Private University (Private or University. private universities )
Is mainly composed of private capital
The maintenance management of the University, generally refers to the non local or Central Government
All or part of the investment, rely on Students Tuition
To maintain the University's management and non public funds, and the right to choose the students of the university. Private university tuition Public University
Three to four times. The main source of funding, donations, and other fundraising fees depending on the non government funds to maintain its independence. Non profit organization
The characteristics of the. However, private universities accept government funds are also common, such as the United States Cornell University
There are four colleges rely on Federal government
The "threat" to reduce government subsidies, subsidies can also change Harvard University
The established policy.
Private University Difference
The private universities and Public school
The biggest difference is the different investment, Public University
Funded by the state finance, Private University
By the private or private institutions invested in. Therefore, in charge Private school
Higher than the public schools. In addition, different teaching lead to two main different investment direction. Public university funding by the state, national commitment to the mission of higher education, emphasis on the research and teaching of basic disciplines; and private universities rely on the market to survive, setting up courses in the face of market demand, curriculum innovation, teaching quality is the guarantee of survival.
Private University The historical tradition
Almost all countries in the world of private universities, and often in prestige, quantity, become the mainstream of a country's higher education. The University of Western origin and religious activities are inseparable, so the European and American universities to build the foundation of more private capital, the development of relatively independent. Asia (excluding Japan) the originator of private university, in late nineteenth Century and early twentieth Century, West to the East The Christian religion
Church University, also the most extensive influence.
Private University The United States, Japan and South Korea
Private university led the top American higher education, because of funding and convenient use, and enterprise to alumni donations, and Public University
Enjoy the same government subsidies. In scholarship, private universities tend to monopolize the best young students. The Department of the University, the United States ranked the top 20 universities are almost all private university alumni, professors include the vast majority of the world The Nobel prize
For example, 8 Ivy League
as well as University of Chicago
Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
, California Institute of Technology
, Johns Hopkins University
, Carnegie Mellon University
In Japan, the Northeast has Waseda University
, Keio University
and The University of Tokyo
Par, Kansai Doshisha University
, Ritsumeikan University
Along with Kyoto University. The Tokyo circle Sophia University
, meiji university
, Hosei University
, Rikkyo University
Centre College (Japan), cradle of political and business elite, social celebrities. International Christian University
The graduates by the United Nations agencies love, attracting two Japanese Princess exception at. Gakushuin University
Is known as the "Royal University", kokugakuin University, imperial science museum have university Shinto
The academic mission.
South Korea ranked the top 15 universities, 10 of which belong to the private university. And collectively" SKY
"The top 3 University, S- SEOUL National University
K, Korea University, Y- Yonsei University
Also, including two private universities: Korea University
(K) and the Yonsei University (Y).
Private University The period of the Republic of China
Elite blooming (1900-1929)
The first private university in the modern China Suzhou University
By 1900, Christian supervision will be established in Suzhou, was awarded the first Chinese b.a..
stay The May 4th Movement
Before, higher education has been to China private universities
As the main force, and Are not registered to the central government
(before the end of the northern expedition, for the Republic of China beiyang government
, National Government
So, the board of directors has segmentation rule) full autonomy. Business today, was abolished, all local schools have become several. Protestant
Suzhou University Yenching University Qilu University St. John's University university of nanking
A total of thirteen. Catholicism
A: Furen University aurora university
The local Chinese is running: The Chinese University
(Wuchang) China University
(Beijing) Chaoyang University
(Beijing) Fudan University
(Shanghai) Nankai University
(Tianjin) Xiamen University
State supervision (1929-1949)
In 1929, the national government completed the northern expedition, Chinese unified form, enter period of political tutelage
. The authorities have issued the "university organization law", "Regulations" and "university private school regulations", the private university was incorporated into the management system. Since then, the school name shall be preceded by a private word, in addition, is also required to set up "the common courses". 1946 " The constitution of the Republic of China
"Regulations" national public and private educational and cultural institutions by law, state supervision".
To suppress the discrimination (1949-)
1949, The government of the Republic of China
Taiwan, Chinese Kuomintang
In 1946 after suffering from student harassment experience for private universities, but efforts to combat. From the early prohibition of private university with the name names as discrimination policy to "development road" segmentation, cut Furen University
The school, until the words "public construction" in an attempt to dismantle tunghai university
Luce Memorial Chapel and so on, are all significant cases.
In 1974, authorities issued a "private school law", forcing all private schools registered as a "juridical person", and the board of directors, financial affairs, charges to make strict rules. Although legal person
, but the end result of "press law" private schools, private schools actually become The Ministry of education of the Republic of China
Under the "private public authorities". The government supervision of the board of directors, and the board of directors of private universities will be overhead, CF Public University
Management, with the United States, the Japanese government financial assistance to private university live different. For very little money, private university and government subsidy limit private university fees.
So far, the public university is still the monopoly of private donations tax-free bonuses "to the more unfavorable private university fundraising.
Private University Current situation
Private University Chinese Mainland Chinese Mainland
The private university in 1949 after the founding of a public university, for a long time, the higher education sector is a public university monopoly. Until 1980s, the government began to allow Private University
The establishment of. Founded in 1987 Yang'en University
Is the first mainland has awarded bachelor diploma and bachelor's degree awarded the qualification of private universities. As of May 2007, China in mainland China has 295 national recognition can be awarded the Diploma in private colleges. At the same time, there are still Ordinary colleges and Universities
In cooperation with non-governmental forces established independent college
Private college teachers devices generally inferior to the public university. Do not have strict audit and supervision, and certain degree is not recognized. For example, as of 2005, the total number of all private universities in more than 1000 countries, but admitted that private college graduates only 239, 25 of which are for undergraduate education, the other for college education. At the same time, because students can not go to these colleges and change the account.
Private University Taiwan area
Under the early examination system, students' optional volunteer, but regional and special department needs (such as: do not want to leave the Taipei area), except a few departments (such as: large English auxiliary system, Eastern Wu
The Department of law), to Public University
As a priority, then considering the private university. In 1990 before the implementation of College upgraded, only Taiwan tunghai university
, Furen University
, Suzhou University
, Tamkang University
, Zhongyuan University
, Feng Chia University
, Providence University
Culture, University, and several private liberal arts college.
Today, has a long history, or by the enterprise to set up a private university in taiwan, ranking
Teaching and research, and the quality of the students, can contend with no fear of money national university
Soochow University in law, German, Japanese, political science and accounting academic and social prestige is still less than the National University of. The practice of University
The Design Institute for the "business weekly" named One of the 60 best design schools in the world
(only The success of the University
With the tie). Furen University
(especially in Europe, the Chinese Museum of science known), Chang Gung University
(especially in medicine, science and technology known) has been successively in 2006, 2008 awarded The world's top 500
The same period, the National University, only 2.53% have the ability to enter The world university rankings
. Yuan Ze University
In 2012 to enter the University Rankings The world's top 400
. Feng Chia University
In science and technology subjects known, especially for information related department. The 2015 QS world ranking of the field of computer science, the school ranked 371 in the world, the first private school.
Counties and cities Furen University New Taipei City Chang Gung University taoyuan county Feng Chia University Taichung City Ming Chuan University Taipei City tunghai university Taichung City Suzhou University Taipei City Tamkang University New Taipei City Zhongyuan University taoyuan county Yuan Ze University taoyuan county Datong University Taipei City
Private University Hongkong area
In Hongkong, a private university is not Public University
Generally, only Hongkong Shue Yan University
(Ren, not upgraded to Hong Kong Shue Yan College
The more famous). Hang Seng School of management
, Tung Wah College
Also offer bachelor degree courses, it is also regarded as a private university.
Private University Japan
Japanese private universities can accept a few frequently from state subsidies, but its operating mainly to tuition and donations from alumni as the main source of funding. The company set up a consortium, a private university, has established from funding, but without any regular state subsidies. Generally speaking, private university tuition fees than public universities (including national, municipal, county, etc.), more expensive than the arts and science. But there are also a part of the private university discipline / Department of cheaper than the cost of public universities.
In the part of western world
, there will be three year university courses for two years to shorten the graduation system. This system has reduced the economic burden of students, can as soon as possible employment, but also affects the teaching quality of danger, is still only in Japan. ApU
The implementation of this system. In addition, the company set up the training school, local self-government
The school set up the corporate body (Public Private University), also known as a private university. Japan 3/4 of the country's University is a private university.