Xuantu Prefecture is Four Commanderies of Han
One of its territory, often because of war and administrative restructuring and change. In the first 108 years (Han Feng Yuan three years) at the time of the establishment of the vast territory, the county is also the four most important one, is about North Korea today South Hamgyong
, North Hamgyong Province
Chinese, Liaoning, Western Jilin province area, the county in South Hamgyong Province in china. 82 years ago, Zhenfan
, Lin Tun
Two county revoked, xuantu prefecture has moved to the area of Jilin Province, Han West moved to Liaodong, which is now the city of Shenyang On the ruins of the ancient city of Bo Officer
. After Goguryeo
Xuantu Commandery Survey
Xuantu Commandery Four, the first Chinese
Xuantu (t case), is Chinese Western Han Dynasty Emperor Wu De North Korea's Guardian
After that, a county in its establishment, and Lelang Commandery
, Lin Tun County
and Zhenfan County
Collectively" Four Commanderies of Han
"Set up time for more than 500 years. The four area of xuantu Prefecture is one of the largest in the county, the county is also the four most important one. Since it is a "Chinese four counties", of course is Chinese ancient county four, rather than four Korean Ancient county. In four Han county Emperor Han Zhao
When one has become large, rakrang county. The Lelang and change, to the end of the Han Dynasty in the south of Lelang sets With the county side
. However, the true meaning of the "Chinese four county" at the same time there is not a long time. In 82 BC, the Western Han Dynasty the central government will Zhenfan
, Lin Tun
Two counties will be revoked, xuantu County West moved to Liaodong, and will merge the three county is a county in rakrang county.
Xuantu Commandery Woju haunt
Xuantu Prefecture established in Han Dynasty According to
Three years (108 years ago), the Jurisdiction
Is North Korea's Guardian
The reason is about this. North Korea South Hamgyong
, North Hamgyong Province
Chinese, Liaoning, Western Jilin province area, the county in South Hamgyong Province in china. Emperor Han Zhao Start element
Five years, xuantu county government moved so far Xinbin Yongling
Area outside the land into river Lelang Commandery
At this time, about south of xuantu Prefecture Chungchon
The upper reaches of the north shore, and to the north of rakrang County; Hada
Ling, huifa river
Along with the Puyo
To the West; Liaodong County, the Great Wall is bounded to the East; Changbai Mountain
Connected for circles and Woju, residents in the Goguryeo
Xuantu Commandery Cease to exist except in name
In 75 BC ( Emperor Han Zhao Yuan Feng
Six years, the Western Han Dynasty) of xuantu Prefecture reduced again: 7 counties of xuantu Prefecture in Eastern is Liaodong County
The absorption, the xuantu Prefecture is in name only, only in Liaodong County in Liaoning province (city of xuantu city. Xing Jing
Hand) remains the name "xuantu".
In the year 12, usurper who founded the Xin dynasty
"The next sentence, the Department of Li" Yanyou
Killing Goguryeo monarch in Minhang Wangyi
Zhu, Koguryo was from Central Plains to the independent, the annexation of xuantu county. In the year 32 ( Emperor Guangwu of Han
Jianwu eight years of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the newly established) accept Koguryo tribute.
Xuantu Commandery Repeated invasion of Goguryeo
107 years (the first year of Chinese security Diyong), will be in the Great Wall City, high color, Hou Liaoyang three counties under the xuantu, the xuantu moved to the Great Wall within the jurisdiction of Shenyang today, Fushun
The area, a population of about 4 million, in fact admitted Goguryeo
The reason for the annexation of xuantu. Soon, Gaogouli began to erode xuantu Prefecture in the Great Wall within the jurisdiction, repeated attacks.
Xuantu Commandery After the Eastern Han Dynasty
189 years (the Eastern Han Dynasty in six years), Gongsundu
According to Liaodong, xuantu as its territory.
238 years, Cao Wei Qiu Sima Yi
Waste. Hou County
, high and conspicuous
At four in Xuantu County, county.
265 years, the establishment of waste Liaoyang County
404 years, the Central Plains war on Koguryo, occupied the whole territory of Liaodong, xuantu Prefecture for its occupation, a xuantu chased collar.
When Emperor Gaozong of Tang
Coalition forces of Goguryeo, xuantu Prefecture throughout all belong to the Tang Dynasty, the original territory was adapted Protectorate General to Pacify the East
Xuantu Commandery From the county
The Western Jin Dynasty xuantu County, under the jurisdiction of 3 counties: Koguryo County
, Wang Ping County
, High color County
- Geography ": Han xuantu Prefecture. The county three, three thousand and two hundred. Goguryeo
[G O and U L. I], Wang ping, high and conspicuous
Xuantu Commandery Served as prefect Genglin
, Five deer Chongzong
, Hun Yun
Xuan biao, Yaoguang
Gongsun, domain, Gongsundu
, gongsun, Society
Hou Xuan, Wu Pei si, High Xu
, Liu Pei
, Yi Yi
, yoshisada, High hidden
Xuantu Commandery And Goguryeo relationship
Xuantu Commandery The "Three Kingdoms" records
Guo Zhi said, Goguryeo
In the problem, the problem should refer to the balls mountain. Koguryo core area -- in domestic area In the late Warring States Period
Have been included in Yan
The layout, and this can be proved from two aspects of literature and archaeology. In 82 BC (Xi Han Start element
The first five years) of xuantu Prefecture is in the historical records Hunan.
Area and Lin Tun
, Zhenfan County
Merged together Lelang Commandery
. Seven years later, in 75 BC (Han Yuan Feng six years), in order to strengthen the northeast border force, the government will Liaodong county to the east of the Great Wall is divided out, set up a county, home rehabilitation has Province and
The xuantu Prefecture, this is the second xuantu prefecture.
At that time, the Huns and the Han dynasty war has not stopped, the northeast frontier Buyeo
There is no complete surrender to the Han Dynasty, after a little from Jumong
Lead part The people of Fuyu
After the Han Dynasty in the South still attacked by the Fuyu see. The Western Han Dynasty, the government of county leaders often in accordance with different size forces, credit granted titles, big, between the king, the remaining fenghou. Based on the wild view, Goguryeo
And the king of Virudhaka
The times also did not get the Han Dynasty and the Han Dynasty's canonization, xuantu Prefecture Koguryo County
One of the many Hou under, in the third generation is king Daemusin of Goguryeo
For the Han Dynasty of Goguryeo era, Fuyu active combat, in 37 BC (Xi Han Jianzhao
Two years) was named The king
Xuantu Commandery Wang Mang forced Gao Juli
According to historical records, in the late Han dynasty, Goguryeo
And ethnic minority are subject to the rule of the Han dynasty. Wang Mang built the new change of the Western Han Dynasty, the policy will be. The king
Demoted to Goguryeo Hou, Ritchie Goguryeo troops, killing Goguryeo (i.e. in Hou Zou min Wangyi
Zhu), finally forced against goguryeo. In the Han Dynasty
The occasion, The new dynasty
The collapse in domestic trouble and foreign invasion after the central plains into chaos. Koguryo to four conquest, only conquered the entire second xuantu Prefecture, and Bing Feng directed yuelang Okjeo
County, the first and the second xuantu Prefecture are included in their rule, became a youmoyouyang ethnic frontier The separatist regime
. Subsequently, the Central Plains, Goguryeo is obedient to become the local minority regime, the Central Plains is strong, and become a separatist regime who doesn't often, until they are destroyed in Tang dynasty.
Xuantu Commandery About Gao Juli Goguryeo
After the rise of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the government of xuantu Prefecture George to Liaodong County in northern Shenyang, Fushun, which is today, this is the third xuantu prefecture. The first and the second xuantu Prefecture became Goguryeo rule, until the four or five century, Goguryeo was a massive expansion. So, here the Han population in the end is how much?
The Western Han Dynasty, Goguryeo founding the first and the second xuantu county area is the Han Dynasty counties, the local has effective household registration system. According to Han Junguozhi
The record, "xuantu Prefecture, youzhou. Forty-five thousand and six, two hundred and twenty-one thousand eight hundred and forty-five." About the wo Ju county
Or, East Okjeo
Three, history records, the population of five thousand households, there is no big war, to the population will not be a big change. Therefore, the founding of the Gaogouli population size should be fifty thousand households, of which the Department for about forty-five thousand households. The Eastern Han Dynasty, the Central Plains chaos, Goguryeo
And gradually control Lelang Commandery
The collar area to the East is the eastern music wave Wei
To the East, the Eastern Han Dynasty Hui area, according to the Romance of the Three Kingdoms
The records of the population here is twenty thousand.
Houhanshu no Goguryeo population records, the Eastern Han Dynasty, Goguryeo does not belong to the border counties directly under the jurisdiction of the household, already not in Bien
Statistics. The big break when Guanqiu Jian Kogoryo, deep into the okjeo area, but also the Central Plains to the sea, get a lot of information on Gao Juli, the information recorded in the annals of the Three Kingdoms in. From the point of view in addition to the Three Kingdoms, Koguryo south of the East Okjeo
The East, by Goguryeo rule foul. About the population, East okjeo, Dong Hui has said above, only the Department of Gaogouli population need to study the book. The Three Kingdoms said a Koguryo people estimate, that is thirty thousand. A comparison of the Han Dynasty and recorded a lot less. Arguably, the population in these areas is basically the local population, not easily migrate, Goguryeo
During this period has been committed to the expansion of the state, must be accompanied by the population total population to plunder, but less so much? A reasonable interpretation is only for some reason, so that the population of a large number of short-term death or migration. The following can be explained by the historical events.
Xuantu Commandery Explain the disappearance of Goguryeo
A, Gongsun conquests. The Eastern Han Dynasty, Gongsun Shixiong Zhang Liaodong, records of the three kingdoms," Jian
In the attack, breaking the country, burning city fell."
Two, due to civil strife and war migration. The Eastern Han dynasty, Goguryeo
Wang Nanwu died early, so no child in the princess's, Jiaozhao Ying Li Wu Yi Yi male third brother die king, the heir to the throne of the male younger brother Wu pull odd rebellion. The Three Kingdoms set: "pull the odd unworthy, people would die King Yi Yi kyoritsu." Pull the odd "blame for the brother but not, and the user will add Juan slave over thirty thousand port Yi Kang Jiang, also live in boiling water. Hu also found Yi Yi die down, Yi Yi die more as a new country, where is it today. Pull the odd and went to Liaodong, has kept saying Li country, is also among the young and modern barge. The complex attack xuantu, xuantu and Liaodong punch, the big break." After this mess, Koguryo because of migration and loss of population in more than 60 thousand people, these people should be moved to Liaodong.
Three, Guanqiu Jian
The crusade. In 244 years (five years, Youzhou Zhengshi Cao Wei) Cishi
Guanqiu Jian break Wandu Mountain City
Again, to Goguryeo
With a huge disaster.
A reasonable guess, Goguryeo in the previous war, civil strife in the loss of population is certainly more than twenty thousand households, that is if there is no predatory population or population recovery growth, then, in third Century, Goguryeo's population should be less than twenty-five thousand households. In fact, Goguryeo's population still reached thirty thousand, this is the population of plundering and restore growth in action. Because the ancient population depends on natural conditions and agricultural production technology, reduce the non normal population will soon recover, until they meet the limit of natural conditions and technical level of decision. There is reason to believe that this part of the Koguryo boundaries are more than forty-five thousand households.
Finally, the Koguryo population in the northeast of the range of a section of comparison. The first is the Eastern Han Dynasty Goguryeo
South and West Han Dynasty County population. After the Han records,. "Xuantu Prefecture - six, one thousand five hundred and ninety-four, forty-three thousand one hundred and sixty-three." "Liaodong County, eleven City, sixty-four thousand one hundred and fifty-eight households, and eighty-one thousand seven hundred and fourteen." " Lelang Commandery
- sixty-one thousand four hundred and ninety-two, two hundred and fifty-seven thousand and fifty." After the Han Dynasty, the city should be a county. It is not difficult to find, the data here is obviously a mistake, a series of population, big and small, generally speaking, each household should be four, statistics on the average, about four data is reasonable. Not in accordance with this standard change, the number of xuantu should be eleven thousand five hundred and ninety-four households, six counties, each county more than 1 thousand and 900, forty-three thousand one hundred and sixty-three, three point seven two people per household in Liaodong; the number of households is sixty-four thousand one hundred and fifty-eight, each county more than 5 thousand and 800 households, the total population of two hundred and eighty-one thousand seven hundred and fourteen, four point three nine people per household; rakrang county a total of sixty-one thousand four hundred and ninety-two households in each county, more than 3 thousand and 400 in two hundred and fifty-seven thousand and fifty households, four point one nine people per household. Three Liaodong County, total one hundred and thirty-seven thousand two hundred and forty-four households, five hundred and eighty-one thousand nine hundred and twenty-seven, average four point two four. The Han Dynasty is the national population data compilation of population control, population control, attachment is not powerful statistics, therefore, Liaodong has a population of three, six hundred and fifty thousand should be down.
Consider the population of other ethnic groups in Liaodong. east Okjeo
The East, their population as has been said here, mentioning the Eastern Han Dynasty Goguryeo
Control of the population. That time of the Eastern Han Dynasty Goguryeo headquarters and controlled by the East, East okjeo Hui and other parts, the total number should be eighty thousand, three hundred and fifty thousand. The northeast and Liaodong Fuyu country
According to the. Romance of the Three Kingdoms
The records, its number is eighty thousand, the mouth should also be over three hundred and fifty thousand. Then there are scattered Songhua River
Heilongjiang, The Wusuli River
In the yilou, they are subject to Fuyu
However, the geographical distribution of the population and. Finally, Changbai Mountain northeast, East okjeo North okjeo, part of them under control of Goguryeo's economic and cultural development level than the yilou people, population ratio is also ominous.
The total population of the northeast region, if not the yilou, North WoZu people
Then, the Eastern Han Dynasty heyday Liao
The total account East should have about three hundred thousand households, and Yibaisansishiwan. If you count the yilou, North okjeo, population of at least one million and five hundred thousand, two million should be more reliable that.
Xuantu Commandery Related documents
In the establishment of xuantu Prefecture WoZu people
The ghetto, this point "Three Kingdoms Weishu Dongyi biography"
Han Wudi said very clearly: " According to
Two years of North Korea, killing its full sun Youqu, for four county, to Okjeo
The city of xuantu prefecture." But the "Three Kingdoms" are mentioned in the later "xuantu Prefecture County resettlement sentence Li northwest, the so-called xuantu The palace
Also, Woju is yuelang, that xuantu Prefecture preliminary design, area mainly includes two nationalities: WoZu, li. " Zhao di Start element
Five years. Lin Tun
And, to Lelang and xuantu", Zhenfan County
After the incorporation of xuantu Prefecture, including xuantu Prefecture Zhenfan people.
Xuantu County under the jurisdiction of Gaogouli in history records much earlier than Jumong
They were moved to the south, so does not mean suobu Zhu Meng, and later Goguryeo
Not the same ethnic group. "Han geography"
Xuantu Prefecture note cited Yingshao
Saying, that is "the xuantu Prefecture Zhenfan, North Korea Huguo
"But," Han geography "contained for emperor Zhao was political division yuan after five years, this area has been the xuantu Prefecture including Zhenfan County," North Korea Hu "is the original area of xuantu prefecture. The "Han geography" Koguryo
County note cited yingshao, think Koguryo County
"The sentence Li Hu, the xuantu Prefecture of the so-called" North Hu country "is the" word of Li Hu ", when is due to its subordinate North Korea's Guardian
That is called "North Korea's hu". "Three Kingdoms Weishu Dongyi biography" in the records of xuantu County resettlement in Koguryo County, which is called the "county resettlement sentence Li northwest", "Han Dong Yi Zhuan":" Wudi
To destroy North Korea, Koguryo county ", as proof of xuantu Prefecture of Gaogouli county is located here because the family residence is named. In view of this, the emperor before the invasion of North Korea, the group has "Koguryo", "Hu Li sentence" and "North Hu country" and "sentence Li barbarians" and other names. Mengzhi Zhu Zi Yuri of Goguryeo
When her husband died, more than the forces into the region to. From the "book of the later Han Yi biography" the family included in Jumong
As the ancestor of the Goguryeo
The biography, when her husband died and it is more than the Ethnic fusion
After her husband died, I called koguryeo. "Historical records of the Korean biography
"The note" " Zhenfan
, Lin Tun
"Dongyi nation, that is really a county, two county jurisdiction, Lin Tun are original Some country
, Lin tun of China
Territory. "Historical records biography" said North Korea Wi man of Gojoseon
"A little control
Really, some Korean barbarians "Zhenfan here is obviously as a family called. What is really a family name really some country, or really some country gets its name from the Zhenfan family has not test, but Zhenfan County
Because in some really really a clan of the country land named, is not a problem, the main national Zhenfan county is really a family. The position of Zhenfan County scholars who know not, but taking into account Lelang Commandery
To the south is North Korea's Ji
The descendants of South Korea, Lin Tun to the south from the county Mahan
The country is separated to Chen Zhenfan County, only in the north of xuantu prefecture. "Historical records of the Korean biography" contains: "from the beginning the whole Yan, taste Is omitted Zhenfan
And for North Korea, officials ", is really a junior high school early that some people into the Central Plains, county residents also have chinese. "After the Han and Yi Zhuan"
Said:" Zhao di
Yuan before five years. Lin Tun
Really, some, and Lelang and xuantu. Ju Li xuantu complex sentence. Since only the big east ridge has, Okjeo
Are yuelang. To place wide, complex points from seven counties in the East, the eastern music wave Wei
"That yuelang East Wei area has Woju, Huimo group two. Wudi
Destroy North Korea's Guardian
When is "Woju for xuantu Prefecture, is The Hui people
Originally belonging to Lin Tun county. "After the Han Dynasty," Xi Dong Yi Chuan "in Wang Feng Kija
In North Korea "mentioned before:" dirty and Woju, this is the sentence Li, North Korea also ", that the Hui people, WoZu people
The sentence is Li Hu North Korea's Ji
The territorial, once independent, the conquest of North Korea's guardian in this area is actually on the recovery of Ji of North Korea's old haunt. Really Some country
The situation in the different. "Historical records of the Korean biography" contains: "from the beginning the whole Yan, taste Is omitted Zhenfan
And for North Korea, officials "in the Warring States Period Yan
When the most powerful, it really existed, and compared with North Korea, North Korea is obviously not Kei's vassal state, so it is true when North Korea's Guardian conquest of new territories. Han Wudi established four counties, is essentially to Ancient Korea
As a local county, Who will
After the conquest of North Korea's real time as a county, officials will have to North Korea's Ji
and North Korea's Guardian
The territory is divided into xuantu and Lin Tun
Two counties, xuantu Prefecture governance Li barbarian and sentence Okjeo
, The Hui people
It mainly belong to Lin Tun county.
Lin Tun County into Lelang Commandery
And, when the Lelang adjacent. This is roughly rakrang County Taedonggang
In West Sea area, the north of Liaodong County, it is Lin Tun only in nakrang East, is just east of the eastern ridge of yuelang Wei
The jurisdiction. "Three Kingdoms Weishu Dongyi biography" said: "since the seven leading East County, Wei Lord, are dirty for the people", visible, near the main ethnic Tun County as the Hui people. "Three Kingdoms Wei - Dong Yi Chuan" pointed out that "this came in from the east of Korea all the land", Woju is yuelang Eastern Wei, "since leading East seven counties, with the main Commandery, and for the people", that Woju is a branch of the Hui people. In this sense, it is the big ridge to the East The Hui people
The distribution area. be Zhao di
The beginning of five years of the adjustment, is the distribution area of all the Hui people are included Lelang Commandery
Then, to the North Zhenfan
People, Gaogouli belongs to the barbarians of xuantu prefecture. Because the old rule of xuantu Okjeo
In the city. WoZu people
That is, the distribution area of the Hui people, so "county resettlement sentence Li northwest, in short, whether it is the emperor of destruction North Korea's Guardian
After a four gun, or Emperor Han Zhao
The four county and province, is based on the local ethnic distribution pattern on the basis of local settings. "Three Kingdoms Weishu Dongyi biography" in the records of the Han Dynasty established after four, then said: "after that, Hu Han slightly different", visible, build four county and later two counties, on the one hand reflects the distribution of the local national pattern, on the other hand the national distribution pattern plays a stereotype the role of. along with Puyo
People of the South china, Goguryeo
Family formation, great changes have taken place in the national pattern in this area, the existence of such changes based administrative system, build the pattern naturally have to change, this is also the basic reason of Wei after the region building is different from the Han, four.