Language is not a language
Not even, belongs to a family of languages, but all the Native American General
Indian. brief introduction Indian
Language refers to the distribution in the America
Over thousands of indigenous languages. " American Indian languages
"Just a geographical concept classification based on it Genealogical classification
According to is insufficient.
Before nineteenth Century, linguists know little about Indian. After nineteenth Century, the North American anthropologist and linguist in North American Indian languages
Based on the investigation, began a genealogical classification work. Because there is no early material, this classification is almost entirely by on-the-spot record oral (of course, it is often not sufficient material) to carry out, the result is not unified.
The colonists brought to America, the new virus, such as smallpox
So, the number of Indians dropped in hundreds of years, coupled with the assimilation of culture, most of the Indian language have become extinct, even if most people would say at present Indian language and bilingual people. Because of the lack of research materials Indian
The study of language is very insufficient, currently on the Indian language classification is not, still can not fix the family, only temporarily divided into language group, there are several language groups, there are hundreds or more languages have many languages now fluent in the lack of dozens or even several people, mostly extinct.
Indian. The difference between different regions
Indian. North American Indian languages Indian
Language usually refers to the distribution in the Mexico
To the north of the United States and Canada
Indian, according to statistics at the beginning of 1960s, is still in use North American Indian languages
Nearly 300 of the early classification has two kinds: one is under the auspices of Powell J.W. in 1891, according to the words similar to the proposed classification, can be divided into 24 families; two is the classification of E. Sapir in 1929, he put 24 languages after cut into 6 groups: American - Moldova aleutian
Na dene, Algonquin, Nokia - Vacas, Per Nuti A, Su, Hakan - Turk - Tanuoan. In recent years, there are a variety of classification, distance each other. The use of a large number of North American Indian languages: Chinese Ojeb, eskimo
And Nafaheyu, Kerrey
Crick, Su language, language etc..
The following main characteristics of North American Indian languages: pronunciation, pronunciation system is diverse, the northwest coast has a rich language Phoneme
System, the glottal stop is very common. Many languages have two classes Velar
K (K sounds similar to the English pronunciation and (q) uvular consonant
That tongue much), some languages have K, K and K three kinds of pronunciation. Vocabulary, including simple words Stem
And derivative structure. The use of the word formation derivative method
Usually add affix
Method and compounding of two kinds of languages have many polysynthetic words, namely adding affixes in words, form Compound words
The expression of the meaning of a sentence. Grammar, subject
Prefix person and number is used to represent the verb, verb tense
Said and common suffix (but there are a few words or a prefix). The concept of common prefix is a noun prefix said, the owner of the said person and number. North American Indian languages
Indians created the text, other writing systems are produced in Europe under the influence of the text.
Indian. China Indian.
The distribution in Central America Indian
Language, this area includes the central and southern Mexico, Guatemala
, British Honduras
In some areas, and parts of Northwestern Mexico. Still in use China Indian.
About 70. But some are as American Indian languages, in fact is not used in the Central American region, but only because they're a series of other Mesoamerican languages belong to the use of large populations of Sino American Indian language: Turk language, Maya
Language, Zapotec, Otomi, Meese
The Indian language linguists don't know much, family division is inconsistent. Some linguists divide families up to 20 or more. The Mayan language
The Department is the largest family in the us. Sino US Indian voice diversification is very prominent in different languages respectively has the following features: clear fricative LH, frontier affricate TL, soft palate Stop
Q, the beginning and end of a word consonant
Plexus. In addition, all China Indian.
The fricative is tending to disappear. The grammar system has different features. Some linguists have American Indian language is divided into A, B, C three categories: the main representative of a language is Otto Mangen languages, its characteristic is the sentence structure (extended right Modifier
In the modified terms), behind the comprehensive degree is low, the use of prefixes and prepositions, the main representative for compounding word class is B Maya
The language, Turk language, intermediate type, medium type. The sentence structure is usually extending to the left (modifier in the modified terms before the main representative is C) Talas
Department of language, totonac, is a highly integrated, sentence structure extending to the left, using a large number of suffixes and postpositions, with speech consisting of alternating derivation or inflection.
Indian. South American Indian
Refers to the distribution in the whole of South america, The Antilles Islands
And in parts of the Americas Indian
Language. with North American Indian languages
Comparison of scholars South American Indian
It is more limited, estimated differences on their number of larger some estimates, as many as 2000 South American Indian. It is generally believed that the language is still in use but 600, they are very different from one another, someone put them into more than and 70 languages, but there is no universal classification. The South American Indian language, Guarani
Is the only language has official status, it is Paraguay
Two Official language
In one second, Peru
Widely que use is also very important.
The main features are as follows: the South American Indian speech, the language Phoneme
The number is not the same, less is less than 10 phonemes, but more than 42 are generally; Nasal vowels
System. Vocabulary, to a large number of Spanish and Portuguese Loan
. The vast majority of grammar. South American Indian
Is a suffix of the language, the language of the tense
The specific category and the body is not the same equational sentence is common, namely the two noun tied together, without intermediate Copula
The sentence, such as "he is my brother". The concept of classification, hierarchical classification is based on the lack of it. In case of disagreement, this is a relatively simple classification method. The number of American Indian languages are very different, but there are few languages. Many of these languages, scholars before recording them have perished. Although some did not disappear completely, but only a few elderly people are still in use, has actually been on the brink of extinction. In the Americas, Spanish and English and other Western languages use the expansion of the scope, will further weaken the language. The complex and unstable state, causing great difficulties to the language of statistical work. Now a rough estimate is existing and can test the Indian language together about 1000.
Indian. Language information group
The distribution in the Arctic and Asian languages, may be full - Tungusic
There is some relationship; Inuit
Algic language group (Algic) is widely distributed in the east coast of North America, from eastern Canada to the United States east of the Rockies with a vast area, mainly in the following:
The Algonquian language (Algonquian)
Villotte language (Wiyot)
Nano - (Na-Den) deeney language group is widely distributed in Canada and the United States California Alaska
, including: Tlingit
Asa Pascal (Athabaskan) Sally
Shanghai language group (Salishan) distribution from eastern Canada to the eastern United States Pacific coast
The Caddoan language group (Caddoan) distribution in the central Great Plains area;
Hokan group (Hokan) in the United States The state of California
Utah - Aztec (Uto-Aztecan) from the distribution group The American state of Utah
To the vast area of Mexico;
Arawa g language group (Arawakan) in distribution Caribbean
The islands to South America The Andes
Most areas of the east;
The Mayan language group (Mayan) located in the south of Central America and Mexico;
Chibchan language group (Chibchan) distributed in the southern part of Central America to Columbia
Quechua group (Quechumaran) distributed in the South American Andes in the northeast;
Tupi group (Tupi) distribution in South America from bolivia
The area of Argentina;
Al Shu language group (Shuar) in distribution Amazon
In the forest.