Tsien Hsueshen

Tsien Hsueshen (1911.12.112009.10.31), Han , King Wu Yue Qian Liu Thirty-third The sun Born. Shanghai The ancestral home. Zhejiang province Hangzhou city Ling'an . The world famous Scientist , Aerodynamics Home, China Manned space flight Founder, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering Academician, Chinese Two bombs and one satellite Meritorious service medal, known as" The father of China space "" The father of Chinese missile "Chinese automation father" and "king of Rockets", because Tsien Hsueshen to return home, Chinese Missile , Atomic bomb Launch forward advance At least 20 years.
Tsien Hsueshen
In 1934, graduated from the national Jiaotong University School of mechanical and power engineering, a former U.S.A Massachusetts Institute of Technology and California Institute of Technology Professor. In 1955. Mao Zedong The chairman and the Zhou Enlai Back to the Prime Minister for China. Joined in 1959 Communist Party of China That has served as the University of Science & Technology China Director of the Department of modern mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of mechanics Director of an institute、 In seventh the Ministry of machinery industry Vice minister, The national science and Technology Committee Deputy director and honorary chairman of China science and technology association, Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Sixth, vice chairman of the seven or eight National Committee of Chinese division of physics and chemistry Academy members, Chinese Society of Astronautics Honorary chairman, The General Armament Department of the people's Liberation Army Chinese The science and Technology Committee of senior adviser and other important duties; he also served as China Automation Association First, chairman of the two session. In 1995, the Central Propaganda Department Approval And I agree with Tsien Hsueshen, alma mater Xi'an Jiao Tong University The library is named Qian xuesen library Then, General secretary of the CPC Central Committee , President And chairman of the Central Military Commission Jiang Zemin Comrades personally inscribed the name. The morning of October 31, 2009 Beijing time 8 hours 6 minutes, Tsien Hsueshen Beijing Died at the age of 98.
In order to further Carry forward Comrade Tsien Hsueshen patriotic, innovate , dedication The performance and the spirit of the central research, decided to Shanghai Jiao Tong University Xuhui campus construction Qian xuesen library . December 8, 2011, To commemorate the 100 anniversary of the birth of Tsien Hsueshen Forum stay The Great Hall of the People At.

Essential information

Tsien Hsueshen People experience

Tsien Hsueshen Before going abroad

Tsien Hsueshen was born on 1911 Shanghai Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province native Lin'an City . September 1923, enter The high school affiliated to Beijing Normal University Study。
In 1929 admitted to the Ministry of Railways Jiaotong University Railway Engineering Department of Shanghai Institute of mechanical engineering school, 1934 graduated from the national Jiaotong University (now Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Xi'an Jiao Tong University ), admitted in June Tsinghua University The seventh session of the indemnity of foreign students.

Tsien Hsueshen Studying in the United States

 Tsien Hsueshen photo Tsien Hsueshen photo
In September 1935 to enter the United States Massachusetts Institute of Technology The aviation department, in September 1936 received a master's degree in aeronautical engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, then transferred to California Institute of Technology The aviation department, a world famous scientist Von Karman (Theodore von K, RM, n) of the students, and soon became the most important von Carmen students.
He has been Aviation Engineering master Ph.D. degree and aviation, mathematics. From July 1938 to August 1955, in Tsien Hsueshen in the United States Aerodynamics , solid mechanics and rocket , Missile Other areas of research, and together with the tutor high-speed air dynamics research and establish "Carmen - Tsien Hsueshen" formula, at the age of twenty-eight to become the world famous aerodynamics.
In 1939, by the The United States California Institute of Technology PhD in aviation, mathematics. In 1943, he served as assistant professor at the California Institute of Technology. In 1945, associate professor of California Institute of Technology. In 1947, he was appointed a professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In 1947, in Shanghai Jiang Get married. In 1949, California Institute of Technology Professor, director of the center for jet propulsion. On 1953, Tsien Hsueshen formally proposed the concept of physical mechanics, determined that the macro mechanical properties from the microscopic laws of matter, opening up new areas of high temperature and high pressure. 1954, " Engineering control theory "English version of the book published in Russian, German version, version Chinese respectively in 1956, 1957, 1958. 1958 University of Science & Technology China Director of the Department of modern mechanics.

Tsien Hsueshen Detention

1949
 Middle age Tsien Hsueshen Middle age Tsien Hsueshen
When The People's Republic of China The news spread to the United States after the declaration of the birth of Tsien Hsueshen, and Mrs. Jiang Ying will discuss as soon as possible back to the motherland, for his country. At this point the United States, to Mccarthy Led by the implementation of a comprehensive tracing for the Communists, and set off a frenzy of allegiance to the United States government driven by employees in the United states. Tsien Hsueshen for suspected Communists and refused to disclose a friend by the United States Department of militarysuddenly part classified research certificate. Tsien Hsueshen is very angry, as required to reason.
On 1950, Tsien Hsueshen was ready to return to port, U.S. officials stopped, and put him in prison, when the United States Navy Secretary Danny Janpur (Dan A. Kimball) Tsien Hsueshen said: wherever you go, is worth 5 divisions. Since then, Tsien Hsueshen has been in the U.S. government persecution, also lost their freedom, within a month of his lost thirty pounds. Immigration copied his home, in the space that the island will he detained for 14 days, until the receipt California Institute of Technology Send the $15 thousand bail after his release huge. Later, customs confiscated his luggage, including 800 kilograms of books and notebooks. The United States Attorney again to review all his materials, to prove that he is innocent.

Tsien Hsueshen Difficult Homecoming

At the beginning of 50s
 A photo of Tsien Hsueshen after returning A photo of Tsien Hsueshen after returning
Tsien Hsueshen persecuted in the United States the news soon spread to Chinese, China technology sector through a variety of ways to support Tsien Hsueshen. The Central Committee of the Party of Tsien Hsueshen in the United States is extremely concerned about the situation, the government China publicly issued a statement condemning the U.S. government in violation of the wishes of my case for Tsien Hsueshen.
In 1954, an accidental opportunity, he saw in the newspaper, Chen Shutong stood on the rostrum of Tiananmen, as vice chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, he decided to write to the father's good friend. proper Zhou Enlai This time the prime minister is very anxious, when he was vice chairman of the NPC Standing Committee long Chen Shu is connected Received a letter sent from the other side of the ocean after the letter. He opened a look, signed "Tsien Hsueshen" is the original request government to help him return to the motherland.
In April 1954, Britain and France in the su Geneva Held to discuss and resolve the issue of North Korea and recovery Indochina The International Conference on peace. Zhou Enlai attended the meeting of the heads of delegation to the China Lenovo Chinese has a number of students and scientists were detained in the United States, so he instructed that the Americans please British diplomats dredge relationship with us, we should seize this opportunity to open up new channels of contact.
The delegation of the Secretary General Chinese Wang Ping Nan Beginning in June 5, 1954 with the United States representative, deputy secretary of state Johnson Preliminary discussions on bilateral nationals. The U.S. side has submitted a U.S. citizens in China and China detained some U.S. military personnel list, Chinese requirements give them the opportunity to return home. In order to express China sincerity, Zhou Enlai instructed Wang Bingnan in June 15, 1954 held the third Sino US talks, generous concessions, but also urged the United States to stop and detain Tsien Hsueshen Chinese America personnel.
However, China's legitimate demands by the United States to refuse. July 21, 1954, Geneva conference Closing. In order not to interrupt communication channels, Zhou Enlai instructed Wang Bingnan agreed with the United States since July 22, 1954, consular level talks in Geneva. In order to further said China on Sino US talks sincerity, Chinese released 4 detained American pilots.
China concession, is the final goal for Tsien Hsueshen and other U. S. scientists to return as soon as possible, but in this critical issue, the representative of the United States Johnson Or to Chinese with no real reason for Tsien Hsueshen to return home, a bit does not relent.
In 1955, after Zhou Enlai The prime minister in diplomatic negotiations with the United States of continuous efforts -- including at the release of 11 in the Korean War American pilots captured in exchange, August 4, 1955, Tsien Hsueshen received The United States Immigration Notice to allow him to return. In September 17, 1955, Tsien Hsueshen returned to desire finally realized, this day Tsien Hsueshen carrying his wife Jiang And a pair of young children, boarded the ship, the president of Cleveland, set foot on the journey back to the motherland. On the morning of October 1, 1955, the Tsien Hsueshen family finally returned to their wish to go back to their home country.

Tsien Hsueshen After returning

 The young Tsien Hsueshen The young Tsien Hsueshen
After returning, Zhou Enlai In each respect gave Tsien Hsueshen cordial meticulous care, in his later years, Tsien Hsueshen also excitedly recalled an incident in 1970, the first Chinese Artificial satellite " The East is red "The eve of the launch, Prime Minister Zhou Enlai to convene the relevant personnel in scientific research The Great Hall of the People During the meeting, Premier Zhou Enlai has called Tsien Hsueshen: Tsien Hsueshen, don't be too tired. Tsien Hsueshen had often said to the man, in his life the most influential and most help two people, one is the founding Prime Minister Zhou Enlai, one is his father-in-law Jiang Baili .
At the beginning of 1956, he to the CPC Central committee, The State Council The establishment of "book" views of China National Aviation Industry; the same year, The State Council The Central Military Commission, according to his suggestion, the leading aviation industry committee established missiles, aviation and scientific research, and appointed him to the committee.
In 1956 Chinese determined the first 5 years of scientific planning, and Tsien Hsueshen chien wei-zang , Qiansanjiang To be together, Zhou Enlai Known as Chinese science and technology circles" Sanqian "Tsien Hsueshen ordered the formation of China first rocket and Missile Institute, the Fifth Department of Defense Research Institute and served as the first president.
In 1956, Ren Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of mechanics Director and researcher. In the mechanical work before and after 1972. In the second session of the CPPCC National Committee of the second plenary meeting, was elected as member of the second CPPCC National committee.
In 1957, Tsien Hsueshen initiative, Institute of mechanical China The establishment, Tsien Hsueshen was unanimously elected as the first chairman. On February 18th, Premier Zhou Enlai signed the order, Tsien Hsueshen was appointed the Fifth Research Institute of Ministry of defense as the first president. On November 16th, Premier Zhou Enlai appointed Tsien Hsueshen as the Fifth Research Institute of Ministry of defense branch president. The same year, "written by Tsien Hsueshen Engineering control theory "Won the first prize of Natural Science Award China Academy of Sciences, and the election was Academician of the Academy of Sciences Chinese . June 1957, China Automation Association The Preparatory Committee was established in Beijing, Tsien Hsueshen as the chairman of the committee. In September of the same year, IFAC congress elected Tsien Hsueshen as the executive director of the first session of the Council for IFAC.
In 1958, in order to Two bombs and one satellite Engineering personnel training, Tsien Hsueshen should be on the establishment of "interstellar space Institute", founded the University of Science & Technology China, Tsien Hsueshen Ren University of Science & Technology China Director of Department of modern mechanics, became a founder of the University of Science & Technology China. By Du Runsheng, Makiko K The Chinese, joined the Communist party.
In 1959, was elected to the second congress The National People's Congress Representative. And have been elected to the third, the four or five National People's congress.
 The Tsien Hsueshen family The Tsien Hsueshen family
In September 19, 1959, Tsien Hsueshen made a special trip from Beijing to have moved from Shanghai to Xi'an Xi'an Jiao Tong University Visit the campus, teachers and students to visit.
In 1960, former vice president of the Institute of defense fifth, and no longer serves as a hospital dean. Since then, Tsien Hsueshen has been the main duties of deputies, vice president from Fifth Research Institute, the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of machinery industry to seventh. The national defense science and technology Deputy director of the committee, to major technical problems Chinese national defense science and technology development.
In November 15, 1960. Marshal Nie Rongzhen Under the guidance of the scene personally, with general Zhang Aiping as director, deputy director of the Committee for the test of Sun Jixian, Tsien Hsueshen, Wang Zheng, flight test in Jiuquan launch successfully organized the first China manufacturing short-range missiles.
1961, elected China Automation Association The first Council chairman. 1962, "physical mechanics" published. 1963, " Overview of interstellar travel "Published. In 1965 seventh, the Ministry of machinery industry ( Missile Vice Minister of the Ministry of industry).
In October 27, 1966, Tsien Hsueshen helped Nie Rongzhen marshal, launch site in Jiuquan using the direct leadership of the short-range missile carrying the atomic bomb Liangdan combination flight test success. 1968, concurrently The Chinese People's Liberation Army The Fifth Research Institute (now Chinese Research Institute of space technology Dean).
1969, elected The Ninth National Congress of the Communist Party of China On behalf of the ninth Central Committee and Alternate . And have been elected to the tenth, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen National Congress, tenth, eleven, twelve alternate members of the central committee.
In 1970, he served as deputy director of the national defense science and Technology Committee, and no longer serve China Fifth People's Liberation Army Research institute.
In 1979, China formally established diplomatic relations in the past, by the The United States California Institute of Technology "Distinguished alumni Award" (Distinguished Alumni Award). But Tsien Hsueshen did not accept the honor to the United states.
Elected in 1980 China science and Technology Association Vice chairman of the first session of the National Committee on 1986; Chinese was elected chairman of the third National Committee of the Association for science and technology.
In 1982, Ren The Commission of science, technology and industry for national defense Deputy director of the science and technology committee. Was elected honorary chairman of China Institute of mechanics. Dean of the Institute of defense fifth, served as the hospital (now a branch China Rocket Technology Research Institute Dean). " System engineering theory "Published in 1988," on systems engineering "(Revised Edition) published.
 Tsien Hsueshen Tsien Hsueshen
In 1984 fifth, Chinese Academy of Sciences Academician (academician) Congress, was elected as chairman of China Academy of Sciences Group Executive chairman. In 1992 sixth, Chinese Academy of Sciences Academician (academician) conference, was hired as China academy Presidium Honorary chairman.
In 1985, Tsien Hsueshen because of the China strategic missile technology contribution as the first winners and Tu Shou'e , Yaotongbin , Haofujian , Liangsili , Feng Gan Zhuang , Xu-e Won the National Prize for science and technology etc..
In 1986, the sixth CPPCC National Committee of the fourth plenary meeting, was elected as vice chairman of the sixth CPPCC National Committee, and seventh have been elected to the CPPCC, vice chairman of the National Committee of the eighth.
In 1987, was hired as the The Commission of science, technology and industry for national defense Senior advisory committee of science and technology. "The construction of socialist modernization in science and Engineering" publishing system. As of May 3, 1987, China human body Science Institute Honorary chairman.
In 1988, he served as director of the seventh CPPCC National Committee of science and technology committee. (1985 year) won the national science and technology progress award. "On the science of thinking" Publishing. In 1988, "the theory of human science" published. "Science", "create human body science and development of modern science & Technology Outlook" and " The theory of human science and modern science and technology "Published in 1989 and 1996 respectively, 1998.
 Jiang Zemin to visit Tsien Hsueshen Jiang Zemin to visit Tsien Hsueshen
In 1989, by the international technology and technology exchange conference and the International Institute of Science & Technology Award "W.F. Rockwell Medal "World science and engineering celebrities" and "international Polytechnic Institute honorary member" title, won the hero medal. " Tsien Hsueshen. (1938 ~ 1956) "published.
In 1991, the first plenary meeting of Chinese science and Technology Association of the Fourth National Committee, was awarded the title of honorary chairman of China science and technology association. Elected Chinese Aerodynamics Research Society (1989 renamed the Air Force Association honorary chairman of Chinese). election China System Engineering Institute Honorary chairman.
In 1994. Chinese Academy of Engineering The first meeting of the Academy of Sciences, was elected Chinese academician of the Academy of Engineering . " Geographical Science "Published. " City and landscape city "Published.
 Hu Jintao to visit Tsien Hsueshen Hu Jintao to visit Tsien Hsueshen
In 1995, by the HLHL fund Awarded first (1994 year) "HLHL Fund Award" (later renamed" The achievements of science and Technology Fund HLHL prize ").
1995, approved by the CPC Central Committee Propaganda Department, Xi'an Jiao Tong University library named Tsien Hsueshen library, then President Jiang Zemin wrote the name of the.
In 1998, was hired as a senior adviser to the PLA General Armament Department of science and technology committee. stay Chinese Academy of Sciences The ninth meeting of academicians and Chinese Academy of Engineering academician fourth conference, was awarded the "China academy fellow" China Academy of engineering senior academician title.
By 1999, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council and the Central Military Commission issued" Two bombs meritorious service medal ".
In 2000, "the Tsien Hsueshen manuscript (1938 ~ 1955)" published.
 Wen Jiabao see Tsien Hsueshen Wen Jiabao see Tsien Hsueshen
December 11, 2001, Jiang Zemin See Tsien Hsueshen, then deputy prime minister Li Lanqing To see. " On the macro and micro architecture construction "," Sixth Industrial Revolution "," communication set Create system "Published. In 1995, 1996 and 1999, Jiang Zemin has three times to Tsien Hsueshen home to see him.
In 2001 90 birthday, Tsien Hsueshen's friend Frank E. in the United States by American professor Marble California Institute of Technology The D.Baltimore delegate, made a special trip to Beijing will be the "distinguished alumni Award" awards and medals awarded to Tsien Hsueshen and was elected to China's honorary chairman of the society.
In December 11, 2001 90 the birthday of Tsien Hsueshen, for his alma mater Shanghai Jiao Tong University The inscription: "I hope all the teachers and students of Shanghai Jiao Tong University should inherit and carry forward the fine tradition of loving the motherland, his alma mater, advocating science, the pursuit of truth, to serve the people, in twenty-first Century, and strive to build a world-class university of Shanghai Jiao Tong University." Tsien Hsueshen always mindful of his alma mater, fully carry forward the glorious tradition from the Jiaotong university.
The morning of October 31, 2009 Beijing time 8 hours 6 minutes, Tsien Hsueshen Beijing Died at the age of 98.

Tsien Hsueshen Personal life

 A photo of Tsien Hsueshen after returning A photo of Tsien Hsueshen after returning
Tsien Hsueshen's father Junfu money early to study Japanese, returning in 1911, served as director of the Education Department of Zhejiang province. Both husband Jiang Baili is friends with complete mutual understanding and. Jiang Baili is known as "the father of modern art", then became the national government of Baoding army school. Jiang Baili and the Japanese lady had 5 daughters, money Junfu only son Tsien Hsueshen, Chiang promised to give money to Jiang Ying three female adoptive home.
In 1935, Tsien Hsueshen went to study in the United States, Jiang Ying also followed his father to Europe, to go to school in Berlin, two people mutual correspondence teaser, more deep the two emotions. The Second World War After the end, Jiang Ying went to the United States, Tsien Hsueshen was already more than and 30 years old, Jiang Ying is twenty-four years old, to their cause, they once again postponed the wedding date until 1947, they held a wedding in Shanghai.
In August 1935, Tsien Hsueshen to the United States, originally read is aviation engineering, but continue to study the issue, he argued with his father. Tsien Hsueshen is going to the next step in space theory, but the father replied Chinese Aerospace Industrial backwardness, lagging, or study Aircraft manufacturing Technology for good. Tsien Hsueshen told his father, China in aircraft manufacturing industry and the west too much difference, only to grasp the space theory, beyond the West may. Jiang Baili knew that the money and the differences, he said to his old friend Qian Junfu, Europe and the United States aviation research project, the unified theory tends to follow the theory, engineering. Qian Junfu heard these words finally promised son continue to study space theory. Tsien Hsueshen was relieved from the Jiang Baili indebted forever.
Those years Tsien Hsueshen persecuted in the United States, the family situation is very bad, as the great lady Jiang Ying, he fired the maid, a man swept all the housework, and also put down her love singing career. It is during this time, Tsien Hsueshen completed his works " Engineering control theory "This is the crystallization of their love.
In October 8, 1955, Premier Zhou Enlai personally, the U.S. government finally allowed Tsien Hsueshen couples home. But when Tsien Hsueshen and Jiang Ying took their 6 year old son Yong Gang, 5 year old daughter never really at the airport when boarding and finally, the U.S. government confiscated, unreasonably detain note on Tsien Hsueshen in the United States more than 20 years of accumulation. Their marriage "token" -- black piano, in Jiang Ying's case, and they eventually return to the motherland.
In mid 50s twentieth Century, Jiang Ying served as artistic director at the Central Experimental opera. In order to satisfy the requirements of peasants and soldiers, she and the actors together to show the northwest remote and backward place tour, and try to learn to sing folk songs, opera, Chinese Jingyuntaigu, even Beijing opera. When the concert stage, Jiang Ying asked Tsien Hsueshen to go to love, ask him to appreciate, please comment on him. Sometimes Tsien Hsueshen busy with work, not to listen, Jiang Ying tapes, home to him and put him to rest. In order to take care of the life and work of Tsien Hsueshen Jiang Ying, leader in the vocal Department of Central Conservatory of Music, Opera Department leadership and teacher. Jiang Ying had to give up their favorite stage career, cultivate students with all of their efforts. Now, Professor Jiang Ying has profound music artist, is a contemporary European classical art songs Chinese teaching authority. In later years, the couple two people still live rich, very full.
 Tsien Hsueshen couple Tsien Hsueshen couple
In 1991, the CPC Central Committee for the Tsien Hsueshen awards ceremony held at the end, Tsien Hsueshen talked about his wife Jiang Ying. 44 years of marriage they live very happy, in 1950 1955 the government of the United States during the persecution of Tsien Hsueshen, her housekeeper, paid a huge sacrifice; Jiang Ying is a soprano, she very far and Tsien Hsueshen's specialty, but it is precisely because she introduces music for Tsien Hsueshen, Tsien Hsueshen has enriched the profound understanding of the world has learned, broad thinking method. Tsien Hsueshen is fond of music, especially in the Jiang The art, he has a deeper understanding of the art of music, but also adds more color to his scientific career. The common interest, the two people love life more harmonious and warm, colorful, also make their careers complement each other. They have some opinions on the development of "cooperation" the musical career of a text, put forward opinions on the development of China music career.

Tsien Hsueshen personal works

" Engineering control theory "," Physical mechanics "," Overview of interstellar travel "," System engineering theory "," About the science of thinking "," Geographical Science "," art of science and art science "," The theory of human science and modern science and technology "," Create system "," On the macro and micro architecture construction "," Tsien Hsueshen on the rocket and missile and aerospace "Etc..

Tsien Hsueshen The main achievement

Tsien Hsueshen Two bombs and one satellite

At the beginning of 1956, Tsien Hsueshen to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council proposed the establishment of "opinion of China National Aviation Industry". At the same time, Tsien Hsueshen formed Chinese first rocket and Missile Institute, the Fifth Department of Defense Research Institute and served as the first president. He presided over the completion of the "build" jet and rocket technology planning, participated in the short-range missiles and short-range missiles and Chinese first man-made earth satellite, using the direct leadership of the short-range missile carrier atomic bomb Liangdan combination test, participated in the development of the China short-range missile carrying an atomic bomb Liangdan combination test. Participate in the formulation of the development plan China first star aviation development, established the engineering cybernetics and systems science. In Tsien Hsueshen's efforts led by October 16, 1964, Chinese successfully exploded its first atomic bomb, June 17, 1967 Chinese first hydrogen bomb blast experiment successfully, in April 24, 1970 the first Chinese Artificial satellite The successful launch.

Tsien Hsueshen Applied mechanics

Tsien Hsueshen in many fields of mechanics are doing pioneering work. He made a lot of research in the field of air dynamics, the most prominent is the transonic flow and similarity law, together with Carmen, first proposed the concept of hypersonic flow, to overcome the barrier, aircraft in the early sound, provides a theoretical basis and lays an important foundation for the development of air dynamics. The formula of high subsonic aircraft design is named after Carmen and Tsien Hsueshen's name Carmen - Tsien Hsueshen formula. In addition, Tsien Hsueshen and Carmen at the end of 30s also jointly proposed a new nonlinear spherical shell and cylindrical shell buckling theory.
Tsien Hsueshen air dynamics in Applied Mechanics and solid mechanics Have done pioneering work; study of compressible boundary layer in cooperation with von Carmen, reveals some temperature changes in this area, created the "Carmen - money approximation equation. and Yung Huai Kuo The concept of cooperation in the early transonic flow problem is introduced in the upper and lower critical Maher number.

Tsien Hsueshen physical mechanics

Study on Tsien Hsueshen in 1946 to the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of rarefied gas combined, is a pioneering work. In 1953, he formally proposed the concept of physical mechanics, greatly saves manpower and material resources, and opening up new areas of high temperature and high pressure. In 1961 he wrote "physical mechanics" published. Tsien Hsueshen in 1984 to gou Qingquan proposal, the physical and mechanical engineering technology is extended to the molecular design of atom.

Tsien Hsueshen Aerospace and jet

From 40s to early 60s, Tsien Hsueshen put forward some important concepts in the field of rocket and space: in 40s, proposed and implemented ratog (JATO), the runway distance is shortened; in 1949 proposed a rocket passenger aircraft concept and a nuclear rocket idea; in 1953 on the possibility of interstellar flight theory; in the 1962 issue of the "Star" in the introduction to sailing, a jet engine with a large aircraft as the first stage vehicle.

Tsien Hsueshen Engineering control theory

 The young Tsien Hsueshen photos The young Tsien Hsueshen photos
Engineering control theory in the process of its formation, the stability and design guidance system This kind of engineering practice as the main research object. Tsien Hsueshen himself is the pioneer of the research work.

Tsien Hsueshen System science

Tsien Hsueshen's most important contribution to system science, he developed a systematic and open complex giant system Methodology .

Tsien Hsueshen Other

 Tsien Hsueshen Tsien Hsueshen
Tsien Hsueshen also has a research on system engineering, human science, thinking science and etc..

Tsien Hsueshen The main honor

 The father of Tsien Hsueshen Chinese missile The father of Tsien Hsueshen Chinese missile
In 1957, natural science prize Chinese Academy of sciences.
In 1979, Tsien Hsueshen's alma mater, the California Institute of Technology awarded him the title of "outstanding alumni". In June 1986, southern California Chinese Association of scientists and engineers to give him the prize. The 1989 international technology and technology exchange conference to give him the prize in New York, he did not go to.
In October 1991, the State Council and the Central Military Commission awarded Tsien Hsueshen" The national outstanding contribution to the scientists "And the honorary title of a Hero Medal .
May 1995, approved by the Central Propaganda Department and approved by Tsien Hsueshen himself, Xi'an Jiao Tong University The library is named Qian xuesen library When he was president. Jiang Zemin Comrade inscribed the name for it, this is the first Chinese so named living scientists name library, is the only one China by Tsien Hsueshen I agree with Tsien Hsueshen named the library. With the deeds of Tsien Hsueshen library located in the scientific research and teaching resources sharing, cultural display in one, and set the Tsien Hsueshen characteristic database.
In 1996, Tsien Hsueshen Qian xuesen library Written speech for the opening ceremony, deep sigh said: in a sense, no library and archive, none of this would be Tsien Hsueshen.
In 1999, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council and the Central Military Commission decided to grant Tsien Hsueshen" Two bombs meritorious service medal ".
In 2001, by the The Henry Fok prize Issued by the second session of the committee" Henry Fok Award of excellence "(China area). By the minor planet center and international The asteroid named The committee will approve. Purple Mountain Observatory Chinese Academy of Sciences The number was found 3763 asteroid, officially named" Tsien Hsueshen star ".
In 2006, won the "Chinese aerospace industry for 50 years the highest honor award". In 2007, won the "person of the year by Chinese".
01 2008 19, the general secretary of the CPC Central Committee and state president and CMC Chairman Hu Jintao came to Tsien Hsueshen home, visited the Chinese made outstanding contributions to science and technology scientists, on behalf of the CPC Central Committee said he wishes to. 08 2009 06, Premier Wen Jiabao visited Tsien Hsueshen.
In March 28, 2009, he was awarded the "the world is beautiful because of you - the 2008 World Chinese Award" the highest honor award for lifetime achievement". Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee decided Lei Feng , Jiao Yulu , Mr Wang , Shilaihe Tsien Hsueshen and the five as the liberation of 50 years enjoyed high prestige among the masses of the Communist Party of China's excellent representative.
In November 13, 2009, second China Green Development Forum Grant Tsien Hsueshen "Chinese Green Contribution Award for lifetime achievement".

Tsien Hsueshen Character evaluation

 The portrait of Tsien Hsueshen The portrait of Tsien Hsueshen
Tsien Hsueshen in 1940s in the field of aerospace has become the most outstanding representative of, become one of the very few stars of many fields of Science in twentieth Century the; Tsien Hsueshen is a new China growth made immeasurable contributions to the older group of scientists, the greatest impact, exploits the most outstanding figures, is the new China returned patriotic in the most representative state builders, is a new Chinese history of great people scientists.
Tsien Hsueshen's life silently scholarship, but no matter what time, what place he chooses, the highest duty is not only a scientist, a mission is the highest of all the children of the Yellow Emperor. His life experiences and achievements in Chinese national history, Chinese national history and human history of the world, while leaving the dazzling light, to illuminate the road. As the Chinese aerospace industry the first person, he is not only the treasure of knowledge, the flag of science, and is a model of the backbone of the nation, Chinese people around the world, he demonstrated the Chinese style to the world.
Mao Zedong Evaluation: Americans take Tsien Hsueshen as the 5 division, in my opinion, Tsien Hsueshen told us to compare 5 strengths mostly.
The United States Navy Secretary Dangin Bull evaluation: no matter where Tsien Hsueshen is worth five divisions.
tutor Von Karman Evaluation: our friend Tsien Hsueshen, is one of my recommendation to the U.S. Air Force scientific advisory group of experts in 1945. He was the United States in the first stream of rocket expert leadership, later became a world famous news. Tsien Hsueshen is California Institute of Technology Rockets team veteran, who have made great contributions to the United States during the two World War II rocket research. He is a genius in his work above suspicion doubt, greatly promoted the high speed aerodynamics and jet propulsion scientific development. This is his talent I don't often meet. I found him very imaginative, he has gifted mathematics intelligence. People say that, it seems to me that Tsien Hsueshen had, in fact, is Tsien Hsueshen found me.
American rocket expert Clark evaluation: among returned scholars of the Communist Party of China, no important performance of Tsien Hsueshen the right.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Steve evaluation: Tsien Hsueshen in the United States, the result is very good, but not enough to be impressed. His contribution to People's Republic of China really great.
UPI reporter Robert Kleiber commented: it is because of the Tsien Hsueshen, China in 1970 successfully launched the first artificial satellite. He is responsible for research of the rocket, is making Chinese become like the Soviet Union, the United States can launch nuclear warheads to anywhere in the world countries.
The Organizing Committee awarded the Tsien Hsueshen prize China moved words: in his heart, the country is heavy, for light, the most scientific, the most light fame. Five years from ten years developed road. Open up the space, he was the first person, meet, the wisdom of forging a ladder, then left the climbers. He is the treasure of knowledge, is the banner of science, is a model of Chinese intellectuals.
By China selection committee Yan Su So, evaluation of Tsien Hsueshen: the vast sky, the whole universe of 1,000,000,000 universes, into a pure heart. All bombs, towering a star, as the beauty of passion, not falling Qingyun Chi cream. Life is building and looking back, only pay a smile in silence.
By China selection committee Zhang Zhijun So, evaluation of Tsien Hsueshen: after return, Tsien Hsueshen shows the hard strength Chinese scientists; space technology, mechanics, jet propulsion, Tsien Hsueshen showed a tremendous effort in research scientists; Dongfanghong satellite, Shenzhou spacecraft, the moon, Tsien Hsueshen hit the bottom strength enough to China aviation industry. Today, the Chinese father of space exploration of the cause of positive strides forward, energetic.
By China selection committee Chen Liang So, evaluation of Tsien Hsueshen: he not only to their rigorous scientific attitude and hard work in the fields of space for human progress and make outstanding contributions, to fame and uninhibited personality attitude interpretation of the nature of a scientist.

Tsien Hsueshen Memorial

 Hu Jintao at the Tsien Hsueshen memorial service Hu Jintao at the Tsien Hsueshen memorial service
The morning of November 6, 2009 Tsien Hsueshen memorial service in Beijing Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery At, Hu Jintao , Jiang Zemin , Wu Bangguo , Wen Jiabao , Jia Qinglin , Li Changchun , Xi Jinping , Li Keqiang , He Guoqiang , Zhou Yongkang and Zhu Rongji , Li Ruihuan So Comrades farewell; Tsien Hsueshen's family, old colleagues, on behalf of the home and the community also came to see him off, many of them are from all over the country and even overseas to attend the farewell ceremony.
In December 10, 2009, Tsien Hsueshen's 98 anniversary, Beijing Normal University Affiliated Tsien Hsueshen Memorial Museum officially opened, Wen Jiabao The prime minister wrote the name for the memorial hall. Ministry of Education Actively The minister, the son of Tsien Hsueshen 30 Professor Tsien Hsueshen memorial stone was unveiled.
In December 8, 2011, to commemorate the 100 anniversary of the birth of Tsien Hsueshen in the Forum Beijing Great Hall of the people At. The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, chairman of the CPPCC National Committee Jia Qinglin Attended the forum and delivered a speech, Deputy Prime Minister of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau Standing Committee, State Council Li Keqiang Attend。 Jia Qinglin stressed that the commemoration of the 100 anniversary of the birth of Tsien Hsueshen, is to deeply cherish the outstanding contributions he established for China's science and technology and the modernization of national defense construction, the memorial and learning he for national prosperity and national rejuvenation unremitting struggle of the noble character and revolutionary spirit, to further encourage the Chinese people at home and abroad of one heart and one mind and forge ahead, for the great cause of socialism and promote Chinese characteristics of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and the common struggle. In order to further promote the patriotic spirit of Comrade Tsien Hsueshen, performance and innovation, dedication, the central research, decided in Tsien Hsueshen's alma mater Shanghai Jiao Tong University The Xuhui campus of the Tsien Hsueshen library, and it opened in December 11, 2011 100 anniversary of Tsien Hsueshen birthday.