send troops to East Timor, and announced the East as its twenty-seventh province in July of the following year. 19921999 in years. The Secretary General of the United Nations Under the auspices of the Portuguese and Indonesian Foreign Minister on the issue of East Timor in the 12 round of negotiations, and ultimately the two sides of East Timor National self-determination To reach a consensus. In August 1999, under the supervision of the United Nations, East Timor a referendum, 78.5% of the people in East Timor to support independent. In December of the same year, the Portuguese foreign minister Gama visited East Timor. In 2000, Portugal's president, Prime Minister and the speaker have made a visit to the east. In May 20, 2002, Portugal's president and prime minister attended the celebration of the founding of East Timor. Since 1999, in addition to Portugal with a large number of economic and humanitarian assistance to East Timor, has dispatched more than 1000 people. Peacekeeping force And the police and 100 teachers. The Portuguese international community's most state aid to East Timor. In 2002, the government and the government of East Timor for 80 million 485 thousand euros in cooperation projects, including providing 9 million euros of aid. The two countries have signed 2004 cooperation plan to 2006, according to the plan will be 50 million euros of portugal. In 2004, Portuguese aid amounted to 20 million 568 thousand euros. In June of the same year, Portugal's participation in the United Nations in East Timor, the last batch of peacekeepers 253 people back to portugal. In June 2005, the Prime Minister of East Timor Alkatiri A visit to Portugal, the Portuguese East sent 30 police officers with intention to help train local security forces.

Portugal Economics

Portugal Summary

 Portugal Lisbon style Portugal Lisbon style
Portugal is a medium developed countries in the European Union, the relatively weak industrial base. Textile, footwear, wine and tourism is a pillar industry of the national economy. Cork production accounted for more than half the world's total output, exports ranked first in the world, hence the "cork kingdom" called. As the world's eleventh largest footwear exporter.
Since 2008, by the international financial and economic crisis, the economy suffered heavy losses, the unemployment rate rise, the momentum of economic recovery dropped significantly. At the beginning of 2010, the Greek sovereign debt crisis, Portugal's sovereign debt situation is a sudden turn for the worse. From 2010 to 2012, the international rating agencies have repeatedly cut Portugal's sovereign credit rating. In March 2011, the Portuguese government Fourth "stability and growth" plan was rejected by the parliament, the government was forced to resign. Under the influence of the political crisis in Portugal, the Portuguese market pessimistic economic outlook. Portuguese bond yields rise, high financing costs continue to increase. In April 7, 2011, the Portuguese caretaker Prime Minister Socrates formally requesting financial assistance to the European Union, Portugal became the third after Greece and Ireland, a sovereign debt crisis of the European union.
Portugal is a modern industrial agricultural country, agricultural planting orange is Portugal's most prestigious. Industrial aspects with metal refining, chemical, petroleum and so on, but the most famous is to Tipping Wood manufacturing Cork And in the world, "cork kingdom" called. The former Portuguese overseas has a large number of colonies, bring an endless supply of raw materials for the Portuguese economy, but since the thecolonies after independence, this advantage has gradually disappeared
Since the outbreak of the debt crisis, Portugal into financial difficulties, the government finances have been on the verge of bankruptcy. In May 2011, the Portuguese and the "three carriages" reached a total of 78 billion euro bailout agreement, and requested to take a series of austerity and economic reform measures according to the agreement, to cut the deficit, fiscal consolidation. Thanks to external assistance and internal reform, the Portuguese macroeconomic environment improved significantly, reduce the fiscal deficit, bond yields hit record lows. Will achieve 1.2 percent growth in 2014 the Portuguese economy, the fiscal deficit to GDP ratio will fall below 4%. In May 4, 2014, Portugal announced that it will completely withdraw from the European Union, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund is composed of "three carriages" of the international rescue plan, do not need to apply for a precautionary credit. The Portuguese has become Ireland after the second country to exit the eurozone bailout.

Portugal Industry

Portugal industries including mining, processing, water, electricity, gas and air conditioning industry etc.. The main industrial sectors are electricity, textile, clothing, footwear, food, chemical, papermaking, ceramics, electronic equipment, wine, cork etc.. In 2011 the Portuguese footwear exports amounted to 1 billion 500 million euros, an increase of 16.2%, the number of employees 34 thousand. The textile and garment exports amounted to 3 billion 900 million euros, an increase of 8.4%. The rapid development of automobile, machinery, mold, pharmaceutical and renewable energy industry, in 2011 the Portuguese domestic car production rose 21.1%. In 2011, the Portuguese oil consumption amounted to 7 billion 400 million euros, the per capita consumption of 692 euros, an increase of 148 euros. The Portuguese industrial level is low, mainly in low technology mostly, including textile, papermaking, ceramics, food processing, wine and so on. Which is the largest cork production, production accounted for half of world output. In 2014 second industrial output value of 31 billion 550 million euros, and the previous year. The second industry employment population of 1 million 41 thousand people, accounting for 23.3% of the total population of employment.

Portugal Forestry and Fisheries

Portugal has 3 million 550 thousand hectares of arable land, mainly grow wheat, corn, oats Potato. Located Atlantic The catch is, more to Sardine , Tunas The main.
In 2014 the agricultural output value of 6 billion 640 million euros, the added value of 2 billion 400 million euros, down 3.3%. In 2010, forestry output value of 935 million euros. More than 88% of the aquatic products for marine fishing, tuna, mackerel, sardines, the octopus, freshwater fish for trout. The first industry employment population of 422 thousand people, accounting for 9.5% of total employment. In 2012, 16559 people registered fishermen (an increase of 157 over the previous year), 8276 fishing boats (down 1.3%), the total tonnage of 99836 tons (down 1.7%). Fishing in 2014 amounted to 176 thousand tons, down 1%, the output value of 236 million euros, down 8%.

Portugal Service industry

The rapid development of service industry since 90s, output growth in recent years. At the end of last century, which accounted for the national economy and the national employment population proportion reached the level of developed countries in europe. In 2014 the output value of service industry for 114 billion 896 million euros, an increase of 0.8%, population 3 million 1 thousand people, accounting for 67.2% of the total population of employment. The financial industry is relatively Portugal overall economy is not developed, the service industry is mainly tourism related revenue accounted for about 5% of gdp.

Portugal Tourism

Tourism is an important source of Portuguese foreign exchange income. In recent years, the Portuguese tourism industry a good momentum of development, tourism revenue in the 4 consecutive year of growth. In 2014 tourism revenue of 10 billion 394 million euros, an increase of 12.4%. Foreign tourists 8 million 900 thousand passengers, an increase of 12.2%, mainly tourists from the UK (24.2%), Germany (13.5%), Spain (11.1%), France (9.1%), Holland (6.5%) and other countries. The main tourist destinations are Lisbon, Oporto, Al Cafu district, Madeira Etc..

Portugal Finance

 escudo escudo
In 2012, the Portuguese deficit accounted for 6.6% of GDP, but the absolute number of the deficit than the "three carriages" provisions of the upper limit of 600 million euros less. Public debt amounted to 302 billion 400 million euros, for 122.5% of gdp.
In February 2013, the Portuguese foreign exchange reserves of $21 billion 833 million, ranking fifty-fourth in the world. Remittance income is an important economic source of Portugal, mainly from living in the Portuguese colony in France, Switzerland and the United States, Germany, Spain, Britain, Luxemburg, Angola, Canada and venezuela. In 2012, remittances income was 2 billion 750 million euros, up 13% over the previous year. As of December 2012, the Bank of Portugal has Gold reserves 382.5 tons, accounting for 90% of the value of foreign exchange reserves.

Portugal Outbound investment

Foreign direct investment in Portugal every year about 70 to 20 billion euros. In 90s of last century and the beginning of this century, the Portuguese in Spain and Brazil, the huge amount of investment. Since 2001, a substantial increase of EU investment. In 2012, the Portuguese foreign direct investment of about 9 billion euros, a sharp decline over the previous year. According to the field of investment, in 2012 the amount of foreign investment in the financial and insurance industry (75.8%), (8.2%), science and technology consulting (5.1%), construction (4.6%), the wholesale and retail trade (4%), electric power, natural gas and tap water (1.1%), real estate (0.5%), (computer and communication 0.3%) and other areas (0.4%). According to the investment destination, in 2012 the Portuguese foreign investment in the country followed by Holland (59.4%), Spain (12.6%), Brazil (7.3%), Angola (3.5%), Luxemburg (2.5%), United States (1.4%), the UK (1.3%), Poland (1.2%), Mozambique (1.1%), Denmark (1%), Ireland (0.9%) and others (8.9%).

Portugal foreign aid

The Portuguese foreign official development assistance (ODA Official, Development Assistance) is divided into two categories of unilateral and multilateral assistance aid. Unilateral aid mainly for Portuguese speaking countries in Africa, East Timor and a few developed countries, the vast majority of interest free loans, a small part of a special loan. General multilateral assistance through the United Nations (5%), EU (65%), World Bank (17%) and the Regional Development Bank (10%) and other international institutions. On 2005 the Portuguese foreign aid amounted to $377 million in 2008 to $620 million in 2009, reduced to $513 million (down 17.3%), 2010 rose to $649 million (490 million euros), an increase of 26.6%.. In 2009 and 2010, Portuguese assistance accounted for the total national income (Gross National Income) were 0.23% and 0.29% ratio.
In 2011, the Portuguese foreign bilateral aid amounted to $708 million. In 2011, the top 10 of the aid recipients were: Mozambique ($170 million), Cape Verde ($149 million), East Timor ($31 million), Sao Tome and Principe ($27 million), Angola ($18 million), Guinea Bissau ($15 million), Brazil ($8 million), Afghanistan ($8 million), Serbia ($6 million) and China ($3 million). Before the 10 aid receiving countries have accounted for the total amount of 85% yuan fund, before the 20 aid receiving countries have accounted for the total amount of 92% yuan fund.
The Portuguese foreign aid field is mainly in education, health, industrial and agricultural production, debt reduction, humanitarian aid and infrastructure.

Portugal foreign capital

Foreign direct investment to Portugal every year in 300 to 40 billion euros. In recent years, foreign capital increased to Portugal high-tech investment. In 2010, foreign direct investment to Portugal amounted to 39 billion 622 million euros, an increase of 9.6%; in 2011, 39 billion 626 million euros, an increase of 0.01%. In 2012, the Portuguese foreign direct investment amounted to 39 billion 300 million euros, down 8.9%.
According to the field of investment, foreign investment in 2012 to Portugal is in the field of retail and wholesale trade (34.1%), finance and insurance industry (21.9%), (19.2%), electric power, natural gas and tap water (9.1%), computer and communication technology consulting (5.7%), (2.8%), construction (1.1%), real estate (0.7%) and other areas (5.3%). According to sources of investment in 2012, the Portuguese investment countries were in Spain (18.2%), France (16.3%), the UK (15.6%), Luxemburg (13.4%), Holland (9%), Germany (8.3%), Switzerland (5.8%), Belgium (4.3%), Austria (3.2%), Ireland (1.3%) and other countries (4.6%).

Portugal Foreign aid

From 2007 to 2013 in Portugal from the European Union for 22 billion 500 million euros, the structure of the fund 16 billion 420 million euros, solidarity fund for rural development fund 2 billion 722 million euros, 3 billion 170 million euros, 220 million euros in fisheries fund. In April 2011, due to the political crisis and The sovereign debt crisis The double trouble, the Portuguese caretaker government requested financial aid from the European union. In May of the same year, the European Union, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund (the "three carriages") reached an agreement with Portugal, agreed in the next 3 years to provide the Portuguese amounting to 78 billion euros of aid to help them cope with the sovereign debt crisis, to ensure sustained economic development. As of November 2012, the Portuguese has six times through the "three carriages" on the implementation of the memorandum of the aid review, receive 78 billion euros assistance in 87%. In March 2013, three were driving on the Portuguese coach "seventh review after the Portuguese agreed to continue to receive a sum of 2 billion euros of aid.

Portugal Sociology

Portugal education

 Oporto University of Portugal Oporto University of Portugal
Portugal in the 12 years of compulsory education, including basic education (4 years of primary school, middle school preparatory classes for 2 years, 3 years of junior high school and secondary education (3 years), the equivalent of China's senior high school). Higher education for the University from 4 to 5 years. In 2012, science and education budget of 6 billion 889 million euros, accounting for 3.65% of the total government budget. In 2010, the literacy rate (over 15 years old have the ability to read and write population accounting for the total number is 95.2%). Major universities are Universidade de Lisboa , The University of Coimbra , Universidade do Porto Lisbon Polytechnic university, Universidade do Minho , Aveiro University and Evora University and the National Institute of administration.
Portugal has nearly 300 museums, more than 1 thousand and 960 libraries, more than and 347 kinds of cinemas and theatres, galleries and exhibition hall more than and 306.

Portugal media

In 2010, Portugal has a variety of 1910 journals, 489 of which have a network version. Since the last century since 90s, the Portuguese newspaper are all private. Now the main daily news: "Daily", "public news", "news" and "Morning Post"; the main weekly "express", "the sun". The main business of financial publications: "Economic Daily", "business daily" and "economic weekly". Lusa news agency in 1987 by the Portuguese news agency and Portuguese news agency merged with the national news agency.
The main Portuguese Portuguese radio station, radio radio Renaissance (religious background), commercial radio etc.. TV three: Portugal national television (channel 1, channel 2), SIC (private) television and itv.

Portugal traffic

 Tram、 Tram、
Portugal land transport mileage over 80 thousand kilometers, is the main way of Portuguese transportation.
In 2010, the Portuguese domestic railway 2843 km, including 2794 km of operation mileage, a portion of the coastal railway, portugal. In 2010, the railway transport 153 million passengers, down 0.5%, a total of 4 billion 111 million people per kilometer, 1.1% less than the previous year. The freight volume of 9 million 295 thousand and 500 tons.
The Portuguese highway network by highway (AE), the main road (IP), (IC), national secondary roads and highway area (EN). In 2010, the Portuguese mainland road length of 13123 kilometers, including 2737 kilometers of expressways, accounting for highway network total mileage more than 1/5. 2009, freight volume of highways in 2010 were 228.39 million tons and 196.699 tons.
water transport
The inland river of Portugal, the total mileage of 210 km, mainly for waterway shipping. The main port Lisbon , Aveiro Tin, Tubal, Xinaishen, Funchal (in Madeira) and Ponta Del Ghada (in Azores). In 2010, a total of 14665 ships sailed into Portuguese ports, shipping container 1005173. That year, marine passenger traffic for the 1662408 passengers.
air transport
There are 15 airports across portugal. Part of the mainland, the main international airport in Lisbon, Oporto and the Faroe and other places, they are located in coastal areas. Lisbon is planning to build a new airport. The autonomous region has 9 airports, the Madeira autonomous region has 2 airports. Most international airlines are flying to Portugal airport route, the Portuguese airline (TAP Portugal) is the country's airline. In 2010, delivered a total of 28 million 900 thousand passengers, an increase of 5.8%. Transport of passengers, 78.8% belong to the international travel, domestic travel accounted for only 21.2%. When the freight volume of 138 thousand and 100 tons.

Portugal Sports

 C Ronaldo C Ronaldo
Portugal due to its population less than other European countries, Portugal has only mediocre results in sports, but only commendable has three football sports: Sporting Lisbon , Oporto , Benfica . This is the three major sports can cultivate diverse talents for sports including football, basketball, range, athletics, swimming, hockey and chess. In football, will grow in the three sports, players Cristiano Ronaldo , Luis Figo Costa, ray, Eusebio And coach jose mourinho And Baoyasi.
Football is the most popular sport in Portugal, the Portuguese football is impregnated with strong Latin style. Portugal for the first time to participate in the world cup in 1966, when the third made. The "Black Panther" said the Mozambique born player Eusebio in the final week into nine for the 1966 World Cup marksman. But then the strength of the Portuguese national team since the late 1990s began to rise, the Portuguese national team known as the "golden generation". In 2000 the Portuguese national team reached the semifinals in the European Championship, 2004 European Championship Second, in 2006 won the fourth World Cup in Germany. Their star Cristiano Ronaldo Won the 2008 and 2013 world footballer.

Portugal immigrant

In August 9, 2012, Portugal in 2012 28 amendment changed the July 4, 2007 Act No. 23, launched to attract foreign investment immigration law. Article 90-A this latest amendment based on the provisions of foreign investors, as long as the conditions are met, they will get a green card, and in sixth years to naturalization (4 years less than normal 10 years of naturalization). According to the new law, the Portuguese Ministry of foreign affairs and the Ministry of interior issued Decree No. 11820-A/2012 in September 3, 2012 (Order n.11820-A/2012), this decree came into force since October 8, 2012. Thus began the Portugal gold residence permit plan.
In October 8, 2012, promulgated and implemented a new investment immigration bill, is the gold in Portugal (Golden Residence Permit Programme) scheme, referred to as private buyers immigration. Because the application is simple, no immigration prison and equivalent to the EU immigration caused great concern of investors around the world.
The qualification of the applicant
The age of non EU citizens 18 years of age; without Criminal record To meet the statutory requirements; 500 thousand real estate investment.
The following family members with the applicant also issued residence certificate:
The spouse of the applicant; the applicant accompanying children (25 years old); parents of the applicant and the spouse of the (65 years old).
Investment: the purchase of not less than 500 thousand euros in real estate (a total of more than 500 thousand euros, can buy two or more).
Residence requirements: first year cumulative lived for 7 days; the next second to fifth years, every two years has lived for 14 days. The Schengen can live in any country.

Portugal Culture

Portugal because the Mediterranean, in fifteenth Century and a strong, have a strong taste in Latin text, art and architecture, and by the Catholic culture deeply. For example, the Portuguese names are generally quite long, contains four to six words, and is the main reference Latin patchwork. Some Portuguese common names, such as Nuno, Ricardo, Santos, Luis and Xavier belong to the Latin words. While the Portuguese territory Catholic Church very much, Rome has a strong Catholic taste.
In May 17, 2010, Portugal officially became the world's eighth admit Gay marriage The country.

Portugal Religion

Portugal is Catholicism The country, 84.5% Catholic, and the Catholic culture deeply. Portugal Catholic Church very much, most of them have a strong taste of the Catholic Church in Rome.

Portugal Fado

Fado (Portuguese: Law, Fado ) is a type of music, is the famous Portuguese folk songs. Can be traced back to 1820s, but probably with much earlier origins. In popular belief, the characteristics of fado is a mournful melody and the lyrics, usually with sea or poor life related. However, in fact, fado is simply a form of songs, which can be about anything, but must follow a certain structure.

Portugal diet

 Portugal Wine Portugal Wine
Portugal diet, a variety of Steamed Rice, potatoes, bread, meat, seafood and fish. Its main diet. The Portuguese for love Cod It is said that there are 365 known (that is, each day of the year can be different) method of cooking fish. Portugal Wine since Rome began to export. The Romans will be their God of wine Barker Kos With Portugal link. This country is still known in many Wine enthusiasts, Wine has won several international awards.

Portugal language

Portuguese (Portugu: s) is Romance A language family. Use it to the countries and regions including Brazil, portugal, Angola China, Macao, spain, Mozambique and Timor-Leste . Portuguese is widely distributed a few languages in the world, also the world's fifth (or six) language. Portuguese, English and Spanish is the second one of the most widely used languages in the world. More than 200 million of the world population (Portugu: s), Portuguese is the world's popular sixth languages, Chinese, English, Russian, after the Spanish and Hindi . The vast majority of Portuguese users living in Brazil, but only 10 million 562 thousand people living in portugal.

Portugal festival

grandparents day July 26th National Day June 10th
Support basket Festival (female adult Festival)
Once every four years October 5th
Marine Festival
August 21st The national struggle June 13th
Students day
In early May The day of revolution (the revolution) April 25th

Support basket Festival (female adult Festival)
Marine Festival
Students day

Portugal Tourism

In addition to the Iberian Peninsula in Portugal, the Atlantic, the Azores and madeira are also Portuguese territory, the love of nature, love of flowers and trees. At the end of the European mainland Portugal came to the southwest near the Atlantic, enjoy the spectacular scenery, is a completely different feeling.
Tourism is an important means of an important source of foreign exchange earnings and make up the Portuguese foreign trade deficit. In 2011 tourism revenue of 8 billion 146 million euros, an increase of 7.03%, creating 867 thousand jobs, accounting for 6.6% of total employment. In 2011 there were 26 million 100 thousand people in the Portuguese foreign tourists in the hotel accommodation, an increase of 10.4%, mainly tourists from the United Kingdom (24.1%), Spain (13.3%), Germany (13%), Holland (7.7%), France (7.4%) and other members of the European Union and the United States and Brazil. The main tourist destination Al Garway , Lisbon , Madeira , Faroe , Oporto Etc..
World Heritage Site
 Lisbon tram Lisbon tram
By the end of 2008, a total of 10 Portuguese World Heritage Site The following:
cultural heritage
cultural heritage
Douro Valley region Wine
cultural heritage
Four Tall Valley prehistoric rock art sites cultural heritage Guarda District
Five Tomar Christian Church cultural heritage Santarem District
Six Battaglia Abbey cultural heritage Leiria District
Seven Monastery of Alcobaca cultural heritage Leiria District
Eight Cultural landscape of Sintra cultural heritage Lisbon District
Nine St. Jerome, sent to the monastery of Belem Tower cultural heritage Lisbon District
Ten Evora Historic Centre cultural heritage Evora District

The historic center of Oporto
cultural heritage
Oporto District
The historic centre of Guimaraes
cultural heritage
Braga District
Douro Valley region Wine
cultural heritage
Vila Real
Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa) is Portuguese Republic The capital and largest city. In the western part of the country, north of the Sintra mountains, near the South The Tagus River The distance. Atlantic Less than 12 kilometers, is the westernmost city in continental europe. International metropolis, Southern Europe One of the world famous city. Today is Portugal's political economic and cultural and educational center. Lisbon port is the biggest seaport . Also for the Portuguese higher education institutions are located. Lisbon is a developed city, Lisbon District, Portugal and Europe's richest regions, this area is much higher than the per capita GDP European Union The average level of per capita GDP. Lisbon the Atlantic west coast of the beautiful beach, is also famous in Europe Tourist city Every year, more than 1 million tourists trips.
Oporto (Portuguese: Porto), is an aspect of the port city of the Atlantic in northern Portugal, Portugal is the second largest city, the provincial capital of Porto and Northern District administrative center. The city has a Portuguese domestic famous football club Porto and famous buildings Oporto Concert Hall . Oporto city is composed of fifteen parishes, the northern border of Matosinhos and Maia autonomous region, Eastern and southern Gondomar border. Douro (Douro), the other side With Newcastle (Vila Nova de Gaia) for the west of the Atlantic. The Portuguese wine and wave source in this city. The old city and the surrounding wine region is the world's cultural heritage.
"The Atlantic pearl" reputation madeira Located in the capital of Portugal. Lisbon 800 km to the south, a Portuguese territory in 1402. A total length of 56 kilometers, inland areas largely uninhabited, the north shore based on farmland. 80% residents residing in the South Island. The capital of the island of Madeira, is a commercial center Funchal . Here is not only beautiful scenery and mild climate, is brewing local staple - Madeira Wine place. The market in the sale of food available.
Cascais (Cascais) is located in the west of Portugal's capital Lisbon 30 kilometers, an area of about 100 square kilometers, a population of 184 thousand people. Portugal is the third largest city, convenient transportation, tourism industry developed, is a famous seaside resort in portugal. Cass Chais's food is very good, especially to eat many delicious seafood in many local restaurants.