The old city
Located in the old city Luoyang City
City District in the East and north of Luoyang, is the earliest Built-up area
Luoyang City, is one of the six main urban areas, but also the city's economic, cultural and commercial center.
The old city
The old city has 9 Street offices, including 32 communities, 11 administrative villages, a total area of 56.7 square kilometers, the urban area of 4.7 square kilometers; the total population of 185 thousand people (2010 sixth census), the urban population of 140 thousand, accounting for the city's population of 2.5%.
Within the domain of high terrain northwest, southeast low, complex terrain, climate and diverse. Rich human resources, tourism resources, the third industry is relatively developed, the relative lack of industrial economy, is a typical consumer area and modern business district.
The old city History
The old city of Shi Ke back to 1042 B.C. The Western Zhou Dynasty
During the period of. The Northern Song Dynasty was founded in Henan City, "Jinchang house of gold". In 1948 before the liberation of Luoyang, the old city retains the basic pension in 1217 with "Jinchang house" of the building structure in Luoyang, the "old city" in the name of the resulting.
The old city administrative division
The old city Division of history
In May 1948 after the liberation of Luoyang, after the power system transition period of 8 years, in 19
The old city
The 56 year old city people's government was formally established in January. Four, four under the jurisdiction of Yu (southeast, northeast corner, the northwest corner, southwest corner, Dongguan, West, South gate, Beiguan
August 1957); Dongguan, founded in August 1958 to draw Guan Chanhe; the people's Committee of the old city, the old city was renamed after the people's commune management committee. West Street, West Street, under the jurisdiction of the 3 branch; 1958 12 Xigong District, merged into northern matchmaker District People's commune management committee added Xigong branch March 1959 renamed the Los District People's Committee. Under the street, West Street, West, West Branch was established in May 1968 4; Luo North revolutionary committee. Under the jurisdiction of the southeast corner, South Gate, West, northeast corner, southwest, northwest corner, Xigong, Jinguyuan 8 offices; December 1975 Luobei is divided into two areas. The Revolutionary Committee of the northern region, the southeast corner of the northeast corner, the southwest corner, the northwest corner of West, South Gate 6 offices. The Revolutionary Committee of Xigong District jurisdiction, Xigong Jinguyuan 2 offices; May 1980 Revolution Committee called Luo Rakuhoku District District People's government, build Rakuhoku District People's Government unchanged; June 1982 renamed the people's Government of old city, build basically unchanged until 1988.
From 1989 to 1993, government agencies on the basis of the original increase for the 43 Committee (bureau, office), administer 6 street agency. After 1994 1997, the two adjustment and institutional reform, the central government organs into 17 departments, 3 internal organs. The City Public Security Bureau, the city administration of industry and commerce to implement vertical leadership, Supervision Bureau and the offices of the Commission for Discipline inspection. In July 2000, after the adjustment of administrative divisions, 4 administrative villages in the outskirts of the original town Mangshan and the old city was placed under the jurisdiction of the northern town, the old city and the establishment of the office of Luopu Committee and Rural Economic Office (hereinafter referred to as the office of agriculture). As of December 2000, the old city the city zone management of township organization system.
The old city Zoning details
The old city geographical environment
The old city of Luoyang
The old city position
2000 old city is located in the east longitude 112 degrees 17 '10' to 112 degrees 33 '10 "; latitude 34 degrees 46' 10 'to 34 degrees 36' 20". Luoyang city is located in the city of East Central North region. Adjacent to the East and Chanhe Hui district. From north to South and Chanhe Chan Xiang Panlong village
And on the concave village, Xu Di Cun, Chanhe District Beiguan village and Dongguan office adjacent. Bordering the West and West area. From north to South and west area in Hong Shan Xiang Jiang Jia Gou Cun, Xigong District, Tanggong Road office office to Kay road. With the Southern District of Luolong, Luohe river. From the west to the East and Luolong District dawn Li Lou village, white tea village, an Le Xiang Ru Ao Cun, Xigang village, in the village, Donggang village. At the junction of the north and Mengjin county. From the east to the west after Licun, and Mengjin County Chaoyang Town Xiangyang Village, Zheng Jia Wa Cun, Jia Po Cun, Zhou Village, Ma Tun Xiang springs village, intersection changdai Village stone wa village.
The old city Terrain topography
The area is divided into two parts Mangshan hilly areas and within the city boundary basin, about to Lianyungang-Lanzhou Railway
For the community. The terrain from the northwest to the southeast to slowly tilt, north-south elevation of about 100 meters. The northern terrain contains Mangshan town and 19 administrative villages and an office in Luopu The burning village
Two Yue Village, village.
The old city climate
The old city of the annual average temperature between 14.2 DEG to 14.7 DEG C. The average temperature of four seasons: Winter (December to February) the average temperature of 1.5 DEG to 3.4 DEG C; the spring (March to May) the average temperature of 12.5 DEG to 15.5 DEG C; the summer (June to August) the average temperature of 22.8 DEG to 26.8 DEG C; the autumn (September to November) the average temperature of 12.3 DEG to 15.2 DEG C.
The annual precipitation in the old city between 532.3 mm to 685.4 mm. The precipitation period is more concentrated in every year from 6 to August. From 12 years of meteorological records records reflect the general rainfall: 104.4 mm to 182.3 mm between spring and summer; between 263.7 mm to 408.6 mm; autumn 109.3 mm to 178.6 mm; between 17.2 mm to 37.6 mm in winter.
The old city natural resources
The old city land resource
Old urban land resources are mainly distributed in Luopu town and the administrative office of Mangshan Mountain Village, the development and utilization of land of 38899.4 acres, of which 3400 acres of yellow mineral powder Clay
Sub clay. The brown loam, hilly slope can be built brick making brick building materials. The relatively flat quality of 35 thousand and 500 acres of land, planting grain, oil crops, vegetables and flowers.
The old city plant resources
The old city of plants can be roughly divided into 6 categories, respectively:
Cereals: wheat, barley, corn, millet, sorghum, sesame, rapeseed, soybean, peanut etc..
Vegetables: onions, garlic, Chinese Cabbage
Carrots, onions, eggplant, tomatoes, cabbage, spinach, cabbage, Celery
, pepper, beans, sponge gourd, eggplant, pumpkin, melon and so on.
Fruits: watermelon, muskmelon, peach, apricot, apple, Grape
Cherry, jujube, fig, etc..
Joe shrubs: pine, cypress, poplar and willow, Elm
And the tree, candlenuts, Chun Shu, mulberry, locust tree, Koelreuteria privet, etc..
Flower: peony, peony, rose, rose, pomegranate, clove, rose, chrysanthemum, flowers bloom, jasmine, hydrangea, jasmine, orchid, cactus, oleander, tuberose etc..
Grass: grass, white grass, Setaria viridis, Xanthium sibiricum, Chenopodium album Linn
, Salsola and caraway, purslane, dandelion, Yard
The old city Animal resources
The old city of animal resources mainly involves the following 7 kinds, respectively:
Domestic animal: pig, cattle and sheep, donkeys, mules, horses, dogs, cats, rabbits, chickens, ducks, geese, pigeons etc..
Wild animal: hare, bats, foxes, Rattus norvegicus and Mus musculus, voles and hamsters.
Animal: eagle, eagle, birds tits, owls, woodpecker, cuckoo, sparrows, parrots, Thrushes, starlings, swallow, magpie crow, etc..
Aquatic animal: grass carp, silver carp, carp, carp, shrimp, loach, crab, mussel, leech etc..
Reptiles: snake, house lizard etc..
Amphibious animal: turtles, frogs, toads, black baby etc..
Insects: butterflies, dragonflies, cicadas, bee and silkworm, mantis, mosquitoes, flies, spiders, scorpions, snails, fireflies, earthworms, moths, beetles, beetle, flea, bugs, centipedes, grasshoppers, beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, ants, gadfly, etc..
The old city water resource
The old city of surface water mainly from two rivers, twenty-five ditch, ditch.
The old city of the southern rich groundwater, ground water level of the shallow groundwater in Mangshan Mountain about 30 meters, poor water depths of 230 meters deep wells. The thickness of the water is about 7 meters to 10 meters, carbonate type low mineralized water, salinity is less than 0.5 g / l.. The shallow groundwater in a relatively stable state. Exploitation period of drought increased, the water level dropped, wet period of recharge from precipitation, the water level rose rapidly, dynamic changes little for many years.
The old city National Population
In 1990 a total of 23794 households, the total population of 80271 people, the average family size is 3.37 people, the population density of 16934.8 people per square kilometer in 2000; a total of 41495 households, the total population of 134912 people (population), the average family size is 3.25 people, the population density is 2849 people per square kilometer.
By the end of 2000 according to the fifth national census data, the old city nation constitute: 139351 Han people, accounting for 98.44%, other 18 national minorities: the 1981 Hui people, 73 Mongolian people, 98 Manchu, Miao and Buyi 3 people, 6 people, 4 Tibetan people, Korean 10, Yao 3 8 people, Bai, Dai 1 people, 5 people of Uygur, Yi Dong 1 people, 1 people, 6 people of Tujia, Zhuang nationality was 19 people, 1 people, 1 people click jeek family, the 2 people, a total of 2220 people, accounting for 1.56% of the total population (including the above data flow survey population).
The old city Economic overview
The old city Primary industry
The old city before 2000 without agriculture. June 2000 Luoyang city zoning
The old city
The original adjustment, on the outskirts of town Mangshan Township, northern burning ditch, Yue Village, workers and peasants, the new 4 villages under the jurisdiction of the old city and 4 villages as the basis for the formation of the Luopu office. Since then, the old city has become the city rural area containing. In September of the same year, the establishment of government functions -- the Old City Rural Economic Office Department of agriculture. In agricultural management, according to the district government to guide farmers to adjust the industrial structure, changes in the market structure of planting, the use of geographical advantages to give priority to the development of peony industry, focus on the development of characteristic culture; implement scientific farming and scientific management; to provide information to farmers, technical service, support to help farmers hit wells, repair the ditch, the whole land, afforestation, returning farmland to forests, improve land quality, improve the anti disaster ability; the development of township enterprises, the reform of production management system, improve efficiency, increase farmers' income.
By the end of 2000, the old city of the total agricultural output of 10288 tons, 324 million 952 thousand yuan output value of township enterprises, rural per capita net income of 2450 yuan.
The old city The secondary industry
From 1989 to 2000 12 years, the development of the industrial economy in the twists and turns. The old city is
The old city
The traditional business district, because of the population, area is narrow, and the lack of technology, capital, industrial development is relatively backward, especially the heavy industry development limited. The old city belonged to the industrial enterprises are mostly at the beginning of 1960s when the rise of the big industrial. Small scale, poor equipment, backward technology, products are not stereotypes, some plants like workshop, workers are mostly Street idlers and housewives. After ten years of development, at the beginning of the 1980s, there are more than and 20 large scale enterprises reverted to the city tube. After the reform and opening up, with the development of market economy, affected by their own conditions and belonged to the enterprise market competition, product market share decline, benefits, good and bad, some enterprises in production, semi shutdown state. The first half of 1992, Australian enterprises reduced to 18, only 23 business street. The second half of the year, the municipal government delegated to the enterprise management area 22, these enterprises accounted for 2/3 of the strong benefit is not good.
From 1989 to 1992, the enterprise reform form adopts the director responsibility and contracting and leasing system; after 1993 began to carry out various forms of reform the shareholding system reform mainly. Enterprise management, government departments and enterprises gradually decoupled, change management mode for supervision,
The old city
Guidance, coordination and service, strict contract and responsibility system. Bureau of industry enterprises to contract, director (Manager) of the enterprise contract. Area economic and Trade Commission and Industry Bureau responsible for the organization of the director, chairman (Manager) signed the recruitment, election and contract, the state-owned asset increment, laws and regulations and mandatory social affairs executive.
On the basis of the district government macro guidance, helping enterprises to adjust the structure of industries and products, no hope, no prospects for the future development of the enterprise production on or off, stop and transfer, or retreat into three (from the second industry to the third industry). By the end of 1998, belonged to the enterprise reform and restructuring basically completed, all of the implementation of the new management system of contract.
To the end of 2000, the laid-off workers fell to 500, the total industrial output value rose to 408 million yuan, 18 times that of 1989; assets of 260 million yuan, is 22 times that of 1989. The key industrial enterprises added value of 102 million 484 thousand yuan, total profit of 17 million 412 thousand yuan, of which more than one million yuan to 23 key enterprises added value of 25 million 367 thousand yuan, profit of 1 million 8 thousand yuan; individual and private enterprise development to 185, employing 1023 people, operating income of 64 million 467 thousand yuan, industrial added value of 17 million 734 thousand yuan, 513 thousand yuan of tax. Operating income is 20 times in 1989, the industrial added value is 37 times in 1989, the tax is 10 times that of 1989.
The old city The service sector; the tertiary industry
The old city area in 2010 GDP 2 billion 600 million yuan, an increase of 12.5%, 2.5 times that of 2005; general budget revenue 254 million yuan, an increase of 19.6%, 3.1 times that of 2005; completed investment in fixed assets 2 billion 900 million yuan, an increase of 25.1%, 7.2 times that of 2005; die industrial added value reached 1 billion 400 million yuan above., an increase of 18.3%, 3.8 times that of 2005; the total retail sales of social consumer goods 3 billion 600 million yuan, an increase of 18.5%, 2.3 times that of 2005; urban residents per capita disposable income and rural per capita net income were 17500 yuan and 6207 yuan, respectively, growth of 7% and 6%, which is 1.8 times that of 2005.
The old city of private economy in 2010 full year operating income of 6 billion 850 million yuan, an increase of 14.8%; the added value of 1 billion 760 million yuan, up 15.4%. The implementation of more than ten million yuan of industrial restructuring project 19, completed an investment of 430 million yuan. Luoyang xinchundu pneumatic tools, pharmaceutical and other high-tech enterprises continue to grow. To further broaden the financing channels for small and medium enterprises, the cumulative 17 enterprises coordinate loans 95 million yuan; Luoyang Ju Xing microfinance company opened operations, Luoyang Tongbao microfinance company approved the opening. The above private industrial enterprises reached 62, accounting for the total number of Enterprises above 98.3%, the output value of 50 million yuan enterprises 12, ultra billion enterprise 7.
The old city social undertakings
The old city education
From 1989 to 2000, the government on the development of education has long planned, invested a total of 100 million yuan, add teaching facilities and equipment, to improve the school conditions, set up various types of occupation school; meet the requirements of socialist market economy, the school has achieved three changes: from examination oriented education to quality education; school structure change from diversification to modernization of teaching equipment. 1993 old city was awarded the advanced unit for Henan province language. In 1995 nine year compulsory education, the eradication of illiteracy among young people reach xingdingbiaozhun Province approval, was named the "two basics" qualified units, in 2000 by the test approved for the "two basics" to consolidate and enhance the qualified units.
The old city science and technology
From 1989 to 2000, the cumulative investment in research funding more than 80 yuan, has more than 30 scientific research achievements, reform the traditional project 12, the proportion of science and technology in the economic income in income by 20% speed increase year by year. In 2000 to strengthen the research and development of agricultural technology, especially the progress achieved in the peony planting, planting and breeding characteristics, cultivation characteristics of more than and 120 varieties, improve efficiency, increase farmers' income.
The old city Sports
After 1989, the old city health and sports undertakings have developed rapidly, people's health level has been further improved. Sports management from the past "official" to do the "official and private" combined to form a new pattern of government and society, with the participation of the whole; sports facilities increased, the venue activities expand, constantly enrich the content; the novelty, fun, competitive sports has gradually entered the ordinary people life. Primary and middle school students in physical education; professional sports schools focus on cultivating sports talents; the masses of the people for the purpose of fitness and entertainment.
The old city Hygiene
After 1989, the health of unprecedented prosperity, medical institutions to break the state monopoly, present, collective, individual, foreign joint venture and other business entities, expanding the scope of services, market competition situation initially formed. Especially since 1996, the reform of medical system, the cadres and workers of enterprises and institutions of medical treatment by the welfare state, the collective steering swept the social medical insurance form, service system gradually perfect, scientific management gradually.
The old city Transportation
The traffic in the area developed, 310 State Road, State Road 207, Lianhuo
So many roads through the city and Wangcheng Avenue, Dingding Road, Zhongzhou Road
Nine road, the road and other municipal roads across the area; located in Mangshan town of Luoyang Airport has opened nearly 10 domestic routes.
The old city cultural relics and historic sites
The old city of many cultural relics, the existing 64 cultural relics, the national cultural relics protection Unit 5, the provincial cultural relics protection units 4.
The main cultural relics: Zhu ancestral hall, (aka Guan Yu Temple
), Five Church
Four, wells, Tianjin bridge
Luo Yan, Guan, Chahan Tamerlane's tomb, Wang Xiao Festival of St. Paul, Luoyang County, Mingfu palace, temple, The three Officer Temple
, Wenfeng tower
, bell tower and drum tower
, Henan's Confucious'Temple
, AnGuo temple
, Shanshan Hall
, Kimtani Haruharu
The old city Delicacy snacks
Luoyang city as the representative of snacks to eat snacks before liberation, the old city concentrated in the vicinity of Xihua street, twentieth Century 80 to 90s are mostly concentrated in the Youth Palace and Xinghua
Night market. More than 90% of the self-employed. With the development of market economy, the development of the snack industry flourish, competition between operators, complement each other, some snacks in the foundation to retain the traditional characteristics and making process and integrate into the new creation, as well as the introduction of other snacks are improved, more suitable for modern taste and local people's eating habit and characteristics, and gradually evolved for the local cuisines.
The representative: Luoyang water banquet
, Peony jelly
, Do not turn the soup
Teng, cloud, Paste noodles
Pulp, rice, Confused face
, Steamed meat
, Film pulling
, Red bean cake
, Steamed Pea Flour Cake
, Pan Jinhe Roasted Chicken