Dilleniaceae

Di Lun is a peach tree evergreen and semi deciduous plants
Dilleniaceae

Dilleniaceae Plant attributes

Dilleniaceae Essential information

Di Lun Tao (scientific name: Dillenia indica (Name: Elephant), English Apple, Indian Dillenia), nickname The pipa , Five fork fruit So, five families and five genera Dillenia Dillenia plants. The fruit pulp containing mucus tape can sour, sour drinks, juice or jam. In India, Di Lun sepals of peach fruit can be eaten as a vegetable; in Malaysia, the fruit can add curry, the flesh is used in shampoo. The flesh also cough, antipyretic effect; leaf and bark used as astringent, leaf juice can cure baldness, bark can cure thrush. The Pipa and dilleniaceae were leaves similar, so called quasi pipa. Sepals Di Lun peach fruit wrapped outside hypertrophy, seemingly green peach, hence the name.

Dilleniaceae Morphological character

Di Lun is a peach tree evergreen and semi deciduous plants, diameter of about 1 meters wide, 25 meters high of about 20. bark Smooth, reddish brown, a large flake off; shoots stout, with brown pilose; old branches glabrous, with leaf scars and obvious; branchlets densely in the main stem end. Leaves alternate, obovate or oblong, thinly leathery, apex rounded, mucronate ca. 1 cm, base rounded or broadly cuneate, inequilateral, leaf margin coarsely serrate or sparsely dentate, wrinkles on the surface, surface and back at the beginning of phi pilose, pilose then fall off, hair only in the dorsal veins. About 15 - 40 cm wide, about 6 - 14 cm; leaf lateral veins parallel, 25 - 56, pulse separated by 5 - 8 mm, neat and clear, dry surface and back are raised; petiole wings narrow, basally slightly enlarged, ca. 5 - 7 cm; stipules absent. Flowers solitary in axils near the top branches, a diameter of about 12 - 20 cm; pedicels stout hairs; sepals 5, suborbicular, fleshy, with lateral pilose, a diameter of about 3 - 6 cm, base sometimes up to 1 cm thick; petals 5, white, obovate, ca. 7 - 9 cm; stamens developed completely, without staminodes, outer number less than the outer wheel and the inner wheel; the top hole of anther dehiscence, longer than filaments; linear style, top bent outward; carpels 16 - 20 pieces, in a number of ovules per carpel. Fruit a berry, spherical, persistent sepals hypertrophy, increased slightly, no cracking, very solid, mature brown, flesh transparent mucus, a diameter of about 10 cm - 15. Seeds compressed, kidney shaped, margin hairy, hidden in the transparent mucus in the flesh.

Dilleniaceae Growth habit

Xi was born in the valley brook water wet zone, soil drainage, warm humid environment, like full or half sunshine, drought, resistance to strong winds, not cold, optimum growth temperature 23 to 32 degrees Celsius, plate root has grasping effect, not suitable for the growth in alkaline soils, with fertile loam better seeding reproduction.

Dilleniaceae Natural distribution

Di Lun peach originated in India, Malaysia, China, Hawaii, now located in China (main city: Haikou, Sanya, Qionghai, Kaohsiung, Tainan, Shenzhen, Zhanjiang, Zhongshan, Zhuhai, Macao, Hongkong, Nanning, Qinzhou, Beihai, Maoming, Jinghong, Taiwan), India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South Africa the peninsula, Philippines and Indonesia and other places, China domestic distribution in southern Yunnan, Fujian, Fuzhou and Xiamen are also introduced.

Dilleniaceae Artificial cultivation

Mainly used to sow breeding. When the fruit is ripe, harvest and remove the seeds, soaked in hot water for 1 hours, then demand or drill in sandy loam. After 30 to 40 days to germinate, stay in bed for 1 to 2 years after transplantation. Potted planting, planting can stay in bed 1 years after transplantation. Flowering can 3 to 4 years after transplanting. Air Layering propagation usually in 5 to June eugonic. Layering after 2 to 3 months to second years of rooting, spring, planting directly from the maternal separation can be.

Dilleniaceae Application value

Scenic forest, garden trees, fruit can attract birds
The shape of the loquat tree trees - Di dilleniaceae (Dillenia indica L.), blooming sized flowers and trees decorated with green pear shaped fruit, has attracted the attention of many tourists, and have to take pictures.
Di Lun peach alias five fork fruit five, Dillenia evergreen trees. 15 meters high, serrated leaf margin, fruit 10-15 cm in diameter, spherical. Dilleniaceae flowering in 6 ~ August, flowers, a diameter of about 10 cm, white petals translucent, very attractive. Flower Center has a white head style chrysanthemum flowers is dilleniaceae, floret number of petals carefully there are 17 missiles, which is very rare in the plant kingdom. Di Lun peach is a tropical plant, like high temperature and high humidity, originating in China and Southeast Asia, Yunnan, India, Sri Lanka and the distribution of the Malay peninsula. The trees are beautiful, green leaf color, leaf, flower and fruit has very high ornamental garden, is a beautiful tropical and south subtropical ornamental tree.