Great Barrier Reef
Great Barrier Reef (English: The Great Barrier Reef), is the world's largest and most long Coral reef
Group, is located in the southern hemisphere, it runs on Australia
The northeast coast, from the North Torres
Strait, South to Capricorn
To the south, extending a total of 2011 km, 161 km wide at the maximum. There are 2900 small coral islands, the natural landscape is very special. The southern tip of the Great Barrier Reef farthest away from the coast 241 kilometers north, closer to the nearest, only 16 kilometers from the coast. stay Ebb
When part of the reef surface to form the Coral Island. Between the reef and the coast is a very convenient transportation by sea. When the boat here in smooth water, by boat, without stop colorful, pleomorphic coral scenery, attract visitors from all over the world have become curious to watch one of the best marine wonders. In 1981 The world natural heritage
Great Barrier Reef
In December 2, 2013, researchers in Australia Queensland said, in order to protect Great Barrier Reef coral, will use sperm
Freezing method. The researchers will use part of the sperm to help Great Barrier Reef coral regeneration.
In 2015 UNESCO received a report on the Great Barrier Reef included in the "dangerous" list of draft proposals. In late June in the final German World Heritage Committee will give the draft. In the past 30 years, Great Barrier Reef has lost nearly 50% of coral, and are at a faster rate continues to decline. UNESCO is considering Great Barrier Reef will be included on the world heritage list, "dangerous" save the Australian "national treasure" landscape.
Great Barrier Reef scale
Great Barrier Reef is located in the northeast of Australia Queensland
On the other side, is a more than 2 thousand mile stretch of area, it runs through the winding on the east coast of Australia, a total length of 2011 km, 161 km wide at the maximum. 242 km away from the coast of southern most north, only 16 km away from the coast. At low tide, part of the coral reef surface to form the Coral Island. Where the scenery is charming, dangerous and unpredictable, the flow is very complex, with more than 400 species of survival Different types of Coral reef
Among them, the world's largest coral reef. There are 1500 kinds of fish, animal software of more than 4000 species, 242 kinds of birds gather, and are richly endowed by nature scientific research conditions. Here is some endangered animal species (e.g. Dugong
And a giant green turtle habitat).
It is the world's largest coral reef area, extending to the northeast coast of Australia, more than 2000 kilometers (1250 miles) from the shore, 16 ~ 160 km (10 to 100 miles), composed of thousands of separate reefs. Many reefs exposed or slightly flooded at low tide, some form reefs around the island, some of the shore, or insert. Is the crust of calcium and debris piled up millions of years of coral,
Great Barrier Reef coral
And by coralline algae and polyzoa biological remains and cementation. There are at least 350 kinds of colorful and diverse coral growth in shallow water, warm water in the shed. According to the drilling, the reef is under third early Tertiary continental accumulation, indicating that the area was located above the sea level. Since the early Miocene land subsidence, with several rebound. There are terraces in the sea reef slope, the sea change is equivalent to the transition caused by Pleistocene glaciers. Reef seabed topography, through many Valley reef area is connected with the modern estuary, this ancient land erosion products. Changes in reef seawater temperature season, high surface temperature from 21 to 38 (70 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit), to the depths to big changes in temperature. The clear water, you can clearly see the 30 meters (100 feet) deep seabed terrain. The reef has rich marine life, colorful, strange shapes of fish; and 1.2 meters wide, weighing 90 kg and the giant clam Coral
Eating starfish. Plants are poor. Pearl industry is developed, and Scallop in Shell shrimp breeding area. Great Barrier Reef is attracting more and more tourists. north Queensland
Offshore built underwater observation station. From the mainland to the coastal city of Great Barrier Reef route
. Other resources are limestone, quartz sand. And the discovery of oil, has begun to measure and test drilling.
Great Barrier Reef formation
It is unbelievable, creating a huge "project", "architect" is a few millimeters in diameter of the coelenterate animal Coral
. The coral was exquisite, beautiful color, life can only remain in the water temperature at 22-28 degrees Celsius (c) waters, And the water must be clean, high transparency. The ideal condition of the northeast coast of Australia, the outer continental shelf waters has corals reproduce. Corals feed on plankton, community life, can secrete calcareous skeletons. The older generation of coral left remains, a new generation of development continue to multiply, like a tree of germination, development and upward on both sides. So year after year, days and months multiplying, coral secretes calcareous skeletons, together with algae, shells and other marine debris cemented together, piled into a coral reefs. The construction process of coral reef is very slow, in the best condition, but the annual reef thickening 3-4 cm. Some rock thickness has reached hundreds of meters, the description of the "architect" this has experienced a long period of time. At the same time that the northeast coast of Australia in geological history had experienced subsidence process, so that the pursuit of the sun and the upward growth of coral food. In Great Barrier Reef, there are 350 kinds of coral, regardless of shape, size and color are very different, some very small, some can be up to 2 meters wide. Coral fan-shaped, hemispherical in different poses and with different expressions, and whip, antler, trees and flowers. The color coral inhabits waters from black to white, blue, bright and colorful coral. Also have pale pink and dark rose red, bright yellow, blue is green, bright.
Great Barrier Reef geographical position
The geographical location of Great Barrier Reef
Great Barrier Reef is located in Australia Queensland
To the East of， The Gulf of Papua
Between the tropical waters of the Pacific. The Coral Sea
In the west, stretching on the continental shelf off the northeast coast of Australia, from the North Torres Strait
To the south, until Fraser Island
Nearby, along the northeastern coast of Australia stretches more than 2000 km, 20-240 km wide.
Great Barrier Reef is composed of 3000 different stages of coral reefs, Coral island
Bars, and Lagoon
Composition, spectacle. In this world the most beautiful scenery, the largest coral reef, a total area of 207 thousand Km - (another data: a total area of 80 thousand Km -). Its northern arrangement
A chain, a width of 16 to 20 kilometers; The southern San fabric width of 240 km. North South to Torres Strait. Fraser Island
Near the Great Barrier Reef, more than 2000 kilometers. The width of less than 2 kilometers from the north to south, stretching to more than 150 kilometers, composed of about more than 2 thousand and 900 small islands, a total area of 207 thousand square kilometers. Great Barrier Reef at low tide, about 80 thousand kilometers of reef surface, while at high tide, most of the reef water cover, only more than and 600 islands flickering.
Great Barrier Reef waters
Great Barrier Reef waters
When the tide of the Great Barrier Reef
There are about more than and 630 islands, of which Green Island
Dan, customer Island, magnetic island, Herreninsel
Lin, Deman Island, Hamilton island, Lizard Island
, Fraser Island
More famous. Part of the Great Barrier Reef islands, is submerged in the sea of mountain peak. Overlooking the Great Barrier Reef, like the surging sea green blooming gem general. These islands have their own characteristics have now been opened for the tourist areas, will attract millions of visitors every year.
Great Barrier Reef climate
Great Barrier Reef has a tropical climate, the southern hemisphere is mainly affected by the air flow control. Here the natural conditions are suitable, without a strong wind and big waves, a variety of fish habitat, and where different month also see different aquatic rare animal, let visitors.
Great Barrier Reef Resident
In addition to the indigenous people, white Australians also scattered in the nearby islands. The tourism industry is well developed, and become an important source of income. From ancient times, especially in the northern region of Great Barrier Reef. It has an important influence on the northwest coast, living in Aboriginal and Torres island residents culture and in addition, stone art gallery and more than and 30 for people to watch the famous historical sites, dating back to 1791. Great Barrier Reef resort island Lin Digmann Island
(Lindeman Island) - Australian history up to the British royal family footprint holiday island in 2012 by the Chinese Whitehorse group purchased
Hamilton Island (Hamilton Island) - the biggest Great Barrier Reef resort island
The hippocampus (Hayman Island) - en island style elegant top Island Resort
Heron Island (Heron Island) - the epitome of Great Barrier Reef
When G (Dunk Island) - island resort island of the natural
Great Barrier Reef History
Great Barrier Reef The formation of history
Formed in Great Barrier Reef In the new century
During the period of,
Great Barrier Reef coral
It has a history of 25 million years. Its area is still expanding. It is the last time The ice age
Later, after the sea level rise to the present location in ten thousand years form.
Great Barrier Reef is the most beautiful on earth "decorations", like a flashing Blue
, indigo, blue and pure white pearl shine, even on the moon is also clearly visible yuanwang. But quite puzzling is that when the first Europeans to witness the Great Barrier Reef not to enrich the vocabulary to describe the beauty of it, that most of these Europeans seafarers, their minds may think of other things while ignoring the beauty of nature.
Great Barrier Reef Human discovery
1606, Spanish Torres
By a storm in northern Queensland, passing Torres Strait
(this channel named after his name) here. In 1770, the British ship ran aground in the "hard" between the rocks and the mainland, hit a big hole, Captain Cook was detained in the. In 1789, Captain Bligh led the "bounty", loyal to his crew came tumbling through rapids reef in calm water.
"Hard" on the ship Botanist Banks
When surprised to see Great Barrier Reef.
Coral reef breeding
The ship repaired, he wrote: "this piece of rock, we just passed are never seen in Europe and other parts of the world, but see here, this is a coral wall, stands in this unfathomable sea." Banks saw the Great Barrier Reef "coral wall", is the world's largest living coral body. This is the one and only in the world.
Great Barrier Reef is the world's most dynamic and the most complete Ecosystem
. But the balance is the most vulnerable. As in a threat would be a disaster for the whole system. Great Barrier Reef withstand strong wind and big waves hit, when the dawn of twenty-first Century, the biggest danger is from modern humans, this has been for centuries indigenous fishing and hunting, but no damage to Great Barrier Reef. In twentieth Century, because of mining guano, lots of fishing whale
Large sea cucumber fishing trade and mother of pearl, the Great Barrier Reef has been scarred.
Australia has to turn the area into National Park
And stop such activities, and the tourism activities of control.
Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Site
Great Barrier Reef Ocean Park law promulgated in 1975, the Australian government,
Great Barrier Reef fish
Proposed the establishment, control, protection and development of Ocean Park, which covers the area of 98.5% of Great Barrier Reef, Ocean Park
To establish not only plays an important role in the protection of local culture, but also closely related to the lives of the local aborigines. In 1981 the whole area was designated in the world heritage list.
Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef, the continental shelf in longitudinal intermittent stretches of the northeast coast of Australia on the coast and across a 13-240 km wide.
Great Barrier Reef Scenery
Great Barrier Reef Lighthouse
The Great Barrier Reef was a rough, so there is a lighthouse built around,
Great Barrier Reef Lighthouse
Some have become famous historical sites, and some are still playing a role after reinforcement. The lighthouse in the play the role of navigation also become an ornamental landscape.
Great Barrier Reef The vicissitudes of coral
Great Barrier Reef consists of 400 kinds of bright and colorful coral reef, other submerged in different poses and with different expressions, most of the low, slightly exposed reef top. From above, like a green island Emerald
But, the shiny, the top of the reef partly hidden and partly visible bright flowers, in the vast expanse of the sea.
Life here is a variety of live coral, Its secretion and other materials constitute the coral reef today. To create such a huge "project" is a few millimeters in diameter. Coelenterate
. Coral first appeared in about 470 million years ago The Paleozoic Era Ordovician
Metaphase。 Coral can only live in the water maintained at 22-28 DEG C in the water, water must be clean. Australia off the northeast coast of continental shelf waters with coral breeding conditions. Corals feed on plankton, the camp of collective life. Corals often secrete a kind of carbon material, mixing, packing material and the wreckage of coral skeletons and calcareous algae, the formation of reef area. Some of them are under the water, some out of the water, above the surface of the coral island is. The first generation of coral death left the remains of a new generation of continued development, reproduction, development and upward on both sides. So the calcareous corals days and months multiplying, bones together with algae, shell
Marine debris cemented together, gradually built up huge coral reefs.
In Great Barrier Reef, colorful coral reefs are red, pink, green, purple, yellow. They are like some shapes in different poses and with different expressions, peacocks; some like snow in Hong Mei; some like mushrooms and some fine round, such as velvet; some white like cream, some green like jade; some like Ganoderma lucidum...... We describe, form a natural, unique and spectacular pictures in different poses and with different expressions of art.
Most corals usually hidden in the water, only slightly exposed at low tide reef top. The colors of the coral reef in staghorn Ganoderma lucidum, shape, leaf shape, seaweed expanding beautiful body at the bottom of the sea. There are 400 different types of coral reefs,
Including the world's largest coral reef. There are about 350 species of coral and Jellyfish
Related, each coral with a ring of tentacles around the mouth, absorb calcium carbonate from seawater, a calcified shell, the shell will be accumulated numerous Coral reef
Coral and a Zooxanthellae
The microbes were born in the calcareous shell, zooxanthellae will carry out photosynthesis, carbon dioxide and water synthesis of carbohydrates and oxygen. Coral absorption of carbohydrates and oxygen, to provide zooxanthellae Nitrate
And other discharge. So, coral reefs can grow only in the sun, the clear water and the depth of not more than 40 meters.
In the eyes of tourists, coral reefs, beautiful and serene, actually inside often compete for food and space. The coral is divided into soft and hard coral (coral reef building) two categories, different shapes, different sizes. Some coral like antlers, some like a whip, like some fans, there is very strong, can withstand the shock waves, some can only live in the calm waters. Some grows faster than its neighbors, in order to cover the neighbors to snatch the sun. Some will use poisonous tentacles, or cast into the water to get rid of the deadly chemicals, in the field of competitors.
In addition to coral eating animal, such as coral eating Parrotfish
And the crown of thorns starfish. The starfish tend to spit out abdominal paste it off on a coral reef. The number of Acanthaster will periodically increase, the whole piece of coral reefs can completely eat. Ocean storms and cyclones have been damaged and eroded coral reefs.
The day in coral under the shadow of the water is quiet but a variety of animal have come out at night.
Fish of Great Barrier Reef
Coral hunt at night, out of colorful tentacles prey plankton. Numerous coral tentacles stretch together, like flowers in full bloom. But the day cannot stick tentacles, otherwise it will need to cover the zooxanthellae of the sun.
In the spring of some quiet night, there will be the most spectacular scene. Along Great Barrier Reef, I do not know what chemicals or light induced, all corals will together released a piece of orange, red, blue, green eggs and sperm, float to the surface, make the water look bright colors. Then the egg and sperm are mixed together, produce young coral, as the tide went to swim away, looking for a suitable space to build new reef. There are a variety of soft and hard corals, soft corals containing calcareous crystal tissues but not the formation of shell, shell is formed of hard coral.
Coral reefs grow new coral reefs out of the water, was soon covered with a layer of white sand, above the long plant. The first in the coral reef plant growth, reproduction rate is very alarming. They bear the salt tolerance of fruit can float in the water a few months, floated into place, germination root, paving the way for the growth of other plants. The birds have made important contributions to the coral reefs on plant growth, they put the plant seeds scattered in the feces of the reef, reef on the fertile soil. Seagull love to eat the berries of Solanum nigrum Linn, seed dispersal on the island. Black terns often nest in the tree berry gland, its viscosity of seed are often spread in the Black Tern on the wings.
Great Barrier Reef Marine organism
About 1500 species of tropical marine fishes living in the Great Barrier Reef area, there are elegant strokes Butterflyfish
There are gorgeous colors. Damselfish
Beautiful, gorgeous lion fish,
Great Barrier Reef sea creatures
indolent Spawn, now they go extinct, here is a major habitat for them.
In the waters of the Great Barrier Reef also live in more than 4000 Echinoderm animal
Software and other marine organisms such as animal: sea cucumber
, Sea anemone
Worms, sponges, Sea Slug
, Sea urchin
, jellyfish, shrimp, variety, colorful. Some endangered animal species (e.g. Mermaid
And a giant green turtle) is also the habitat and the value of scientific research has the extremely high.
Great Barrier Reef is in the sea Tropical rain forest
. Replace the coral trees in the rainforests, fish and animal software instead of animals. With the rain forest, which also has a variety of biological survival and competition. In summer, mother Sea turtle
Climb to the island lay their eggs in the hot sand. About eight weeks after tens of thousands of hatchlings from climbing into the sea sand hatch, fall over each other. After climbing to the sea on the way, often by seabirds, crabs and mouse predation. In the deep water area of living reef Dolphin
Whales and other mammals. In the side of the Great Barrier Reef in the distance, the most ferocious Great white shark
Always waiting for dolphins and turtles.
There are a variety of colors for courtship, camouflage, deception, warning. Like the crimson baby
Fish and blue red coral trout and coral colors blend together. Red and white teeth fish are being on the fringes of the body to hide. Do you like the fish because the dazzlingly beautiful red skirt dancer, warning predators which the body has. Angelfish with its distinctive pattern of flash bright spot to intimidate its field into fish. Drill hole sand spot color sole (sound t million) to change the color to mimic the environment.
Fish feeding method of every hue. The stone color with live rock, to kill their prey. Should the hair long shark skin with seaweed like, lying and waiting for prey. See what to eat snappers. Cleaning odax clean wounds and capture other fish parasites, so welcome and not attack.
Coral Island is countless seabirds, flocks of seagulls Zhekongbiri, adds infinite vitality for the Great Barrier Reef. There are more than 240 kinds of birds gathered here. as Terns
(sound h connected), The bird
Eagles, often on coral reefs face noisy.
Coral reef communities in different types of environment, the depth, temperature, clarity, quiet degree and change with the position of the food, so tens of thousands of creature could find the necessary living environment. An estimated 1400 species of fish, crustaceans and shellfish, sea anemones, worms, animal and birds in Great Barrier Reef and around the sponge coral which accounted for only 10% homes. The sea cucumber spit crushing shells and sand sinking submarine, will fill the cracks of coral base, plays a key role in protecting the reef.
The ecological environment of the coral reefs of the very delicate balance, slightly change will damage. In twentieth Century 60s and 70s, the number of Acanthaster surge. The crown of thorns starfish have digestive juice spit in the coral, coral death, Great Barrier Reef ecological and threatened. The number of surge of raw lead starfish is picked up on the rocks of the tourists and the conch conch, carnivorous animal software, often eat the crown of thorns starfish, reduce the number of. The protection of the conch, can reduce the crown of thorns starfish, but the ecological balance of some coral must spend tens of years to recover.
Great Barrier Reef is a huge natural museum of marine biology. In the vast azure sea, dotted with colorful reefs, large sets of small reef reef, Atoll lagoon reefs covered, roaring waves, reef flat as a mirror lake. Shanghai reef less than the local water, has developed a thick soil layer, coconut trees, palm straight and sturdy, tightly woven vines, a wild profusion of vegetation magnificent tropical scenery. Through the warm clear water, can see more than 400 species of coral formed a dense sea "forest", a riot of colours in different poses and with different expressions. Coral swimming with 1500 fish and 4000 kinds of soft animal, here is the green turtle and dugong and other endangered animal habitats. Hypertrophy of the sea cucumber in the motility of Rhubarb in red starfish and crawled, butterflyfish, thick cryptonemus of odd shape Tat and nearly 1 meters, lobster, hundreds of kilograms of crystal, hidden reefs in the stone fish. Here is the birds of paradise, like flocks of seabirds covered empty, more Great Barrier Reef add vitality.
Great Barrier Reef The heart of Coral Island
The heart-shaped island is an exotic landscape famous scenic spots in the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, but also in Great Barrier Reef, we should see the sights
One, in the air, it is a natural heart, Coupled with Great Barrier Reef itself is very beautiful color, the scenery is magnificent.
The heart-shaped island, is located in Australia, is part of the Great Barrier Reef. Like its name, if this is the work of God, so it seems that God is willing to put here as a spiritual habitat.
Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral, coral secretes calcareous skeletons, together with algae, shells and other marine debris cemented together, piled into a coral reef. Here is the marine Eden, but also human fantasy himself in the garden of eden.
Great Barrier Reef Attractions tips
Great Barrier Reef traffic
Great Barrier Reef distance Brisbane
More than 1 thousand and 100 kilometers.
Great Barrier Reef beautiful coral
Great Barrier Reef waters
Great Barrier Reef waters about more than and 630 islands, of which green, Dan Ke Island, a magnet Island, Helen Island, Hamilton Island, Lizard Island, more famous.
Great Barrier Reef Travel advice
1, in the Great Barrier Reef sea.
2, set foot on Great Barrier Reef beach silver sand.
3, to accompany the stars and coral, an unforgettable night.
4, the best in the world to learn diving diving.
5, a heart-shaped reef.
6, whale watch.
7, take the sea plane to WhitehavenBeach picnic, feel good.
Great Barrier Reef Travel notes
1, go to Great Barrier Reef before the first ready to bring swimwear, sunscreen, sun hat, sunglasses, towels and other items, dressed in T-shirts and shorts / skirts, slippers pedal on the line.
Great Barrier Reef
2, the best conditions to buy a one-time underwater camera (about $25), so you can take this tour of the Great Barrier Reef unforgettable wonderful scenes back to relatives and friends.
3, not accustomed to guests with the best boat to prevent seasickness pills, if the wind above 15 miles per second, taking on board (such as feel seasick before you take the medicine on the night).
In 4, the annual October to March next year to Great Barrier Reef, a large number of jellyfish will appear in the waters of Great Barrier Reef, a Caution! Play.
5, to four when all of Great Barrier Reef tourism, the annual average temperature of 23 degrees, 30 degrees above appeared only in the summer of January will.
6, pay attention to the protection of biological tourism in Great Barrier Reef.
Great Barrier Reef The best time to travel
From the season, Keynes Australia is located in the tropics, year-round sightseeing activities Place. If you want to choose the best time to May each year to October (i.e. local autumn, winter and early spring) is the most ideal. The climate is more stable, fresh and pleasant, for the blue sky and white clouds. The weather is sunny enough light into the water, all kinds of colorful coral and fish color is very beautiful and moving. Great Barrier Reef is the most cold winter seawater temperature from 23 degrees Celsius to 32 degrees Celsius in the hottest summer in between. So visitors at any time to swim in the sea sightseeing and not to feel cold.
Great Barrier Reef Environmental protection
Great Barrier Reef The impact of global warming
These beautiful pictures show the Great Barrier Reef of australia. This natural mechanism gives people a sense of beauty, the edge is inlaid with green and blue turquoise, dizzying and heart shock, It is a miracle of nature. However, our children may never see this miracle. Experts say we can leave our descendants may be only the pictures remind people as the acme of perfection, the importance to protect the environment. Such an outcome to let people feel sad. A report released by the oceanographer Charlie Volo pointed out that global warming will be in 20 years for the world heritage Great Barrier Reef all gone. He was the chief scientist of the Australian Institute of oceanography. He said, "we are incapable of action, Great Barrier Reef will disappear in about 20 years time."
He is not the only one to make this terrible prediction oceanographer, his prediction is not one of the most extreme. In July at the World Wildlife expert meeting, David Aydin, the Jazz had warned that if not substantially reduce carbon dioxide levels, all tropical coral reefs around the world in the near future will suffer the fate of "destruction".
Oceanographer said, by reducing the Greenhouse gases
Emissions in order to save these natural wonders of hope has been shattered. We must find a way to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. In addition to have a beautiful appearance to attract millions of tourists, one of the most abundant ecosystem in coral reefs and marine species, more than 1 million housing provided by the. The rich biological residents are millions of food sources, and also supports the huge scale of the tourism industry, to provide jobs for thousands of people precious coral reef coral is created by this micro organism, they are very easy to spread object damage to the environment of human behavior. Carbon dioxide levels continuously increased with increasing acidity of the oceans, in this process, the fate of coral can be dissolved. Carbon dioxide emissions caused by heating at the same time let were coral bleaching, beautiful appearance and have to say goodbye.
Great Barrier Reef The protection of opinion
The World Wildlife expert meeting held in the Royal Society in the early July, Fort Aydin presided over by sir. He said: "the coral reef is like the canary in the cage.
Fish of Great Barrier Reef
They are to remind people to pay close attention to Sea World
The fate of. Coral reefs are most vulnerable to damage, the impact appears may be the fastest speed. Any had the privilege of diving on a coral reef all for its magnificent appearance and biodiversity are deeply shocked. For these people, the coral reef will be dead and was eventually reduced to a brown sludge covered with gravel pit fate will let them panic."
Since the last century since 80s, the world has up to 20% of the coral in people's sight. Experts said that the level of carbon dioxide from before the Industrial Revolution (280 ppm 1 ppm is equal to one millionth) to improve the current 387ppm. In the Royal Society meeting the scientists pointed out that only the carbon dioxide level below 350ppm, in order to ensure the long-term existence of coral reefs.
The Australian Institute of marine science and scientists, stop starfish spreading, is to restore the health of an important part of Great Barrier Reef. To this end, the Australian government added more money to deal with starfish, to further protect the ecological environment in Great Barrier Reef area.
Great Barrier Reef Protection of the status quo
Global biodiversity is facing serious challenges, many countries have taken measures to protect. In the past 30 years, nearly half of the Great Barrier Reef coral has become extinct, researchers worry that the fragile ecosystem will result in this species was the crowning calamity.
The Aronga zoo and the Australian Institute of marine science and Smithson Research Center (Smithsonian Institute) will start with the protection work, using artificial breeding techniques of frozen coral sperm".
In the coral breeding season, the researchers collected hundreds of millions of coral sperm, these coral sperm can be frozen for thousands of years. The researchers will use part of the sperm to help Great Barrier Reef coral regeneration. Smithson Research Center Professor Hagedorn (Mary Hagedorn) said that the coral sperm was placed in liquid nitrogen, the per minute to 20 degrees Celsius in the freezing speed is preserved in liquid nitrogen environment of minus 196 degrees Celsius in the. Then these frozen sperm will be stored in a dry environment preservation.
Hagedorn said: "we will build a coral fertility clinic, the coral sperm storage for future use in the sperm bank. We hope to use this technology to freeze protection and extend the life of Great Barrier Reef."
Great Barrier Reef Reef atrophy
Great Barrier Reef is the longest of the world's largest coral reef, living here with 1500 species of fish and more than 4 thousand kinds of animal. However, in recent years the constant threat of excessive exploitation of water pollution and climate change, but let the troubled Great Barrier Reef. In the past 30 years, Great Barrier Reef has lost nearly 50% of coral, and are at a faster rate continues to decline. UNESCO is considering Great Barrier Reef will be included on the world heritage list, "dangerous" to save the Australia
The Great Barrier Reef in Australia for 30 years lost nearly half of the decline accelerated
"National treasure" landscape.
Great Barrier Reef is one of Australia's iconic tourist spots, the crystal clear water, various shapes of coral reefs and sea creatures that a riot of colours attracts millions of tourists from all over the world and diving enthusiasts. But excessive development has also brought some trouble to the Great Barrier Reef". Stephen Myers is responsible for the environmental protection department of Australia (Steven Miles) said, has disappeared nearly 50% of Great Barrier Reef in 30 years. The decline also let seabed ecosystems suffered a devastating blow, "the death of fish across the harbor, the number of sea turtles, manatees and dolphins are also decreasing."
Australia Queensland's environment ministry has started monitoring the waters of Great Barrier Reef, in order to estimate the local industry, agriculture and tourism of Great Barrier Reef pollution. The data will be as a UNESCO to decide whether Great Barrier Reef will be listed as "endangered World Heritage" basis. Scientists hope that through the implementation of water quality monitoring of the supervisory role of the public, improve the management level of Great Barrier Reef. They also called on the Australian government to request the local factories to reduce pollution of the Great Barrier Reef, and the development of appropriate control of the tourism industry. Water pollution has made some of the sea near the Great Barrier Reef is no longer as before as clear, but somewhat cloudy.
In addition to the excessive development, the greenhouse effect also poses a great threat to the Great Barrier Reef. Carbon dioxide levels continuously increased with increasing acidity of the oceans, in this process, the fate of coral can be dissolved. Carbon dioxide emissions caused by heating and coral bleaching were.
Great Barrier Reef Land reclamation
At the end of 2013, the Australian government approved a plan aimed at the expansion of the Queensland area, Abbott (Abbot Point) the angle of coal wharf, Cape Abbott port is one of the five major ports along the Great Barrier Reef area.
The project requires about 5 million tons of sediment from the seabed dredging port in order to increase the depth of. The resulting waste sediment will be dumped within 25 kilometers of the sea, on the Ocean Park in Great Barrier Reef.
Great Barrier Reef is the world natural heritage, but in recent decades have gone from bad to worse. Many species and ecosystems, coral, seagrass, dugongs, turtles, including sharks and fish are in jeopardy.
As everyone knows these reasons: the recession caused by the pollution of coastal development, agricultural runoff (from farmland runoff water, carrying large amounts of fertilizer substances such as coral diseases), ocean acidification, ocean warming causes coral bleaching (symbiotic zooxanthellae unable to adapt to the warm water and die), and increasingly severe storms.
Water pollution is particularly serious threat. Floating in the water and sediment to water turbidity, so rely on Photosynthesis of living creatures, such as coral symbiotic algae and other aquatic plants will not survive. At the same time, agricultural runoff also caused a number of coral eating starfish growth.
At present, the only real implementation of pollution reduction strategy is to control agricultural runoff, although this measure was successful but the effect is limited after all. Without any special provisions of the sediment management in port construction.
Great Barrier Reef Tourism information
Norway : eat
sashimi (dinner), salmon Australia preserves original ham, beef Teppanyaki, tempura, Japanese curry seafood, India pizza, Beijing duck, Shanghai dumplings, grilled steak, chicken skewers, cheese cake, Italy Italy PIZZA, papaya stew Xueha, pastry seafood soup, grilled saury. Hotel:
Lizard Island Resort, Airlie beach Peak Hotel apartment. Line:
Great Barrier Reef, more than 1 thousand and 100 km from Brisbane, 600 miles from Keynes. The domestic each big city such as Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane have flights to Great Barrier Reef, in addition, the general Sepaien railway through Great Barrier Reef, along the Bruce highway can arrive at Great Barrier Reef. Entertainment:
here can take the helicopter air shooting, watching the original shallow water corals, can also be wearing a wetsuit, walking in the sea.
Great Barrier Reef The protection of opinion
Since the last century since 80s, the world has up to 20% of the coral in people's sight. Experts said that the level of carbon dioxide from 280ppm before the Industrial Revolution (1ppm is equal to one millionth) to improve the current 387ppm. In the Royal Society meeting the scientists pointed out that only the carbon dioxide level below 350ppm, in order to ensure the long-term existence of coral reefs.
Great Barrier Reef News events
According to U.S. media reports, the U.S. Seventh Fleet said in a statement released on July 20, 2013, was canceled due to military exercises, two aircraft was forced to 16 in the world cultural heritage Ocean Park, Great Barrier Reef of Australia dropped 4 bombs, each bomb weighed about 500 pounds (about 226 kg). According to Agence France-Presse, US military said in a statement, the bombs fall into 50 to 60 meter deep trench, not a threat to ships and coral reefs. These are not the bomb explosion.