Is caused by a variety of factors of chronic metabolic diseases, the number of fat cells in vivo and cell volume increased by percent of body fat increased abnormally and excessive fat deposition in some local characteristics. Simple obesity with body fat is more evenly distributed, without endocrine disorders, or metabolic disorders, the family often have a history of obesity.
Simple obesity Pathogeny 1 genetic factors
Most identified as genetic factors, the genetic constitution of parents to their children, and not by a genetic factor, but by a variety of genetic factor to determine children's physique, so called multi genetic factor, such as non-insulin-dependent Diabetes
, belong to this class of genetic obesity. One parent is obese, children have a 40% chance of obesity, if both parents are obese, the risk of obesity in children may rise to 70% ~ 80%. The 2 factors of social environment
Many people have to eat is a blessing of the concept of modern society, many kinds of food, every kind of delicacy often invites you in, plus a large meal has almost become a kind of popular entertainment, which of course has become a major cause of obesity. 3 psychological factors
In order to relieve the worries of mood, emotional instability, many people also eat to vent. This is caused by overeating and the reasons leading to obesity. 4 sports related factors
Exercise can help burn fat, in daily life, with transportation developed, mechanical work, housework weight loss, make the body burn calories less chance, on the other hand, because the energy intake did not reduce, and the formation of obesity. Fat lead to daily activities increasingly slow, lazy, and more to reduce the heat consumption, leading to the occurrence of vicious spiral, contributing to obesity.
Simple obesity Clinical manifestation
This kind of patient body fat distribution is relatively uniform, without the phenomenon of endocrine disorders, or metabolic disorders, the family often have a history of obesity.
Simple obesity inspect obesity
Laboratory examinations of patients is mainly secondary except secondary to other diseases obesity
And the obesity related disease inspection. The cortisol rhythm combined with low dose dexamethasone suppression test can be excluded Cushing syndrome
However, thyroid function tests help except Hypothyroidism
In. MRI helps to find due to the feeding center of hypothalamus lesions obesity
. 3 hour glucose tolerance test is helpful to determine the glucose tolerance status in patients with obesity, blood lipid, liver and kidney function, gonadal function, respiratory sleep monitoring, cardiac function, liver and vascular ultrasound is helpful for screening obesity
Patient related complications such as Fatty liver
And sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and atherosclerosis
Simple obesity Diagnosis
Body mass index (BMI) to evaluate the clinical at present: <18.5 kg m For low weight, 18.5 ~ 23.9 kg - M In the normal range, more than 24 kg - M Overweight; more than 28 kg - M For obesity. It should be noted that some BMI patients with elevated not fat, but muscle or other tissues increased.
Simple obesity Treatment
1 appropriate to reduce dietary calories. Calorie consumption is lower than the heat, negative balance of body fat weight gradually decreased gradually decomposition.
2 with low calorie foods instead of hot food, with poultry, lean meat instead of fat. With the egg, milk, sugar, soy products instead of oil. Chocolate, ice cream, candy should not eat.
3 reduction in sugar, oil, high calorific value of food while increasing vegetables, beans, bean products; stem vegetables such as celery, rape, cabbage; melons and vegetables such as melon, pumpkin etc..
4 priority to reduce the staple food. The staple food and the same fat eating too much will lead to obesity.
5 to gradually reduce the sugar, oil, nutritional value is not high, such as food, desserts, fried snack, western style fast food, sweet drinks etc..
6 added vitamins. Don't eat while watching television. Do not drink.
7 aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, aerobics, dancing, biking, swimming, jumping rope, climbing stairs.
8 a healthy lifestyle, reasonable nutrition, active exercise, adequate sleep, good psychological pressure, stable mood; no smoking, no drug, no alcohol.