The civil war is a modern and modern A sovereign state
The outbreak of the war, or an ancient nation war. It has three indispensable standard, first, the violence must be "inside", the fight must be on the inside of a state's territory, the conflict is basically within the territory of the people fighting with each other, and must involve a considerable scale of population participation; second, the conflict must reach the degree of "war" the civil war, must be a war against both have minimal organization, specification and identifiability. In other words, the battle is not well-organized, but participants must be organized; third, conflict goal must be to perform or obtain the national leadership of the war, the two sides must be fighting for the leadership, which is the difference between the conflict and civil war or rebellion.
Civil War abroad
Civil War bosnian war bosnian war
Is from Europe Communism
After the collapse of a ensued, complex and brutal ugly conflict. 1991, Bosnia
The combination of several The former Yugoslavia
Independent republics declared, which triggered a civil war that lasted for four years. The Bosnian population is a mixture of many cultures, including Muslim
The bosnian, The Orthodox Church
The Serbia nationality and Catholicism
The Croatia nationality. In 1992 and early April, Bosnian armed support of the people of Serbia in neighboring Serbia under siege Sarajevo
. They targeted mainly the Muslim population, but the rockets and mortars have killed many Bosnian people in Serbia and Croatia, sniper attacks lasted nearly three years and a half. The hail of bullets in the Bosnian capital, Croatia and Serbia Nationalist Army started ethnic cleansing throughout the country "". Finally, in 1995, the un air strikes and sanctions to help the parties reach a peace agreement. Estimation of the war deaths big gap, from 90 thousand to 300 thousand.
Civil War Nigerian Civil War Nigerian Civil War
People, also known as the Nigeria Biafra war, this is a result of economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions, in the event of war among the many nationalities in Nigeria. Like many other African countries, Nigeria is a British imperialist nation established, but they did not consider religion, language and ethnic differences and drew up the boundary of the new nation to her. In July 6, 1967, when the Nigeria federal troops into two columns into Biafra, is also the beginning of the civil war. Hard won independence from Britain in 1960, the more than and 300 national cultural groups in 60 million countries. The war cost Nigeria a great deal of money in life, and lost its position in the world. It is estimated that as many as three million people died of starvation or disease may be due to the conflict. In the last few decades which can be said to be one of the bloodiest civil wars.
Civil War Thousand days war
A thousand days war by the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party between Columbia and militant factions of the war lasted 1000 days, more than 100000 people died, and the huge loss of property, national economic ruin. The Liberal Party represented coffee plantation owners and wealthy businessman, who favored a laissez-faire economic policy. After the Conservative victory of 1885, they were largely excluded from participation in the government, which further pain and severe downturn in the international price of coffee; by 1899, many coffee growers are at a loss. The next three years, the guerrilla war raging in the countryside, destroying everything, countless people and the destruction of resources and wealth. Unable to pacify the peasant protest, the conservative party finally agreed to amnesty and should be * * * * in 1902. In November of the same year, the two most important liberal leaders, Rafael Uribe and Benjamin Herrera, announced the surrender negotiations and conclude a peace treaty after the promised amnesty, and free elections and * * * *
Civil War Sri Lankan Civil War
In April 2011, the United Nations released a report on the game lasted 26 years, more than one hundred thousand deaths. Sri Lankan Civil War
Late in violation of human rights report. The war was fought between the savage, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and the local government, the end of the war in May 2009, the tigers surrendered, but five months before the estimated that at least 40000 civilians died. Most local people cheered the civil war at the end of 2009, although the fighting has ended, the legal order has not been restored, abuse of power and corruption investigation for alleged war crimes by both sides has not yet begun. In February 12, 2013, the UN Human Rights Commissioner Navi Pillay said that Sri Lanka has broken its promise to improve human rights, has failed to investigate wartime atrocities.
Civil War Angolan civil war
Angola people fought bravely against occupation and tyranny, from imperialist rulers to gain their independence. Unfortunately, when Angola became a free nation, local government and the various political factions of the new nation immediately launched a competition for power. Angolan civil war
It seems unavoidable. The ultimate cause of this war is Angola people's Liberation Movement (MPLA) and the National Union for the total independence of Angola (UNITA) the power struggle between. This is one of the bloodiest and most prolonged civil wars in modern history, lasted for nearly 27 years. Since Angola became independent from Portugal in 1975 after the war begins, until 2002 when Jonas Savimbi, the UNITA leader killed by government troops before the end of the war. Then the two sides agreed to a cease-fire, soon followed by elections. The war left at least 500 thousand dead and an economy in ruins.
Civil War The secret war
The "secret war" in Laos is one of the crime committed by the American government (this view is now a fact which is not only the statements of a school). It (the war) is characterized by the neglect of the real problems and issues, immersed in ignorance, fraud and arrogant and selfish political plans and methods. Unfortunately, the government's evil little power game is based on people's life at the expense of. An estimated 450 thousand civilians in Laos and Kampuchea for 600 thousand civilians (War) and lost their lives. While the number of refugees is more than one million. In addition, the extensive use of "toxic defoliant" brought a massive health crisis, lactating women, children, the elderly and patients has continued to bear the brunt of the harm. The "secret war" is a typical shameful war.
Civil War Somali Civil War
Somalia is not only the Somali people living here; in fact many people's homes, many of the nation from the late 1980s began to revolt against the dictator barry. In response, Barry began to mobilize his army to attack these people, but these people fought back and put him off the table. But Barry was still popular with many Somalis, and from 1990s began in the early revolution he got back. After his return to power, a large part of northern Somalia declared itself independent from the rest of the country, although this statement has not been widely recognized. After years of war, Somalia is in ruins and the UN continues to send peacekeeping forces to help distribute aid and reconstruction of Somali society. According to unofficial estimates about nearly one million people due to war related lost their lives.
Civil War The war of the roses The war of the roses
Is one of the most important historical events in the middle ages. The impact on England is huge. The war of the roses refers to the house of Lancaster (red rose) and the house of York (Bai Meigui) scattered between the wars. The two families are branches of Plantagenet family, have the lineage of Edward Sans. The two families struggle began in 1399, when Richard S was his cousin, Duke of Lancaster Henry Bolingbroke began to overthrow. But the actual war began in 1455, defeated the Lancastrians in Richard and the Duke of York in the first battle of St albans. The war of the roses to Henry VII (founder of Tudor) ascended the throne as the end of the sign, which marks the birth of the red and white rose and the unity of the Tudor rose.
Civil War China
Civil War The Northern Expedition
April 18, 1927 Jiang Jieshi
establish the Nanjing National Government
Although, in the Guangxi important KMT figure
The Northern Expedition
Chinese intimate of Sun Yat-sen
Under the pressure of the group, which was announced in August 13th, but soon after, while The Xishan conference faction
Guangxi and control Chinese Kuomintang
The special committee of the central opposition from all sides of the machine, the Kuomintang held China the second Plenary Session of the 4th CPC Central Committee to 7 days on February 3, 1928, regained control of the Nanjing national government's military and political power. To stabilize the KMT and ease the National People's opposition, Jiang Jieshi decided to continue the expedition, and the National Revolutionary Army
Sub series of four army, and by him feng yu-hsiang
, Shanxi warlord in the Republican Period
, important KMT figure
Sub commander in chief. In April 5th, the Nanjing national government published the "Northern Expedition" declaration. 7, issued a general attack. Soothe The Northern Warlords
The remnants of the war officially started.
The war has experienced three stages: from April 7th to early May for the first phase, the main battlefield in Shandong and Rusi, the army of the National Revolutionary Army First Army and second Army First Army Liang Chen sun
The Department of. After more than and 20 days of fighting, the first army along Jinpu Railway North of the conquered Tancheng
Yutai, Zaozhuang, Lincheng, Han Zhuang
Qufu, the 27 day arrived Tai'an
From the north of the Luxi; Sun Liangcheng has captured the Yuncheng tribes, Juye
The 21 day, the capture of Jining. In May 1st, the first army entered Ji'nan, Tsung-Chang Chang
Frank Lu Jun all fled north. In the early May to mid June for the second stage, the main battlefield in Hebei, troops, including Chiang Feng, Yan Li, four army. Because the Japanese manufacturing Ji'nan massacre, Jiang Jieshi ordered in May 6th First Army Group North bypass, and arrived in Zhengzhou on 19, and feng yu-hsiang
Beijing agreed to three road attack plan: the first group in the north along Jinpu railway; second army north area between two and Beijing Hankou railway by railway propulsion; Third Army by Jing sui, The teenage boy
Go to the Beijing Hankou Railway North; the Fourth Army along the Beijing Hankou railway north. 28, the army began to attack, and occupied Cangzhou, anguo, Hirono
Raoyang, Zhangjiakou, Baoding
Etc.. Fengtien clique Zhang
Was forced to announce the withdrawal of Beijing, and in June 4th in return in the way the Japanese killed (see Huanggutun Incident
). The 8 day, the third army entered Beijing, Tianjin received 12 days of peace. The beginning of September to late for the third stage, the main battlefield in the Jidong
The main forces for war, Bai Chongxi led the fourth army. In September 4th, white command attack, after eight days of fighting, even grams of rich, Tangshan, Kaiping
(today, luanzhou Luanxian
). Zhili army bombed the Luanhe River Bridge, east to the Luanhe River on the 14 day, then the river will attack the white. Changli
. In 23, Jun placed under house arrest
The attack, straight Lu Jun was forced to accept the adaptation, lasted for 20 days of the battle of Luanhe River ended. So far, there The Northern Warlords
The remnants of war, to the Nanjing National Government
The victory in the end.
Civil War The war against Chiang Kai Shek (New warlords)
The Nanjing national government to rein in the remnants of the northern warlords, form unified Chinese north and south, to ensure Jiang Jieshi's reign, and then launched a number of large-scale crusade against its internal factions and military group war.
Civil War Jiang GUI war
In 1928. important KMT figure
Led by Guangxi forces in the northern expedition in system etc. The Northern Warlords
The Northern Warlords of Beijing (historical photos)
The rapid expansion of the forces of war, and has been chairman of the Guangzhou branch of politics first vice-president of the PRC
The support of Jiang Jieshi
The rule constitutes a serious threat, so it is the Nanjing National Government
The first selected a target for attack. The fuse is the chairman of Hunan provincial government Lu Ti Ping
The removal of the event. Hunan is the Guangxi connection channel of Guangxi provincial government, but President Lu Diping is completely answerable to Jiang Jieshi, and with dubious guangxi. So the Guangxi Department decided to take the initiative in February 19, 1929 to the Wuhan branch of the political Shandong provincial government dismissed the nominal chairman, from where the key and secret successor; send two division into Hunan lift Lu Diping's army. Jiang Jieshi as an excuse, organization Taonijun
In March 26th, ordered a crusade against guangxi. To Taonijun Chu Pei teh
As a first attack by Jiangxi commander, Wu (Han), long (sand) from Guangxi Road, Junnan escape; Liu Chih
For the second commander, from Anhui and Hubei border along the Yangtze River west of Wuhan; Han Ju
For the third commander, from Henan along the road south of Wuhan pinghan attack. From March 27th to April 2nd, in the fight, has occupied Wuxue
, Green hill
Etc.. 4, Guangxi generals Huzongduo
In Li Mingrui, Yangtenghui
The defection of investment Chiang's unfavorable situation, give up Wuhan, retreated West hubei. 5, Jiang Jun in Wuhan. 21, Hu Zongduo et al power out of the end of the war in Wuhan.
Jiang Jieshi after the occupation of Wuhan, as the basic eradication of Guangxi, immediately organized the second phase of the war to attack Guangxi. In May 21st, Chiang Chens department in Guangdong area, Lubao white mud beat Li Zongren, Bai Chongxi fled to Guangxi after the guard party route expeditionary army force. 25, Guangxi investment abandoned Chiang ho keys of occupy Guilin, pingle. In June 2nd, he and Chen Lianjun was captured in Wuzhou, Nanning. 27, Li Mingrui Department of the occupation of Nanning, Li Zongren and Bai Chongxi went to Hongkong, Jiang GUI war ended with failure of guangxi.
Civil War Jiang Feng war
Jiang Feng war
With Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu and played in the vast area, Jiang GUI war Bian Zhuang tiger thorn
Role to collect the two tiger benefit, therefore, after Jiang Jieshi made for Guangxi war victory, immediately sent reinforcements to Henan and Shandong, forcing the Feng Yuxiang contraction forces, Shandong, Henan The northwest Army
Withdraw to Shaanxi Tongguan
, and electricity in May 27, 1929 announced retirement. In October 9th of the same year, the Ministry of general Feng Zhe
Who once again issued anti Chiang electricity, Jiang Feng war again. From late October to November 22nd, Jiang Jun launched the three offensive in Henan, occupied Dengfeng, Luoyang, Gucheng, Nanzhang, the old mouth, Feng Jun failed again, all returned to Shaanxi.
Civil War Jiang Chang war
In September 17, 1929, Zhang Fakui in Hubei Yichang
Relieve the Nanjing National Government
A teacher sent to relieve the armed forces, and anti Chiang power requirements intimate of Sun Yat-sen
Return to power, then to rate Xiangxi
March. 27, chairman of the Guangxi provincial government Yuzuobai
In Nanning as commander in chief of National Salvation Party support, energized in response to Zhang Fakui declared independence, and the rate of attack in Guangdong, Jiang Chang war. The Nanjing national government has announced the dismissal of Zhang Fakui, Yu Zuobai and others all duties, ordered Liu Zhi, Joseph Liu
Such as chase, intercept Zhang Jun
Du suobu grams Yu Zuobai annihilation rate. In September 26th, Zhang Fakui Hunan Shimen
What is the key to defeat the army retreated, chenzhou. In October 4th, Lv Huanyan Chen Jitang The PLA
In Guangxi Wuzhou, Yu Zuobai fled to Hongkong. In November 1st, Zhang Fakui from Xiangxi to Guangxi. At this time, Wang Jingwei decided to let bygones be bygones, joint Guangxi common anti Jiang Ren. important KMT figure
Huang Shao - to support the party and National Salvation Army Deputy Commander, general road eighth.
In November 17th, Li Zongren and Zhang Fakui published a joint Chiang power command Guijun
Zhang Fakui, with the attack in Guangdong, Jiang Chang once again expand the war. The 25 day, Jiang Jieshi. one of Chiang Kaishek's most trusted military officers
Zhang Guijun presided over the crusade to guangdong. In December 4th, he commanded Tan Tao Yuan
The five armies to attack Zhang Guijun. After half month battle, Zhang Guijun defeated, returned to Guangxi.
Civil War Jiang Tang war
In December 1929, as the war raged Chang Jiang, Jiang Shi Tang war broke out again. In December 2nd, Ishi Tomomi in Jiangsu Pukou electric anti Jiang River, shelling in Nanjing city. The next day, Tang Sheng Chih
Fifty-three people wrote electricity in Henan of Zhengzhou, said Wang Yong (Jingwei) Zhang Lian (Fa Kui), and Shi Yousan and Chiang Kai shek. Jiang Jieshi, Yan Xishan and Zhang Xueliang take to win, however, the focus on political Youjiang, Tang Shengzhi policy. 12 months late, Chiang and Yan Xishan respectively from the north and south sides of the Jin army attack has captured the Tang army, suiping,
Jiang Chang war
Yancheng, Zhengzhou and other places, and in Zhumadian
Area to destroy the Tang army supply station. At the beginning of January 1930, Tang Sheng Chih
Fancy fled, left the Department to accept his adaptation, Tang Shi anti Chiang war ended in failure.
Civil War The Central Plains War (Jiang Yan Feng Guidazhan)
The spring of 1930, Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Zhang Fakui, Li Zongren, Tang Shengzhi, et al. However, Jiang Jieshi has defeated by their position and take the offensive strategy to hang by a thread, and Jiang Jieshi also went out about electricity. Yan anti Jiang Haozhao, get to intimate of Sun Yat-sen
, Chan Kung Pok
Led by the Kuomintang reorganization society, native places of Mencius and Confucius respectively
Xie, led to The Xishan conference faction
Feng Yuxiang, Li Zongren, and anti Chiang political factions and military response and support group. In March 14, 15 days, Lu
The fifty-seven people such as electricity hailed Yan Xishan as commander in chief of the armed forces of the Republic of China, Feng Yuxiang, Li Zongren, Zhang Xueliang as deputy commander in chief. In April 1st, Yan Feng, Li Xuanshi inauguration. Yan set headquarters in Shijiazhuang, with Li Zongren as the first Front army
The commander in chief, from Guangxi to Hunan to deer; Zhong Lin as commander in chief of the second army, from Shaanxi to Henan to third army commander; and since, from Hebei to Shandong soldiers; however, as commander of the Fourth Army, by Southwest of Shandong Province
Attack Ji'nan; Zhang Xueliang, Liu Wenhui, and the default key, Fanzhongxiu
As commander of the five or six army, seven or eight. The 5 day, Jiang Jieshi dismissed the post and Yan tin yamamoto. The 12 day, as Han Fuju was the first corps commander, in the south of Luxi resistance Yan Jun Liu Zhi second; Legion commander, by Xuzhou
Along the West Longhai railway; Hecheng
- for the third army headquarters in Henan. Xuchang
The area to the South contain Feng jun; Huang Lian
As a general reserve corps commander. In Nanjing in May 1st 11 issued a swearing, general attack, attack Yan Hu war broke out.
The war has experienced three stages: the first stage from May 11th to late June. This stage of Chiang Kai Shek although once captured Henan Duguid (now Shangqiu
), ningling, Suixian
Civil rights, but the general situation of Jiang adverse. De Feng Jun is quick to recover, Hunan Changsha, Shandong Ji'nan has been occupied in Guangxi and Yan Jun, Chiang had retreated to the southwest and south of Henan Luohe
Area. In July to mid September for the second stage. Anti Chiang factions held in Peking (now Beijing) Chinese Kuomintang
The Central Party committee meeting, announced the establishment of the Shanxi warlord in the Republican Period
As president, Yan Xishan, intimate of Sun Yat-sen
, feng yu-hsiang
, important KMT figure
Seven for members National Government
And, the Nanjing National Government
Confrontation. But the military situation has undergone a change to his. In Hunan, three army counterattack force Zhang Fakui and Changsha, Guangxi army returned to Guangxi in July 4th. In Shandong, Jiang Jieshi
Massive mobilization, since August 1st, to Yanzhou
In the area north to launch a full-scale attack, has occupied Zhong Gong Zhen
, Qiu Chuang
Wild, Lao zhuang, Feicheng
Jieshou, and other places, and in Tai'an in five days, most of the main destroy Yan Jun. The 15 day, Chiang recapture Ji'nan. In Henan, Jiang Jieshi to defeat Feng Yuxiang to invade Jiangsu Xu
Jiang Yan Hu war
The state for the "August offensive", complex thick sets in Longhai, pinghan railway two troops, Feng Jun launched a general offensive line, and captured near Luoyang, Longmen in September 17th, forcing Feng Jun to posterior truncation Yubei
Retreat. Jiang Jun achieved a comprehensive victory in Hubei and Hunan, Jinpu, Longhai, pinghan battlefields. The sidelines of the September 18th Zhang Xueliang electricity support Chiang Kai Shek for the third phase. Because The Northeast Army
Its occupation Pingjin anti Chiang coalition disintegrated rapidly, to expand the meeting held in Taiyuan, soon to go with the wind. In November 4th, Yan Feng, electricity power by Zhang Xueliang suobu, Jiang Jieshi
By the end of the war.
Civil War The land revolution
1927 ~ 1937 years, led by Jiang Jieshi the Nanjing National Government
The reunification of the country, to eliminate dissidents, a series of campaigns against the revolutionary people. Including the rein The Northern Warlords
The remnants of war, Crusade between factions within the KMT military group of wars and the wars of Chinese siege to the leadership of the Communist Party of Chinese Red Army and the revolutionary base in the countryside. The latter is due to the leadership of the Communist Party of Chinese China Chinese the Red Army and the people, against Jiang Jieshi's rule in the revolutionary war, also known as the second revolutionary civil war or the Agrarian Revolutionary War
Civil War The five siege "Encirclement"
The leadership of the Communist Party of Chinese China Red Army
The wars and rural revolutionary base.
The first counter campaign against "encirclement and suppression"
In April 12, 1927 and July 15th, Jiang Jieshi
, intimate of Sun Yat-sen
Anti Communist Party group, the Communist Party of Nanchang, China has launched the autumn harvest, The Guangzhou Uprising
And the rest of the armed uprising, created the Red Army and the Chinese The sea of Lufeng
, Jinggang Mountains
Hubei Henan Anhui, Zhejiang Jiangxi, Hainan, and Western Hubei, Hunan Hubei Jiangxi, central, Zuo Youjiang and other rural revolutionary base. The Nanjing national government to the leadership of the Communist Party of Chinese Chinese Red Army and the revolutionary base in the countryside, from the beginning to destroy the policy on October 1930 Shanxi warlord in the Republican Period
Feng Yuxiang, important KMT figure
After the victory of the war, more access to the main force of large-scale military "encirclement and suppression". Is one of the most important factors in Jiangxi The central revolutionary base
The five siege:
The first "encirclement"
In August 1930, Jiang Jieshi. Wuhan hangying
Director He Yingqin called Hunan Hubei and Jiangxi provinces Military
Senior officials meeting. In order to determine the military government, closely cooperate with the general policy of encirclement and suppression were China the Red Army and the revolutionary base. In December, the establishment of the commander in chief of the armed forces Nanchang hangying
Chairman of the Jiangxi provincial government, with Lu Diping as the hangying director, in command of the eleven divisions and two brigades, a total of more than one hundred thousand people, the drive and tactics, from Jiangxi to Fujian Ji'an broad front of the branch to the Jianning Jiangxi hinterland of the central revolutionary base ningdu
Yu, (now Yudu
), rock, Ruijin, Huichang
To attack. From 16 to December 28, Jiang Jun has entered due to the rich, the South Ridge, the source, Luokou, toupo, Wanan County The Ganjiang River West Bank
Etc.. The 30 day, the ninth Route Army front Commander Hui Chan
The rate of the eighteenth division headquarters and two brigade from Tangguh
Go to the dragon hill, the Red Army wiped out, Zhang Huizan was captured. The fiftieth division after hearing the rush from the source to retreat, January 3, 1931 in Dongshao was the Red Army ambush, killed more than a trip to escape all Linchuan
. The rest of the teachers are afraid to retreat. Jiang Jieshi
The first campaign ended in failure, a total loss of fifteen thousand soldiers.
The second "encirclement and suppression"
In February 1931, Jiang Jieshi turned to military minister He Yingqin as commander in chief of the armed forces of Nanchang hangying
The second counter campaign against "encirclement and suppression"
Director, began to organize the Second Military "encirclement and suppression of the Jiangxi Central Revolutionary base". In addition to the first siege combat troops left the division after the failure of the war, and deployed nine divisions and four regiments, the total strength of up to two hundred thousand people. In April 1st, Chiang's switch to "steady, step-by-step" tactics, divide four kinds of Longgang, Ningdu, Tangguh, tantou, Shaxi
, Jinzhu, luokou, Guangchang
The direction of advance. In May 16th, the fifth Route Army twenty-eighth division forty-seven division and a brigade in advance from Futian to Tangguh, suddenly attacked here on standby 20 discreet the main forces of the Red Army, wiped out most of the remnants fled to the south. 19, by the forty-seven Division East Shuinan channeling and forty-three Normal University Department in all Baisha
The red army pursued annihilation. The 22 day, the twenty-seven division of a brigade. In the village
The battle. 27, the four regiment of the Fifth Division was wiped out in Guangchang. 31, the three regiment of the fifty-six division of the destroyed Yu Jianning. After fifteen days, Jiang Jieshi
Straight five battle, loss of soldiers more than 30000, 20000 branches gun. The second "encirclement and suppression" and failed.
The third "encirclement and suppression"
In June 21st, Jiang Jieshi personally went to Nanchang to organize the third "encirclement and suppression" war. He Ren
The third counter campaign against "encirclement and suppression"
Commander in chief Yingqin as commander in chief of the front, Germany, Japan and Britain for hire new military advisers The troops.
Five divisions of a total of one hundred thousand human force, plus one or two "encirclement and suppression" war is not the eradication of the troops, a total strength of up to twenty-three divisions and three brigades, including three hundred thousand people. In July 1st, Jiang used tactics, and take He Yingqin as commander in chief of the left army, the command of the first, two, four and third in the road on the army. Nancheng
The attack; Old
As commander of the right-wing army command, the first and the two corps and third army attack, by Ji'an
The attack. Jiang Jun entered the central revolutionary base after 20 days, have occupied Lichuan
Guangchang, Ningdu and other places, trying to find a Red Army main battle. From August 6th to September 15th in Liantang, Liang Village
Wei, Shiling, pleased by the enemy back I chase tactics, avoid the solid and strike the weak red army suddenly attack, the total was seven aircraft group, more than 30000 people, the third "encirclement and suppression" failed again.
The fourth "encirclement and suppression"
September 18, 1931, The Japanese Kwantung Army
Suddenly started to invade Shenyang, northeast occupied throughout the event. but Jiang Jieshi
Adhere to the "rangwai
The fourth counter campaign against "encirclement and suppression"
The first inside "principle, adopt the policy of non resistance to the Anti Japanese invasion of China, from June 1932 onwards, the central revolutionary base area in Jiangxi launched the fourth" encirclement and suppression". He sits in Wuhan, since he served as commander in chief, mobilized eighty-one divisions and twenty-nine brigades and thirty-nine regiments, a total of six hundred and thirty thousand troops, scoring two steps: first, the concentration of forces attacking eyuwan, Revolutionary base
The Red Army, in order to lift the threat to Wuhan; and then attack the focus shifted to the central revolutionary base. In September and October, and e-yu-wan revolutionary base, in Jiang Jieshi
Superior forces attack and Chinese party "left" route under the leadership of the Red Army has lost, were transferred to Sichuan and the. At the end of January 1933, Jiang Jieshi went to Nanchang to set up camp, the deployment of the second step plan to attack the central revolutionary base. He mustered twelve divisions, a total of one hundred and sixty thousand people, consisting of Chen
As the main army commander of the road to. Tsai Tingkai
Yu Hanmou, as commander of the army of about two things taken by an attack from various directions tactics, Yihuang
Jinxi Nancheng, Guangchang, to attack. In February 27th, the fifty-second division, Wushijiuliang to enter Huangpi, the Red Army was ambushed, fifty-two division fifty-nine division is The whole army was wiped out., F, two division Mr.
Has captured. In March 21st, the eleventh division in the gang, Xuzhuang
The Red Army wiped out large areas of ambush, the rest of the teachers have to retreat, so far, the fourth "encirclement and suppression" basically be broken.
The fifth "encirclement and suppression"
In September of the same year, Jiang Jieshi
In spite of the increasingly serious national crisis, to mobilize millions of troops, two hundred aircraft group
The fifth counter campaign against "encirclement and suppression"
As to KMT military leader
Chen Jitang, what key for the commander in chief of the north, South and west of the three Route Army (later added to Chiang Ting Wen
As commander in chief of the army), take the road of protracted war and the fortress doctrine of the new strategy, the central revolutionary base area in Jiangxi launched a large-scale "encirclement and suppression". In order to prepare for the "encirclement and suppression", he proposed the "three military, seven political slogan, Germany, Italy, the United States to hire officers as instructors and consultants, the Mount Lu in Jiangxi founded the officer training corps, a junior officer who Qiqianliubaiyu rotation; and take out the Baojia system, held military loans, prohibited salt and kerosene, western medicine other materials enter the revolutionary base and a series of political, military, diplomatic, economic, and cultural measures. In September 25th, three in the first division Ku Chu Tung Road from Nancheng, niter advance to the Lichuan, the fifth "encirclement and suppression" officially started. Master Chinese the Communist Party leadership "left" dogmatism, the first is to take military adventurism, the Red Army Command combat attack, continuous fighting for nearly two months, not only occupied Lichuan, failed to keep the enemy out of the country, and caused great loss of the red army. Then the implementation of military conservatism, forcing the Red Army position defense war, leading to Guangchang, Jianning fell one after another, to further narrow the revolution. Finally, see the Red Army fighting for a year, still failed to break the siege, and the Red Army decided to withdraw from the Jiangxi flightism, the central revolutionary base in October 1934, hasty strategic shift, for long march
. Jiang Jieshi
The major price change had fifth "partial victory campaign.
Jiang Jieshi went on to the long march of the Red Army and other West revolution Wai, chase, blocking, and repeated "encirclement and suppression" base, but has not been able to achieve the purpose of the eradication of the red army. Until the 1937 "77" incident, the KMT together again, Ten-Year Civil War
Finally came to an end.
Ten years of civil war, the Nanjing National Government
Yes The Northern Warlords
The remnants of war, it is progressive and necessary, basically The justice of the war
Between the Kuomintang factions; military group war, both belong to the struggle for power, not justice; and the wars of China under the leadership of the Communist Party and the Red Army China revolutionary base is completely hinder the historical progress An unjust war
. The Kuomintang factions and military group melee, especially Jiang Jieshi
For the few "encirclement and suppression" campaign launched, not only bring endless disaster to people's Chinese, Japanese imperialism launched a massive invasion of China with an opportunity.