National Laboratory

Location: according to the National Laboratory of major national strategic needs, in the emerging field of cross frontier and with Chinese characteristics and advantages in the field, relying on the national scientific research institutes and universities, the construction of a number of strong teams, high level, interdisciplinary national laboratory.
National Laboratory
National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory As one of the first batch of 5 national laboratories to the end of 2000, through the acceptance of all. In 2000 -2003, the Ministry of science and technology have been approved by the 5 National Laboratory pilot. Then, in 2006 10 to start the second batch of national pilot laboratory construction. By the end of 2016, in addition to Qingdao National Laboratory of marine science and technology Formally approved the establishment of foreign The rest of the 14 pilot countries, is still in the laboratory to build a state.

National Laboratory Detailed list

Chinese list (National Laboratory has been built before 2003)
Serial number National Laboratory. Particular year Based on the unit City
One
National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory
One thousand nine hundred and eighty-four
University of Science & Technology China
Hefei
Two
One thousand nine hundred and eighty-four
China high-energy physics research institute
Beijing
Three Beijing tandem accelerator Nuclear Physics National Laboratory One thousand nine hundred and eighty-eight China Institute of Atomic Energy Beijing
Four
One thousand nine hundred and ninety-one
Chinese Institute of modern physics
Lanzhou
Five
Two thousand
China Institute of Metal Research
Shenyang
Note: the list from China science newspaper Web of science".

One
National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory
One thousand nine hundred and eighty-four
University of Science & Technology China
Hefei
Two
BEPC National Laboratory
One thousand nine hundred and eighty-four
China high-energy physics research institute
Beijing
Four
Lanzhou National Laboratory of heavy ion accelerator
One thousand nine hundred and ninety-one
Chinese Institute of modern physics
Lanzhou
Five
Shenyang National Laboratory of Materials Science (joint)
Two thousand
China Institute of Metal Research
Shenyang
China National Laboratory list (2003 approved the establishment of the Ministry of science and Technology)
Serial number National Laboratory. Particular year Based on the unit City
Six
Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics (chips)
Two thousand and three
Chinese Institute of Physics
Beijing
Seven
Hefei National Laboratory for physical sciences at microscale (chips)
Two thousand and three
University of Science & Technology China
Hefei
Eight
Tsinghua National Laboratory for information science and Technology (chips)
Two thousand and three
Tsinghua University
Beijing
Nine
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (chips)
Two thousand and three
Peking University, Chinese Institute of Chemistry
Beijing
Ten
Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (chips)
Two thousand and three
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan Institute of physics and mathematics, the 717 Research Institute of China Shipbuilding Industry Corp
Wuhan
Note: the list from the Ministry of science and technology development center, Chinese science newspaper Web of science".

Six
Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics (chips)
Two thousand and three
Chinese Institute of Physics
Beijing
Seven
Hefei National Laboratory for physical sciences at microscale (chips)
Two thousand and three
University of Science & Technology China
Hefei
Eight
Tsinghua National Laboratory for information science and Technology (chips)
Two thousand and three
Tsinghua University
Beijing
Nine
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (chips)
Two thousand and three
Peking University, Chinese Institute of Chemistry
Beijing
Ten
Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (chips)
Two thousand and three
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan Institute of physics and mathematics, the 717 Research Institute of China Shipbuilding Industry Corp
Wuhan
Chinese National Laboratory list (except the marine laboratory are not yet approved project)
Serial number National Laboratory. Particular year Based on the unit City
Eleven
Two thousand and six
Ocean University of China The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oceanography etc.
Twelve
The magnetic confinement fusion National Laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Hefei Institute of Physical Science.CAS, Southwest Institute of Physics
Hefei
Thirteen
National Laboratory for clean energy (chips)
Two thousand and six
Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Dalian
Fourteen
The National Laboratory of Marine Engineering (chips)
Two thousand and six
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai
Fifteen
The micro structure of the National Laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Nanjing University
Nanjing
Sixteen
Major diseases research laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Beijing
Seventeen
National Laboratory of Protein Science (chips)
Two thousand and six
China Institute of Biophysics
Beijing
Eighteen
The National Laboratory of Aerospace Science and Technology (chips)
Two thousand and six
Beihang University
Beijing
Nineteen
Modern rail transportation National Laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Southwest Jiao Tong University
Chengdu
Twenty
The National Laboratory of modern agriculture (chips)
Two thousand and six
China Agricultural University
Beijing
Note: the list from China science newspaper Web of science" .

Eleven
Qingdao National Laboratory of marine science and technology
Two thousand and six
Ocean University of China The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oceanography etc.
Qingdao
Twelve
The magnetic confinement fusion National Laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Hefei Institute of Physical Science.CAS, Southwest Institute of Physics
Hefei
Thirteen
National Laboratory for clean energy (chips)
Two thousand and six
Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Dalian
Fourteen
The National Laboratory of Marine Engineering (chips)
Two thousand and six
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai
Fifteen
The micro structure of the National Laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Nanjing University
Nanjing
Sixteen
Major diseases research laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Beijing
Seventeen
National Laboratory of Protein Science (chips)
Two thousand and six
China Institute of Biophysics
Beijing
Eighteen
The National Laboratory of Aerospace Science and Technology (chips)
Two thousand and six
Beihang University
Beijing
Nineteen
Modern rail transportation National Laboratory (chips)
Two thousand and six
Southwest Jiao Tong University
Chengdu
Twenty
The National Laboratory of modern agriculture (chips)
Two thousand and six
China Agricultural University
Beijing

National Laboratory Administration

The National Laboratory in great demand of national modernization and social development oriented, carry out basic research, competition before the high technology research and social welfare research, actively undertake national major scientific research task, significant scientific achievements with the original innovation and independent intellectual property rights, to provide scientific and technological support for the economic development, social development and national security, make outstanding the contribution of technological progress on related industries. National Laboratory for international frontier science and technology development direction, concise objectives and research, carry out the system of scientific research, originality, climbing the peak of world science.
National Laboratory of relying on a legal unit construction, is a relatively independent personnel rights, financial rights research entities. The laboratory director responsibility system, in order to focus on the key problems of science and technology is composed of several scientific research units and public technology support platform for basic organizational structure. The implementation of international standards of academic management system, with competition and flow as the core of the personnel management system and scientific and rational allocation of incentive system. The implementation of appointment system and tenure system.
In order to effectively integrate the resources of science and technology, scientific and technological innovation strength and the essence of high level experimental platform into the national laboratory. Relying on the construction of Research University National Laboratory, the general should be built within the campus, giving full play to the rich human resources, a wide range of disciplines, scientific research and teaching, combining the advantages of a research platform for the relative concentration of the school scientific research area and the high level experiment; relying on the scientific research institutes construction national laboratory, to combine with the reform basis scientific research institutes, and lay the foundation for the construction of the new national scientific research institutions.
National Laboratory have a certain scale, but also to seek truth from facts, not to engage in together and assorted cold dishes. Around the main direction of development, relying on the existing foundation, the organic integration of the existing laboratory, gradual development.

National Laboratory function

The National Laboratory of relevant departments of the state, local and social forces to build common support, a new system of common management. Decision of the State Council laboratory major issues by the relevant state departments, representatives of the local government and the leading scientists in the field. The Ministry of science and technology will actively raise funds to support national laboratory construction. The Ministry of education "211" and "985" project, the CAS knowledge innovation project will be key support for National Laboratory construction. To encourage local enterprises to participate in a variety of ways, such as national laboratory construction. Multi support, Co management. The National Laboratory of international experts assessment system.
National Laboratory to attract and cultivate world-class talent as an important task. National Laboratory to attract and cultivate world-class talent as an important task, and actively participate in international competition, to attract and select the best talent to the national laboratory. The National Laboratory Director and academic leaders to implement the international open recruitment. Should pay attention to the cultivation of scientific research team, to form a number of large scale, reasonable age and knowledge structure, cohesive, vibrant innovation team. To make the appointment, evaluation, incentive system and mechanism, training and stability of a high level of laboratory technicians.

National Laboratory platform

The national laboratory should become a national public research platform open. The national laboratory should have advanced experimental research platform, to provide support for the interdisciplinary. Scientific instruments and unified management, open to the domestic and foreign use. Encourage national laboratory developed advanced equipment research and measurement analysis method. The national laboratory should pay attention to internal academic exchanges; and with advanced equipment and good academic atmosphere and academic status at home and abroad to attract talented scientists to carry out independent or cooperative research laboratory, to establish a "me first, the new mode of international cooperation in a wide range of cooperation", has become a research base has an important influence in the international field.

National Laboratory The construction process

In November 25, 2003, the State Ministry of science and technology approved by Beijing and other 5 countries in condensed matter physics laboratory construction.
In December 5, 2006, the Ministry of science and technology held a national laboratory work briefing, decided to expand the pilot National Laboratory, 10 important directions to start sea, aerospace, nuclear energy, population and health, new energy, advanced manufacturing, quantum control, protein research, agriculture and national laboratories, rail transportation and other preparatory work.
August 15, 2007 to 16, in order to help the new laboratory familiar with the State Key Laboratory of relevant policies and regulations, to promote the laboratory construction, raise the management level of our laboratory, this year will be held in the new batch of 2003-2006 State Key Laboratory of management seminar, held the field of laboratory chemistry, mathematics, information, materials and Engineering Conference in Changchun.
In January 2014, the 15 National Laboratory in 2003 after the pilot, Qingdao National Laboratory of marine science and technology The Ministry of science and Technology Group formally established.

National Laboratory The problems

Just as the second batch of national laboratories to expand the pilot, has not been approved; the acceptance standard of national laboratory so far there is controversy; system problem with, lead to the second batch of National Laboratory "chips" words are difficult to remove.
The Ministry of science and technology foundation of our infrastructure at the National Laboratory Songbao Bian said: basically is to build a state, "the national laboratory is a new thing, only in recent years gradually began to explore and research. The acceptance of compliance with national laboratory standards, involving all aspects of different levels of government, technology, industry and laboratory etc. should be carefully combed, clear positioning, this standard is still some controversy."
Professor Wang Meixiang of the National Committee of the CPPCC Standing Committee, Tsinghua University Department of chemical engineering, said: "currently, positioning the National Laboratory in the national innovation system and support unit the relationship is not clear, the state of National Laboratory Construction of financial support mechanism has been established and perfect, lack of financial support of National Laboratory, the National Laboratory suffered 'cause worry about building" in preparation, which leads to the leading and guiding role of the National Laboratory of the national major project can not play very well, these are the problems to be solved.".