Aixinjueluo Nurhachi

The Qing Dynasty Aixinjueluo Nurhachi (February 21, 1559 - September 30, 1626), the Qing Dynasty Founder , Later Jin The founding monarch, through Manchu language and Chinese Hi, read " Romance of the Three Kingdoms ". At the age of twenty-five to unity Jurchen Each part of Ming Dynasty Wanli Forty-four years (1616), Nur Ha Che Hetuela Khan said, set up Later Jin That regime Liaodong Jianyuan. Destiny . The battle of saerhu, moved to Shenyang. After the Liaodong attack The Ming Dynasty In more than seventy cities of liaoning.
Aixinjueluo Nurhachi
The fate of eleven years (1626) defeat Ningyuan The battle of the city, in April of the same year, Nur Ha Che led the army, Mongolia. khalkha In August 11th, Nur Ha Che died and was buried in Shenyang Fuling tomb . After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty, respect for the Qing Dynasty, Edward said Shi Zhao Ji very magic holiness kenmec Ren Xiao Rui Wu reporters Qin an industry High Emperor Hongwen set .
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Hi Talashi died when Nur Ha Che was ten years old, her stepmother Nara The king Taiwan family woman, is very mean to the. When Nur Ha Che was nineteen years old to family life, get only a small fortune. Nur Ha Che and Schur Hatch et al to dig ginseng, pine nuts, hazelnuts, pick up pick mushrooms, fungus and other way to pick up. He used to Fushun city and Han Guan ma, The Mongols Trade activities. During this period, the acquisition of Nur Ha Che Mongolian In Chinese, also have a basic cognition. Nur Ha Che love reading " Romance of the Three Kingdoms "And" Water Margin ", since that strategy. According to some records of Shi Ji Nur Ha Che, in Fushun, Liaodong has been Bing Lichengliang Adoption, become his.
At the time of the Northeast The most important. military force Liaodong Bing Lichengliang The troops. He used the contradiction between perpendicular and horizontal various Nuzhen tribes and other tribes, to control the situation. The right direction of statehood Wanggao (Nur Ha Che's grandfather) in Wanli two years (1574) by Li Chengliang "Ming. Wang Gao's son, Taiwan Beijing escaped back to the village barrier (now Xinbin Shangjiahe Town The ancient village ). The wife is a Taiwan Giocangga Granddaughter.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi A war.

Chueh Chang An is left Weizhi chiefs for statehood, Mingdu command to make people less, weak, early statehood "strong attachment Emirates" Wang Gao relatives, also often led into the Fushun City Department of public horse trade in linen, food is easy to change for a cattle, salt, red cloth, Fu Wu perversing etc.. Wanli two years (1574), the Liaodong Commander Lichengliang The rate in the tens of thousands of them, Wanggao The village, killing people and animals feel exhausted, Chang An, Tucker who betrayed the laws, for all the wizard. Wanli eleven years, Wang Gaozhi O son of Taiwan's father, Li Chengliang repeatedly swept the border, then the rate of force attack, a village take Taiwan O and their accomplices in Ahai mang village, killing a Taiwan, "Gao is the sons of extravagant relic". Chang An, Taks once again feel the war is the Ming Ming wizard, soldiers. .
The bad news came, the twenty-five year old Nur Ha Che think this will avenge cable, but the potential capacity of single solitary, and how soldier millions of Daming "day emperor" battle. Helpless, Nur Ha Che is blaming statehood samori, just outside Santo Tulum Portland, accused the instigation of soldiers killed father, Ming Ming Chen Zu, please send to. But this requirement actually angered domineering the Ming Dynasty will be regarded as, vexatious, refused, and claimed to be on deck to Nigeria fortification, "Manchuria's foreign LAN can master", so Just outside the LAN, Prestige rises, "so people believe, all return, just outside the LAN", even "sons of God to relatives, to kill Nur Ha Che to return to Nepal, Humphreys Zealand forced Nur Ha Che to report", has claim to statehood monarch . Nur Ha Che and his brother Schur Hatch in the army, for extraordinary instrument, by Li Chengliang's wife let go. On the way to meet Nur Ha Che The amount is Who support, left by the grandfather of thirteen side armor to start a unified Jianzhou Jurchens The Ministry of war. After he returned to statehood, questioned why the Ming Dynasty sent killed his grandfather and father. The return of Nur Ha Chizu, father of the body, and gave him the "Chi Shu thirty, thirty horses, a dragon and tiger general, complex to charter governor". Nur Ha Che to close the entire unit, Department of public safety Bulu, Fee Yang thou. Father and son, and received the Ministry of public, etc. there are also dozens of people.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi The conquest of statehood

Wanli eleven years (1583) in May, Nur Ha Che led the tribes to attack, just outside the LAN, but to Tulum Town, Nur Ha Che Yuenuomi Na shuaibing attack Tulum City, and not to go to Nuomina. Nigeria can know outside the blue news, carrying his wife left Tulum City, fled to a version of the city. Nur Ha Che conquered city after the triumph of tulum. In August, Nur Ha Che attacked a city. However, the previous covenant The main Nuomina, Kan Ming LAN see foreign backer, strong forces, they secretly to the outside, Humphreys blue leaked the rumor that, outside the LAN to flee to Fushun after Humphreys near goose, muddy city. Nur Ha Che once again Pukong, then received the Nigerian Ministry of public and external LAN can also. Soon, Nuomina and his brother Nur Ha Che planned to attack the city of baarda Nai cascade, Nur Ha Che knows the opportunity to come, then pretend about Xu meng. Before the war, Nur Ha Che asked Nomina initiative, not from the nano meter. At this time, Nur Ha Che will use a predetermined plan to get rid of the Nuomina an easy job to do.
 The Qing Dynasty The Qing Dynasty
Wanli twelve years (1584) the first month, Nur Ha Che to Li Dai Siu Kai (now Liaoning city garrison Xinbin Zhao Jia Cun Xia Ying Zi) attacked and captured Dai Li, win. Wanli thirteen years (1585) in February, Nur Ha Che in the Su Hu Dong Suk department, Hubei Department of victory, and at the Department of Hu Su Suk left zhe Chen department. In twenty-five, Nur Ha Che was attacked fifty soldiers with zhe Chen Department of community and every city, but because the opponent Nur Ha Che prepared, no gains. When the return to the community where the Southern Department of LAN Gang too, the main industry, where the rate of saerhu, four City four hundred, Dongjia baarda soldiers came. The war of the defeated general Martha pier, where Lord Shen, Bamuni's world first approximation, Nur Ha Che riding back against them. He will cut off the whip Nur Ha Che Shen, Nur Ha Che brandished a knife and cut in round ne Shen back, will be split into two sections, and turn around an arrow and killed Bamuni. Soldiers see boss killed, stood aside. Nur Ha Che came last, with its subordinate suspect of the total seven people will have the same body hidden, seemingly ambush only exposed helmet. The other lost coach, military instability, and fear of ambush, so did not dare to chase. In April, Nur Ha Che was fifty, and rate of cotton thirty armored soldiers sign zhe Chen Department, on the way to meet all other five coalition of eight hundred circles. In the face ten times the enemy forces, unloaded body armor Nur Ha Che Wuzu bag o sun Zhaqin and Lang Sanq, ready to flee to others. Nur Ha Che rebuked two people, and his brother Murhaci Valet, Yan Bulu, Wu Ling four shot the enemy more than twenty people. Although the enemy, but to fear the brave Nur Ha Che side, morale decline, have fled. Nur Ha Che chase Jilin cliff, gain a complete victory.
Wanli fourteen years (1586), Nur Ha Che goose, overcome muddy, Nigeria can escape to the Ming Dynasty territory outside the lan. Nur Ha Che Ming and Nigeria also request side officials can outside the LAN, and put him to death. Wanli fourteen years (1586), the city built in the "old statehood" ruined, the city in the heaven six years (1621) after the capital Liaoyang called Buddha Allah That is, the "old city" (now Xinbin County Yongling Two village ). Wanli fifteen years (1587), Nur Ha Che and Chen Zhe of Ministry of copycat, kill al castellan too, and also against the amount of balda City. to Hunhe River The river, by the rising tide to walk through, the amount also rope connected to the soldiers, while crossing the filed. After crossing the river, the amount also on baarda City, did not rush to fight against the defenders, the amount also led the soldiers to enter a city. The amount of all body trauma in more than and 50, is still not back, finally conquered the city baarda done in one vigorous effort. The amount of war are therefore also given" Manchu title conferred on performer of great deeds "Yong. Then Nur Ha Che led the army against the city's hole, with the sea to surrender. At this point, Chen zhe department was completely annexed Nur Ha Che.
Wanli sixteen years (1588) September, su end minister Solko, Minister Dong E Heheli Yalgoo, Minister Hu Han The rate of three and joined Nur Ha Che, the momentum of large earthquake. Nur Ha Che favors to the head of the Department of investment, the son of Saul fruit Feiyingdong As a minister, the daughter betrothed to He Heli, and Hu Han surname filiate. Gioro . Later, He Heli, Hu Han, Yingdong fee and Nur Ha Che just revolted when his forehead, Reggie also Anne Fei Yanggu and said the "five ministers", become the mainstay of the Nur Ha Che regime. Subsequently, Nur Ha Che battles Siu Kai City, Santo Ninggu Pro Beijing Chapter cut. The same year, Nur Ha Che captured Wanyan (Wang Jia) city, destroyed the last opponent of the Wanyan Jurchen statehood. After 5 years of war, Nur Ha Che have conquered 5 statehood.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Unified Nuzhen

From Wanli nineteen years (1591) the first month, Nur Ha Che troops to the East, and the Yalu River road.
Wanli twenty-one years (1593), have conquered the Pearl mile and NE Yin Road to, will Changbai Mountain into its sphere of influence. Then, he sent troops to seize part of the East China sea. Because Nur Ha Che in Wanli fifteen years (1588) June officially awarded the state, after claiming to sue Le Beller, caused the Haixi Jurchens discontent.
Wanli twenty-one years (1593) in September, while Nur Ha Che shuaibing crusade to the East, when all parts of Changbai Mountain, the head of Bu Zhai Haixi Jurchen Yehe, United, and Mongolia Huifa ula hada 9 to statehood in the attack. The two sides battle on the mountain barrier. Nur Ha Che forces, the main attack, defeated the 9 coalition, cut the array Bu Zhai, head of the Department of Ural captured the cloth occupy peacefully, which laid the foundation for the unification war. Because of the powerful Hercynian, difficult to quickly conquer, Nur Ha Che took the yuanjiaojingong, disintegrate, crush one by one strategy. In the Ming and Tingshen in surrender, and North Korea, Mongolia friendly at the same time, the key to the strong Yehiel, UL two.
Wanli twenty-four years (1596) in July, Nur Ha Che returned to the Bujantai Support for the leader, the cloth occupy peacefully and took his sister as a wife.
Wanli twenty-five years (1597) the first month, and Yehe Captain Bujangu, Jin Taiwan lost marriage, vertebral cattle keima as alliance, gradually isolated hada and huifa.
Wanli twenty-seven years (1599) in September, Nur Ha Che to back out of the union grounds, Hadad, captured and killed with lattice polo. The same year, Nur Ha Che used the words for Mongolia Manchu language With the letter.
Haixi Jurchen weakened, so Nur Ha Che can attack the East China Sea department. From Wanli twenty-six years (1598) January to Wanli forty-three years (1615) in November, Nur Ha Che into the East China Sea have been conquered, continuous, sets of coral, and the Sui Fen, Guta, Ning Du Lu, Nimacha, Jalam, Chen, Mulun, ur ancient Xilin Road, east of Kulun City accounted for Ottawa Ji Ehe. Cameroon ministry have also joined the East China Sea ".
Wanli twenty-nine years (1601), Nur Ha Che went to Beijing to pay tribute to the Ming dynasty.
Wanli thirty-one years (1603), to the capital Hetuela .
Wanli thirty-five years (1607) january, The East China Sea Cameroon Ministry Wahl Fei leisurely plan Mutter came to visit Nur Ha Che's black, tell the Ministry in to Ural, shame had been the hope of statehood after the cloth occupy peacefully. So, Nur Ha Che ordered Schur Hatch, eldest son Cuyen The second son, Similar And fees, Hu Yang, Han Ying Tung the three generals immediately rushed to the rate of three thousand Ma Fei leisurely City Department of public rein. The cloth occupy peacefully after hearing the news, sent his uncle Bokdo rate army more than ten thousand troops to intercept. Schur Hatch because of marriage with the Ministry and the cloth occupy peacefully, often stop at the book, Na Tibu hill, by the soldiers watching. At the time of snow, Hu Yang, Han Ganguly of the people to protect the forces, rate of two hundred soldiers and pioneer ural start fighting in Ukraine Gar rock. Then Zhu Ying, five hundred soldiers from the wings similar to the rate of attack, Ural army defeated Lord Bokdo and his son cut Daian array ula, Lieutenant often defeated and captured his son and Holi cloth column. In the game, in the Ural 3000 Jianzhou beheaded, 5000 3000, a horse to win. Wu Jie rock war further weakened the Ural strength, but also open up to statehood The Wusuli River The middle and lower reaches of Heilongjiang River and the road to the effect on the later Zhaofu Yeren Nuzhen play.
Soon, Zhu Ying, and other similar rate of five thousand grams of rare soldiers again Ural mountain. Wanli forty years (1612) in September, with the Mongolia Department of Horqin the cloth occupy peacefully to attack the tiger Erhalu statehood. In December of the same year, Nur Ha Che was five, eight, Tai Mang hong taiji Travel along the Henan statehood ula ula, soldiers, even after six grams of Hexi, reached Ural city. Nur Ha Che ordered the army to attack the statehood in the north of the city. The burning of the grain, destroying its gates. The cloth occupy peacefully xianshibumiao again begging. He took the canoe to the middle reaches of the river to Nur Ha Che qingzui, Ural kowtow to ask for forgiveness. Nur Ha Che denounced the withdrawal in various counts returned after statehood the cloth occupy peacefully. Nur Ha Che returns, anger will be transferred to the cloth occupy peacefully two wife, daughter of Nur Ha Che Mourinho qurush And Nur Ha Che, niece Shitai and so on. Once the arrow Mukush the cloth occupy peacefully, then they will be imprisoned.
Wanli forty-one years (1613) the first month, Nur Ha Che back to the league, and sent to prison wife hostage to Yehiel and other reasons, the rate of Daian, nephew Armin And also, the amount of fees will Yingdong, He Heli, Hu Han, fee Yang thou thirty thousand army of Ural syndrome. Statehood in Shirupozhu, even under the three cities. The dissatisfaction with the aristocracy, the cloth occupy peacefully. The people were Wangfengerjiang ural isolated and helpless. The thirty thousand army stationed in Kazakhstan the cloth occupy peacefully Voltaire and Nur Ha Che decided to battle city. The two sides fight, Ural defeated, the loss of six or seven horses ten. In the city to the Ural statehood that done in one vigorous effort, the second son of Dalamu shuaibing defended the cloth occupy peacefully. Then an side with a ladder, a fee Yang thou siege life soldiers took out the soil into the Ural City, soon with the wall height
 Nur Ha Che Nur Ha Che
Flush in the city board in jianzhou. Simon Nur Ha Che sat on the rostrum, erected along the state flag. The soldiers under the command of It is all up with the cloth occupy peacefully, has less than 100, see the banner of statehood duolu. The way was similar volley, riding for Yehiel and escape the cloth occupy peacefully, to. The captured City Jianzhou, Ural perish. Nur Ha Che in the Ural stay for ten days, will include all the philosophers, the cloth occupy peacefully drop people into ural million together back to statehood.
Wanli forty-one years (1613), Nur Ha Che was based on the annexation of hada, and then destroy the Huifahe UL, UL Belle Bbu Chante riding to escape Yehiel. Nur Ha Che three times to Yehesuo to the cloth occupy peacefully were rejected. In September forty thousand, Nur Ha Che led the army to attack Yehiel. Even J Gio Don A, Wu Su Jun Jianzhou, aha, black children such as the size of the walled city of Su nineteen block, almost two city Yehiel. Yehiel then to the Ming Dynasty Ming Dynasty sent for help, Ma Shinan, Zhou Qi guerrilla troops stationed in Yehiel with thousands of firearms. Nur Ha Che saw Yehe prepared, and burn their houses, carrying down people return to statehood.
Wanli forty-three years (1615 May), Yehiel Bryant Gu Belle was betrothed to East son of ancient Mongolia warm free Python big and capture 6 statehood. In July, Nur Ha Che and Yehiel take the old Mongolia to marry the machine, the soldiers three thousand, naguan cantonment oldly, ready to swoop Dang Ping Yehiel, since the Ming Dynasty's re interference Nur Ha Che had a temporary truce.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi The establishment of Daikin

With the gradual expansion of the forces, Nur Ha Che's name is also gradually from the "clever Beller" to "nuzhi in bundle Yi Jianzhou Wei Lord", called "statehood etc. local king", then to "zunhao kamika Mongolia on Kundulun khan". In the Ming Dynasty on Nur Ha Che's ambition did not check, even in 1615, a year ago, Nur Ha Che after the establishment of Jin, Thistle Liaoning governor to the court also played the "yes".
Wanli forty-four years (1616), Nur Ha Che in hetuala said "follow-up education and wise Khan", the "gold" (known as Kim), become after sweat, nianhao destiny. At this time Nur Ha Che has captured most of the Jurchen tribes.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi The battle of saerhu

The fate of three years (1618) in April 13th, Nur Ha Che in the "report of Shengjing days" swearing, read and discuss some seven hate knot Ming Ming and Buji 2 official accusation, the rate of universal attack in Ming dynasty. Fushun city east of the fort, mostly after the Golden Army captured. Jin Jun, Fushun Xizhan, Qinghe, Shenyang, had planned to attack Liaoyang, but due to lack of strength, were taken in flank by Yehe Department threat, and ascertain the Ming Dynasty has decided to reinforce Liaodong, September to facilitate active retreat.
Fushun successive fall, let Ming Shenzong Feel the seriousness of the situation, sent Hyobu Vice Minister Yanghaowei Liaodong JINGLUE Liaodong, host defense. And decided to send troops to Liaodong, after a massive attack. But because of missing soldiers, lack of rates, do not act, then more Xiangyin 200 ounces, and from Sichuan, Gansu and Zhejiang, Fujian Province, deploy troops, reinforcements Liaodong, and informed the dprk, Yehe To coordinate. After six months of preparation, although large reinforcements arrived in Shenyang, but the city has not prepared, the soldiers fled, commanders of each other Constraints .
 Nur Ha Che robes like body Nur Ha Che robes like body
The fate of four years (1619) the first month, Nur Ha Che led his army to attack Yehe Department More than and 20. Stockade . Heard that the Ming army came back to it. Ming Yang ho sent messengers to negotiate the babing, Nur Ha Che refused to reply to the letter. In February, the reinforcements arrived in Liaodong more than 8 people, plus a North Korean army, soldiers have more than 10 thousand people, a total of about 100 thousand, which is known as the 200 thousand (say 470 thousand). Ming Shenzong repeatedly urged Such as Yanggao Attack. So Yang ho in Shenyang life, four Bingfen road after the siege.
After Nur Ha Che defeated Fushun, Qinghe, given the same army war is far away, and in Liaodong in Ming Dynasty All our Located at the junction of a forward base for Wrangler break soldiers, so in Jilin Cliff (now Liaoning Fushun City East) fortification troops, strengthen defense facilities, guard troops, to curb the Ming West road.
Before the four army dispatched to attempt to combat the suicide. Nur Ha Che know Ming action, think two Ming Road North and south road obstacles, not far away, that is to be defeated in the way soldiers, and decided to take "on your way, I just go to the concentration of troops, by way of break operational policy will be set to 100 thousand troops near the capital. Ready.
In February 29th, after the gold found in the Ming Dynasty Liu Ting Beginning from the North Burma Army troops, Juniper Fushun has led the main army in Kanto, but progress in tachycardia, isolated prominent. After Nur Ha Che received reports, decided 500 troops stationed in Alanan's original hysteresis to Liu Tong, by several other road all the slow progress of the machine, the concentrated forces against Du Songjun. At the beginning of March, Du Songjun has been to highlight the aggressive, saerhu (near present-day Liaoning east of Fushun Dahuofang reservoir), to two, in the vicinity of the main in saerhu, since the rate of million people to attack Jilin cliff. Nur Ha Che saw Du Songjun alone, scattered forces, side sending reinforcements Jilin cliff side with six of 45 thousand people attack saerhu Du Songjun. The next day, the battle, Ming Xi Lu in the The whole army was wiped out. Nur Ha Che in the annihilation of Du Songjun, will turn north to eight main front, is between the direction against the cliff Ma Linjun, in addition to the Lord Ma Lin in the Ming road riding rate fled back to Kaiyuan, The whole army was wiped out. The road is ready to support the pan Zong Yan Department of Yehiel Belle Kim de S, heard the cloth Yanggu Ming Jun defeated, frightened, the withdrawal of Yehiel.
Liu Ting The rate in the South because of the rugged terrain, difficult to move, unable to schedule into hetuela. Because I do not know the road, North Road has been lost, still according to the original plan northward. Nur Ha Che beat Ma Linjun, immediately moved southward, engaged in the Ming road. At the beginning of March three, to wipe out the road in Nur Ha Che, take the speed into the trap, ambush annihilate play, prior to the main force in the Abudali Gang (Hetu Alanan) layout ambush, another with a few soldiers posing as Ming, Ming Ming wearing armor, under the banner, holding the juniper downwards, Jactitation Du Songjun approaching hetuela to Liu Tong in speed. Liu Tong immediately ordered the radical light for gospel truth. At the beginning of March four, Ming Dong Lu Liu Tingjun foundation of the lenient, east of the people to escape to the deep mountains and forests. Liu Ting in the way the lame, the blind will capture the copycat, etc. can not move people killed, along the road to enter. Liu Tong to spearhead Abudali when the post was ambushed and defeated death. Nur Ha Che's victory over its army.
Yang ho in Shenyang, holds a motor strength, to the three army without any support. When juniper, Ma Lin military defeat, in early March five, Lee returned in the Rubai hurriedly adjustable. Li Rubai in the slow, only to stop tiger Gang (in Qinghe East Fort). When receiving the evacuation orders were discovered after the whistle, the sentry post on the mountain Ming screw sent shock signal, loud noise. Li Rubai is the main army that attacked panic fled, from trampling, killing more than 1000 people. The Korean army Marshal Gang Hong rip The remaining five thousand soldiers led down to surrender, after a banquet after them, they will be released to return home, and write a letter to North Korea's main gwanghaegun .
After Nur Ha Che takes Kaiyuan and Tieling The Ming Dynasty in Liaodong area, the shield lost to the west after Kim Yu Shou . After several wars, the Ming Dynasty in Liaodong's military strength to be a devastating blow, the potential of a solitary yehe. In August of the same year, Nur Ha Che led a large army besieged Yehiel Department of 2 City, solved, kill Yehiel chief Jintai stone, cloth Yanggu, destroy Yehiel.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Swept Liaodong

The fate of six years (1621), Nur Ha Che capital Liaoyang ,
 Nur Ha Che sculpture Nur Ha Che sculpture
The construction of Tokyo city.
The fate of seven years (1622), Nur Ha Che defeated Liaodong JINGLUE Are And the governor of Liaodong Wanghuazhen Take the city, Ming quang ninh (now Liaoning Beizhen ). Immediately after even depression Sinuiju , Jinzhou , Daling River The other 40 castle. Xiong Tingbi, Wang Huazhen Ming and the remnants of hundreds of thousands of refugees to rate to Shanhaiguan.
The fate of ten years (1625) in March, Nur Ha Che moved to Shenyang. In Liaodong during the reign, many bloody killings in the campaign.
The fate of eleven years (1626) in January, Nur Ha Che launched Battle of Ningyuan The Ming Dynasty, morimasa Hamlet In the Portuguese system Red-barbarian cannon The soldiers beat back. Shengjing (Shenyang). In April of the same year, Nur Ha Che led the army, Mongolia. khalkha , "into the Lvexilamu wheel by livestock". In May, the Ming Dynasty Wen long Mao attack Anshan Nur Ha Che, Li shengjing. In May 21st, Nur Ha Che went out of the city to greet Shenyang Horqin Obama Beller.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Death

The fate of eleven years (1626) in mid July, Nur Ha Che suffering from gangrene, to July 23rd Qinghe The hot spring recuperation, at the beginning of August, had to turn the crisis, decided to return to Shenyang by boat along the Taizi River, in August 11th, a boat along Taizi River And, (I) died in Ai Fuling ran the door Chicken Burger (now Shenyang City Yuhong District Zhai home Next to the Big Island Village), at the age of sixty-eight. Nur Ha Che was buried in Shenyang Fu Tomb (this Shenyang Dongling ), Miaohao Taizu "".

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Government initiatives

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Politics

Nur Ha Che made an important national policy in favour of the hero. Use the issue, Nur Ha Che stressed six principles: one is to appoint the sage. For both close and distant family, just not on the tree, "the foundation, see the mind and is recommended. Mo in blood, see the talented person that give to the minister". Three "chicken with its director, not sticking to formalities, brave, for the army. Beneficial to the government of Zhongliang, to support national policy". Four but Juxian derogatory rape, because of "good people do not give justice or not, what is the sage in the. Unscrupulous persons not depreciate not kill, is what by unscrupulous persons and punishment". Five is the rewards and punishments, power will reward, too must be punished, "who are good, although the Department of enemies, also do not care about, and to power up. The guilty, although not consistently pro, kill". Six reward service officer will, according to the demand, given to horses and cattle, aha, food, clothes, money and wife Valley .
For the early in the campaign, to vote, rate of loyal ", such as a founding father of a country" Feiyingdong , The amount is Where, and in, Hu Han , Fee Yang thou. Etc." Five ministers "And Yangguli , Cold. Who, given special privileges and privilege, give a large number of people and livestock money, appointed officials, a knighted post marriage marriage, woe. When the hero went wrong when he noted that "when the poor iron, is better than gold, often with its power and light treatment. Nur Ha Che to attract many talented people, they make suggestions, make nuzhenbu repeatedly into the Daming plunder gradually ", to establish and strengthen enforcing" after the Jin Dynasty, laid a solid foundation.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Military

Military talent
 The Eight Banners The Eight Banners
Nur Ha Che 44 years of military life history, called him "yongbingrushen", is an outstanding military commander, in military strategy, in command of the art, the concentration of forces, and siege engines, Liyingwaihe, crush one by one Chitu cavalry, quick, reflect the superb wisdom. He was in the battle of Sarhu, take you (n n), a few road, I just go, "is the" concentration of forces, military strategy, military China crush one by one "has become the history of the classic examples of concentration of troops, win. In terms of his military organization, military training, military command, military art as well. He is in command of the art, many military principles, such as the attention of reconnaissance, good breaking sword, Queen Nur Ha Che, according to an insurance depth using diversion, drive, ride Chitu, concentration of troops, and quick, crush one by one, done in one vigorous effort between the lines, gauge Liyingwaige, and be proficient in all play.
At the same time, Nur Ha Che focused on weapons innovation, Nur Ha Che in the Ming Dynasty and the war, repeatedly encountered Ming vitality check, know the firearm badly, know to break the fortress "non gun can". In addition to the large number of guns and ammunition seized by armed forces, the army officers and soldiers also ordered to "prepare" a certain number of artillery, to strengthen the crucial force, and drill out new tactics, according to Xu Guangqi, "Chen Tai Chong Shen slightly matters and opinion sparse" records, Nur Ha Che siege, first with a large Blunderbuss Hit the wall in the one hundred steps, and then took the opportunity to use the ladder and attack and siege equipment field, will deploy large and small firearms for pioneer, neat formation rushed over, no will grasp will not launch.
The creation of the Eight Banners
Nuzhen are strong soldiers, no other corvee, usually on hunting and fishing. Each battle or hunting, Jurchen family according to the walled city of apprenticeship, with ten to one person The amount of cattle recorded really All the other nine parties responsible for trends. Nur Ha Che removes is the use of Jurchen this traditional hunting organization form, the amount of cattle recorded really has become one of the official titles under the first score for statehood, ring knife, hammer, red string (iron skewer leather card), can shoot the army, later became the basis for its creation.
 gulu suwayan gulu suwayan
With Nur Ha Che and more, Wanli twenty-nine years (1601), Nur Ha Che was a compilation of his troops in the annexation of Ural, with three hundred people recorded in a cow, a cow recorded amount really (later called zuoling) management, and the yellow, white, red and blue color for its four. Wanli forty-three years (1615 November), Nur Ha Che UL, scale is expanded, so bootman registered as an a la, with the amount of a la (later known as true Shen collar Five a la); a solid mountain (flag), a really solid mountain (later called the All series Mailer, I am really) (later called the Vice President Two) vice; solid mountain is really on Nur Ha Che by the father as the flag of the Lord Beller, and discuss state affairs. The flag number based on the original four flags add yellow, white, with red, with a blue flag for the four banners, long a short, a, Baja La three units, respectively, and the Qing Dynasty cavalry barracks support striker predecessor. Then with the further expansion, and the next generations of rulers improved on its system, but the eight's the number did not have any change.
In addition to the military, the Eight Banners system also has administrative and judicial functions of the clan, and production. Nur Ha Che created the Jurchen people eight integration from different regions, the cohesion of lax is a strong discipline of the whole society, to enhance the combat effectiveness of the army and became a razor Nur Ha Che chengjiubaye.
Strategic policy
In the military and foreign affairs, Nur Ha Che formulated the guidelines, policies and specific strategies. Take the "Shun De service with kindness and threat, and inverse to gates, that is to ask, to suppress the auxiliary principle. The specific content of three:
As a resist killed, captured as slaves. The seven part Zhushen Yin Cun inna after a fall from the city, according to "defend after all kill". Ehe Kulun tribes refused to surrender, Nur Ha Che sent soldiers to kill, guard, "capture ten thousand", the country "in ruins".
The two is for families who, respectively in each cow recorded, not demoted to a slave, do not seize their property. The original is the minister, castellan, Beller Taiwan, Kyrgyzstan, were granted official, the old staff for the series of cattle were recorded, under its jurisdiction.
The three is to award. For all the way to active people, especially from the Nur Ha Che prize given thickness. When he heard that the East China Sea tiger ministry minister led one hundred Na Nerja cascade households to Jurchen vote, task two hundred people to meet, after the "Banquet", "all property, led by the eight ministers, each given ten to ride a horse, he used ten horses, ten cattle, and a large number of fur mink, hats, clothing, cloth, etc. the kettle pot.
Nur Ha Che has also taken the correct military strategy is generally weak to strong, from the near to the distant, and gradually expand. He actively allied with Mongolia and try to avoid the blow was prematurely, until Wanli forty-six years (1618) to seven hate rebellion before, not by the Ming suppression, which greatly beneficial to the smooth progress of the cause of jurchen. Give full play to the ability of military command. He is good at using, pay attention to confidentiality, on set, resourceful and decisive, fixed line, like a mighty storm to unstoppable, fast, often Less is more , change from passive to active.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Nation

Mongolian
After the rise of Nur Ha Che, took over Mongolia is different from the emperor, Han is also different from the Jurchen emperor practice. He made the flag, marriage, and the letter of appreciation, hunting, relief, Hajj (J. N), education policy, strengthen the Mongolia elite and people associated with the government. After the desert south of Mongolia eight banners, become an important pillar of the military; Mongolia's Union Khalkha; Mongolia olot implementation rasa restraint. After emperor Kangxi said: "Xi Qin Xing debris, the construction of the Great Wall. I looked over the Cameroon, to guard against the north the Great Wall is stronger." The Qing Dynasty of Mongolia Fumin solid edge policy, the beginning is Nur Ha Che.
Han
Nur Ha Che began to occupy Liaodong, the implementation of "keeping the enemy kill of Han Chinese, not with the enemy who do not kill" policy, he favors "Nigeria exploration" Given the surrender in Han Dynasty, people from the status of their rights and obligations, as close to the people after the Jin Niu Lu, which subordinates. Considering different to those of Han and Manchuria traditional culture, Nur Ha Che did not put them into the eight banners. To the city did not fall, according to insubordination Han repression, murder.
Nur Ha Che bluntly to capture Han said: even if you kill, seize property can there? It is only temporary, limited. If adopted, your hands can anything. With something to do business, good fruit production, good stuff, that is permanent interests.
Nur Ha Che's policy of Han occupied Liaoning, a sudden turn for the worse, to obtain large tracts of land. He practiced tuntian, issued "Shoutian Ding Ling" is usually people from farming production, for the army in wartime. At the same time, after entering Shenyang, after the defeat, looting of property repeatedly destroyed the city, Liaoning people killed tens of thousands; the Han Chinese are captured in accordance with the past, forced shave hair change costumes , and was incorporated into the Jurchens for servants, or into the farm as serfs, Many Han state of slavery, revolted against the destiny lead to social instability after late.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Culture

 Manchu script Manchu script
In the Jin Dynasty was in accordance with the Jurchens The word Create the Jurchen words, but because the dead in the Central Plains after the Jin Jurchen highly finished, while the northeast and Jurchen influenced by Mongolia, resulting in Jurchen in the late Ming Dynasty completely lost, so that the Jurchens where you use six or seven, ten words in the endorsement of Mongolia, with three or four of the ten Chinese characters to speak". So then the rise of Nur Ha Che, and the Ming Dynasty, North Korea needs deeply correspondence repeatedly translated many inconveniences, he instructed the minister Gagai And scholars Erdeni Two people created text to solve the problem. From the second to the Jurchens have long been accustomed to writing by Mongolian said the inconvenience of manufacturing new words, Nur Ha Che is "how to Chinese language word difficult, to his country's anti Xi language Yiye" to refute, and put forward by Mongolia spelling Jurchen language. Later, two people according to the meaning of creation and Nur Ha Che and the architect, was later called "Man Wen" in "(old Man Wen), then by Up to the sea to The From thorough, as the "new Manchu scripts (Xin Manwen)".
More convenient for Nur Ha Che presided over the creation and enactment of the Manchu exchange, written documents, records of the politics, Chinese translation for lower people. A large number of Han nationality translated also to Nur Ha Che himself and later rulers in the Central Plains dynasties in the history of learned a lot of experience.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Character evaluation

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Historical evaluation

" Draft History of Qing "Day": Taizu tin Zhiyong, brilliant jewel. Ming Yi Hui with consistently faithful martyr. Until the day after, two potential fire resistance. Since nine. The division, exit day extension. In thirty years, the Jianzuo. Saerhu battle, Bentgrasses commerce. Moved the capital to Shenyang, scale far away. Than, Qi Feng, not let yan."
"The Qing Dynasty" record: "eyes big ears, very handsome, tall body, his majesty, loud voice, listen to words Ming Shuang, don't forget, see that knowledge, a majestic gait dignified manner. His faithful Congo Ren Xian, Fuji, lustral undoubtedly, Wushu, heroic Gaishi, forethoughtfully, yongbingrushen, No. so that sweat." The emperor was not drinking, the heart is a virtue, deep in the strategy, the skillful, riding step two shot was strength outstanding, farsighted and sacred, but can't have thought, this city, a golden book, the way of stroke, inverse to soldiers for the reward, regardless of enemies, for avoiding Pro, as Minggong reward, strict law, has been pushed lover, Jinglaociyou Xugu, curb the violent and assist the weak, poor people are few, Yue fu. Since the age of twenty-five alone with a rise of only thirteen people, do not invade the innocent, is appropriate, so you made the day, the Department, and the Liaoyang Guangning Daming syndrome, syndrome, and Mongolia, Wal Mart earthquake, light in nature, and in a break, Wang Ji."

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi The evaluation

Lirumei The thief: "seven thousand picked men with a three thousand foot seven thousand; the thief, when wonu one hundred thousand. His or her father killed my grandfather, when all but thirty, this is seven thousand but since the band together with ten, although to invade earth, reported that the Liaodong for help. Although the northwest Tibet are not as good as the thief, and shall not."
Liddon "Slave chieftain takeyuki Dongyi, although the children have made will be utterly destroyed, the enemy troops on the occasion, Guli, retreat."
Are Chief: "slavery can be strong to weak, but also difficult to control the treacherous."
Hamlet Su: "slave soldiers know, this single, cooked in the way."
Xu Guangqi Li Zhi: "forty years, respect the counsellors, thick raised health stroke, Bo advisory collogue, concise training together, the system of selecting officials, and acclimatization, disagreement in law will be few."
qianlong emperor "At that time, the initial. Drive a cart in ragged clothes to blaze a new trail。 The surplus in thousands. All the soldiers with tens of thousands. But his son. Make concerted efforts。 An army fighting for a just cause has high morale。 Holland day dragon. With two hundred thousand people to break out. Each view record. Not all. I think the progenitor of the industrious. Read and then Zhu Chen Xuan force." "Iron mountain back annihilates juniper, hand in the Yellow Yuezhen Hui Feng; this universal no war, stay too difficult to create."
Chenkangqi "Since the first year of emperor Taizu high destiny Bingchen Jianyuan, Yi industrious government, and between day and night. Every five days a day as North Korea, to read the ancient incense, and Chengbaixingfei by wise words and noble deeds, and admonished the people. The government of five ministers will ginseng secrets, to ten points as the general secretary of. In proceedings, the director secretary told the minister still hear and decide, politics, cladding and interrogation, and then said to the Beller. The house is fixed, fear or injustice, the respondents will kneel before, more details asked, that is non nuclear. So I did not dare to bully people all hidden, for domestic dazhi. It is difficult to cover the punishment to spread a religion or a culture of Ming Dynasty, the emperor Shen, has the scale."
Dongfan CAI "Shen Yong Zhi Shen, letter worthy of founding Lord, all by the stimulation and. The so-called hardships happiness, is evident from this."
Xiaoyishan "Taizu and Taizong, entrepreneurial, brave, wise." "The rise of Nur Ha Che in the battle of statehood declined, while Ketun, by the name of revenge, conquer the neighbor: lost four walled forces in LAN Gang attack, too, can outside the blue in the Hubei Le Hunchun, soldiers potential crescendo, power gain. Between six years, Zhaojia G City, Maltown, e, Chen Zhe, one side; Suker, Wanyan, hand over to. The state unified, and north to the beginning of the so-called "Haixi hegemony; made of self Bo ', has made such a foundation. The balance of power that comes from Yehiel; he relies on its outer katsunaga, to blackmail Nur Ha Che; history and should not, and then open. The nine part is the coalition defeated, Hu Lun Zhu, also knew not enemy troops, may is not good for the union, their frequent attack, and Nur Ha Che to sit so really the fate day openings to exploit; Hu, Hadad, in order to carry Huifahe perish. To drop Krupp and the cloth occupy peacefully in reconsiderate enemies, repeatedly seeking resistance. The city is under the state fair, alone escape, also have sorrow! Although Yehiel Lai powers can not overnight, but a potential from the ear linger on faintly! And the Northeast coastal Raiders, multi service; Jurchen big, is to have a rule in the hands of Nur Ha Che."
Gucheng "Qing rulers from Nur Ha Che, to Huangtaiji in duoergun, known in the history of ferocious cruel. Their approach is usually the 'gates of fire, adverse impacts to fish. ". That is a resistance, the army had not broken after, whether or not involved in the resistance to resistance, all slaughter and plunder as slaves."
Jin Yong "Since Gen Gi Khan, more than and 400 years in the world has never seen military genius nurhachu. Commander of the forces such as God, came under the strict military discipline and system, makes his group of soldiers, after two hundred years in the world invincible."
Tengshaozhen "The Ming Khan the historical contribution of Nur Ha Che is that he adapted to the social unified historical trend, by the Ming Dynasty eschatology, corruption, political corruption, bribery and lax, officer, led his soldiers in a unified original Ming dynasty built in three health ministries, and gradually establish a strong national armed forces and people of all ethnic groups in the armed forces. Has the East China Sea and Haixi Jurchen departments more than and 200 years scattered situation, into an unprecedented unity."
Zhouyuanlian "It is the longing for a unified situation in the Jurchens, Nur Ha Che brought to Xing, thirty years period, has completed hundreds of years not completed the unified Jurchen career, hundreds of thousands of people and prompted the Jurchens and from different areas of the Mongolian and Han and other ethnic fusion, as a new national community - manchu. This is a great contribution Nur Ha Che has made to the development of the Chinese nation. Young Nur Ha Che tribe jumped to Jin Khan, the unified Nuzhen ministries, defeated the Ming in saerhu, and Liaoning, to establish and expand after the Jin Dynasty played a very important role. However, after entering Shenyang, Nur Ha Che also made a lot of mistakes, such as the brutal massacre of the army and the people of Liaodong; organized set of serfdom in Liaodong Han majority drag Luxor, became a feudal serfdom; the establishment of the eight master Beller politics, backward system breaks the unified monarchy, weaken strength back after doubt; Han Guan, distant Han officer, affect the United and Liaodong Han Manchu aristocratic landlord class, exacerbated the turmoil in Liaodong. These thoughts greatly destroyed the production in the Liaodong area, caused by the suffering of the people. Nur Ha Che has played a negative role should not play in this process. But after all the power is greater than ever."
 Hand-grasped mutton Hand-grasped mutton
Yan Chong "In the fifty-five ethnic historical figures in China Xinghai, is the two brightest star in a national hero is the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty Gen Gi Khan, the other is a Manchuria nationality in the Qing Dynasty Nur Ha Che. The Aixinjueluo Nurhachi foundation of the Qing Empire, cotton at two hundred and sixty-eight years, he is the history of our country outstanding statesman, military strategist and national hero. His name and achievements, not only in the vertical China records, and recorded in the history of the world. He is active in the unified multi-ethnic family history, ten of his life four, xiabuyanyu. Aixinjueluo Nurhachi is the history of the Chinese nation outstanding politicianstrategist.
When the moon The generation of Lawrence Nur Ha Che's death, for this evaluation, many people there, some people say he represents the advanced and progressive forces, the impact of the corruption of the Ming Dynasty, made a contribution for the development of history and so on. I have little talent and less learning, but dare not say familiar with ancient and modern, the basic reason or understand, throughout his life, I do not see the progress and development, only to see the looting, killing and destruction. I don't know what the great historical significance, I only know that his Colts went, no advanced productivity, no national production index, not only with economic and trade, and residual housing broken tiles, farmland into wasteland, people become slaves. I don't know what will replace the emerging dominance, I only know who said this, they should to experience under Jin Jun's knife. The ghost and the saddle saber pride, no difference, all beings are equal, there is no reason anyone deprived of power. Nur Ha Che is a great strategist, at least I think so. As a never went to school, not a military academy, did not have the system of military training of the nomadic leader, Nur Ha Che know what war is, but also know how to win the war. His campaign command level has reached a high degree of excellence.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Anecdotal stories

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Friendship is like a son

Nur Ha Che and his brother Li shuerhaqi Lichengliang Under the command of the time, every battle, dare, The early bird catches, repeatedly meritorious military service and popular appreciation of Li Chengliang. Since then Nur Ha Che gradually approached Li Chengliang, the followers and guards. They go hand in hand, access to capital is not from around, have a close relationship with some historical data that they "Yi son".

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Vector in vain

Wanli sixteen years (1588) in April, Nur Ha Che married the granddaughter Armin personally Hadawanhan Zhezhe (i.e. Zhezhe princess, sister of Italy) when waiting in the tunnel of the town. At this time, there is a horse who is carrying a bow and arrow passing by. Nur Ha Che asked about his, that this person is a department with a great reputation, Hubei Qishe good known Wengjin button. Nur Ha Che will be invited to send button Wengjin before, after praising words, it refers to a hundred paces a willow tree, please show him. Wengjin button without vertebral speech, calm down, hold the bow to rise, bursts of five. The third two, three in the upper and lower sagittal placement is not a. See Nur Ha Che, then got up arrow in the bow string, stretched like a full moon, also bursts of five vector vector vector results, all in five, not far off point vector, see from the people, all the cheers, admire.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi The name of anecdotes

Wild boar skin Nur Ha Che is on call. In the Manchu, the wild boar skin is nuheci, later speculated that Nur Ha Che (nurgaci or Burhaci) meaning for wild boar skin.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Family members

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Family

Ancestors
Ancestor: Aixinjueluo Bukuri Yong Shun The mother said. Buddha Kulun .
The six generation: Aixinjueluo Montemu After the emperor Zhao, Zun progenitor.
The five generation: Aixinjueluo Shan .
The four generation: Aixinjueluo Sibozigu .
Great-grandfather: Aixinjueluo Forman Straight, Xing Zu emperor.
Grandfather: Aixinjueluo Giochanan Jing Jian, chasing the statue of the emperor.
Tucker's mother, chasing the statue Wing queen .
parent
Father: Aixinjueluo Taks After Emperor Xuan, Xianzu statue.
Mother: Hi Talashi, Dudu Agou The female. After the statue of Queen xuan.
Stepmother: Hatta Na Ras. After the Han people have female.
Concubine of one's father: Li Jia The ancient woman's Luli.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Brothers and sisters

Younger brother
relationship Full name Life Remarks
Second younger brother
Mother Tucker's concubine Li Jia's half brother.
Also, Yi Cheng bravery Beller
three brother
Mother queen like Talashi Xuan mother, brother
confer a posthumous title
Fourth
Mother queen like Talashi Xuan mother, brother
Who made accessible rank of nobility next to prince
Five brother
Mother Tucker time Fujin Hatta Na Ras, half brother
He made Duyi Congo Beller

Second younger brother
Fourth
Aisingiorro - haaqis Jard
Mother queen like Talashi Xuan mother, brother
Who made accessible rank of nobility next to prince
Five brother
Aixinjueluo Bajara
Mother Tucker time Fujin Hatta Na Ras, half brother
He made Duyi Congo Beller
Sisters
And the princess

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi The Empress

According to historical records, Nur Ha Che has 16 wives. "Qingshi Gao" Nur Ha Che recorded a total of 14 wives, not recorded from the 2 Shu Princess of the martyrdom.
Queen
(added 2)
Empress Xiaocigao , Yehenala Name. Milgrom Zhezhe. Yehe Beller The daughter of Yang Jinu. Thirty-one years of Ming Dynasty in September 27th Mao Hong, twenty-nine years. Zonta The first year of April, Huangtaiji made its mother Xiaoci queen Wu, said Shi Chao Hsien Xiaoci Edward Yu Sheng really pure de Shun queen. In September of the first year, Fuji L temple. The first year of Kangxi in April, the "Wu" by Shi Taizu to "high", namely Xiaoci Queen's high; Yong Zheng, Qian Long, Zhao Xian Shi Xiaoci accumulation, Jing Hui Yi Deqin Xian Edward Thuan Nhon auxiliary Shenggao queen, Fuji buried fuling. Son, the eight son of Emperor hong taiji That is, The Qing Emperor .
Spin posthumously wins Filial piety liewu queen Grand princess, Ural Nala Name. Abahai . Ural Beller Full Thai girl.
Canonization of Princess
Shou Kang Fei, Boer Siggi Te S. Mongolia Horqin Beller After the closure, the daughter of Konkol, Prince Bing map. No children.
Big Princess
identity Full name parent children Remarks
Yuan Fei Tonga Hahanazak Tabenba Yan's daughter
Zier
Huangchangzi Cuyen ;
The second son of emperor daian;
A woman
Huang Changnv married. Dong E Shi (Dong Guo's) Heheli Said, Princess donggo That letter Solid Aaron Princess
Nur Ha Che married
The first wife Difujin First, for Fujin
The history of Taizu yuan Fei said
The princess Fucha, Dagon generation The daughter of mang Seydoux
Zier
The five son of Emperor The Thai. ;
Huangshizi Dege class ;
A woman
Huang three female name Mang gudz
At the beginning of the cable length, marry Nur Ha Che A Son, according to Aung Aung ala ala;
Wanli thirteen years after Nur Ha Che married;
Large consumer Fujin Second, any big princess;
The fate of five years in February, to steal the gold silk, forcing himself (say, by his son Gul Thai mang killed); buried outside the fuling;
The princess said Dynasty history

Zier
Huangchangzi Cuyen ;
The second son of emperor daian;
A woman
Huang Changnv married. Dong E Shi (Dong Guo's) Heheli Said, Princess donggo That letter Solid Aaron Princess
Nur Ha Che married
The first wife Difujin First, for Fujin
The history of Taizu yuan Fei said
Zier
The five son of Emperor The Thai. ;
Huangshizi Dege class ;
A woman
Huang three female name Mang gudz
At the beginning of the cable length, marry Nur Ha Che A Son, according to Aung Aung ala ala;
Wanli thirteen years after Nur Ha Che married;
Large consumer Fujin Second, any big princess;
The fate of five years in February, to steal the gold silk, forcing himself (say, by his son Gul Thai mang killed); buried outside the fuling;
The princess said Dynasty history
The princess
position Full name parent Year of birth children Remarks
The princess Irgen gioro Pro Palestinian woman Yan Zagreb Unknown
son
The seven son of a Abatai A woman
The young emperor, Zhe
nothing
The princess Yehenala The daughter of Yang Jinu; Empress Xiaocigao Sister Unknown
female
A woman named Huang eight. Cong GuLun That letter And the princess
Thirty-eight years of Ming Dynasty married Nur Ha Che side Fujin
The princess Kerr Sinborzigity Mongolia Horqin Beller Ming The female The first year of Shunzhi died February No children
The smell of Taizu Yin, to the future;
Forty years of Ming Dynasty on the Nur Ha Che side Fujin marry me
The princess Hadanalashi Hada Department Beller ( Dudu Qian Hu Vulcan's daughter, Hatta Van Khan) was the granddaughter of Zucifei op Unknown No children The sixteen years of Ming Dynasty in April, Hu Vulcan QIANZI (bright Dai good records of bad business) to marry Nur Ha Che Ce Fujin to send

son
The seven son of a Abatai A woman
The young emperor, Zhe
female
A woman named Huang eight. Cong GuLun That letter And the princess
The smell of Taizu Yin, to the future;
Forty years of Ming Dynasty on the Nur Ha Che side Fujin marry me
Shu Fei
position Full name parent Year of birth children Remarks
Shu Fei Zhao Jia's La Donetsk girl Unknown
A child
The three son of Emperor Abay
nothing
Shu Fei Niohuru She looked female Unknown
Zier
Huangsizi Ancient Tang ;
The six son of Emperor Tabah
nothing
Shu Fei Gia Mu Giorros, a brother Beller Ba Yan's daughter Hun Unknown
Zier
The nine son of Emperor Babu Thailand ;
The eleven son of Emperor Babu sea
Three female
Huang four female name Mourinho qurush ;
The five women married to rev;
The six women marry Souna
nothing
Shu Fei Xi Linjue Roche In the female Hu Fen Du Haas Unknown
A child
The thirteen son of Emperor Laimbu
nothing
Shu Fei Irgen gioro When the female police Unknown
female
A female emperor seven, seal Xiang Jun Grade, marry Troy Hubei
nothing
Shu Fei name Deyinze The name is unknown; Unknown Unknown Unknown He died
Shu Fei name Ajigen The name is unknown; Unknown Unknown Unknown He died

A child
The three son of Emperor Abay
Zier
Huangsizi Ancient Tang ;
The six son of Emperor Tabah
Zier
The nine son of Emperor Babu Thailand ;
The eleven son of Emperor Babu sea
Three female
Huang four female name Mourinho qurush ;
The five women married to rev;
The six women marry Souna
A child
The thirteen son of Emperor Laimbu
female
A female emperor seven, seal Xiang Jun Grade, marry Troy Hubei

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi children

Son
(16)
 Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Aixinjueluo Nurhachi
Ranking Full name position mother
Huangchangzi
Waste prince, Beller Guangzhou
Mother is a good surname of Tong Yuan Fei
The second son of the Emperor
Prince Li Shuo
Mother is a good surname of Tong Yuan Fei
The three son of Emperor
Feng en Ming town made public
Mother's concubine Zhao Jia Shu
Huangsizi
G general clean town
Mother Shu Princess Flos
The five son of Emperor
Because of sin from jazz, children down to red tape.
The princess mother rich Cha surname
The six son of Emperor
Feng Feng en auxiliary betwen thick male
Mother Shu Princess Flos
Huangqizi
The rest were made and Rao min
Mother side princess Irgen gioro
The eight son of Emperor
Mother is a kind of Queen yehenala
The nine son of Emperor
Feng en Ke Xi Town
Mother Shu Fei Jia Mu Hu Jue Luo
Huangshizi
Because of sin from jazz, children down to red tape.
The princess mother rich Cha surname
The eleven son of Emperor
General Zhenguo; generation, extinction
Mother Shu Fei Jia Mu Hu Jue Luo
The twelve son of Emperor
"The British Prince
The mother is princess Ural Nala
The thirteen son of Emperor
Feng Feng en auxiliary kunisuke straight male
Mother Shu Fei feel the Luo Xilin
The fourteen son of Emperor
Zhong Rui and Prince (made into Muneyoshi Emperor (Qing seongjong), after the stop)
The mother as Princess ural Nala
The fifteen son of Emperor
The prince and the Henan
The mother as Princess ural Nala
The sixteen son of Emperor
To the imperial clan
The mother is unknown (say, mother as the princess said, not the rich Cha surname;.)

Huangchangzi
Aixinjueluo In
Waste prince, Beller Guangzhou
Mother is a good surname of Tong Yuan Fei
The second son of the Emperor
Aixinjueluo Dashan
Prince Li Shuo
Mother is a good surname of Tong Yuan Fei
The three son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Abbey
Feng en Ming town made public
Mother's concubine Zhao Jia Shu
Huangsizi
Aixinjueluo Togude
G general clean town
Mother Shu Princess Flos
The five son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Gulte
Because of sin from jazz, children down to red tape.
The princess mother rich Cha surname
The six son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Tabah
Feng Feng en auxiliary betwen thick male
Mother Shu Princess Flos
Huangqizi
Aixinjueluo Abate
The rest were made and Rao min
Mother side princess Irgen gioro
The eight son of Emperor
Aisingiorro, Huangtaiji
The Qing Emperor
Mother is a kind of Queen yehenala
The nine son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Babute
Feng en Ke Xi Town
Mother Shu Fei Jia Mu Hu Jue Luo
Huangshizi
Aixinjueluo Degley
Because of sin from jazz, children down to red tape.
The princess mother rich Cha surname
The eleven son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Babuhe
General Zhenguo; generation, extinction
Mother Shu Fei Jia Mu Hu Jue Luo
The twelve son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Azig
"The British Prince
The mother is princess Ural Nala
The thirteen son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Raimunb
Feng Feng en auxiliary kunisuke straight male
Mother Shu Fei feel the Luo Xilin
The fourteen son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Dorgon
Zhong Rui and Prince (made into Muneyoshi Emperor (Qing seongjong), after the stop)
The mother as Princess ural Nala
The fifteen son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Dodo
The prince and the Henan
The mother as Princess ural Nala
The sixteen son of Emperor
Aixinjueluo Feyanko
To the imperial clan
The mother is unknown (say, mother as the princess said, not the rich Cha surname;.)
daughter
(8; and 1)
The eldest daughter of emperor (1578 - 1652), said the princess donggo, seal Solid Aaron Princess Shi Lun, solid elegant princess. As the mother of the Qing Dynasty Yuan Fei Tunggiya Ha Na Zha qing. Six years of Ming Dynasty (born twenty-two February 1578). Not only is the eldest daughter, Nur Ha Che and the children of the elderly. The second son of the eldest son of Zhu Ying and her brother is similar with the mother. Ming Wanli sixteen years (1588) married Dong E Shi (also known as Dong Hubei, Dong Guo) Heheli At the age of eleven. So called Princess donggo or Princess donggo . Shunzhi nine years (1652) died in July, seventy-five years, buried in Dengta city in Liaoning Province Dayao Town West Gong Bao Cun Dong Hong Gem mountain The southern slope. Kangxi fifty-five years (1715) a posthumous dignified, is dignified and solid Aaron princess.
The Emperor (1587 - 1646), young Chul, said Princess Zhanhe, seal And the princess . The mother is the Qing Dynasty Princess side Irgen gioro That is the same mother sister seventh abatai. The first year of Shunzhi (1644) died, fifty-one years.
The three women (1590 to 1635), name Mang gudz Said, Hada Princess Not officially canonized, as treatment. Solid Aaron Princess After the leather, the princess cut case book title. The mother is following the Qing Dynasty Princess rich Cha surname Dagon generation.
The four women (1595 - 1659), name Mourinho qurush The princess, and leather. The mother is princess Mu Giorros Jia Shu Qing Dynasty, and the ninth son Babu Thailand, eleventh son of Babu sea, fifth female, sixth female parent. Ming Wanli twenty-three years (1595 students). Shunzhi sixteen years (May 1659), died sixty-five years after Mourinho.
The five women (1597 - 1613), no letter. The mother is Princess Mu Shu Jia Hu Jue Nurhachu Roche, and ninth son Babu, eleventh son of the Babu sea, Thailand fourth mu, sixth female female female qurush. Ming Wanli twenty-five years (1597 students).
The six women (1600 to 1646), no letter. The mother of fourth female, fifth female parent mu qurush. Ming Wanli twenty-eight (1600) students. Forty-one years (1613) married Yehiel Nalashi Su Nai of Haixi Jurchen, at the age of fourteen. Su NaI (Souna Xiaoci) was the official captaincy, after nine years (1635) for the death of leather job. The five years (1640) died. Sixth women in Shunzhi three years (1646) died, forty-seven years.
The seven women (1604 - 1685), seal Xiang Jun Grade. The mother of Nur Ha Che Shu Fei Irgen gioro . Ming Wanli thirty-two years (1604) at the beginning of March, ten. In the four years of Destiny (1619) married Nalashi theqi Du Wei Hubei Troy, at the age of sixteen. Chong six years (1641) died in troy. Seventh female Xiang Jun Kangxi twenty-four years (1685) died, eighty-two years.
The eight women (1612 - 1646), name Cong GuLun Letter, and the princess. Mother Nur Ha Che side princess Yehiel Na Ras. Ming Wanli forty years (1612) at the beginning of December, seven. Shunzhi six years (1649) April Princess died sixty years.
A granddaughter (1612 - 1648), a gizzard Zhe, seal And the princess . Nur Ha Che (the nephew, brother Schur Hatch, fourth son of Ke XI) Beller Tulum The second daughter. Ming Wanli forty years (1612) on sixteen July, Nur Ha Che raised the palace of heaven. The fate of eleven years (1626) at the age of 15 to marry in Mongolia Horqin De Djibo M Siggi Te S Obama . In six years (1632) Obama died, marrying a Mongolia sheito soil complex prince Pakistan had . The two years (1637), sent a letter to the Huangtaiji and princess. Shunzhi five years (1648) died, thirty-seven years.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Related disputes

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Death mystery

About Nur Ha Che's death, historians have been the focus of debate and Public opinions are divergent., mainly in, he was wounded by gunfire, Yuan Chonghuan anger died, or because of suffering from gangrene, died.
Death said
The mortality from said "Qingshi Gao", according to records, in the autumn of July seven eleven years of destiny "not to" Henan ", on August heigo, take the boat back gradually. Gengxu, beloved chicken burger, on the collapse".
Fatal injuries
 Hamlet Hamlet
And from the Korean people seriously injured died in Li Xingling's "spring slope hall and recorded", according to the book, the Korean translation Officer Han Yuan With the mission to the Ming Dynasty, happened to meet with Yuan Chonghuan, Yuan love him, the war had Ningyuan and take him with me, and to the whole process of Han Yuan witnessed the battle. Ningyuan after the end of the war, Yuan Chonghuan had sent envoys with tribute to the camp to Nur Ha Che "apology" (actually, "said veteran scoff ridicule) (Note: Nur Ha Che) today to see the long run amuck everywhere, kid (Note: refers to Yuan Chonghuan), is the number!" Nur Ha Che "has been seriously injured, then prepared gifts and horses to thanks, request the date finally agreed to fight," while the death because of melancholy ". This article records explicitly Nur Ha Che in the battle of Ningyuan are seriously injured, and the spirit of Ningyuan defeat, also traumatized, Yiyi himself all day. By both physical and mental trauma in the case, the old warrior finally to die.
But the expert Lihongbin In "the rise of the Manchu Qing Empire" and the establishment of a book, "but the key evidence of the Nur Ha Che gun injury death and recorded" spring slope hall questioned, and puts forward third viewpoints "anger to death" said.
A doubt: since North Korea Han Yuan the officer knew that Nur Ha Che "has been seriously injured, Yuan Chonghuan supreme commander of the guards in Ningyuan should be more clear, and Yuan Chonghuan sent the probation Chen Jin Ying in front to back. If Nur Ha Che really was "injured", which of course is a large contribution of Yuan Chonghuan, is also great victory of Ming Dynasty, not only Yuan Chonghuan, but also up and down the court, Wenwubaiguan will write a great deal about on the matter in order to encourage the army's morale. However, whether it is Hamlet I report Ning victory The break outs, or commended Yuan Chonghuan's decree or courtiers congratulated Yuan Chonghuan Ning victory memorial to the throne, which made no mention of Nurhaci injured, apparently later attached to said.
 Yining City Yining City
Two points: the defeat of Nur Ha Che in Ningyuan, is the first month in 1626, to August 20th death, during more than eight months. Records from a large number of historical data, in this more than eight months, Nur Ha Che did not go to treatment, but the "renovation zhouche, audition, and firearms" to the "far side of hunting, choose armored", actively preparing to attack Ningyuan, to forget. In April, led the army, Mongolia "into the Lvexilamu round, kaerka, won the beast". In May, Mao Wenlong invaded Anshan, behind the tight, it returned to Shenyang. In June, Mongolia Horqin Department of Hubei Pakistan Hong Tai Ji toward, he personally "Guo Ying ten", the "injured" people like.
Therefore, Li Hongbin believes that Nur Ha Che in the battle of Ningyuan there was "injured", is not "melancholy, and death", it is doubtful.
Li Hongbin believes that Nur Ha Che returned to Shenyang, due to a defeat in the battle of Ningyuan, with a great reputation in the early war veteran defeated young generals Li, mentally traumatized, gloomy angry mood all day; two for the aged, long horse tired, overworked and dash about in a battlefield. In July of the same year, Nur Ha Che suffering from gangrene, not twenty-three days to Qinghe gun injury, hot spring sanatorium. By August 7th, his condition suddenly worsened. On the five day after August 11th, then a boat along the river and transferred to the prince, Hunhe River When the big imperial concubine and greet ural Nala after meet to leave Fort Ai chicken of Shenyang forty died.

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Name the mystery

1, Aixinjueluo
What was the name of the Qing Dynasty Nur Ha Che? Ordinary people may hesitate to tell Aixinjueluo. In fact, about Nur Ha Che's name, records, books containing anecdotes, writing into a diverse, unable to agree on which is right the mystery of history. According to historical records, there are six kinds of argument: that Nur Ha Che, Cui, surnamed Tong, Tong Qiao, Aixinjueluo, feel luo. The Qing Dynasty Imperial Ancestral myths in the name of the name "AiXinJiaoLuo" system A .
Nur Ha Che's surname is mystery, the reason is that Manchuria has no initial text, could not leave the original records of literature in Manchuria; according to "record" records of the Qing Dynasty, the Qing Dynasty emperor thinks his name was Aixinjueluo, of which there is a beautiful legend, legend of the three Fairies in the pool bath, a God holds a magpie fruit, falls on the three fairy fairy clothes, put it down, put it in your mouth, and swallow the belly, which is pregnant, gave birth to a boy, the boy looks strange, but just born to speak, the fairy told, his surname is Aixinjueluo, named Yong Shun in acrobatics. Yong Shun in acrobatics Is the ancestor of the emperors of the Qing dynasty.
The Qing Dynasty in the Qing Dynasty after the "record", the official" Huidian "And" Genealogy "," annals ", and the emperor's imperial poetry in Qing Dynasty, where the officer from the book, Nur Ha Che and his descendants of a party made up the records, are" James "," emperor ", is also say that his name is Aixinjueluo.
2, "Tong Tong" or ""
In the Ming Dynasty, Korean literature, Nur Ha Che's surname "Tong Tong" or "".
At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty was not Manchuria and Manchu, Korean, official and private books on Qing Chen surname what is recorded?
according to Yan Chong The Ming Dynasty and Korea literature research, both records, the Qing Dynasty Nur Ha Che or the name of the Tong tong. Nur Ha Che served as Jianzhou Wei official of the Ming Dynasty, has eight times to ride to the Beijing Ming Dynasty tribute. The Ming dynasty or Ming and Qing Dynasty, scholars have done a lot of records, said that Nur Ha Che and Nur Ha Che had the same surname Tong deal with North Korean literature for decades, also left a large number of records. Shen Zhongyi "stamp" Ji Cheng statehood has the following records: Wanli twenty-four years (1596) the first month, Nur Ha Che The king of Korea I said: "in the Yi Wei statehood Jurchen bundle Lord Nur Ha Che Tong Bing" etc..
Nur Ha Che surnamed tong. Shen Zhong as South Korea Secretary to a Buddha by Allah, met with Nur Ha Che, and lived there for a while. He will return to their written "Shen Zhongyi book and catalogue" that "Ji Cheng statehood stamp", credible and valuable data, the article "; Replies "Nur Ha Che I let him to the king of korea. This is the official Nur Ha Che personally inspected, should be regarded as the first hand data. However, the Korean literature is more of the "Tong Tong" writing "".
"Tong" and "Tong" is actually a common surname of Jurchen, under the guise of Chinese surnames. Tong Xing or Tong surname No, but Liaodong is also a common surname surname significantly, then the jurchens. Who do the tribal chiefs, who had relations with the Ming Dynasty, the people with children or Tong surname, through" The museum four To the Ming government. ".
Zhang Binglin's "Qing" country mentioned in a statement, the original name is Han Tong surname, it is often the same with fake Han Yi. The Qing Dynasty Royal ancestors called "Tong" name in front of the name, visible Jurchen chieftain, can at any time or the name of the Tong Tong, Tong Tong surname or family name, also became their surname.
3, the "bird" or "cui"
The surname of Nur Ha Che in addition to Tong Tong or statement, North Korea people have recorded that his family name or surname Cui sparrow.
Yan Chongnian believes that there is an explanation from Nur Ha Che's mother because the swallow bird egg before giving birth to him, but the people are not so "record" records, the Qing Dynasty's "Wu Lu", "record", "high full record" 3, only recorded thirteen months pregnant mother and Erhachi. Do not swallow the eggs while pregnant said.
The second explanation is derived from the fairy God left fruit and swallow magpie gave birth to the Qing Dynasty emperor ancestral myth, so the rumors Nur Ha Che surname sparrow. But Manchuria ancestors have put the magpie as a totem, which can put the same surname imperial family of the Qing Dynasty "magpie" or "bird" link. Of course there is a new view of scholars proposed that Nur Ha Che surname "Cui" because in Korean, Cui pronunciation between Chinese and the lack of wind, and "sleep" in "feel Luo" sound similar, so the suspect Choi Is a misreading from "feel Luo".

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Cemetery Mausoleum

Fu Tomb Is Nur Ha Che and Xiaoci Queen's high yehenala mausoleum. With the city of Shenyang Zhao Ling And Xinbin County Yong Ling Collectively" Three Imperial Mausoleums "," Three mausoleums of Shengjing ".
Dongling Park Founded in 1629 ( The Three years, basically completed by 1651). After the Qing Dynasty, Qian Long period of Shunzhi and Kangxi repeatedly built, forming a large scale, the facilities of the ancient imperial tombs in buildings. It has been three hundred and sixty years of history. Zonta The first year of the Qing Dynasty (1636), the number is "Fuling Dingling", was 1929 Fengtian The provision of Fuling for Dongling Park, Liaoning Province in 1963 is listed as key cultural relics protection units, in 1988 the State Council will be listed as a national key cultural relics protection units.
 Aixinjueluo Nurhachi the Imperial Palace Aixinjueluo Nurhachi the Imperial Palace
Dongling Park in the eastern suburbs of Shenyang city in twenty Mount Tianzhu On the whole, covers an area of 557.3 hectares, of which the mausoleum covers an area of 19 hectares, the whole tomb back the Tianzhu Mountain, overlooking the river, from south to north, rising, Yili, Wan Song, Yamagata towering mountains, water loop, 100 Fu Fu floor wall, Zhu W, the magnificent building, with gas potential dignified, solemn and quiet venerable, its beautiful and unique natural scenery and profound cultural landscape has been the ancient literati. Fuling building pattern because of the mountain before the formation of the low high trend, long and narrow, from the south to the north can be divided into three parts: red outside the District, District, city, Bao Fang shinto. Mausoleum building Complete regulation, ritual facilities, the main building grand scale, the mausoleum buildings preserved.
In July 1, 2004, Suzhou held a twenty-eighth session of China The World Heritage Committee The meeting approved the Shenyang Fuling as China The Royal Mausoleum of Ming and Qing Dynasties The cultural heritage included in the "expansion project The World Heritage List ".

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Artistic image

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Literary image

"Wind song," the legend of Li Dong Nurhachu
"The secret: It said the twelve emperors of Qing Dynasty "Author: Yan Chong The first part, Zhonghua press, Providence Khan Nur Ha Che (1) - (6)
"The Qing Dynasty founding monarch: the original Nur Ha Che"
Author: Zhang Yan Chongqing press
"Nur Ha Che secret life full records" Author: China Drama Press Secretary Road
"Analysis of a dynasty rise of the Qing Dynasty: the rise of destiny history" Author: Zhou Yuanlian Guangxi Normal University press

Aixinjueluo Nurhachi Video image

1986 " Nur Ha Che ": Yongsheng Hou Nur Ha Che;
1987 " The Qing Dynasty thirteen ": Wang Wei Nur Ha Che;
2002 " Sourdrang secret ": Xu Huanshan Nur Ha Che;
2005 " The secret history of Taizu ": Steve Ma Nur Ha Che;
2012 " Beauty without tears ": Zhoushaodong Nur Ha Che;
2015 " The big jade legend ": Yu Rongguang As Nur Ha Che.