Food processing, refers directly to agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery products as raw materials for grinding grain, feed processing, vegetable oil and sugar processing, slaughtering and meat processing, aquatic products processing, as well as vegetables, fruits and nuts and other food processing activities, is a type of generalized agricultural products processing industry.
food processing Development
Agro food processing industry refers directly to agriculture, forest, animal husbandry and fishery products as raw materials for grinding grain, feed processing, Vegetable oil
and Refine sugar
Processing, slaughtering and meat processing, aquatic products processing, as well as vegetables, fruits and nuts and other food processing activities, is a type of generalized agricultural product processing industry. Since 11th Five-Year, agricultural food processing industry in China has been rapid development, there has been a welcome change, has become a strong potential for the development of the industry.
The development of agricultural and sideline products processing industry cannot do without processing equipment, in the downstream demand, agricultural and sideline products processing in China special equipment
Manufacturing industry has achieved rapid development.
Data show that as of the end of 2010, China's agricultural and sideline products processing and special equipment manufacturing industry total 452 Enterprises above Designated Size; the industry in 2010 sales revenue of 30 billion 506 million yuan, an increase of 40.37%; realize the total industrial output value of 30 billion 551 million yuan, an increase of 33.77%; a total profit of 2 billion 357 million yuan, an increase of 38.09%.
With the rapid growth of Chinese food industry, optimize the industrial structure, the grade of products more abundant, the annual growth rate is higher. Chinese along with the improvement of urbanization rate, per capita food purchasing power and spending increased year by year, demand for food Chinese achieved rapid growth.
Data show that in 2012 Chinese food manufacturing industry sales revenue reached 1 trillion and 570 billion yuan, a growth rate of 12.2%. The first quarter of 2013, more than the size of the food manufacturing industry reached number 7314, total sales revenue of 406 billion 327 million yuan, an increase of 18.3%. With the rapid improvement of people's awareness of food safety, people continuously improve the food quality and nutritional requirements, people not only on the quality of agricultural products have become increasingly demanding, but also for pollution-free food and green food, organic requirements and market demand is also constantly expanding.
Food processing and manufacturing industry in 12th Five-Year the plan, by 2015, the food industry output value reached 12 trillion and 700 billion yuan, an increase of 101.1%, with an average annual growth rate of about 15%; profits reached 1 trillion and 600 billion yuan, an increase of 76.2%, the average annual growth of 12%. By 2015, the sales income of more than ten billion yuan of food industry enterprises reached more than 50, the formation of a large backbone enterprises as a leader, to support small and medium-sized enterprises (micro) the benign development of new pattern based enterprises.
The future of food industry, catering retail sales revenue will maintain a growth rate of over 10%. Because of different regions, urban and rural residents have great differences in food consumption, food consumption market is still a huge market growth space. In addition, in the process of urbanization, with the income distribution system reform and people's consumption capacity, middle income groups consumption upgrade will be an important force to promote food consumption, is expected to Chinese food manufacturing industry sales revenue in 2015 will exceed 2 trillion and 500 billion yuan, the annual growth rate will remain above 10%.
food processing brief introduction
Food processing is to eat through certain procedures, resulting in more delicious or more beneficial changes. The grain or other materials through the process of human, the formation of a new form of direct edible products, that is the process of food processing.
Such as the use of Wheat by grinding, screening, feeding mixing, molding and drying, become Biscuits
That is the process which belongs to food processing, food processing is a kind of professional technology.
food processing Industry background Food Safety
Has become the major issues of global concern in twenty-first Century. Although China has more complete functions Food safety supervision
System, but the key - food processing industry productivity level of food safety aspects are backward, it is difficult to adapt to the development of the situation and the needs of the market. Although the food processing enterprises are mostly small-scale enterprises, but they bear people three meals a day especially heavy brunch. The food processing enterprises to focus on innovation and development, based on strengthening the food safety.
Food processing workshop
Although the earliest products industry to market, but due to the particularity of the relationship between people's health and life safety, the government cannot walk away treasurer, or just blindly emphasize the supervision of plugging, and not actively guide and support. resources of talents
The lack of enterprise, lack of stamina. Due to the deviation of social value orientation, the food processing industry talent shortage. Not a few College graduates
And would rather sit in the home work, also refused to apply for food processing enterprises. Swear a lot of people in the industry: "hard in this life, never let the next generation again in this industry."
food processing The main classification
Products processing, seasoning processing, fruit product processing, wine processing, starch and its products processing, puffed food processing, confectionery products processing, beverage processing, snack food, aquatic products processing, egg products processing, flour products processing, dairy processing, soybean processing, rice products processing, potato products processing, vegetable products processing comprehensive processing technology.
food processing Three stages
The history of the development of the industry is long, the food industry mainly refers to agriculture, fisheries, animal husbandry, forestry or chemical industry or semi-finished products as raw materials, manufacturing, extraction, processing into food or semi-finished products, with continuous and organized economic activities of industrial system. With the continuous progress of science and technology, the rapid development of modern food industry, food processing range and depth of expanding use of science and technology more and more advanced.
China's food industry started late, the food consumption of residents has been dominated by the direct consumption of agricultural products, China's food industry has been rapid development, its development mainly experienced three stages.
A smooth, slow growth in this stage of China's food industry in the "import" state
The food industry of our country at this stage of development is relatively slow, the whole industry labor rate is relatively low, the level of production technology is heavily dependent on foreign imports, and the introduction of technology absorption level is very low. On the other hand is also affected by the national development policy, emphasis on heavy industry and light industry to despise, do not pay enough attention to the development of the food industry.
The awakening of stage two, the food industry
In 1978, China carried out the reform and opening up, the economy presents a comprehensive revitalization potential. The reform and opening up opportunities for the development of the food industry, to provide convenient conditions for the introduction of advanced technology, but because the food industry has long become "difficult, so in the opening years broke the momentum of rapid development. After two years, the food industry technology and the introduction of new investment development play a role, from the beginning of 1990s, China's food industry has shown a trend of awakening, the overall development level suddenly stepped on a new stage.
The rapid development of the food industry, stage three
In twenty-first Century, China's increasing emphasis on policy food industry
The development, especially in the "fifteen" to increase the science and technology of food industry development policy support and financial support, making China's food industry
The development shows the steady and rapid development trend. Since 2003, the pace of development of China's food industry was significantly higher than that in the last period, the average annual growth rate of 44% to 20?. On the base, the annual output growth in more than 400 billion yuan. The food from the growth of industrial output value, the development of food industry in our country and to a new level.
Hunger breeds discontentment, along with the development of national economy and the improvement of people's living standard, people put forward higher requirements for the food industry. Modern food has been toward nutrition, green, convenient, functional food and functional food development, food will become the mainstream of the new century. The food industry has become a pillar industry of the national economy, as the food machinery industry equipment development in the food industry is rapid.