The Rocky Mountains

The Rocky Mountains and Translation Rocky Mountains Is America. cordillera The trunk in North America, composed of many small mountains, known as North America The "backbone", mainly from the mountains Canada British Columbia Province To the southwest of the United States The state of New Mexico That runs north and South more than 4 thousand and 800 kilometers, the vast lack of vegetation. Its name comes from Indian Tribal name. Towering Rolling down the Rocky Mountains, from north to south, thousands of kilometres long. From the Rocky Mountains with many small mountain ranges, of which there is the name of the 39. except The St. Lawrence River Outside North America, almost all rivers are originated from the Rocky Mountains, is an important watershed in the mainland.
The Rocky Mountains

The Rocky Mountains Geography

The Rocky Mountains for North America The main terrain area, the western plateau large system Area. Overall, the Rockies mountains included extending from Alberta North and south of British Columbia Province, the southwestern U.S. state of New Mexico, is about 4800 kilometers. In some places, the mountains hundreds of miles wide. Most of the line is not easy to determine, especially in remote areas, often in Alaska Brooks Range In the rocky mountains.

The Rocky Mountains terrain

Many mountains touch the sky, Snow Cover the top, very spectacular. Most of the
 The Rocky Mountains The Rocky Mountains
Branch mountains with an average elevation of 2000-3000 meters, and some even more than 4000 meters, such as the Elbert peaks as high as 4399 meters, 4202 meters high peak Garnett, Blanca peak 4365 meters high. In the mountains of Canada, by Jasper (Jasper), Banff (Banff), Kuty (Kootnay) and Huo (Yoho) 4 National Park and Mount Robson Asif, because hill and ham Bo 3 Roderick Haig-Brown Provincial Park , a total area of about 23 thousand and 122 square kilometers, the composition of the Canadian Rocky Mountain parks".

The Rocky Mountains geological structure

The general definition of the Rocky Mountains from Canada in the A De River The state of New Mexico The The Rio Grande ,
The north and south ends extend only belongs to a part of America mountain, no longer belong to the rocky mountains. Young compared to the Rocky Mountains in the part. Cretaceous Age (about 140 million to 65 million years ago) uplift of the south in May Precambrian (about 3 billion 980 million to 600 million years ago) has been the uplift. The geological structure of the Rocky Mountains is mainly composed of igneous and metamorphic rock, also in the southern fringe of the younger sedimentary rocks. There are third age in some areas (about 65 million to 1 million 800 thousand years before the eruption of the volcano rock). From the Pleistocene to Holocene (18 million years -1.1 million years ago) several ice age, at the Yellowstone National Park in 90% have been covered with glaciers, from 1550 to 1860 also belongs to the "Little Ice Age", glaciers have to move forward. The Rocky Mountain originally huge geosyncline area, to the beginning of the Cretaceous was shallow, The third century When there were large Orogeny , Volcano eruption The crust, strong fold and compression, mountains again uplift, formed a tall Granite Mountains; The Quaternary Period When the glaciers left and steep Peak angle , Cirque , Trough valley Such as glacier erosion
 The rocky mountains blue river The rocky mountains blue river
Geomorphic features Plus, long-term changes in the earth's crust, gradually formed the situation of rocky mountain. The mountains are mainly formed in the late Cretaceous to the third century of the Laramide orogeny, the late Cretaceous (about 145 million 500 thousand years ago to about 65 million 500 thousand years ago) to the early three Century (65 million 500 thousand years ago to 23 million years ago). from Cambrian Early age (542 million years ago) to Cretaceous strata, east-west direction pressure formation Fold (formation wavy bending) and fault (fault formation disconnected from) and then uplift. After the strong tectonic uplift and erosion, complicated terrain. Yellowstone National Park In the northern Rocky Mountains north and west of Precambrian and Paleozoic Granite The tall, massive mountain in the East; long column fold and thrust structure based on strip mountains is relatively common, the interval to fault valley. Yellowstone National Park to the Wyoming basin in the Rocky Mountains, large width. In the western mountains and the valley and to strip the fault characteristics; Eastern is a single anticline uplift, steep edge of the plateau like mountains, mountain to a short interval, with broad synclinal basin . The Wyoming basin to the south is the southern Rocky Mountains, the Rocky Mountains is the most magnificent part consists of anticline mountains parallel two groups of Precambrian.
 The Rocky Mountain Landscape The Rocky Mountain Landscape
Rock crystal, large height, peak elevation of 4200 meters above the 48 seat, Elbert Hill Is here. In this area is known as the "Burgess Shale Formation". In the Middle Cambrian (513 million years ago to 510 million years ago) strata, have found the name of" Anomalocaris "And" Hallucigenia "Compared with fossil organisms, their shape is really unbelievable. In 1980, found in the Burgess Shale of the Yoho National Park was listed as the world first natural heritage . Later, in 1984, selected as a natural heritage area to expand, and become the Canadian Rocky Mountain parks.

The Rocky Mountains The origin of the name

The Rocky Mountains (Rocky Mountains) is located in the western North america.
British settlers first arrived in Canada Assiniboine (Assiniboine) area, that the local Indian tribe called the "stone", in addition to the mountain like a stone bare of vegetation, so this mountain is called" Stone Mountain "English translation is" Rocky ", the name was later extended to the whole mountain from south to north.
Chinese "Rocky" is a term from English" Rocky "Come.

The Rocky Mountains climate

The Rocky Mountains Diversity

The Rocky Mountains extends far north and south, South to North America with diverse climate, tropical climate, the northern end of Arctic climate . But the South Because of continental high altitude mountains, Variation of latitude The impact tends to weaken. There are two vertical Climatic zone Throughout most of the mountains. A climate with low Cold temperate zone Cold in winter and cool in summer. In the south, 2134-3048 meters above sea level, the climate, the higher the latitude is the upper and lower bounds on the corresponding lower. A climate with high Alpine climate Tundra types. The winter cold, summer is short and cold; in the south, the highest mountain snow can be maintained until August, in the north, many high altitude valley still have permanent glaciers.

The Rocky Mountains precipitation

Precipitation generally north south, North and south is about 3 times. Most of the dry climate in the south. For example, Colorado Many Louis Valley mountain wilderness is one of the rocky mountain climate, fall in the dry area. The annual rainfall in the south for most of the winter snow, although the summer afternoon thick often localized sometimes violent thunderstorms. The Rocky Mountains of Northern Pacific cyclone because of storms, annual precipitation is more uniform. The Rocky Mountains almost throughout the growing season is very short, in some places even in July and frost. The average annual rainfall of 360 mm.

The Rocky Mountains Climate division

The Rocky Mountains are North America, an important boundary of climate. The polar pacific air mass and polar air mass or invasion of Canada tropical Gulf of Mexico west air barrier, leading to huge differences, East and west of rainfall, and the temperature distribution has certain influence. West rain in the winter 40 degrees north latitude, in addition to the north coast and the windward slope of precipitation, the annual precipitation is less than 500 mm in winter, the temperature is higher than the same latitude eastern parts; East to Xia Yu, in addition to less precipitation in northern latitudes and close to the mountain part of the Great Plains, the annual precipitation in the more than 500 mm.

The Rocky Mountains air temperature

In the Rocky Mountains Plateau climate And the annual average temperature of 6 degrees, the highest temperature in July, the average is 28. The average January temperature of -14, the average annual rainfall of 360 mm. The Rocky Mountains in summer is warm and dry, cold and wet winter.

The Rocky Mountains The river water

The most important of the North American continent watershed In addition, St. Laurence The North American river, almost all rivers are originated. mountain Mai west of the river water is the Pacific, the mountains east of the river water and the Arctic Ocean respectively. Atlantic River system。 The rocky mountain snow melt rivers and lakes to add the water, these rivers include: Arkansas River Arkansas River, The Athabasca River Athabasca River, River Colorado of the Colorado river, Columbia River Columbia River, Fraser River, Fraser River, Missouri River and Kootenay River Kootenay River Missouri River, Pease River Peace River, Platt River Platte River, Rio Grande Rio Grande, Saskatchewan River Saskatchewan River, The Snake River Snake River, River Yellowstone of the Huangshi River
The rocky mountain area irrigation water, industrial water and domestic water shortage. The farther south, the climate is very dry, water problems have become increasingly close
 The Rocky Mountain perennial frozen The Rocky Mountain perennial frozen
Key. New Mexico and Arizona Two, the most serious. The United States Bureau of land development and utilization is the most important federal agencies involved in the western United States around the reservoir construction work, the rocky mountain area accounted for a large part in the design of the building. This has almost no dam is not being used, so in the short term (until mid twenty-first Century) the Rockies annual precipitation will be stored by. At that time may be from the Columbia River and Western Canada water input.

The Rocky Mountains Resources

The Rocky Mountains plant resources

Animals and plants also have a good reputation in the region rich. The pine, poplar forest extends to about 1800 meters above sea level. The higher altitude can see flowers and shrubs, alpine and sub Alpine. The bottom and the growth of wetland plants around the lake. Mountain vegetation is characterized by vertical differentiation, vertical zone map is subject to height, latitude and slope. If the upper bound of the forest zone decreased gradually from the south to the north; the west slope is lower than the lower bound of wet dry dongpo. Ponderosa, Douglas Douglas fir The tent, pine, larch, spruce and other conifers are widely distributed. Rocky mountain plant communities for height, latitude and sunshine There is a great difference in Colorado and New Mexico Dongpo, winter winds from the arid plains to the scattered cedar and pine dysplasia or deformation. In this mountain terminal lower altitudes usually no tree, a piece of cottonwood and other deciduous trees only along the river. A sagebrush Valley and basin in the north as far as Yabodanan department. Mountain forest in the area of middle altitude Aspen, ponderosa pine and Douglas fir. Subalpine The forest by western hemlock, western red cedar, pine, spruce and white Engels Mansoni spruce composition. With the increase of latitude, reduce the height of the tree line. Above the tree line, flowering plants, hardy grasses, moss, lichen and alpine tundra of the low mountains almost everywhere. In the northern mountains, the so-called "elf forest" is mainly composed of small willow composition. There are countless wild forests and high grass, including Aquilegia, bunchberries, delphinium, gentian and flame grass.

The Rocky Mountains Animal resources

A wide variety of animal species. Large mammals are representative in the undulating ridges between the black and grizzly bear, brown bear, mountain lions and Gulo gulo.
Bighorn sheep and goat stone cliff habitat in summer, winter is moved to the lower slopes of the mountain. Deer Animal such as caribou, mule deer, deer, and Virginia with the seasons in alpine and subalpine forest between vertical migration. The moose were frequently in extremely lonely northern lakes, streams and swamps, and aquatic plants in willow. Wyoming Yellowstone National Park has the largest group of bison. Coyote is wandering in the lower valley and along the highway and railway route. Due to human hunting and nearly extinct wolf, though still scarce, but since 1970, because in the wild ecological environment The position is
Known and attention. Low altitude small mammals have minimal chipmunks, red squirrels, Columbia Ground squirrels and marmots. For rock slide pile dwelling pika, Prairie dogs Active in the dry valley and the plateau. Arid The southern mountain area The wild animal is the pronghorn, Jack rabbit, peccary And rattlesnakes and other desert animal. Birds also quite diverse. In the summer, mountains everywhere Raptors such as bald eagles, golden eagles, falcons and owls. Woodland and grassland birds on the ruffed grouse, including spruce grouse, blue grouse, Thunderbirds Clark, gray jays and Luster S Jay, nutcrackers. Waterfowl such as ducks, snipe, and dangerous horn swan in mountain lakes through the warm season. The rocky mountain hot springs provide wintering ground for many birds, so that they don't have to fly south migration. from California The introduction of a large number of rainbow trout, is probably the most famous fish in this area. Arctic grayling Is the permanent residents of northern mountain lakes. The park has identified 56 species of mammals have animal, rocky mountain goats and bighorn sheep in the Highlands, forests have grate deer, grizzly bears, the water is living beaver Etc.. In addition, also the habitat of about 280 species of birds such as hawks.

The Rocky Mountains mineral resources

Rich in mineral resources, known as the North American metal mining area Canada Sullivan, zinc, copper and silver than the United States, zinc and lead ute and Bingham, lead, zinc, silver Kodalen, Collet Marx Mo, are very famous. Lumbering is mainly distributed in Montana and Idaho northern more humid mountainous area. Livestock (cattle, sheep) are mainly distributed in the southern Rocky Mountains, as mountain summer pastures, basin for winter pastures. Farming is only limited to the soil better, irrigated area of the dry valley or suitable. The Rocky Mountains are widely distributed and highly intrusive body and metamorphic belt sedimentary basin North America, the mineral resources especially the main distribution area of nonferrous metals. There are 3 famous metal mines in the Rocky Mountain: Idaho Kodalen to lead, zinc and silver symbiosis; Butte, Bingham dominated by copper, silver, lead and zinc symbiosis. Non metallic minerals mainly in Wyoming basin, mainly oil, natural gas, coal, salt, etc..

The Rocky Mountains tourist resources

Strange beautiful mountain scenery, along with the development of the traffic, the rapid growth of tourism industry.
 Canadian Rockies Canadian Rockies
A rocky mountain, Huangshi And the Grand Teton National Park, glacier volcano, and the month of dinosaurs, great sand dunes, Gunnison River Black Canyon and other attractions. A small mountain town, along with the mining industry development and the construction, or for traffic and tourist center. Since nineteenth Century, the mountain pass successively through car, train, there are currently 9 railways through. The development of traffic, accelerate the development of tourism resources in the mountains, dense forests, many wild animal, cool climate, modern glaciers and hot springs to become strange scenery of North America important tourist area, attracting tens of thousands of tourists every year. There are many national parks and wild animal protection area. A mountainous area in the small scale mining city and tourism city.

The Rocky Mountains Human history

The Rocky Mountains Indian

The known humans came to the Rocky Mountains for 10000 BC to 8000 years ago. Sixteenth Century
 Waterfall Waterfall
Start with Europeans into the southwest area. At the beginning of the nineteenth Century, due to economic development and exploration, they are almost the same in all Aboriginal contact, and are often in conflict. These conflicts and unstable food supply and inter tribal territory war, mass migration and the friction caused by some groups.
From the beginning of the last ice age, human beings have to the Rocky Mountain region, mainly America Indian The tribes, including Shoshoni, Jiangsu, Utah, Apache Black, flat feet, etc., they are rocky Piedmont Valley and hunting mammoths and primitive bison (20% larger than the later bison), they may be the same and later the Indians, in the autumn and winter moved to the plains in the spring and summer fishing, hunting and gathering into the mountain berries, roots etc.. In the watershed have 5400 years -5800 years ago Indians built to keep the prey into the wall. The latest scientific research that the local Indian way of life is very effective for maintaining mammalian populations.

The Rocky Mountains Spanish

In 1540, Spanish colonists began to enter the Rocky Mountains, the soldiers, missionaries, black slaves brought horses, metal tools, guns, new diseases and different culture, war, disease, loss of homes (erosion) makes the Aboriginal population rapidly shrinking.
Lewis and Clark in 1804-1806's expedition was the first of the Rocky Mountains of scientific investigation, but they encountered during the expedition in at least 11 white people from Europe, the earliest French and Spanish And from 1720-1800, they search for minerals and fur to the rocky mountain. After 1802, the influx of a large number of Rocky Mountain fur, 1832, from the eastern part of the team for the first time from the Wyoming pass through the rocky mountains.
The Mormons in 1847 Saline Lake Settled in Colorado in 1859; the discovery of gold in 1869; the completion of the railway across the United States; Yellowstone National Park was established in 1872; the mining industry and forest industry rapid development. 1891-1892 set up a multiple forest protected areas, protected areas to expand in 1905 Rocky Mountain National Park Area. Is the beginning of the development of tourism, the camp was a farm, the station developed into a town, some towns developed into a big city.

The Rocky Mountains Scenic spot

The Rocky Mountain attracts millions of tourists from all over the world, mainly in summer tourist attractions: Pikes Peak, Royal Gorge, Rocky Mountain National Park (Rocky Mountain National Park), Yellowstone National Park (Yellowstone National Park), Grand teton national park (Grand Teton National Park), glacier national park (Glacier National Park)
In the Canadian Rockies are: banff national park (Banff National Park), Glacier National Park (Glacier National Park), Jasper National Park, Kootenay National Park, Mount Revelstoke, National Park Waterton Lakes National Park, Yoho National Park.

The Rocky Mountains Banff

(Banff)
Banff Town is located at an altitude of 1400 meters (Bow River) Bo River Valley, Bo river flows from south of the town. 8500 residents of Banff, was a joyous atmosphere of the town, commercial atmosphere is very strong, the town's most bustling streets - Banff Avenue (Banff Avenue), throughout the year the people keep on both sides of the street, hotels, restaurants and shops, a riot of colours window, flirting with the tourists wallet, which sell souvenirs the majority of. There is a restaurant on the street Chinese "silver dragon", the boss from Hongkong, taste quite authentic.
Banff National Park (Banff National Park)
Covers an area of 6641 square kilometers in Banff National Park, was founded in 1964, is Canada's first National Park, is the world's third state parks, second only to the United States and Australia's Yellowstone National Park, the Royal park.
Because of the hot spring that was up today the prosperity of banff. In 1883, the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway three workers, because they saw the valley near Banff steaming smoke, found in hot springs, hot springs at the time, is a very valuable resource to develop the western region, so here is slowly development as known to the world leisure resorts, attracts tourists from all over the world 3 million.

The Rocky Mountains Columbia Icefield

(Columbia Icefield)
The spectacular scenery of Columbia ice, the average height of 3000 meters above sea level, an area of 325 square kilometers, the depth of 900 meters, is the largest ice in the rocky mountains. 8 is the Columbia Icefield glacier (Glacier) source, the Athabasca glacier (Athabasca Glacier) is the most famous. The elements of ice formation, must be greater than the annual snow melting snow and ice snow up to 10 meters per year in Columbia. The upper glacier ice surface, because of containing air and impurities, is white, while the bottom due to air and impurities are squeezed discharged, vibrant light blue.
Athabasca glacier length of 6 kilometers, 1 kilometers wide, only from the end of the glacier ice road 1.5 kilometers, tourists can travel by Brewster (Canada's oldest and largest travel company) provided by the large Snow Coach (Snowcoach), along the ice climb, watch the breathtaking wonders, arrived at the source can touch off ice crystal hundreds of years ago, and take photos. This riding snowmobile activity, open time is about every year from May to October, the rest of the time off.

The Rocky Mountains Jasper

(Jasper)
Jasper township is located in the Athabasca River Valley West of the river, 1054 meters above sea level, but due to the rise of West Indian times and trading, a population of about 4500 people, the main shop is located in the town of Connaught Drive and Patricia two streets, is a small town is very quiet and lovely, suitable for a bicycle or walk slowly to experience the beauty of it.
Jay's National Park (Jasper National Park)
Known as the "Rocky Mountain jewels" Jasper National Park, Canada is the Seventh National Park, at the beginning of twentieth Century due to the construction of second railway and Canada East Fortune, the origin of the name is to commemorate Jasper Hawse, he was responsible for overseeing the Athabasca Valley (Athabasca Valley) fur trade station. Jasper National Park covers an area of 10878 square kilometers, is the 4 national parks in the rocky mountain area is the largest, there are many trails in wild animal communities, so often can be seen as moose, grizzly bears, goats and bighorn sheep, caribou, red deer, wolves and other North American wild animal.
Jasper National Park in 1984 by UNESCO (UNESCO) as the world's precious heritage, about 1 million 300 thousand of visitors to Jasper National Park every year, the park can be engaged in rowing, canoeing, hiking, swimming, golf, fishing and riding activities.
Lake Louise Ski Area
The lake Louise ski area is Canada's largest, but also the world's favorite of skiers, there are a lot of Japanese young people here as well as skiing, snowboarding (Snowboard). The ski is very fine powder snow, a total area of 4200 acres, the peak height of 2672 meters, vertical landing distance of 1000 meters, a total of 11 car seats, 105 ski runs, one of the longest ski 8 kilometers long. All the ski runs, suitable for beginners for intermediate accounted for 25%, accounted for 45%, accounting for 30% of the experts for. Ski from Lake Louise Slottshotellet is only 5 minutes drive, a small shuttle bus.
Kootenay National Park (Kootenay National Park)
Kootenay National Park (Kootenay National Park) east of Alberta, Banff National Park, north of Yoho National Park, the climate compared to other Rocky Mountain National Park and many, summer hot and dry, suitable for tropical plant growth, therefore, in the British Columbia Province National Park, Kootenay also has ice and tropical boreal style plant landscape is famous, not only rich in animal and plant ecology, natural landscape integration of the canyon, glaciers, mountains, more incomparable charm.

The Rocky Mountains Sulphur Mountain

(Sulphur Mountain)
Want to see the whole class's Town, the best way is to cross the river to the south of Bo, 2281 meters high sulphur mountain, do not go, but a length of 1560 meters of the mountain cable car. This article use the cable car line for nearly 40 years, updated in November 1997, the Swiss company responsible for building construction, and re opened in March 6, 1998, a new car, sit up more smoothly.

The Rocky Mountains Roger channel

(Rogers Pass)
In the Canadian Pacific Railway (Canadian Pacific Railway) early development period, Roger channel (Rogers Pass) to become rich traveler experience exciting mountain climbing, travel is most looking forward to the most desirable.
The top of a super luxury hotel built in the channel, the hotel specially hired from Switzerland, experienced mountain guide. In the no high-tech clothing era, women must wear a skirt in Vitoria, explore the suspension in the channel on the ice, you can imagine these brave adventure pioneer, face with what difficulties face.

The Rocky Mountains Maligne Lake

(Maligne Lake)
Located in the southeast of the town of Jasper Lake 48 km, 22 km long, the average width of 1 km, the depths of 96 meters, the lake from the surrounding glaciers, rocky mountain is the largest natural lake. The lake reflected the beautiful scenery around the Snow gleams white. mountains, beautiful lake, there is a Fairy Island (Spirit Island), decorated with green straight coniferous forest, other is very beautiful, is often used in postcards, it is the symbol of Jasper National park. Rainbow trout and Brook Trout Lake, middle lake, there are many hiking trails, and there are a variety of activities to provide tourists. You can enjoy the magnificent scenery, wild animal, and the flowers all over the mountains and plains. Malin lake resort near the cabin, in the cafeteria, food supply. Every morning and afternoon, riding tour, starting from the cabin.

The Rocky Mountains Dream world

(Dream Catcher)
About 1 hours from Banff Khanna Nass Ki (Kananaskis), is a rustic natural paradise, picturesque. Located in the Kananasi based "Dream Catcher", by Brewster (Brewster) of Canada's largest tourism company business, visitors can understand western Canada here Indian The history and culture, and can see the wild animal, and their activities.
The tourists have a beautiful border ranch, inside the cabin, in addition to beef and chicken restaurant serves delicious lunch, sometimes for the Taiwan passengers to prepare instant noodles. In addition, there are exquisite handicrafts and souvenirs for sale, and Rodeo riding electric fishing Dallas, teach visitors to do traditional country western dance.

The Rocky Mountains Millet springs

(Miette Hot Springs)
Drop the highest temperature in the Rockies (54 C) springs from the town of Jasper in 60 km. Jasper National Park On the eastern side near the door, there is a special Camille Hot Springs Road, along the road, can be reached in Camille special spa. Into the pool water temperature, by the artificial method, cooling from 54 DEG to 39 DEG C for bath. There are 2 hot springs, and a 1 seat in the cold pool, near the hot springs, there are many hiking trails, which are arranged below the restaurant and lodging. The year from May 15th to October 12th or so open.

The Rocky Mountains National Park

In the protected area of 22990 square kilometers, Carlsberg, Banff, yoho
 National Park National Park
Kootenay and the four national parks accounted for the majority of. Three and they park in British Columbia Robertson Asif hill, because hill and Humber. Banff National Park is benefit to build the transcontinental railroad in 1880s in Canada, opened in 1887, becoming the first Canadian Conservation Park, and established the Canadian National Park system. It is a famous summer resort, a Bingfeng, glaciers, ice sheets, lakes, alpine grassland and hot springs park. The water in the North American continent, Xiufeng, crown. Carlsberg National Park is the largest park in North America, there are mountains, forests, glaciers, lakes.

The Rocky Mountains Yoho Park

Surrounded by mountains, Lake Forest Mai Mai Lin Canyon Park Resort is rare. Yoho Banff Park is located in the west, is the clever use of the big valley, glaciers, lakes and other natural landscape of the park opened, the Emerald Lake, green lake in Pakistan zhe Si Shan reflection, Takakkaw falls Loud to 410 meters gap. Burgess park has more than and 150 Middle Cambrian rocks in the sea shell Fossil Some of them have not, for people to know.

The Rocky Mountains Ski Field

winter The Rocky Mountains Is a ski resort, the Canadian side of the main ski:
Alberta Lake: Louise, Sunshine, BC, Fernie, Village.

The Rocky Mountains Landforms

The Rocky Mountains East

East of the mountains is a huge uplift block, many plots of the high mountain uplift and charming
 The Rocky Mountains The Rocky Mountains
The scenery. The state of Colorado In front of the ridge and the central Arizona uplift is two largest uplift, most of the rest area is a 100 km long, 24 km wide flat area. The ridge and the Sawatch range has a peak elevation of 4300 meters above sea level, the Sawatch range Earl Bai Shan (Mount Elbert) 4399 meters high, is the highest point of the rocky mountains. Wyoming Wind River Range And there are more than 3962 meters at di Ling Mountain in Utah Uinta Mountains Vice versa. Some mountain area has no human touch, and was designated a national wildlife refuge. Everywhere throughout the state-owned forest.
The eastern part of the basin are very broad, the general elevation of 1219-2134 meters. Mountain uplift during and after a period of time, the basin containing stone mountain uplift stripping. Later, the water stability was established The Missouri And the Colorado River, the basin water by etching, in some places is deeply affected by erosion.
Canada and Montana Rocky Mountains in the northwest, including Glacier National Park The mountains and the northwestern state of Montana Lewis Ling That is part of the Rocky Mountains in the west. The characteristics of this part is a series of parallel ridges, mostly by thick sedimentary strata by extrusion
 The Rocky Mountains and rivers The Rocky Mountains and rivers
The pressure caused by the accumulation of each other. Western Wyoming and Idaho The southeast has similar linear ridges, but Wyoming to the southwest corner of the southwestern corner of Utah and Southern Nevada area, covered the western mountains by later big basin floor block fault. Western Utah and Nevada in the real rocky mountains had extended westward to far, there are still controversy. Therefore, generally speaking, the Rocky Mountains in the eastern part of uplift and large blister Intermontane basin As the characteristics of Western thrust faults and folds cover features.
Mountain glacial landform is widely distributed in mountain area are modern glaciers, especially in the Northern Rockies obviously. Tall long mountain, North America, eastern air barrier is running, resulting in huge differences in Eastern precipitation distribution and influence of temperature, composition North America An important boundary of climate. In addition to the Rocky Mountain West, north latitude 40 degrees north of the Pacific coast and the windward slope, the annual precipitation is 500 mm in the following, the rain in the winter, the winter temperature is higher than the same latitude in the eastern part of the continent. East of the Rocky Mountains area, most of the annual precipitation in 500 mm or more, Xia Yu High ratio. The mountains east of the river is the Atlantic river flow and river flow to the Arctic Ocean, river water is the pacific. Mountain vegetation mainly Ponderosa Douglas, song, Spruce Other conifer species. Different latitude, height, slope are developed with different vertical band. Northern Rocky Mountain is the main mountain forest logging area, accounted for 2/3.
The distribution range of the huge Rocky Mountain, a NNW - SSE to the north and the south part of the difference is obvious, can be roughly divided into three parts.

The Rocky Mountains South

The southern Rocky Mountains including the Wyoming basin to the South or North of the Platt River The upper east coast south of the mountain. This part of the mountain is mostly north-south, parallel arrangement, and many tall steep mountains, strongly fragrant mountain stream, everywhere, water Qinglie, flowers shake
 The beauty of the Rocky Mountains The beauty of the Rocky Mountains
Trolling, birds contend, is very charming and beautiful.
Here is the mountain Precambrian The crystalline rocks, at an altitude of 4000 meters, the highest mountain in Elbert, is the highest point of the Rocky Mountains in the fall. Touch the sky mountain formed a sea as one falls, another rises, the peak in the clouds. The summit is often due to inclement weather, all covered with snow, a strange anomaly of cirque, ice, very spectacular.
The southern Rocky Mountain mineral rich, is the earliest discovered Gold mine Here, then, was also found copper and silver, but after years of mining, most ore bodies have been exhausted.

The Rocky Mountains North

The northern Rocky Mountains include Yellowstone National Park North to Canada mountain. This part of the past ice mountain
 The Rocky Mountains The Rocky Mountains
Sichuan is very active, because of the glaciers, the formation of special landform. The mountain is mainly composed of NEPTUNISM A solemn mountain and "U" shaped hill instead of the soft plateau. Stratigraphic structure in northern mountainous complex and strong Volcano That breeds of nonferrous metal mineral rich, such as the United States second copper is established here, with an annual output of 2 million tons of copper ore, the yield of silver, lead and zinc ore accounted for half of the United States, considerable strength.

The Rocky Mountains Central section

In the middle of the Rocky Mountain, plateau, some mountain block. The geological structure is complicated, Volcano A great impact, produced a lot of hot springs and geysers. Yellowstone National Park The "old faithful" is well-known in the world. Geyser .
There is a huge mountain in central Wyoming basin, surrounded by high mountains, dry climate, annual rainfall less than 350 mm, almost barren, belong to semi desert area. The rocky mountains majestic, unique scenery, the United States government has built three National Park in Yellowstone National Park here, glacier garden And the Grand Teton Park, attracting a large number of tourists, travel, vacation.

The Rocky Mountains Other

 The northern Rocky Mountain Montana Baer Tucci Ridge Forest slope The northern Rocky Mountain Montana Baer Tucci Ridge Forest slope
In addition, for the West The Great Basin In the main. Nevada , Utah Western and Arizona . Here several times fault , broken crust, faults between land uplift, subsidence and deflection. This deformation from the geological perspective is quite the event, produced a more typical and east of the Rocky Mountains completely different terrain and water system. It must be admitted that the Rocky Mountains has two main parts: one part is the mountains to maintain the original structure and shape characteristics; another part of the original structure and shape has been destroyed, mostly by block faulting battered. In fact, the original structure of the western how there is a lot of controversy
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